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1685 [1647]

Queene Mary. Thinges done the 2. yeare of Q. Mary. Newes of Q. Maryes childe.

Marginalia1554. Nouemb.The thyrd, that euery Preacher there, should declare the whole stile of the king and Queene in their sermōs.

In this vniuersity of Cambridge, & also of Oxford, by reason of the bringing in of these thinges, & especially for the alteration of religion, many good wits and learned men departed the Vniuersities: of whō, some of their own accord gaue ouer, some were thrust out of their felowships, some were miserably handled: in so much that in Cambridge in the colledge of saint Iohn, there were. 24. places voyd together, MarginaliaIn Cambridge was 24. places voyde at one tyme in one Colledge. in whose roumes were taken in. 24. other, which neyther in vertue nor in religion semed to aunswere to them before. And no lesse miserable was the state of Oxford, by reason of the time and the straite dealing of the Visitors, that for settyng forward their papisticall proceedings, had no regard or respect to the forwardnes of good wyttes and the mayntenance of good letters beginning then more and more to flourish in that Vniuersitie.

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And forsomuch as we haue entred into the mention of Oxford, we may not passe ouer in silence the famous exhortation of D. Tresham, 

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The account of William Tresham's exhortation to the students of Christ Church also appears in all four editions, although considerably altered between 1563 and 1570. (See 1563, p. 1007; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475). For one thing, the 1563 edition mentioned that the incident happened while 'Doctoure [Richard] Marshall' was dean of Christ Church. This reference was removed from all subsequent editions. Foxe also moderated the insulting language between the editions and also muted his sarcasm. Foxe also deleted one of Tresham's arguments enumerating the different types of mass and the different purposes which they served. With regard to Tresham's promise to secure the 'Lady Bell of Brampton' for Christ Church, it should be noted that Tresham was the vicar of Brampton, Oxfordshire.

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who supplying þe rowme of þe Subdeane in Christes Church, after he had called all the Studētes of the Colledge together, MarginaliaA popish exhortation of Doct. Tresham in Oxford.with great eloquence and art persuasory, begā to cōend the dignitie of the Masse vnto them, declaryng that there was stuffe in Scripture enough to proue the Masse good. Then to allure them to the Catholicke seruice of the church, MarginaliaThe great reasons of Doctour Tresham.he vsed these reasons, declaring that there were a company of goodly Copes that were appointed to Wyndsore, but he had found the Queene so gracious vnto him, that they shoulde come to Christes Church. Now if they like honest men woulde come to Church, they should weare them on holy dayes. And besides all this, he would get them the Lady Bell of Bampton, and that should make the sweetest ryng in all England. And as for an holy water sprinckle, hee had already the fayrest that was within the Realme. Wherfore he thought that no mā would be so madde to forgoe these commodities. &c.

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Which thinges I rehearse, that it may appeare what want of discretion is in the fathers of Popery, and into what idle follies such mē do fall. Whom I besech the Lord, if it be his pleasure, to reduce to a better truth, & to open their eyes, to see theyr own blyndnes.

 

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After the account of Tresham's oration, Foxe went on in the 1563 edition to give brief relations of a few important events in the autumn of 1554. Most of these were later dropped in favour of more detailed accounts of the same events which Foxe obtained.

A few phrases of Foxe's description of the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 in the 1563 edition were retained; otherwise this material was replaced in 1570 with more detailed accounts drawn from Foxe's lost chronicle source.

To procede now further in the course and race of our story where as we left, beyng before in the moneth of Nouember, it foloweth more that in the * Marginalia* Where note that the Printer of Q. Maryes Statutes doth erre in hys supputation, which saith, that thys Parlament began the xj. of thys moneth, which day was then Sonday. xij. day of þe same moneth of Nouember beyng Monday, began the Parlament holden at Westminster to the begynnyng wherof both the Kyng and Queene rode in their Parliament robes, hauyng ij. swordes borne before them. The Earle of Pēbroke bare his sword, and the Earle of Westmerlād bare the Queenes. They had ij. cappes of mainteynance borne before thē: wherof the Earle of Arundell bare one, and the Earle of Shrewesbury the other.

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MarginaliaCardinall Poole ariueth in England.Cardinall Poole landed at Douer vppon the Wedensday beyng the xxj. day of Nouember, on which day one Acte passed in the Parlament for his restitution in bloud, vtterly repealyng (as false and most sclaunderous) that Acte made agaynst hym in kyng Henry the eightes tyme, and on the next day beyng Thursday and the xxij. of Nouember, the Kyng and Queene both came to the Parlament house to giue their royall assēt and to establilsh this Acte MarginaliaEx Statut. 1. &. 2. Regis Philip & Mariæ. Cap. 8. agaynst his commyng.

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Vpon the Saterday beyng the xxiiij. of Nouember, the sayd Cardinall came by water to London, and so to Lambeth house, which was ready prepared agaynst his commyng.

MarginaliaNouēb. 28.Vpon the Wednesday folowyng beyng the xxviij. of Nouember, MarginaliaProcession at Paules for ioye of the Queenes conceauing.there was general procession in Paules for ioy that the Queene was conceyued and quicke with child, as it was declared in a letter sent from the Counsell to the Byshop of London. The same day at this processiō was present x. Byshops with all the Pre-

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bendaries of Paules, & also the Lord Maior, with the Aldermen and a great number of Commons of the Citie in their best array. The copy of the Counsels letter here foloweth, ad perpetuam rei memoriam.

¶ A copy of a letter sent from the Counsell vnto Edmond Boner Byshop of London, concernyng Queene Mary conceaued with childe.

 

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A letter from Privy Council to Edmund Bonner announcing that Mary was pregnant was moved in the 1570 edition from its place after Pole's letter to Julius III to before Pole's oration to Parliament. This minor rearrangement was merely to place these materials in their proper chronological order. Foxe's note that the letter was printed by John Cawood (a note printed only in 1563, p. 1014) shows that Foxe's source was a printed copy of the letter, not an archival source.

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MarginaliaThe Counsels letter to B. Boner of the Queenes conceauing of childe.AFter our harty cōmendatiōs vnto your good Lordshyp: Where as it hath pleased almighty God,. amongest other his infinite benefites of late most graciously poured vpon vs and this whole Realme, to extend his benediction vpon the Queenes Maiestie in such sort, as she is conceaued and * Marginalia* If Queene Mary were quicke with childe in the 28. of the moneth of Nouemb. and afterward did labour in the moneth of Iune, then went she almost vij. monethes quicke with childe. quicke of child: Wherby (her Maiestie beyng our naturall liege Lady, Queene, and vndoubted inheriter of this Imperiall crowne) good hope of certaine succession in the crown is geuen vnto vs, and consequently the great calamities, which (for wante of such succession might otherwise haue fallen vpon vs, and our posteritie) shall by Gods grace be well auoyded, if we thankefully acknowledge this benefite of almighty God, endeuouryng our selues with earnest repentaunce to thanke, honour, and serue him, as we be most bounden: These be not onely to aduertise you of these good newes, to be by you published in all places within your Dioces, but also to pray and require you, that both your selfe do geue God thankes with vs for this his especiall grace, and also geue order that thankes may be openly geuen by singyng of Te Deum MarginaliaTe Deum for Queene Maryes childe. in all the Churches within your sayd Dioces: and that lykewise all Priestes, and other Ecclesiastical ministers, in their Masses and other Diuine seruices, may cōtinually pray to almighty God, so to extend his holy hād ouer her Maiestie, the Kynges highnes, and this whole Realme, as this thyng beyng by his omnipotent power graciously thus begon, may by the same be well continued and brought to good effect, to the glory of his name. Wherunto, albeit we doubt not, ye would of your selfe haue had special regard without these our letters, yet for the earnest desire we haue to haue this thyng done out of hand, and diligently continued, we haue also written these our letters, to put you in remembraunce: and so byd your Lordshyp most hartly well to fare. From Westminster the xxvij. of Nouember. 1554.

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¶ Your assured louyng frendes.


S. Winton. Can-
cel.
Arundel.
F. Shrewesbury.
Edward Darby.
Henry Sussex.

Iohn Bathon.
R. Rych.
Thomas Whar
thon.
Ioh. Huddylston.
R. Southwell.

 

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Pole's Oration

The glosses here show Foxe refocussing his attack on Pole, as he did earlier on Bonner. The 1563 and 1570 editions have different glosses linking Pole with avarice and (in the case of 1570) other vices; these were later dropped, and the main emphasis was on Pole as a persecutor of consciences. Foxe also uses the glosses to demonstrate Pole's involvement in a nexus of papal and imperial allegiances, drawing out some amusing images of Pole as a papal messenger/housebreaker jangling the power of the keys in the lock of English law. A clearer focus on Pole in his political and persecutory role rather than on his personal failings dominates after 1570. There are several references to earlier parts of the book in response to Pole's historical arguments: in all cases 1583 fails to give a reference, unlike 1570 and 1576.

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Also the same day in the after noone, MarginaliaCard. Poole commeth to the Parlament.Cardinal Poole came to þe Parlament house, which at that present was kept in the great Chāber of the Court at White Hall, for that the Queene was then sicke, and could not go abroad: where as (the Kyng and Queenes Maiesties sittyng vnder the cloth of Estate, and the Cardinall sittyng on their right hand, with all the other Estates of the Parliament beyng yresent) the Byshop of Winchester beyng Lord Chauncellour, began in thys maner. 
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Block 33: Pole"s oration

All editions of the Acts and Monuments contain Gardiner's short introduction of Pole in parliament on 28 November 1554 and Pole's speech celebrating the restoration of England to the catholic faith (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-07; 1583, pp. 1476-77). In the 1570 edition, however, Foxe added a few phrases to Gardiner's introduction of Pole's oration. This addition included the information that the gate to parliament was locked during Pole's oration (which somewhat detracts from the cardinal's eloquence). Gardiner's introduction and Pole's oration were reprinted from John Elder, A copie of a letter sente unto Scotland (London, 1555), STC 7552, sigs. D1r-E2r. Elder states (sig. E2r-v) that he based his version on notes taken by a friend of his, an MP, who was present.

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¶ The wordes of Wynchester for receauyng of the Cardinall.

MarginaliaWinchesters wordes for Card. Poole.MY Lordes of the vpper house, and you my Maisters of the nether house, here is present the right Reuerend father in God, my Lord Cardinal Poole, come from the Apostolicke Sea of Rome, as Ambassadour to the Kyng and Queenes Maesties, vpon one of the weightiest causes that euer happened in this Realme, & which perteineth to the glory of God, and your vniuersal benefite. The which Ambassage theyr Maiesties pleasure is, to be signified vnto you all by his owne mouth, trusting that you will receiue and accept it in as beneuolent and thankefull wise, as theyr highnesses haue done, and that you will geue an attent and inclinable eare vnto him.

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When the Lord Chauncellour had thus ended hys talke, the Cardinall takyng the tyme then offered, began his Oration, wherin he declared the causes of hys cōming, and what were his desires and requestes. In the which meane tyme the Court gate was kepte shut

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