Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1916 [1877]

Queene Mary. Persecutioō in Lōd. dioces. Harwood, Fust, Haile, King, Leyes, VVade, Martyrs.
Marginalia1555. August.¶ An other letter of Rob. Smith to his wife. 
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This letter is also printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 553-54.

THe God and father eternall, which brought agayne from death our Lord IESVS CHRIST, keepe thee deare wife and all thy Parentes and frendes, now and euer, Amen.

MarginaliaTo his wife an other letter.I prayse God for his mercy, I am in the same state that ye left me in, rather better then worse, lookyng dayly for the liuyng God, before whom I hunger full sore to appeare, and receiue the glory, of which I trust thou art willing to be a partaker (I geue God most harty thākes therfore) desiryng thee of all loues, to stand fast in that faith which thou hast receiued, and let no man take away the seede that almighty God hath sowen in thee, but lay handes of euerlastyng lyfe, which shall euer abyde when both the earth and all earthly frendes shall perish: desiryng them also to receaue thankefully our trouble which is momentane and light, and, as S. Paule sayth, not worthy of the thinges which shal bee shewed on vs, that we paciently cariyng our Crosse, may attayne to the place whether our Sauiour CHRIST is gone before, to the which I besech God of his mercy bryng vs spedely. I haue bene much troubled about your deliueraunce, fearyng much the persuasions of worldlynges, and haue found a frend which will (I trust) finde a meane for you, if you be not already prouided, desiryng you in any case to abide such order, as those my frendes shall appoynt in God. And beare well in mynde the wordes which I spake at our departyng, that as God hath found vs, and also elected vs worthy to suffer with him, we may endeuour our selues to folow vprightly in this our vocation, desiryng you to present my harty commendations to all our frendes, and especially to your Parentes, kepyng your matter close in any wise. Geue most harty thankes to my frend, which onely for our cause is come to Windsore. 

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It is unclear why a friend of Smith's would journey to Windsor. Perhaps he or she had visited court to try to intercede for Smith and his comrades.

Continue in prayer. Do well. Be fautles in all thinges. Beware abominations.  
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I.e., do not attend catholic services, particularly mass.

Kepe you cleane from sinne. Pray for me, as I do for you. I haue sent you a peece of gold for a token, and most entierly desire you to send me word if ye lacke any thyng. The Lord IESV preserue you and yours, Amen. From Newgate the 15. of Aprill.

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By your husband here and in heauen
Robert Smith.

¶ Robert Smith to all faithfull seruauntes of CHRIST, exhorting them to be strong vnder persecution.


Content thy self with patience,
With CHRIST to beare the Crosse of paine:
Which can and will thee recompense,
A thousand folde with ioyes againe.
Let nothing cause thy heart to quaile,
Lanch out thy bote, hale vp thy saile.
Put from the shore:
And be thou sure thou shalt attaine,
Vnto the port that shall remaine
For euermore.

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The burning of Stephen Harwood and Thomas Fust, Martyred for the testimony of the Gospell. 
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Martyrdoms of Harwood and Fust

There was a note in the Rerum stating that Harwood was burned at Stratford on 30 August 1555 while Thomas Fust was burned at Ware (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's complete account of these martyrs was first printed in the 1563 edition and was drawn entirely from official records, now lost, of the diocese of London. This account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaSteuen Harwood, Thomas Fust, Martyrs.ABout this time dyed also (by cruell fire) these ij. Martyrs of God, that is to say, Ste. Harwood at Stratford, and Thomas Fust at Ware. Which both two, as they were about one time burned with the fore mencioned Robert Smith and George Tankerfield, although in sundry places: so were they also examined and openly condemned togethers with them. Their processe because it was ioyned all in one with the processe of Rob. Smith and other of the sayd company aboue mētioned, I thought it superfluous agayne to repeate the same: saue that of Thom. Fust this is to be added, that where as he in his last appearing the 12. of Iuly was moued by the Byshop to reuoke his opinion, thus he aunswered: MarginaliaThe answer of Tho. Fust to Bishop Boner.No (sayd he) my Lord, for there is no truth commeth out of your mouth, but all lyes. Ye condemne men, and will not heare the truth. Where can ye finde any annoyntyng

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or greasing in Gods booke? I speake nothing but the truth, & I am certaine that it is the truth that I speake. This aunswere of him onely I find noted by þe Register: although how slenderly these Registers haue delt in vttering such matters, that is, in omittyng those thinges which most worthy were to be knowen, by their doynges it is easie to be seene. 

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Foxe is articulating here one of the two reasons why he preferred to use a martyr's own account, or the testimony of sympathetic witnesses, to official records: official records were often terse, formulaic and those who wrote them often uninterested in recording details of considerable interest to Foxe. (The other reason was that they often contained statements by the martyrs that were embarrassing to Foxe). While historians such as A. G. Dickens or G. R. Elton praise Foxe for his pioneering research in archival sources, it should be remembered that for Foxe they were a poor second choice, to be used only, as in the case of Harwood and Fust, when there was nothing better available.

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MarginaliaThe cōdemnation and Martyrdome of Steuen Harwoode and Tho. Fust. An. 1555. August.But to be short, after their aunsweres made, both he and Tho. Fust were for their faithfull perseuerance condemned together by the Byshop in his accustomed pitie, as heretickes to be burned, and so (as before ye haue heard) finished they their Martyrdome, the one at Stratford, and the other at Ware, 
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Note that during the summer of 1555, after the burning of John Bradford and John Leaf, the authorities had those who had been condemned in London burned in isolated villages instead of in the capital. This was undoubtedly from fear of the mobs drawn to the executions of heretics in London.

in the moneth of August and yeare aboue sayd.

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The constant Martyrdome of William Haile, burned at Barnet. 
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The Martyrdom of William Hale

The Rerum contains a note that William Hale was burned at Barnet in late August 1555 (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's entire account of William Hale was printed in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. Foxe's information on Hale was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese.

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MarginaliaWilliam Haile, Martyr.OF the same company of these x. aboue recorded, which were sent vp to Bishop Boner by Sir Nicholas Hare and other Commissioners, in the cōpany of George Tankerfield and Robert Smith, was also William Hayle of Thorpe in the County of Essex, who likewise beyng examined with the rest, the 12. day of Iuly, receaued with them also the sentence of condemnation. Giuyng this exhortation withall to the lookers on: MarginaliaHayles wordes to the people.Ah good people, (sayd he) beware of this Idolatrer, and this Antichrist, pointyng vnto the Bishop of Lōdon, and so was he deliuered to þe Shriffes as an hereticke to be burned, who sent him to Barnet, 

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In the months following the burning of John Bradford and John Leaf at the beginning of July 1555, the London authorities had heretics who had been convicted in the capital burned in villages surrounding it, instead of in Smithfield. This was undoubtedly due to fears of tumultous behaviour from the crowds drawn to the Smithfield executions.

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where, about the latter end MarginaliaEx Regist.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of W. Haile at Barnet, about þe end of August. An. 1555.¶ The Martyrdome of William Haile.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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This small cut is one of the two single-column blocks (that of Thomas Wattes, small cut [e] is the other) that show a martyr in an unlit pyre and with the pikes of armed men in the background. It too was repeated, though only once in the last two books of 1583, at page 2047. It already had a chip in its frame in 1570.

of August, he most constantly sealed vp his faith with the consuming of his body by cruell fire, yeldyng his soule vnto the Lord IESVS his onely and most sure redemer.

George King, Thomas Leyes, Iohn Wade sickened in prison, and were buried in the fieldes. 
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George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade

There was a great deal of confusion about the names of these martyrs. In the Rerum, there is a note stating that 'Richard Smith' and George 'Bing' died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). John Wade and Thomas Leyes are not mentioned in the Rerum. The 1563 edition corrects the name 'Bing' to King but it still names the non-existant 'Richard Smith'. Wade is still not named but Leyesis mentioned and described as having died in Newgate. In the 1570 edition, their names are finally correctly rendered as George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade and they are all stated to have died in Lollard's Tower. Foxe probably obtained his scant information on this trio from oral sources: since they were not brought to trial or even examined, there was no accessible official record of them. The 1563 account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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Marginalia3. Martyrs sickened in prison, and buried in the fieldes.YE heard before pag. 1868. of ten sondry persons sent out of Newgate by M. Hare and other Commissioners, to be examined of Boner bishop of London. Of whom. vj. already haue bene executed in seuerall places, as hath bene shewed,

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