Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1777 [1738]

Quene Mary. The trouble and Martyrdome of George Marsh, Martyr.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. Aprill.sleue and bad hym recant and saue his lyfe. To whom he answered: I would as fayne lyue as you, if in so doyng, I should not deny my maister Christ, & so agayne he should deny me before his father in heauen.

MarginaliaThe B. readeth out the sentence.So the Byshop read out hys Sētence vnto the end, and straight after sayd vnto hym: Now wyll I no more pray for thee, then I wyll for a dogge. MarginaliaA dogged saying of the Bishop. And Marsh aunswered, that notwithsting, he would pray for his Lordship: and after this the Byshop deliuered hym vnto the Sheriffes of the City MarginaliaG. Marsh deliuered to the Shiriffes. Then his late keeper bad hym fare well good George, wyth weepyng teares: which caused the officers to cary hym to a prison at the Northgate, where he was very straitly kept vntil the tyme he went to hys death, during which tyme he had small cōfort or reliefe of any worldly creature.

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For beyng in the dongeō or darke prison, MarginaliaThe strait keepyng of Marsh in prison.none that would hym good, could speake wyth hym, or at least durst enterprise so to do for feare of accusation: and some of the Citizens which loued hym in God for the Gospell sake (whereof there were but a fewe) although they were neuer acquainted wyth hym, would sometyme in the euenyng at a hoale vpon the wall of the City (that went into the sayd darke prison) call to hym, and aske hym how he dyd. MarginaliaThe brotherly zeale of good men in comfortyng G. Marsh. He would answere them most cherefully, that he did wel, and thanked God most highly that he woulde vouchsafe of hys mercy to appoynt hym to be a witnes of hys truth, and to suffer for the same: wherein he did most reioyce, besechyng him that he would geue hym grace not to faynt vnder the Crosse, but patiently beare the same to hys glory and comfort of hys Church: with many other lyke Godly sayinges at sondry tymes, as one that most desired to be with Christ. Once or twise he had money cast him in at the same hole, about ten pence at one tyme, and two shillings at an other tyme: for which he gaue God thankes, and vsed the same to his necessitie.  

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Marsh used the money to buy food, bedding and other necessities from his gaolers.

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When the tyme and day appointed came that he should suffer: the Shriffes of the Citie (whose names were MarginaliaAmry, and Couper Shiriffes of Chester.Amry & Couper) with their officers and a great number of poore simple Barbers, with rousty Billes & Polaxes, wēt to the Northgate, and there tooke out the sayd George Marsh, who came with them most humbly and mekely, with a locke vpon his feete. MarginaliaMarsh lead to his Martyrdome. And as he came vppon the way towardes the place of execution, some folkes profered him money, and looked that hee should haue gone with a litle purse in his hand (as the maner of felons was, MarginaliaThe old vse in Lancashyre to get money to bye Trentals. accustomed in that citie in times past, at their goyng to execution) to the ende to gather money to geue vnto a Priest to say Trentals of Masses for them after their death, wherby they might (as they thought) be saued: but Marsh sayd MarginaliaG. Marsh refuseth to receaue money going to hys death.he would not as then be troubled with medling wyth money, but wylled some good man to take the money, if the people were disposed to geue any, and to geue it vnto the prisoners or poore people. So he went all the way vnto hys death, with his booke in hys hand, looking vpon the same, and many of the people sayd: thys man goeth not vnto hys death as a thiefe, or as one that deserueth to dye.

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Now when he came to the place of execution without the City, neare vnto Spittle boughton, one Vawdrey, being then deputy chaumberlaine of Chester, shewed Marsh a writyng vnder a great seale, saying that it was a pardō for hym if he would recant. MarginaliaG. Marsh refuseth the Queenes pardon.Whereat Marsh aunswered, that he would gladly accept the same (and sayd farther, that he loued the Queene) but forasmuch as it tended to plucke hym from God, he could not receaue it vpon that condition.

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After that, he began to speake to the people shewing the cause of his death, and would haue exhorted them to sticke vnto Christ. Whereupon one of the Sheriffes sayd: MarginaliaG. Marsh not suffred to speake to the people.George Marsh, we must haue no sermoning now. To whom hee sayd, maister, I cry you mercy: and so kneling downe made hys prayers, and then put of hys clothes vnto hys shirt, and then was he

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chayned vnto the post, hauing a number of Fagots vnder hym, and a thyng made like a firkin, 

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A small cask for liquids (OED).

wyth pitch and tarre in the same ouer his head: and by reason that the fier was vnskilfully made, & that þe winde did driue the flame to & fro, he suffred great extremity in his death, which notwythstandyng he aboade very paciently.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of George Marsh, at Westchester. An. 1555 April. 24¶ The cruell burnyng of George Marsh, Martyr.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The martyrdom of George Marsh (Type 1 of the small woodcuts) perhaps earned illustration by virtue of the unusual presence of the firkin containing pitch and tar attached to the stake. It is shown dripping onto the martyr's head as he stood enduring the additional suffering of a poorly made fire that burned uncertainly.

Wherin this in hym is to be noted, that when as he had ben a long time tormented in the fire wythout mouing, hauing his flesh so broyled and puft vp that they which stoode before hym vnneth could see the chayne wherewyth he was fastened, and therefore supposed no lesse but he had bene dead, notwythstandyng sodenly he spread abroad hys armes, saying: father of heauen haue mercy vpon me, and so yelded his spirite into the hands of the Lord.

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Vppon this, many of the people sayd that he was a Martyr, and died MarginaliaThe pacience of G. Marsh the blessed martyr.marueilous patiently & godly. Which thyng caused the Byshop shortly after to make a Sermon in the Cathedrall Church, and therein affirmed, that the sayd Marsh was an hereticke, burnt like an hereticke, and was a firebrand in hell.

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In recompence of this his good and charitable Sermon, within short tyme after, the iust iudgemēt of God appeared vpon the sayd Byshop: recompensing hym in such wise, MarginaliaGods iust reuenging hand vpon a persecuting Bish.that not long after he turned vp his heales and dyed. 

Commentary  *  Close

The difference between the account of the death of Bishop Cotes in the 1563 edition and the version in subsequent editions is striking. The account, while similar in its essentials in all four editions - that the bishop died of a venereal disease as divine punishment for executing Marsh - is considerably less graphic and detailed in the later editions of the Acts and Monuments. This is one indication that Foxe, possibly in response to Catholic attacks on his first edition, modified some of his rhetoric in later editions.

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Vpon what cause his death was gendred, I haue not here precisely to pronounce, because the rumour and voyce of the people is not alwayes to be folowed. Notwithstandyng such a report went in all mēs mouthes, that he was burned of an harlot. Wherupon whether he dyed or no, I am not certaine, neither dare leane to much vpon publicke speach. Albeit this is certain, that whē he was afterward searched beyng dead, by some of his secret frendes & certeine Aldermen for stoppyng the rumour of þe people, this maydenly Priest and Byshop was found not to be free from certeine appearaunce, which declared but small virginitie in him, & that the rumour was not raised vp altogether vpon naught, amongest the people. But of this I will stay, and proceede no farther, not because more can not bee sayd, but because I will not be so vncharitable in defacing these men, as they are cruell in condemning Gods seruauntes to death.

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¶ Letters of George Marsh.

This good man wrote diuers and sondry letters out of prison besides his examinations, as before ye haue

heard.
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