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1680 [1642]

Quene Mary. Comming of K. Phillip. Hys mariage with Queene Mary.

MarginaliaAn. 1554. July.
☞ To these thinges aboue said, do I Myles Couer-
dale late of Exon, consent & agree wyth these
my afflicted Brethren being prisoners, wyth
myne own hand.

And thus much concerning this present declaration subscribed by these Preachers, which was made on the. viij. day of May.

 

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May 19 to August 1

Foxe attempts to develop some points against Phillip in the margin, noting his arrival with sword drawn and the deliverance of the keys of Southampton to him which suggests conquest and (in 'deliuered') reluctance. 1563 has an unusually large number of glosses at the beginning of this section.

MarginaliaMay. 19.Furthermore, the. xix. day of the sayd moneth, the Lady Elizabeth, MarginaliaLady Elizabeth. Sister to the Queene, 
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Block 28: May 19 1554 to 1 August 1554

In the 1563 edition, this section consists of a fairly lengthy account of Elizabeth's imprisonment in the custody of Sir Henry Bedingfield and a brief account of Philip's arrival in England.

The account of Elizabeth and Bedingfield was severely truncated in 1570. Part of the deleted material was praise for Elizabeth's mercy to Bedingfield. (This includes Elizabeth's oft-quoted quip in dismissing Bedingfield: that if she needed a prisoner straitly kept she would send for him). Possibly the deletion of this praise was one sign of Foxe's growing dissatisfaction with Elizabeth. Also deleted was an anecdote that Dr. John Story argued that Elizabeth should be executed, maintaining that it was useless to lop the branches from the tree without striking at the root. This remark would, in another section of the Acts and Monuments, be attributed to Stephen Gardiner (see 1563, p. 1383).

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was brought out of the Tower, and committed to the custody of MarginaliaSyr Iohn Williams.Sir Iohn Williams, after Lord Williams of Tame, of whom her highnes was gently and curteously entreated: who afterward was had to Woodstocke, & there committed to the keeping of MarginaliaSyr Henry Benifield.Syr Henry Benifield Knight of Oxeborough in Northfolke: who on the other side, both forgetting her estate, and his own duty, (as it is reported) shewed him selfe more hard & strayte vnto her, then eyther cause was geuen of her part, or reason of his own part would haue led hym, if eyther grace or wysedome in hym myght haue seene before what daunger afterward myght haue ensued thereof. Whereof wee haue to entreate more at large (the Lord willing) hereafter in the story and lyfe of Quene Elizabeth.

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MarginaliaIuly. 20.Vpon the Friday following, being the. xx. of Iulye and S. Margaretes day, the Prince of Spayne landed at Southampton. 

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A brief account of Philip's arrival in England in the 1563 edition was expanded in later editions, with material probably taken from Foxe's lost chronicle source(s). The date of Philip's landing at Southampton is given as 'xix July' in 1563, p. 1004, but as 'xx July' in 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471. This could be a correction but other sources also give 19 July as the date, so this was probably a typographical error.

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MarginaliaK. Phillip ariueth at Southāpton. The Prince him self was þe first that landed: who immediately as he set foote vpon the land, drew out hys sword, MarginaliaK. Phillip caryeth hys sworde naked comming into England.and caried it naked in hys hand a good prety way. Then met him wythout the towne a litle the Maior of Southampton wyth certayne Commoners, MarginaliaThe keyes of Southampton deliuered to K. Phillip.who deliuered the keyes of the Towne vnto the Prince, who remoued hys sword (naked as it was) out of hys ryght hand, into hys leaft hand, and so receiued the keyes of the Maior without any word speaking or countenaunce of thankfulnes, and after a whyle deliuered the keyes to the Maior agayne. At the Towne gate met hym the Earle of Arundell and Lord Williams, and so he was brought to his lodging.

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MarginaliaIuly. 25.Vppon the Wedensday following, being S. Iames day and the. xxv. of Iuly, Phillip Prince of Spaine, and Mary Queene of England, MarginaliaMaryage betwene K. Phillip & Q. Mary.were maryed together solemnely in the cathedrall church at Winchester, by the bishop of Winchester, in the presence of a great num- of noble men of both the Realmes. At the tyme of this mariage the Emperours Embassador being present, openly pronounced, that in consideration of that Mariage, the Emperour had graunted and geuen vnto hys sonne, the kyngdome of Naples. &c.

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August 1 to September 3

Glosses in this section concentrate on political events detailing Phillip's progress and the forward march of the counter-reformation. Foxe uses the glosses to make relatively subtle attacks on the catholics: in contrast to the disputations, where the glosses often gave room to an adversarial voice, here narrative is used to shape events to favour a protestant interpretation. Thus glosses report the removal of English arms for Spanish at Windsor, linking this to Phillip's name, without mentioning the quick reversal of this change, or the fact that Phillip did not order the change, apparent from the text. Winchester is accused of not being able to abide 'Verbum Dei. The precision of the formulation is noteworthy: Foxe does not directly accuse him of hating scripture, but lets the ambiguity between what he reports (Winchester's anger at an image of Henry VIII holding Verbum Dei) and what he implies (Gardiner hates the Bible) go unresolved.

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A harsher note is sounded in calling the rood at St. Paul's Bonner's 'God'. The difference in tone is probably partly due to the fact that Bonner's violent temperament made him an easier target for opprobium; furthermore, it was polemically valuable to link the passionate lack of self-control Bonner later exhibits with the antichristian sensuality of idolatry. Frivolity and self-indulgence are also pointed to on the civic level with the reference to 'vayne pageants', although the Old Testament resonances of the self-indulgence of Israel are applicable.

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MarginaliaAugust. 1.Whereupon the first day of August folowing, there was a proclamation, that from that tyme forth, the stile of all maner of writinges should be altered, and this folowing should be vsed.

¶ Philip & Mary by the grace of God, King & Quene of England, Fraunce, Naples, Ierusalem, and Ireland, defenders of the Fayth, Princes of Spaine and Cicill, Archdukes of Austrich, Dukes of Millain, Burgundie, and Brabant, Counties of Haspurge, Flaunders and Tyroll.

Of this Mariage, as the Papistes chiefly seemed to be very glad, so diuers of them after diuers studies, to shew foorth their inward affections, some made Interludes and Pagents, 

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Block 29: August 1 to September 3

In the case of Latin poems, written by John White, the marian Bishop of Lincoln, elegising the marriage of Philip and Mary as well as two sets of verses attacking the marriage and responding to White (1563, pp. 1004-05). The author of the first set of verses is identified as 'James Caufield' in the 1563 edition; this is altered to 'J. C.' in subsequent editions (cf. 1563, p. 1005, with 1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1472). 'Caufield' was probably James Calfhill, the celebrated Elizabethan divine, whose name is variously given as 'Calfill,' 'Calfeld,' or 'Calfilde' (see Foster). The author of the second set of verses, identified as 'I. F.' in the 1563 edition (p. 1005) was almost certainly Foxe himself.

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White's verses celebrate the common ancestry of Philip and Mary through John of Gaunt, ancestor of both the Tudors and the monarchs of Castille. (Interestingly, White anticipated by four decades Robert Person's arguments that Philip III, not James VI, was Elizabeth's rightful heir). In an effort to counter English xenophobia, White maintained that this common ancestry meant that Philip was really English. Those who opposed this marriage were foreigners such as the French and the Scots, and traitors such as Northumberland and Wyatt, 'the Catiline of our age'.

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Calfhill's response denounced the polluting of English royal blood with Spanish and claimed that the marriage was God's punishment for the sins of the English. Northumberland was a hero and Wyatt fought valiantly against the papacy. Interestingly, Foxe in his verses said nothing about Northumberland or Wyatt and emphasised that the marriage was not God's will. Cruelly, Foxe also mocked Mary's childlessness and the failure of her marriage.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added two poems by John Parkhurst. Although the poems were added to the 1570 edition, their content makes it clear that they were written at the same time as White's verses. Parkhurst denounced Philip as a foreigner, he denounced Charles V and he was lavish in praise of both Wyatt and Dudley.

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Most unusually, Foxe never provided a translation for these verses. It is not difficult to see why poems praising rebels and discussing the foreign marriage of a queen and the royal succession should remain in the relative obscurity of Latin. It was probably the very topicality of these verses, however, that led Foxe to include, and later increase, them. A Hapsburg marriage was a real possibility in the 1560s and there is some evidence that Foxe discreetly opposed this, and any other marriage of Elizabeth to a catholic. These verses allowed Foxe to attack such a marriage safely. Foxe may also have been happy to take advantage of the opportunity these verses gave him to rehabilitate Wyatt.

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some drew forth Genealogies, deriuing hys petigrue from Edward the thyrd and Iohn of Gaunte, some made verses. Amongest all other M. Whyte, then bishop of Lincolne (hys Poeticall vaine being drunken with ioy of the Mariage) spued out certaine verses: the copy wherof we haue here inserted.

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¶ Philippi & Mariæ Genealogia, qua ambo principes ex Iohanne de Gandauo, Edwardi tertij, Angliæ, Franciæq; regis filio descendisse ostenduntur, Whito Lincolniense Authore.


ILle parens regum Gandaua ex vrbe Iohannes
Somersetensem comitem profert Iohannem.


Somersetensis vent hoc patre dux Iohannes,
Qui Margaretam Richemundi habuit Comitissam.
Hac dedit Henricum, qui regni septimus huius
Henrico octauo solium regale reliquit.
Hoc patre propitio, & fausto quasi sydere nata
Iure tenes sacram, teneasq; Maria coronam

¶ Verses of maister White Bishop of Lincolne, concerning the maryage of Philip and Mary.


NVbat vt angla anglo, regina Maria Philippo,
Inq; suum fontem regia stirps redeat,
Nuluit humani generis demon vetus hostis,
Sed deus, anglorum prouida spes voluit.
Nollet Scotus inops, timidusq; ad prælia Gallus,
Cæsar, & Italia, & Flandria tota volet.
Noluit Hæreticus (stirps Caipha) pontificum grex.
Pontficum sed grex Catholicus voluit.
Octo vxorati Patres in damone nollent:
Quinq; Cathenati pro pietate, volent.
Noluit Iohannes Dudley Northumbrius vrsus,
Sed fidum regni Consilium voluit.
Noluit ætatis nostræ Catelina Viatus,
Sed proceres & plebs & pia turba volet.
Nollet Graius dux, & Cantia terra rebellans:
Nos quoniam Dominus sic voluit, volumus.
Clarior effectus repetat sua limina sanguis,
Cum sit Philippo iuncta Maria viro.

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¶ Answere by the reuerend Bishop of Norwch, to the bishop of Lincolne.


EXterno nubat Maria vt regina Philippo,
Vt sint pulsa suis sceptra Britanna locis:
Vult Damon generis nostri antiquißimus hostis,
Anglorum non vult anchora sola Deus.
Nolunt hoc Galli, nolunt Scoti armipotentes,
Vult Cæsar, Flandrus, vult Italus Golias.
Vult grex Pontificum, stirps Caypha, turba bicornis,
Non vult sanctorum sed pia turba patrum.
Nolunt octo, quibus sunt vincla iugalia cura.
Quinq; cathenati Damonis arte volunt.
Hoc neq; tu prorsus Dudlae animose volebas:
Inuitum regni Consilium voluit.
Dedecus hoc non vult fortißimus ille Viatus,
Inuitus populus, sic proceresq; volent.
Vos vultis, quoniam semper mala cuncta voletis:
Non vult Graius Dux, nec pia turba volet.
Quot tulit Hispanus rex ergò commoda secum,
Regina socias cum dedit ille manus?

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¶ An other answere by the said Author.


HIspano nubat Maria vt regina Philippo,
Extirpetur stirps vt quoq; Nobilium:
Vult pater id vester disturbans omnia Damon,
Non vult Anglorum sed pater Altitonans.
Non vult bellipotens Gallus, non vult Scotus acer,
Vult Cæsar, Flandrus, Papicolasq; volunt.
Grex mitratorum vultis, Caypha ipsa propago:
Non vult sanctorum sed pius ordo patrum.
Nolunt octo, pios qui iure colunt hymenæos,
Quinq; cathenati pro impietate volunt.
Dudlaus minime voluit Northumbrius Heros:
Cui sua perchara est patria, nemo volet.
Libertatis amans non vult bonus ille Viatus,
Non proceres, non plebs, nec pia turba volet.
Vos vultis, pietas qui vultis vt exulet omnis,
Non Graius, sed nec Cantia turba volet.
Ergò magis clarus quĵ fit (rogo) sanguis auitus,
Quando iugali iunctus vterq; thoro?

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¶ Other verses answering to Bishop Whyte, made by I. C.


QVamlibet Anglorum stirps ementita Philippo,
Et Maria Hispana de genitrice fuit:
Vt tamen Hispano, confusi sanguinis Angla
Nuberet in gentis dedecus atq; patris,
Noluit anglorum prisca virtutis amator,
Sed deus in nostram perniciem voluit.
Noluit in nostram, nisi conspirata, salutem
Turba: quid ad nos si gens inimica volet?
Pontifices fati, quasi Caiphas, omina dantes
Nolebant: at grex cacoluces voluit.

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Elegere
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