Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1745 [1706]

Quene Mary. Beckets Image broken. The K. of Denmarkes letters for M. Couerdale.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. February.the Lord Chauncellour and other hys fellow Bishops, caused the Image of Thomas Becket, that old Romish traytor, to be set vp ouer the Mercers Chappel doore in in Cheapside in London, in the forme and shape of a Byshop, with Miter and Crosier. 

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Becket's Image

This account of the repeated iconoclasm against the statue of Becker first appears in the 1563 edition and was reprinted without alteration in all subsequent editions. Foxe was certainly drawing on oral sources for this, very probably John Barnes or a member of his family or household. Foxe presents Barnes's grievances in the matter sympathetically, and in some detail. The repeated attacks on the statue are widely reported in other sources (see Brigden, p. 593).

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MarginaliaTho. Beckets Image set vp at Mercers Chappell. Howbeit within two dayes after this his erection, his two blessing fingers were first broken away, and on the next day (being the MarginaliaFebruary. 17.17. of February) his head was also strickē of: wherupon arose great trouble, and many were suspected: among whom one MarginaliaM. Iohn Barnes troubled for Beckets Image.M. Iohn Barnes Mercer, dwellyng ouer agaynst the same Chappell, was vehemently (by the Lord Chaūcellour) charged withall, as the doer therof, and the rather, for that he was a professor of the truth. Wherefore he and three of his seruauntes were committed to prison: and at his deliuery (although it could not be proued vppon him) he was bound in a great some of money, aswell to build it vp agayne as often as it should be broken downe, as also to watch and keepe the same. And therfore at this hys compelled charges the Image was agayne set vp the second day of March, then next insuyng, but (for lacke, belike, of carefull watchyng) the xiiij. day of the same moneth in the night, MarginaliaBeckets Image agayne broken downe.the head of that daūgerous beast (ouer whom there was such a charge geuen) was agayne the second tyme broken of: which thyng was so heynously taken, that the next day (beyng the xv. day) there was a proclamation made in London, that who soeuer would tell who did strike of this head (though he were of counsell, and not the principall doer) he should haue not onely his pardon, but also one hūdreth crownes of gold, with harty thankes. But it was not knowen who did it.

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Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters

The glosses in this section (1570, 1576, 1580) are mainly functional, making clear the authorship of each letter.

MarginaliaFebruary. 18. MarginaliaQueene Mary answereth to the king of Denmarkes letters, touching Maister Couerdale.The xviij. day of February Queene Mary at length after long delay, made full aunswere to the kyng of Denmarkes letters, who had written before two letters to the sayd Queene, in the behalfe of M. Couerdale, for his deliueraunce 
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Miles Coverdale's Release

This account of Miles Coverdale's release from prison and the correspondence between Christian III of Denmark and Mary on this matter first appear in the 1563 edition. All of this material was reprinted in the subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments without significant alteration. This was not the first or last time that Foxe would have drawn on the official correspondence of Mary's reign. These documents were clearly procured through the good offices of someone at court, very probably William Cecil.

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Christian III was, as Foxe observes, acting at the behest of John MacBriar (or Johannes Machabeus), who was Coverdale's brother-in-law and Christian's chaplain. The Marian government, as is apparent from Foxe, was deeply reluctant to release Coverdale; he had been the bishop of Exeter in the previous reign and, along with Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, Barlow, Hooper and Ferrar he was among the members of the Edwardian episcopate targeted by the new regime. But Christian was in a position to apply pressure and he clearly did so. Although he was a pious Lutheran, Christian was also a valued ally of Charles V, the father-in-law of the English queen, and, at this time, England's most important ally. Mary delayed as long as she could, but released Coverdale and gave him a passport in February 1555. Had Christian not intervened, Coverdale would almost certainly have been one of the Marian martyrs.

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who at that time went vnder Sureties, and was in great daunger, had he not bene rescued by the great suite & letters of the sayd kyng of Denmarke.

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The matter and copy of which his suite and letters, as they came to our hādes, we haue here set forth and exprest, wherby the singular loue of this good kyng towardes the truth of Gods word, and the professours therof might the better appeare to the world.

First this vertuous and godly kyng Christianus, hearing of the captiuity of Miles Couerdale, of whom he had had some knowledge before (beyng there in Denmarke in kyng Henry the eight his tyme) and lamentyng his daungerous case, and partely through the intercessiō of M. Machabæus Superintēdent in Denmarke, who was partly of * Marginalia* This M. Machabæus, and Maister Couerdale maryed two sisters. kinne to M. Couerdales wife,  

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Coverdale had married Elizabeth Macheson; MacBriar was married to her sister Agnes.

made intercession by letters to Q. Mary, desiryng and requestyng the sayd Miles Couerdale to bee sent vnto him. The date of which his first letters, was about the Calēdes of May. An. D. 1554. the copy wherof here foloweth.

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¶ Christianus dei gratia Daniæ, Noruegiæ &c. Rex &c. eadem gratia Serenißimæ ac potentißimæ principi D. Mariæ Angliæ, Galliæ & Hiberniæ Reginæ, consanguineæ nostræ chariß. salutem.

MarginaliaThe epistle of the king of Denmarke to Queene Mary, for the deliuerance of M. Couerdale.SErenissima princeps, consanguinea charissima, pro necessitudine mutua ac coniunctione, non solum regij nominis inter nos, sed etiam sanguinis, maximè vero vtrinq; inter hæc regna nostra a vetustissimis vsq̀ temporibus propagata ac seruata, non modo commertiorum, sed omnium officiorum vicissitudine & fide, facere non potuimus quin pietatis & doctrinæ excellentis commendatione, verè reuerendi viri Ioannis Machabæi, sacræ Theologiæ doctoris & professoris præstantiss. subditi ac Ministri nostri imprimis dilecti, supplicibus grauissimisq̀ precibus commoti, ad Serenitatem vestram has literas daremus. Exposuit is nobis, in hac recenti perturbatione ac motu regni Angliæ (quem ex animo euenisse dolemus, & nunc indies in melius verti speramus) quendā nomine Milonem Couerdalum, nuper Diœcesis Exoniēsis, piæ laudatissimæq; memoriæ proximi Regis Serenitatis vestræ fra-

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tris, consanguinei itidem nostri chariss. authoritate constitutum Episcopum, nunc in tristiss. calamitates, carcerem, ac periculum vitæ, nulla atrocioris delicti culpa, sed illa fatali temporum ruina incidisse. Quæ quidem hic Machabæus noster, quod ei affinitate (& quod grauius est) pietatis, eruditionis, ac morum similitudine, tanquam frater deuinctus sit, non minus ad se pertinere existimat. Itaq̀ nostram opem implorat, vt quam ipse gratiam & fauorem apud nos meretur, hominis innocētis calamitati ac periculo (quod ipse non minus suum putat) accommodemus. Mouemur profecto non temere, illius viri (cui suo merito imprimis bene volumus) commiseratione, eiusq̀ maximè testimonio de captiui Antistitis innocētia atq̀ integritate: de qua quidem est vt eo melius speremus, quod multis iā morte mulctatis fontibus, de ipso integrū adhuc Deus esse voluit. Proinde non dubitauimus Serenitatem vestram quanta possimus diligentia atq̀ animi propensione rogare, vt nostra causa captiui illius D. Milonis rationem clementer habere dignetur, eumq̀ vt a sceleris, ita a pœnæ etiam acrocitate alienum esse velit, & temporū offēsam, qua ipsum quoq; affligi verisimile est, nobis nostræq̀ amicitiæ regiæ & precibus, præsertim hoc primo aditu, benignè condonare, saltem èatenus, vt si forte hoc rerum statu grauis eius præsentia sit, incolumis ad nos cum suis dimittatur. Id nobis summi benificij loco, & Serenitati vestræ inflorētiss. regni auspicijs (quæ augusta, fausta, ac fortunata Serenitati vestræ ex animo optamus) ad clemētiæ laudem honorificum erit: & nos dabimus operam, vt cum amicitiæ nostræ habitam rationem intellexerimus, eo maiore studio in mutuam vicem gratitudinis omniumq̀ officiorum erga Serenitatē vestram eiusq̀ vniuersum regnum & subditos incumbamus. Deum optimū maximum precamur, vt Serenitati vestræ ad gloriam sui nominis & publicam salutem fœlices omnium rerum successus & incolumitatem diuturnā largiatur. Datæ ex arce nostra Coldingen. septimo Calendas Maij. Anno. 1554.

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Vester consanguineus, frater, &
amicus Christianus Rex.

MarginaliaQ. Maryes slender answere to the kynges first letter.To these letters of the king, Queene Mary aunswering againe, declared that the sayd Miles Couerdale was in no such captiuitie for any religion, but for certaine debt: 

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Mary was correct in maintaining that Coverdale was under sureties for being in arrears to the Crown over clerical taxes; in fact, Foxe's use of the word 'captivity' obscures the fact that Coverdale was not being held in prison, but was free and merely obliged to report weekly to the Court of First Fruits and Tenths (PRO E347/1, fo. 38r). However, this was a rather cynical device to hold him until laws against heresy, repealed under Edward VI, could be re-enacted.

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so neither plainly graunting, nor expressely denying his request, but vsing a colourable excuse for shifting of the matter, as appeareth by hys second letter sent to the Queene, dated the. 24. day of Septemb. as followeth.

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¶ Christianus dei gratia Daniæ, Norwegiæ, Gottorum & Vādalorum rex: Sleswici, Holsatiæ, Stormariæ ac Dithmersiæ Dux: Comes in Oldenburgh & Delmenhorst, Sereniß. principi Dominæ Mariæ, Angliæ, Frāciæ, & Hiberniæ Reginæ fidei defens. &c. Sorori & consanguineæ nostræ chariß. salutem & omnium rerum optatos & faustos successus.

MarginaliaThe secōd epistle of the king of Dēmarke to Queene Mary, for the deliuerance of Maister Couerdale.REdditæ sunt nobis literæ Serenitatis vestræ, quibus benignè admodum ad deprecationem nostrā, qua pro D. Milonis Couerdali ecclesiæ Exon. nuper nominati Episcopi incolumitate vsi sumus, respōdetur: ita vt intelligamus, licet alterius causæ quā nobis innotuetat, periculum sustineat, tamen Serenitatem vestram nostræ intercessionis eam rationem habituram esse, vt illam sibi profuisse ipse Couerdalus sentiat. Cui quidem promissioni regiæ cū tantum meritò tribuamus, vt ea freti non dubitauerimus eius captiui propinquos (nobis inprimis charos) a mærore ac sollicitudine ad spē atq̀ expectationem certæ salutis vocare: facere nō potuimus, quin & gratias Serenitati vestræ pro tam prompta ac benigna voluntate, non modo huius beneficij, sed etiam perpetuæ inter nos ac regna nostra conseruandæ ac colendæ amicitiæ ageremus, & quantū in nobis esset, quod ad amplectenda persequendaq̀ hæc auspicata initia pertineret, nihil prætermitteremus. Neq; verò nobis de clementia ac moderatione Serenitatis vestræ vnquā dubiū fuit, quā deus opt. max. ad gloriā sui nominis & fructum pub. vtilitatis vt magis ac magis efflorescere velit, ex animo optamus. Proinde cum ob rationes ærarias, neq̀ aliud grauius delictū D. Couerdalū teneri Serenitas vestra scribat, est sanè vt ipsius causa lætemur, eoq̀ minus ambigamus liberationem incolumitatemq̀ eius nostris precibus liberaliter donari. Nā & accepimus ipsum Episcopatu, cuius nomine ærario obstrictus fuerat, cessisse, vt inde satisfactio peteretur: maximè cum neq̀ diu eo potitus fuisse, neq̀ tantum emolumēti inde percepisse dicatur. Quinetiam si qua rationum perplexitas, aut alia forte causa reperiri posset, tamen sollitudinem ac dubitationem nobis Serenitatis vestræ tam amicè atq̀ officiose defenrentes literæ omnem exemerunt: vt existimemus Serenitatis vestræ, quoad eius

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fieri
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