Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1795 [1756]

Quene Mary. The Martyrdome of Iohn Ardeley and Iohn Symson. Iohn Tooly.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. May.one running one way, an other an other way, whych caused such a noyse in the church, that they in the Consistory were all amazed, and marueiled what it shoulde meane: wherefore the bishop also being somewhat afrayd of this sodayne sturre, asketh what there was to do. The standers by aunswering sayd, that there was like to be some tumult, for they were together by the eares. MarginaliaThe ridiculous feare of Boner and his Doctours.When the bishop heard this, by and by his hart was in his heeles, and leauing his seat, he with the rest of that Court betooke them to theyr legges, hastenyng with all speede possible to recouer the doore that went into the Bishops house: but the rest being somewhat lighter of foote then my Lord, dyd sooner recouer the doore, & thronging hastely to get in, kept the bishop still out, and cryed: saue my Lord, saue my Lord, but meaning yet fyrst to saue them selues, if any daunger should come, whereby they gaue the standers by good matter to laugh at: resembling in some part a spectacle not much vnlike to the old stagers of Oxford, worse feared then hurt, when as the Church there was noysed to be on fier, wherof ye may read before pa. 1383. But of this matter enough.

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MarginaliaIoh. Symson and Iohn Ardeley sent into Essex to be executed.Now Iohn Symson and Iohn Ardeley being deliuered (as is aforesayd) to þe Shiriffes, were shortly after sent down from London to Essex, where both they on one day (which was about the. x. day of Iune) were put to death, albeit in seuerall places: for MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Symson, and Ardeley. Iune. 10.Iohn Symson suffered at Rocheford, Iohn Ardeley the same day was had to Rayley, where he finished hys martyrdome most quietly in the quarell of Christes gospell. 

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This last clause was added in the 1570 edition; it is quite possible that this reflects Foxe's belief that this is what should have happened, rather than reflecting any new information as to what actually happened.

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¶ A note of Iohn Ardeley.

FOr the better consideration of the rigorous crueltie of these catholicke dayes, thys is furthermore not vnworthy of all men to be noted and knowen to all posteritie, concerning the examinations of thys Ardeley and his company: how that they being brought before the Commissioners, were by them greatly charged of stubburnnes and vayne glory. Vnto whom they aunswered in defence of theyr owne simplicitie, that they were content wyllingly to yeld to the Queene all their goodes and landes, so that they might be suffered to lyue vnder her, in keeping their conscience free from al idolatry, and Papisticall religion. Yet thys would not be graunted, although they had offered all to their hart bloud: so greedy and so thirsty be these Persecutors, of Christian bloud. The Lord geue thē repentance if it be hys wyll, and keepe from them the iuste reward of such cruell dealyng, Amen.

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The ridiculous handlyng and procedyng of Byshop Boner and his mates against Iohn Tooly, first suspected and condemned after his death, and then digged out of his graue, and giuen to the secular power, and so burned for an hereticke. 
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John Tooley and Bromley's Examination

A narrative of Tooley's execution for theft, denunciation of the pope, the posthumous excommunication of him and the exhumation of his body were printed in the Rerum (pp. 443-44). This narrative was reprinted in all editions of the Acts and Monuments. In the first edition of the Acts and Monuments, Foxe added the letter sent to Bonner from the privy council, dated 28 April 1555, and Bonner's writ beginning the process of excommunication against Tooley as well as the depositions regarding Tooley's words on the scaffold and the examination of Robert Bromley. All of this material came from official records, now lost. There was probably a separate register kept for this case alone.

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Nothing in this account was altered in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments

 

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John Tooly

Many of the glosses (apart from the narrative pointers) are adversarial, and seek to show the absurdity of burning Tooly's bones. The use of the term 'Councell' ('A Councell called agaynst Tooly') seems designed to mock the excessive effort given over to the pursuit of Tooly after his death. Pole's name is linked with the practice ('Cardinall Poole a great doer in burning dead mens Bones'; 'M. Bucer Paulus Phagius, Peter Martyrs wyfe. Iohn Tooly, burned for heretickes after their death'). Another gloss investigates Bonner's motives and denies his assertion that he was motivated by conscience; his motivation was rather simply obedience to the Council, an attitude which could be more easily allied to the stereotype of Bonner as passionate and fearful than could the notion of a delicate conscience ('Note how Boner here pretendeth conscience in prosecuting this matter. when onely he was commaunded vnto it by the Counsells letters'). There is also a suggestion that the attack on Tooly's remains was a ploy to reveal sympathisers ('The Bishop layeth his bayte to catch whom he may trouble').

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MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Tooly.ABout the same tyme of the burnyng of these ij. aforesayd, in the begynnyng of the sayd moneth of Iune, fell out a solēne processe & much adoe was made by þe Popes spiritualty agaynst Iohn Tooly, in a case of heresie. The story is this.

There was about the time that the Spanyardes began first to keepe a sturre 

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I.e., when the Spaniards first began to be a notable presence in England.

in Englād, one Ioh. Tooly, a Citizen and Poulter in London, who conspired with certaine other of his societie to robbe a Spanyard at S. Iames: and although the deede were heinous and wicked of it selfe, yet was it aggrauated and made greater then it was by other, beyng committed agaynst such a person, and agaynst such a countrey, which both the Queene and her whole Court dyd highly fauour.  
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Foxe is intimating that Tooley was treated more harshly than he otherwise would have been because his victim was Spanish.

The robberie beyng knowen, and brought into iudgement, this Tooly was found giltie, & iudged to be han-

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ged, wheras notwithstādyng in this Realme there are many moe theftes committed then theeues executed.

The foresayd Tooly beyng lead to the Gallowes (which stoode fast by Charyng Crosse) a litle before hee died, standing vpon the Cart, read a certaine prayer in a Printed booke, and ij. other prayers written in ij. seuerall papers, who then hauyng the halter about hys necke, desired the people there present to pray for him, and to beare him witnes that MarginaliaIoh. Tooly dyed a true christian man.he dyed a true Christian man, and that he trusted to be saued onely by the merites of Christes passion and shedyng of his precious bloud, MarginaliaThe christen confession of Tooly.and not by any Masses, or Trentals, 

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Trentals were a set of 30 requiem masses said on behalf of the dead.

Images or Saints, which were (as he sayd) mere idolatry & superstition, and deuised by the Byshop of Rome: and as he the same Tooly, and ij. other his fellowes, which were there hanged with him, dyd steale and robbe for couetousnes, so MarginaliaThe thee- couetousnes of the Pope.the Bishop of Rome did sell his Masses and Trentals 
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Trentals were a set of 30 requiem masses said on behalf of the dead.

with such other pelfry for couetousnes, and there beyng in a great anger (as appeared) agaynst the Bishop of Rome, spake with a loud voyce these words followyng: From the tyranny of the Byshop of Rome and all his detestable enormities: From false doctrine and heresie, and from contempt of thy word and commaundement, good Lord deliuer vs. And then addyng further to the same, he spake vnto þe people: Al you that be true Christian men, say with me Amen. and immediatly therupon three hundred persons and more, to the Iudgemēt and estimation of those that were there present, MarginaliaEx Registro. aunswered and sayd, Amen. iij. tymes together at the least.

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After this it happened that when Tooly had read the byll the first tyme, it fell from hym: and a certayne young man (who was thought to be a prentise) 

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I.e., an apprentice.

stouped downe and tooke vp the byll, and clymed vp by the cart and deliuered it vnto Tooly againe, which he againe dyd read to the people. That done, hee deliuered vnto one of the Marshials officers the booke afore sayd, and willed him to deliuer it to one Haux, saying that it was hys booke. Furthermore he deliuered one of the prayers written in a paper, to one Rob. Bromley Sergeant, which desired to haue it of hym. Vpon the top of which byll  
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I.e., paper.

was wrytten a lyne, contaynyng these wordes: Beware of Antichrist, and subscribed vnderneath: Per me Thomā Harold Prisoner in the Marshalsey, enemy to Antichrist. For the byll  
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I.e., paper.

the foresayd Rob. Bromley, was brought afterward coram nobis  
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I.e., Bromley was brought before Bishop Bonner's court.

and was faine to aske pardon of the bishop, and to detest all the wordes of Tooly, and glad so to escape.

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Thus, while Tooly had made hys prayers, as is aboue sayd, to be deliuered from the Popes tyranny, by the same praier he fell into great tyranny. For so soone as the brute 

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I.e., report or rumour.

of thys fact came vnto the eares of the Priestes and mitred Prelates, they were not a lyttle mad thereat, thinking it not tolerable that so great a reproch should bee done against the holy father. MarginaliaA Coūcell called agaynst Tooly.Calling therefore a counsell together, as though it had ben a matter of great importāce, Toolyes talke at his death was debated among them selues.

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At the last (after much pro and contra) they al consented to those mens iudgements, which thought it meete that the violatyng of the Popes holynes should be reuenged wyth fier and fagot. MarginaliaCardinall Poole a great doer in burning dead mens bones.And I do easely beleue, that Cardinall Poole was no small doer in thys sentence: for as Winchester and Boner dyd alwayes thyrst after the bloud of the liuing, so Pooles lightning was for the most part kyndled agaynst the dead: and hee reserued thys charge onely to hym selfe, I knowe not for what purpose, except peraduenture being loath to be so cruell as the other, he thought neuertheles by thys meanes to discharge his dutye toward the Pope. By the same Cardinals lyke lightening and fiery fiste, MarginaliaM. Bucer, Paulus Fagius, Peter Martyrs wife, I. Tooly, burned for heretickes after their death.the bones of Martin Bucer, & Paulus Phagius, which had lyen almost two yeares in their graues, were takē vp and burned at Cambridge, as Toolyes carcase was here at London. And besides thys, because he would shew some toke of his diligence in both Vniuersities,

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he
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