Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1909 [1870]

Quene Mary. Persecution in London dioces. George Tankerfield, Rob. Smith, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. August.and abomination, and agaynst the word of God, affirmyng also, that there are but MarginaliaTwo Sacramentes.two Sacramentes in the Church of CHRIST, Baptisme, and the Supper of the Lord. &c. And to these assertions, he sayd, he would stand and so dyd to the end.

And when at last the Byshop began to read the sentence, exhortyng hym before with many wordes to reuoke his professed opinion (which they called damnable and hereticall) he notwithstandyng, resisted all contrary persuasions, aunsweryng the Byshop agayne in this forme of wordes: MarginaliaThe words of Tankerfield to Boner.I will not (said he) forsake myne opinions, except you (my Lord) can repell thē by Scriptures, and I care not for your Diuinitie: for you condemne all men, and proue nothyng agaynst them. And after many fayre wordes of exhortation, which Boner then vsed (after his ordinary maner) to conuert or rather peruert him, he aunswered boldly agayne, saying moreouer: MarginaliaThe words of Tankerfield at his condemnation.that the Church whereof the Pope is supreme head, is no part of CHRISTES Catholicke Church: and adding therunto, and pointyng to the Byshop, spake to the people saying: MarginaliaTankerfield giueth the people warning of Boner.Good people beware of hym, and such as he is: for these bee the people that deceaueth you. &c.

[Back to Top]

These with other wordes moe, he spake: MarginaliaTankerfield condemned.wherupō the Byshop readyng the sentence of his Popish condēnation, gaue hym to the secular power.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of George Tankerfield, at S. Albons. An. 1555. August. 26.And so this blessed seruaunt of God was had to S. Albons, 

Commentary  *  Close

This is another example of a martyr being sent out of London to a nearby town or village to be executed. This is due to the unease the authorities were beginning to feel about the reaction of Londoners to the executions.

and there with much pacience and constancie ended hys lyfe, the 26. day of August, for the defence of the truth, which at length will haue the victory.

The hystory and examinations of Robert Smith, constantly mayntaynyng the truth of Gods word, and sufferyng for the same in the moneth of August. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith

Robert Smith's account of his examinations was printed in the Rerum (pp.513-23), as was a note stating that he was burned at Staines on 26 August 1555. With the exception of Smith's letter to 'all which love God unfeignedly', all of the material on Smith in the Acts and Monuments and all of his writings printed by Foxe appeared in the 1563edition. The core of the material on Smith himself was a reprinting of his account of his examinations. Foxe also added a brief introductory account of Smith's life and a graphic description of his execution. (This description, probably derived from an eyewitness, came to Foxe while the Acts and Monuments was being printed and was placed in an appendix at the end of the first edition). None of Smith's verse epistles were printed in the Letters of the Martyrs, but two of his prose letters were reprinted there. The Letters of the Martyrs also printed the letter 'to all which love God unfeignedly' for the first time. In the 1570 edition,the account of Smith's execution was moved from the appendix into the account of Smith, while all of Smith's verse letters were dropped. The 1570 account was reprinted without alteration in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, Smith's verse letters were restored and the letter to 'all which love God unfeignedly' was introduced into the Acts and Monuments.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaRob. Smith of London, Martyr.RObert Smith was brought vnto Newgate the fift of Nouember, in the first and second yeare of the Kyng and Queene, by Iohn Mathew, Yeoman of þe Gard of the Queenes side, by the commaundement of the Counsel. This Smith, first gaue him selfe vnto seruice in the house of Syr Thomas Smith Knight, being then Prouost of Eaton: from thence he was preferred to Windsore, hauyng there in the Colledge a Clerkeship of x. pound a yere. Of stature he was tall & slender, actiue about many thinges, but chiefly deliting in þe Art of Paintyng, MarginaliaRob. Smith actiue in the arte of payn,ting. which many times, rather for his mindes sake then for any liuyng or luker, hee did practise and excercise. In Religiō, he was feruent, after he had once tasted the truth: wherin he was much cōfirmed by the preachynges & readynges of one M. Turner of Wyndsore  

Commentary  *  Close

William Turner, a protestant controversialist, a pioneering botanist and the dean of Wells cathedral.

and others: wherupon at the commyng of Queene Mary he was depriued of his Clerkeshyp by her Visitours,  
Commentary  *  Close

Officials sent by royal or episcopal authority to inspect the clergy.

& not long after was apprehēded, and brought to examination before Boner, as here foloweth, written and testified with his owne hand.

[Back to Top]
¶ The first examination of Rohert Smith before Byshop Boner.

MarginaliaThe first examination of Rob. Smith before Bishop Boner.ABout 9. of the clocke in the mornyng, I was amōg the rest of my brethrē brought to þe Byshops house: and I first of all was brought before hym into his chāber, vnto whom the Byshop sayd as foloweth, after he had asked my name.

Boner. How long is it agoe since the tyme that ye were confessed to any Priest?

MarginaliaConfession not nedefull.Smith. Neuer since I had yeares of discretion. For I neuer saw it needefull neither commaunded of God to come to shew my faultes to any of that sinfull number whom ye call Priestes.

Boner. Thou shewest thy selfe euen at the first chop to be a ranke hereticke, which beyng weery of payntyng, art entred into Diuinitie, and so fallen, through thy departyng from thy vocation, into heresie.

Smith. Although I haue vnderstandyng in the sayd

occupation, yet (I prayse God) I haue had litle nede all my lyfe hetherto to lyue by the same, MarginaliaReiectio criminis ingeniosa & diuina.but haue lyued without the same in myne owne house as honestly in my vocation, as ye haue lyued in yours, and yet vsed the same better then euer you vsed the Pulpit.

Boner. How long is it agoe since ye receaued the Sacrament of the aultar, and what is your opinon in the same?

MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Altar.Smith. I neuer receaued þe same since I had yeares of discretion, nor neuer will, by Gods grace: neither do esteeme the same in any point, because it hath not gods ordinaunce, neither in name, nor in other vsage, but rather is set vp and erected to mocke God withall.

Boner. Do ye not beleue, that it is the very body of CHRIST that was borne of the Virgin Mary, naturally, substancially and really, after the wordes of Consecration?

Smith. I shewed you before, it was none of Gods ordinaunces, as ye vse it: then much lesse to be God, or any part of his substaunce, but onely bread and wyne erected to the vse afore sayd: yet neuertheles, if ye can approue it to be the body that ye spake of, by the word, I will beleue it: if not, I will, as I do, coumpt it a detestable Idoll, not God, but contrary to God and truth.

[Back to Top]

Boner. Then after many raging words and vaine obiections, hee said MarginaliaBoners argument to proue the Sacrament.there was no remedy but I must be burned.Smith. Ye shall do no more vnto mee, then ye haue done to better men then eyther of vs both But thinke not thereby to quench the spirite of God, neither therby to make your matter good. For your sore is to well seene to be healed so priuely with bloud. For euen the very children haue all your deedes in derision: 

Commentary  *  Close

A fascinating indication (there would be others in the Acts and Monuments) of children taunting Bonner. See Susan Brigden, 'Youth and the English Reformation,' Past and Present 95 (1982), pp. 37-67 for an interesting attempt to link support for the reformation with youthful protest against gerontocratic authority.

[Back to Top]
so that although ye patch vp one place with authority, yet shall it breake out in forty, to your shame.

[Back to Top]

Boner. Thē after much ado, & many railing sentēces, he sayd, throwing away the paper of myne examinatiō: well euen nowe by my truth, euen in good earnest: if thou wilt go and be shriuen, I wyll teare thys paper in peeces.

Smith. To which I aunswered: It would bee to much to hys shame to shew it to men of discretion.

After which aunswer, I was caried downe into the Garden wyth my Gailer, and there remayned vntyll my brother MarginaliaSteuen Harwode examined before the Byshop.Harwod 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that this name is given as 'Heralt' in 1563. This person could be the 'Herault' mentioned in a letter of Smith's. This could also be the Thomas Harold mentioned as a protestant prisoner in the Marshalsea (1563, pp. 1145 and 1146; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500 and 1583, p. 1584).

has examined: and then beyng agayne brought vp before the sayd bishop, he demaunded if I agreed wyth Harwod in hys confession vpon these Articles following.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaRobert Smith againe examined by the Byshop.Boner. What say you to the catholicke church? Do ye not confesse there is one in earth?

Smith. Yes, verely, I beleue that there is one catholicke church, or faithfull congregation, which as the Apostle sayth, is builded vpon the Prophets and Apostles, CHRIST IESVS beyng the heade corner stone: which church in all her wordes and woorkes maintayneth the word, and bringeth the same for her autority, and wythout it doth nothing, nor ought to do, of which I am assured I am by grace made a member.

[Back to Top]

Boner. Ye shall vnderstand that I am bound when my brother offendeth, and wyll not bee reconciled, to bring hym before the cōgregation: MarginaliaWhere was the visible church amongest the Protestants?now if your church be the same, where may a man finde it, to bryng hys brother before the same?

MarginaliaWhere was the visible church amongst the Apostles?Smith. It is wrytten in the Actes of the Apostles, that when the tyranny of the bishops was so great against the church in * Marginalia* Here he would not aunswere me to the church of Iury, but flieth to the v. of Corin. Iewry,  

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., Judea

they were faine to congregate in houses and priuy places, as they now doe: and yet were they neuertheles the church of God: and seing they had theyr matters redressed being shut vp in a corner, may not we do the lyke now adayes?

[Back to Top]

Boner. Yea, their church was knowen ful wel. For S. Paule wryt vnto the Corinthians to haue the man punished and excommunicate, that had committed euil with his fathers wyfe. Wherby we may well perceiue it was a knowen church, but yours is not knowen.

Smith.
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield