Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1812 [1811]

Queene Mary. Gods bookes forbidden. The Idolatrous bookes permitted in the Popes Church.

Marginalia1555. Iune.dioces, where such bookes, woorkes, or writynges be or remayne: or to hys Chauncellour or Commissaries, wythout fraude, coulour, or deceyte, at the sayd Ordinaries wyll and disposition, to be burnt, or otherwyse to be vsed or ordered by the sayde Ordinaries, as by the Canons and spirituall lawes it is in that case limitted and aypoynted, vpon payne that euery offender contrarye to thys Proclamation, shal incurre the daunger and penalties contayned in the sayd Statute, and as they wyll auoyde their maiesties high indignacion and displeasure, and further aunswer at theyr vttermost peryls.

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MarginaliaThe power of thys world set agaynst Christ.And theyr Maiesties by thys Proclamation geue full power and authority to all Bishops and Ordinaryes, & all Iustices of peace, Maiors, Shiriffes, Bailiffes of Cities and Townes corporate, & other head Officers with in thys Realme and the dominions thereof, and expressly commaundeth and wylleth the same and euery of thē, that they and euery of them wythin their seueral limites and iurisdictions, shall in the default and negligence of the sayd Subiectes, after the sayde fiftene dayes expired, enquyre and search out the sayd bookes, writynges, and works, and for this purpose enter into the house or houses, closets, and secrete places of euery person, of what so euer degree, beyng negligent in thys behalfe, and suspected to keepe any such booke, writing, or workes, contrary to thys Proclamation: And that the sayd Iustices, Maiors, Sheriffes, Bailiffes, and other head Officers a boue specified, and euery of them wythin their sayd limites and iurisdictions, finding any of the sayd subiects negligent and faulty in thys behalfe, shall commit euery such offender to Warde, there to remayne wythout bayle or maynprise, till the same offender or offenders haue receyued such punishment, as the sayde statute doth limite and appoynt in thys behalfe. Geuen vnder our Signes Manuell, at our Honor of Hampton court, the. xiij. daye of Iune, the fyrst and second yeares of our raignts.

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¶ Imprinted by Iohn Cawod. Anno. 1555.

¶ Articles to be enquired vpon by the Wardens of euery company, touching seditious bookes, especially touching the booke called A warning for England. 
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Foxe almost certainly printed these articles from a copy in Bonner's records. The inquiries were duly made among the London companies and copies of banned books were found among members of the draper's company. (See Brigden, p. 595).

MarginaliaThis booke called a warning for England, looke for hereafter, when we come (God willing) to the Spanish Inquisition.

MarginaliaArticles to be Inquired vppon.1 VVHether they haue sene any of the foresaid bokes.

2 Whether they haue heard of any of the foresaid bokoes.

3 Where they were, & in what place they haue sene thē.

4 Whom they know to haue lately come frō beyond the sea, especially from Zurike, Strausbrough, Frankforde, Wezel, Emden, and Disburge.

5 Whom they know, or vehemently suspect to be common cariers of letters or money thether from hence.

6 That they bring to my Lord Maior all such seditious bookes as they haue, or shall haue found hereafter.

 

Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
Our Lady's Psalter

This section may be compared with the reproduction of the 'Rubric of the Mass' in Book X: as on the earlier occasion, the glosses constitute a running attack based on interlinked themes against the content of catholic devotion. In contrast to the glosses next to the rubric of the mass, the tone here is less varied: there is nothing like the mocking of the arbitrariness of the mass found in book X. The reason for this difference is that the subject is not so much a pointless if insulting ritual, but the place of Mary in the Christian scheme, and so the glosses seek, firmly but without mockery, to put her in a more modest position than that accorded to her by the catholic texts criticised. The organising principle of the critique is the divine hierarchy, and many of the glosses point out that the primer and psalter contain ideas which displace God and (especially) Christ from their places in that hierarchy ('One mediatour betwene God and men, the man Iesus Christ'; 'Wrong mediation'; 'The office of Christ geuen to our Lady'; 'If Maryes merites might helpe vs, then Christ dyed in vayne'; 'Treason agaynst Christes person and dignitye'; 'All iudgement is geuē to Christ alone, and before him the virgin also her self shalbe iudged'; 'If our Lady be all in all then God belyke sitteth idle in heauen';' O impious blasphemye'; 'If Mary forgeue sinnes, then is our fayth in Christ in vayne'; 'The Deuill and the Pope sayth so and not God'; 'Mary made a commaunder of Christ'; 'Christ made a captiue and a prisoner in the Popes Church'; 'Our Lady made equall with God in the Church Rome'). One consequence of the misdirection of devotion is that it does the misdirector no spiritual good, and various glosses point out the vain or false nature of the devotional formulations they lie next to ('False merite'; 'Vayne trust'; 'Wrong inuocation'; 'False trust'). As with the critique of the mass in Book X, such a misdirection of effort is not merely useless, it is also dangerous because it constitutes an insult to God, or blasphemy ('Horrible blasphemye and derogation to Christes bloud'; 'Derogation of the Crosse of Christ'; 'Derogation of Christes passion'; 'Horrible blasphemy agaynst the Lord'), and furthermore it invests objects and subjects with a spiritual significance they do not deserve, which is idolatry ('Idolatrye to the material Crosse'; 'Blasphemous Idolatrye'; 'Manifest Idolatrye'; 'Idolatrye of the cloysterers'; 'These wordes stincke of blasphemous Idolatrye'; 'The Church of Rome conuict of manifest idolatry'). Thus, Foxe's critique works through a few intertwined points which he makes again and again.

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MarginaliaThe contentes of a Popish Primer set forth in Q. Maries time.In this proclamation 
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Our Lady's Psalter

The entire section on the passages on the Virgin Mary in the Sarum missal and the Psalter of Our Lady first appears in the 1570 edition. It takes as its logical starting point the previous section on the Marian government's attempts to ban seditious and heretical literature. Here Foxe is contrasting the literature which the Marian church championed with the literature it banned. This section is less of anattack on the cult of the Virgin Mary per se, than an attack on the popular Wayland primers which contained the versions of the Sarum primer quoted by Foxe. The Wayland primers were sponsored by the Marian government and were a popular and effective means of disseminating a Christocentric catholic piety to lay people (see Duffy, pp. 526-27, 538-39 and 542-43). Foxe sought to undermine the Wayland primers, partly through misquotation and partly through linking them to the Psalter of Our Lady, a thirteenth-century work which was attributed to St Bonaventure. The theology of the Psalter of Our Lady was sufficiently distinct from that of the catholic reformation to cause embarrassment. And Foxe was ready to alter the passages he was quoting to achieve the desired result. (For Foxe's polemical objectives in printing this section see Freeman [2004]).

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This section is a very revealing example of how clever and ruthless a propagandist Foxe could be.

thou hast heard (Christian reader) the profoūd and learned censure of the Catholicke Church of England, what bookes they mislike & reiect as hereticall, schismaticall, and pernicious. Agaynst the which Catholicke censure of these learned fathers, I haue not at this tyme to inferre: neither doth my laysure serue now to write Apologies in defense of these Authours here cōdemned. Onely so much leaue it may please the reader to graunt me, to set before hym here a payre of balaunce, wherein to waygh the bookes on þe one side condemned, with the bookes on the other side allowed, to the end that we weyng the one with the other, MarginaliaThe bokes of the protestants to be wayed with the bookes of the Papistes.may discerne the better betwen them, which part weyeth best with Gods holy truth and true Catholicke church, against manifest Idolatry and palpable abomination. And now therfore, as they haue in this present Proclamatiō geuē their condēnation vpō these bookes aboue recited, so I desire thee to giue thy censure vpon their bookes by them alowed, and vpon the matter in them conteined, and marke well what good stuffe it is.

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MarginaliaThe Primer set forth in Q. Maries time, printed by Ioh. Wayland. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is quoting from one of the primer (book for the instruction of children) printed by John Wayland. These works were sponsored by Mary's government (see Duffy, pp. 526-27 and 538-39). It should be cautioned that Foxe's quotations from the primer are not always accurate (for details see Freeman [2004]).

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And first to begyn with the Primer in English for childrē after the vse of Salisbury, Imprinted with Priuiledge accordyng vnto the Kyng and Queenes Maiesties letters patentes in the reigne of Queene Mary. Let vs repeate and suruey some part of the sayd Primer (for to expresse all it were to long) beginnyng with the first lesson of our Lady, in these wordes:

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Holy Mary, mother most pure of virgines all: Mother and daughter of the king celestiall: So comfort vs in our desolation: That by thy prayer and speciall meditation, we enioy the reward of the heauenly reigne. &c.

Cōferre this with the Scriptures, good reader, and iudge vprightly whether this doctrine be tolerable in the Church or not.

It foloweth more in the second Lesson.

Holy Mary of all godly the godlyest,
Pray for vs of all holy the holyest,
That he our prayers accept may in good wise,
Which of thee was borne and reigneth aboue skies. &c.

In the thyrd Lesson.

Thy sonne besech with humble interceßion,
To purge vs cleane of our transgreßion,
That so beyng redemed we may the place ascende
Where thou dwellest with hym world without end.

The Versicle.

MarginaliaOne mediator betwene God and men, the man Iesus Christ.Pray for the people, entreat for the Clergie, make interceßion for the deuout womankind: let all feele thy helpe, that worthely solemnise thy memoriall. &c.

An other Versicle.

MarginaliaFalse merite.Holy mother of God make thy petition: that we may deserue Christes promißion. &c.

And in the Antheme after Benedictus, thus it foloweth.

We besech thee of thy pitie to haue vs in remembraunce, and to make meanes for vs vnto Christ, that we beyng supported by thy helpe, may deserue to attayne the kingdome of heauē.

Furthermore in the Collect after it foloweth.

And graunt that through the gracious interceßion of the virgine thy mother, MarginaliaWrong mediation. we may be deliuered from this present heuynes, and haue the fruition of eternall gladnes.

It foloweth moreouer in the sayd Primer thus, concernyng the materiall Crosse.

O God which haste ascended thy most holy Crosse and hast giuen lyght to the darkenes of the world, vouchsafe by the vertue of thy MarginaliaIdolatrie to the materiall crosse.Crosse, to illumine, visite, and comfort both our hartes and bodyes. &c.

Moreouer, in the name of S. Iohn Baptist thus it prayeth.

O Lord defend vs alway through the continuall succours of S. Iohn Baptist. MarginaliaLet no man glory in any man, for all thynges are yours. &c. 1. Cor. 3.For the more frayle we be, the more nede we haue to be relieued with necessary praiers. &c.

In which wordes note (good Reader) not onely the absurditie of doctrine, but also the stoliditie of the reason. For where their doctrine pretendeth that S. Iohn Baptist should pray for vs, here we pray to God for S. Iohn Baptist, that he wyll heare hys prayer praying for vs. It followeth furthermore in the name of Peter and Paule. MarginaliaWhat is Paul, what is Apollo, but the seruauntes of hym on whō you beleue? 1. Cor. 3.

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Heare vs mercyfully, and graunt that through the merites of them both we may obtayne the glory euerlasting. &c

And of S. Andrew.

So let hym (O Lord) be a continuall peticioner for vs to thee. &c.

Of S. Laurence thus.

S. Laurence the Deacon did worke a good worke. For by the vertue 

Commentary  *  Close

For a detailed comparison of these passages see Freeman [2004]. But this example is too egregious a misquotation to pass over in silence. The passage reads 'by the signe of the holy Crosse' not 'by the virtue of the holy cross' (cf. The primer in Latin and English (after the use of Sarum)[London, 1555], STC 16064, sig. F1v). In other words, the primer was not mentioning the physical cross at all, rendering Foxe's objection that the True Cross had not been found in St Laurence's time meaningless.

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of the holy crosse he gaue sight to the blind. &c.

And how can thys be true, when the holy crosse was not yet found in the tyme of S. Laurence. For Helene 

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This is St Helena, the mother of Constantine; she was traditionally credited with discovering the True Cross.

which first found the crosse (as they say) came after S. Laurence more then fourty yeares.

To Tho. Becket Archbishop of Canterbury.

MarginaliaHorrible blasphemy and derogation to Christes bloud.By the bloud of Thomas, which he for thee did spend,
Make vs Christ to clime whether Thomas did ascend.

Of S. Nicholas.

O God which hast glorified blessed Nicholas thy holy bishop with innumerable miracles, graunt we beseche thee, that by his MarginaliaFalse merites.merites and prayers we may bee deliuered from the fier of hell.

Of Mary Magdalen.

Graunt wee besech thee, through thy mercy, to let her purchase for vs the blisse euerlasting. &c.

An
CCCC.ij.
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