Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1899 [1860]

Quene Mary. Margery Polley, Diricke Caruer, Iohn Launder, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. Iuly.WE Maurice by the sufferaunce of God Byshop of Rochester procedyng of our mere office in a cause of heresie, against thee Margery Polley of the Parish of Pepyngbery of our Dioces and Iurisdiction of Rochester, do lay and obiect against thee all and singular these articles insuing. To the which, and to euery parcel of them, we require of thee a true, full, and playne aunswere, by vertue of thyne othe therupon to be giuen. &c.

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MarginaliaThe condemnation of Margery Polley.Thus the oth first beyng ministred, and the Articles commenced against her, which Articles were the same ministred to Nicol. Halle and Wayde before, she so framed her aunswers agayne especially aunswering to the third and forth Article, that she neither alowed the deity of their Sacrament, nor the absurditie of theyr Masse. For the which, Sentence was red agaynst her about the begynnyng of Iune, 

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She was condemned on 7 June 1555 (PRO C/85/144, fo. 33r).

and she burnt at Tunbridge about the midle of Iuly.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Margery Polley, at Tunbridge. An. 1555. Iuly.¶ The Martyrdome of Margery Polley.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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The small woodcut of Margery Polley (Type 2), placed in the text where Foxe promises a fuller account to come, is the first to show a single women in the flames. It was not reused on two subsequent occasions when such a martyr was illustrated (Cicelie Ormes and the woman of Exeter).

The apprehension, examination, condemnation, and burnyng of Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder, who suffred Martyrdome for the testimony of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdoms of Carver and Launder

The only information on this pair in the Rerum is a note stating that John Launder was burned at Steyning, Sussex, and 'Dirickius Harmonus' was burned at Lewes, both in July 1555 (p. 510). [Foxe's source apparently confused Dirick Carver with Richard Harmon, another Sussex protestant, who was committed to the King's Bench in May 1554; see APC V, p. 128]. In the 1563 edition, Foxe had written his complete account of Carver and Launder. It was largely based on official records of the London diocese, now lost, but also, for its account of the despoiling of Carver's family, his learning to read English and of Carver's execution, on personal testimony or testimonies. The account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaIuly. 22. and 23. MarginaliaDiricke Caruer, and Ioh. Launder, Martyrs.THe. 22. day of this moneth of Iuly was burned at Lewes, within the County of Sussex, one Diricke Caruer, late of þe parish of Brighthāsted in the same countie. And the next day (being the. xxiij. day of the same moneth) was also burned at Stening an other named Iohn Launder, late of Godstone, in the county of Surrey. Which two men were (with others) about the end of the moneth of October. an. 1554. apprehended by MarginaliaEdward Gage gentlemā, persecutor.Edward Gage gentleman, as they were at prayer within the dwelling house of the sayd Diricke: and by him were sent vp vnto the Queenes Counsayle. Who, after examination, sent them as prisoners to Newgate, there to attend the leasure of Boner bishop of London. 

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Carver and Launder were the first protestants from the diocese of Chichester to be tried for heresy. Technically they should have been tried by the bishop of Chichester, but at that moment the office was vacant. As a substitute, they were sent to Bonner, who really had no jurisdiction in the matter.

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From whence (vpon the Bishops receipt of a letter from the Lorde Marques of Winchester now Lord Treasurer) they were brought by the keeper of the prison, the. 8. day of Iune next after, MarginaliaCaruer and Launder appearing before Bishop Boner.into the Bishops chamber at hys house in London: and there (being examined vpon diuers points of religion) they made theyr seueral confessions, subscribing & signing thē with their own hands Which being read, the Bishop obiected vnto them certayne other articles, causeing them to sweare truely and

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directly to aunswere thereunto: which Articles they confessed to bee true, referring them selues chiefly to their former confessions.

This done, after long persuasions and fayre exhortations, they were demaunded whether they woulde stand to their aunsweres. To whom Launder sayd: I wyll neuer go from these aunswers, so long as I lyue. The other also confirmed the same, and therfore they were commaūded to appeare againe before the bishop in the Consistory at Paules, the. x. day of the same moneth next following. Which articles and confessions, with the afore mentioned letter doe here ensue.

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¶ A letter sent from the Marques of Winchester L. Treasurer, vnto Boner B. of London, touching the examination of the sayd prisoners. 
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This letter must have been copied at Bonner's orders into his diocesan records, probably into a court book which is now lost.

AFter my right harty commendations to your good Lordship, I shall not forget your liuery of blacke against this time: 

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As Foxe explains in a marginal gloss, the court was wearing black due to the recent death of King Philip's grandmother Juana.

MarginaliaThese funeralls were for the Kinges grandmother, the old Queene of Spaine.no more I shall master Deane, to whō I wrote to make the sermon, who must now assuredlye do it: for my L. of Chichester cannot attend it. To whō I haue geuē like knowledge by my letter now sent, and your Lordship must commaunde the Sextens of your church to be in readynes for ringing in þe time of seruice. And if ye bee not furnished with blacke apparell for the aultar, and for the Priest, Deacon, and Subdeacon, I must haue knowledge thereof, that it bee taken of the Queenes stuffe, wherof I pray you let me be aduertised.

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And ye haue sent Bradford to Newgate, as a man determined of heresy before you: but as I perceiue he haue not sent me a Significauit, 

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I.e., a significavit of excommunication. This was the writ which a bishop was required to send to Chancery, notifying them that an individual had been sentenced to death for heresy and turned over to the secular authorities.

MarginaliaA significauit to be sent to the Lord treasurer for burning of Bradford. and therefore you must send me one, that I may procede with him, and that shall I doe, assone as I am aunswered of you.

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There be diuers like prisoners that came frō Sussex, that be not yet examined before you, lying now in Newgate, MarginaliaHe meaneth Diricke Caruer, and I. Launder. which must be examined by you, since they be come to London, and so I pray you they may be, MarginaliaLord Treasurer calleth vpon Boner for examination of these 2. persons. & I certified of your procedings, that I may follow, which I shal do, thanking your lordship hartely for my Conies, trusting to recompence your Lordship againe shortly with twise as many. From my house this. vij. of Iune. 1555.

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Your louing friend, Winchester. 

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William Paulet, the marquis of Winchester, not Stephen Gardiner, the bishop of Winchester.

¶ The Confession of Diricke Caruer before Boner Bishop of London. 
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This confession was copied by Foxe from an official record which is now lost. But by a stroke of luck, we know that Foxe did not reprint this document with complete fidelity. The catholic polemicist Miles Hogarde recorded that Carver stated that a person might be a Christian without baptism and that it was only an external sign (Miles Hogarde, The Displaying of the Protestants [London, 1556], STC 13557, fos. 10r-11r). Note that Foxe does not print an article on baptism by Carver or Launder, but he does print one by Thomas Iveson; this is further evidence that Foxe censored Carver's and Lander's radical opinions on baptism.

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MarginaliaDiricke Caruer, his confession.DIricke Caruer Berebrewer of Brighthamsted, in the county of Sussex, where he hath dwelled by the space of eight or nyne yeares, borne in the village of Dilson by Stockome in the land of Luke, 

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Dilsom, near Stockem, in the region of Liége, Flanders.

fourty yeares of age, or thereabout, and nowe prisoner in Newgate, where he hath remayned and continued at the Counsayles commaundement, since Allhollowne day last past, being examined concerning his Faith and beliefe in the Sacrament of the altar, sayeth that hee hath and doth beleue, MarginaliaThe materiall substance of the Sacrament denyed to be the body of Christ really.that the very substaunce of the body and bloud of CHRIST is not in the sayd Sacrament, and that there is no other substaunce remayning in the sayd sacrament after the wordes spoken by the Priest, but onely the substaunce of bread and wine.

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MarginaliaThe vse and sacrifice of the Lattin Masse denied.Item being examined concerning the Masse in latin, now vsed in the church of England, he beleueth that there is no sacrifice in the sayd Masse, and that there is in it no saluation for a Christian man, except it should be sayd in the mother tonge, that he might vnderstand it: and concerning the ceremonies of the Church, hee sayeth and beleueth, that they bee not profitable to a Christian man.

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MarginaliaAuricular confession and absolution of the priest reiected.Item, being examined concerning Auricular confession, he aunswereth: that he hath and doth beleue that it is necessary to go to a good Priest for good counsaile, but the absolution of the Priest, laying his hand vpon any mans head as is now vsed, is nothing profitable to a Christians mans saluation. And further he sayth, that hee hath not bene confessed, nor receyued the Sacrament of the aultar, since the coronation of the Queene that now is.

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Item, concerning the faith and religion, now taught set forth, and beleued in the church of England, he an-

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