Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1891 [1852]

Quene Mary. Examinations and condemnation of M. Iohn Bland, Martyr.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. Iuly.leagues, which were Iohn Frankesh, Nich. Sheterden, Tho. Thacker, Vmfrey Middleton, William Coker, was examined of Articles. To whom it was obiected by the Commissary, whether he dyd beleue, that CHRIST is really in the Sacrament or no. &c. To this he aunswered and sayd: MarginaliaThe wordes of Master Bland at his examination.that he beleued that CHRIST is in the Sacrament, as he is in all other good bodyes: so that hee iudged not CHRIST to be really in the Sacrament. 

Commentary  *  Close

It is curious that Foxe gives Bland's answer to this article separately from the other articles. Without the original text, there is no way to be sure, but Bland's answer to this article is suspiciously terse and it is possible that Foxe rewrote it.

Whereupon the day beyng Monday, MarginaliaAn other appearance.he was byd to appeare agayne vppon Wednisday next, and from thence was differred agayne to Monday folowyng, beyng the. xx. of Iune in the same Chapterhouse, then to heare further what should bee done in case hee would not relent to their minde. MarginaliaThe last appearance of M. Bland before the B. of Douer, and others.The which day and place he appearyng as before, was required to say his minde playnly and fully to the foresayd Articles, beyng againe repeted to him. Which Articles commonly and in course they vse to obiect to their Examinates which bee brought before them, as here now foloweth, and neede not much hereafter, specially for that countrey of Kent, to be repeted.

[Back to Top]
¶ Articles ministred by Richard B. of Douer, to Maister Bland, and likewise to the rest folowyng after hym.

MarginaliaArticles of course ministred agaynst M. Bland.1. FIrst that thou art of the Dioces of Canterbury, and so subiect to the iurisdiction of the Archbishop there.

2. Item, that thou art a Christē man, and doest professe the lawes of God, and faith of CHRISTES Catholicke Church, and the determination of the same.

3. Item, that all persons which teach, preach, beleue, affirme, hold, maintaine, or say, within the Dioces of Canterbury, otherwise then our holy mother the Church doth, are excommunicate persons and heretickes, and as excommunicate and heretickes ought to be named, reputed, and taken.

4. Item, that thou, contrary to the Catholicke faith and determination of our mother holy Church, within the Dioces of Canterbury hast openly spoken, maynteined, holden, affirmed, and beleued, and yet doest hold, mayntaine, affirme, and beleue, that in the blessed Sacrament of the aultar, vnder the formes of bread and wyne, there is not the very body and bloud of our Sauiour IESVS CHRIST in substance, but onely a token, signe, and a remembraunce therof, and that the very body and bloud of CHRIST is onely in heauen, and no where els.

[Back to Top]

5. Item, that thou, cōtrary to the Catholicke faith, and determination of our mother holy Church, hast within this Dioces of Canterbury openly spoken, sayd, maynteined, holden, affirmed and beleued, and yet doest hold maintayne, affirme, and beleue, that it is agaynst Gods word that the Sacramēt of CHRISTES Church should be ministred in an vnknowē toung: & that no mā safely & with a safe conscience or without perill of sinne, receiueth any Sacrament ministred in any toung that he vnderstandeth not.

[Back to Top]

6. Item, that thou contrary to the Catholicke fayth of our mother holy Church hast and yet doest hold opinion and say: that it is against Gods worde that the Sacrament of the aultar should be ministred in one kynd: and that no man may with a safe conscience so receiue it.

7. Item, that the premisses be true, and that there is a cōmon fame vpō thē within the Dioces of Canterbury.

¶ The aunsweres of Master Bland to the foresayd Articles.

MarginaliaAnswere to the first article out of the Regester.1. TO these Articles M. Bland aunswering agayne in order as they were obiected to him, sayth to the first, grauntyng the same, that he was a Priest, and of the Dioces of Canterbury.

2. To the second also he aunswereth affirmatiuely.

Marginalia
The Catholike church of Christ.
The Catholike church of Antichrist.
3. Item, to the third he aūswereth that the Article is true, meaning þe Catholicke Church to be CHRISTES Church.

4. Item, in the fourth Article as touchyng the first part of the Article, he doth confesse that he hath preached and taught it, as it is conteined in the same. And as touching the second part of the Article, he doth confesse that he doth now also hold and say, as he preached and taught before.

5. Item, to the v. Article he graunteth.

6. To the sixt, he hath preached and held & doth hold, as it is conteined in the Article.

7. Item, to the last Article he graunteth the same. &c.

This done, and his aunsweres and confession takē, respite was geuen him yet a few dayes to deliberate with him selfe. So the xxv. day of the sayd moneth of Iune he makyng his appearing agayn in þe sayd Chapterhouse, MarginaliaM. Bland denieth the Pope.there openly and boldly withstoode the authoritie of the Pope, wherupon his sentence was red, & so he condemned and committed to the secular power. MarginaliaM. Bland condemned.Touchyng þe forme and tenour of the sentence, because all their Sentences of course agree in one, read before in the story of M. Rogers, 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe's removal of the sentence against Bland was one of the cuts he made to save paper in the 1570 edition.

pag. 1661.

[Back to Top]
¶ The Prayer of Master Bland before hys death. 
Commentary  *  Close

A different version of this prayer is in ECL 261, fo. 62r.

MarginaliaA prayer of Master Bland.

THe Lord IESVS, for whose loue I do willingly leaue this lyfe, and desire rather the bitter death of this crosse, with the losse of all earthly thynges, then to abyde the blasphemy of thy holy name, or els to obey man in breaking thy commaundementes: thou seest, oh Lorde, that where as I might lyue in worldly wealth to worship false Gods, and honour thy enemy, I chose rather the tormētes of this body, and losse of this my life, & haue counted all thyngs but vile, dust, and dung, that I might wynne thee: Which death is more deare vnto me, then thousandes of gold and siluer. Such loue oh Lord hast thou layd vp in my brest, that I hunger for thee, as the deare that is wounded desireth thee soile. Send thy holy comfort, O Lord, to ayde, comfort, and strengthen this weake peece of earth, which is voyde of all strength of it selfe. Thou remembrest, O Lord, that I am but dust, and not able to do any thyng that is good. Therfore, O Lord, as thou of thy accustomed goodnes hast byddē me to this bancket, & counted me worthy to drinke of thine own cup amongest thine elect: geue me strength agaynst this element, that as it is to my sight most irckesome and terrible: so to my mynd it may be at thy commaundement, as an obedient seruaunt, swete and pleasaunt: and through the strength of thy holy spirite, I may passe through the strength of this fire into thy bosome, accordyng vnto thy promise, and for this mortalitie, to receaue immortalitie, and for this corruptible, to put on incorruptible. Accept this burnt offering and sacrifice, O Lord, not for the sacrifice it selfe, but for thy deare sonnes sake my Sauiour: for whose testimony I offer thys freewill offering with all my hart and with all my soule. O heauenly father, forgiue me my sinnes, as I forgiue the whole world. O sweete Sauiour, spread thy wynges ouer me. O God, graunt me thy holy Ghost, through whose mercyfull inspiration I am come hether. Conduct me vnto euerlastyng lyfe. Lord into thy handes I commend my spirite: Lord IESVS receaue my soule, So be it. 1555.

[Back to Top]
The hystory of Iohn Frankesh, Humfrey Middleton, Nicholas Sheterden. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdoms of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden

These particular martyrdoms posed a particular problem for Foxe. While Frankesh was unquestionably orthodox, Middleton and Sheterden were leading Freewillers (see Freeman [2002], pp. 130-31, 133-34 and 153). Not a hint of the backgrounds or beliefs of Middleton and Sheterden touches Foxe's account of their martyrdoms. This is a striking demonstration of Foxe's determination to avoid almost any mention of the dispute among Marian protestants over predestination. Even stronger was his determination to prevent any suspicion of unorthodoxy from being cast on any of the martyrs and, as a result, the radicalism of Middleton and Sheterden was completely concealed by Foxe.

[Back to Top]

Foxe had obtained a copy of Sheterden's account of his first examination during his exile and printed it in the Rerum (pp. 503-05). Other than this, all Foxe wrote about these three martyrs in the Rerum was a note recording their execution together on 12 July 1555. In the 1563 edition, Foxe added Sheterden's account of his 'first answering', his notes on the sacrament of the altar, his account of his examination before Gardiner and his final prayer. In the 1570 edition, Foxe rearranged the material and added an account of the final examination of Bland,Frankesh, Sheterden and Middleton, which was taken from the Canterbury diocesan records. There was no change in this account in subsequent editions.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaIuly. 12. Ioh Frākesh, Humfrey Midleton, Nicholas Sheterdē, Martyrs.HAuing now passed ouer þe examinations of M. Bland, let vs farther proceede to the rest of his fellowes concaptiues, beyng ioyned the same tyme with him both in the like cause, and like affliction. The names of whom were Iohn Frankesh, Nic. Sheterden, Vmfrey Middletō, Thacker and Coker: 

Commentary  *  Close

The names of Thacker and Cocker were added in the 1570 edition, as was the date of 25 June. It appears that Foxe consulted an official document of this trial between 1563 and 1570.

of whom Thacker only gaue backe. The rest constantly standyng to the truth, were altogether condemned by the Suffragan of Caunterbury the xxv. day of Iune, the yeare aboue expressed. Touching whose examinations I shall not nede long to stand, for somuch as the Articles ministred agaynst them, were all one: so in their aunsweres they litle or nothing disagreed, as hereafter (by the Lordes helpe) you shall heare. In the meane tyme, because Nic. Sheterden in his examinations had a litle more large talke with þe Archdeacon and the Commissary, I will first begyn with the same.

[Back to Top]
The
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield