Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1923 [1884]

Quene Mary. Rog. Coo, Tho. Cobbe, Martyrs. Persecutiõ in Kent. V. Martyrs burned.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. September.I wyll obey them.

Bysh. * Marginalia* Well spoken and like the Popes clerke. Whether they agree with the word of God or not, we be bound to obey them, if the kyng were an infidell.

Coo. If Sydrach, Mysaach, and Abednago had so done, Nabuchadonosor had not confessed the liuing God.

Bysh. Then the Bishop told him, that these xxij. yeares we haue bene gouerned with such Kinges.

Coo. My Lord, why were ye then dumme and dyd not speake or barke?

Bysh. I durst not for feare of death. And thus they ended.

¶ But after this done, it was reported that I rayled: wherfore I called it to memory, and wrote this my railyng, that light should not be takē for darkenes, nor sinne for holines, and the deuill for God, who ought to be feared and honoured both now and euer, Amen.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Coo at Yexford. An. 1555. Septem.This Roger Coo, an aged father, after his sondry troubles and conflictes with his aduersaries, at length was committed to the fire at Yexford in the Countie of Suffolke, where he most blessedly ended his aged yeares. An. 1555. Mens. Septemb. 

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The last seven words were added in the 1570 edition. Foxe would have known that Coo's sentence was dated 30 August 1555 (BL, Harley 421, fos. 197r-198r); he would not have known that the writ for his execution was dated 7 September 1555 (PRO C/85/141, fo. 4r).

Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill Bocher, Martyr. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb

In the Rerum there is merely a note that Thomas Cobb was burned at 'Chetford' [i.e., Thetford] in September 1555. This note is essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. Foxe printed his full account of Cobb in the 1570 edition and it was drawn from Norwich official documents: the sentence against Cobb and an interrogation of Cobb. (These documents remain in Foxe's papers: the sentence is BL, Harley 421, fos. 203r-204r and the interrogation is fo. 217r-v. The sentence is the original document, but the interrogation is a copy made in Foxe's handwriting). There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaTho. Cobbe of Hauerhill in Northfolke, Martyr.OVer & besides this foresaid Roger Coo, Williã Allen, Iames Abbes of Stokennayland, Rob. Samuell and other moe, in the same yeare vpon the xij. of August was also with them condemned Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill, Bocher and executed in the moneth of Septēber aforesayd. Who beyng brought and examined by Michaell Dunnynges the bloudy Chauncellour of Norwich, MarginaliaExaminations of T. Cobbe.first whether he beleued that CHRIST is really and substantially in the Sacrament of the aultar, MarginaliaThe reall presence of Christ only in heauē.aunswered that the body of CHRIST borne of the blessed virgine was in heauē, and otherwise (he sayd) he would not aūswere, because he had red it in the Scripture, that CHRIST did ascend, and did neuer descend since, and therfore sayd that he had not learned in þe Scripture, that CHRIST shoud be in the Sacrament.

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Furthermore being demaunded, whether he would obey the lawes of the Realme of Englãd made for the vnitie of fayth, or no, hee aunswered, that his body should be at the Kyng and Queenes commaundement so farre, as the law of God would suffer. &c. 

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While Foxe is entirely correct in his reports of what Cobb said, he is very selective in his reporting of it. He did not report Cobb's remark 'that he cannot rede in scripture that Baptisme shuld be a Sacrament' nor did he report that Cobb declared that 'he cannot fynde in goddes worde that any Sacrament is in the Church' (BL, Harley 421, fo. 217v). Foxe would have found both views completely unorthodox. It is worth repeating that Foxe must have known what Cobb actually said; he had taken the statements of Cobb which he printed from the interrogation of Cobb, and the copy of the interrogation found in Foxe's papers is in the martyrologist's handwriting.

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Foxe obtained the date of Cobb's condemnation from his sentence; the original sentence is in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 421, fos.203r-204r).

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Tho. Cobbe at Thetford. An. 1555. September.In fine the sayd Thomas Cobbe beyng condemned the same xij. day of August, with the other his felowmartyrs, was burned in the towne of Tetford. an. 1555. mens. Septemb.

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The Martyrdome of George Catmer, Robert Streater, Anthony Burward, George Brodbridge, and Iames Tuttye. 
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The Martyrdoms of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge and Tutty

A note in the Rerum relates that George Brodbridge, James Tutty, GeorgeCatmer, Robert Streater and Anthony Burwood were burned together at Canterbury on 6 September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). Foxe's complete account of these martyrs appeared in the 1563 edition; it seems to be drawn from a description of the examination of the six martyrs by a sympathetic observer, although it is possible that it is drawn from an official record. There are no substantial changes in the account of these martyrs in the 1570, 1576 and 1583 editions.

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NOw from Northfolke and Suffolke to returne agayne into the Dioces of Canterbury, 

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Note that a savage denunciation of Nicholas Harpsfield as 'a whelpe of Bonners owne hear[t]e' which appeared in the 1563 edition was replaced by this bland introductory sentence. This is a good example of Foxe tending to moderate some of his more inflamatory rhetoric in the second edition of the Acts and Monuments.

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we haue to entreate of fiue worthy Martyrs, whose bloud in the same yeare and moneth of September was spilt for the true testimony of CHRIST, and his Gospels cause. The names of the which fiue Martyrs were these.


George Catmer, of Hyth.
Robert Streater, of Hyth.
Anthony Burward, of Calete.
George Brodbridge, of Bromfield. 
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In 1551, it was testified that George Brodebridge had stated that predestination was conditional (BL, Harley 421, fo. 134r). It is unclear whether or not Brodebridge held these views when he died.


Iames Tuttye, of Brencheley.

MarginaliaExaminations of these fiue Martyrs.Who vppon the thyrd day of August were brought before Thornton the foresayd Byshop of Douer and his complices, and there were both ioyntly & seuerally examined vpon certaine Articles, touchyng the Sa-

crament of their aultar, auricular confession, and other such like.

MarginaliaExamination and answers of Catmer.To the which the sayd Catmer (beyng first examined) made aunswere on this wise: CHRIST (quoth he) sitteth in heauen on the right hand of God the father, and therfore I do not beleue him to be in the Sacrament of the aultar: MarginaliaThe reall presence of Christ only in heauen.but he is in the worthy receiuer spiritually, and þe Sacrament as you vse it, is an abominable Idoll.

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MarginaliaExamination and answers of Streater.Next vnto him was called forth Robert Streater: who beyng also asked whether he did beleue the reall presence of CHRIST in the Sacrament of the altar, sayd, that he did not so beleue: for you do maintaine heresie and idolatrie (quoth he) in that ye teach to worshyp a false God in the Sacrament, enclosed in a boxe. It is you that are the malignaunt Church: for in your Church there are twenty thyngs vsed agaynst the law of God.

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MarginaliaBurward examined.The like obiection was articulate also agaynst Anthony Burward, who also sayd, that their Sacrament was made an Idoll.

MarginaliaBrodbridge examined.After him was George Brodbridge demaunded what he sayd to those Articles. Who aunswered, that he would not be confessed of a Priest, because he could not forgeue his owne sinnes: and further sayd, that in the Sacrament of the aulter there is not the reall body of our Sauiour CHRIST, but bread geuen in the remembraūce of hym. Moreouer, as for your holy bread, your holy water, and your Masse, I do (quoth he) vtterly defie them.

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MarginaliaIames Tuttie examined, with his answere to the same.And last of all did also Iames Tuttye make and confirme their sayd former aunsweres.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Catmer, Streater, Burward, Brodbridge, Tuttie, at Canterbury. An 1555 Septēb. Ex Regist.¶ The burnyng of fiue Martyrs at Canterbury.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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The small woodcut of five men, burned in September 1555 at two stakes in one fire at Canterbury (Type 1), was reused for two subsequent multiple burnings, including that of three men and two women at Canterbury in November 1558.

And therfore they were all fiue cõdemned to be burned as heretickes, and so were they all in one fire at Canterbury aforesayd, about the vj. day of September then next folowyng.

Thomas Hayward, and Iohn Goreway, Martyrs. 
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The Martyrdoms of Thomas Hayward and John Goreway

A note in the Rerum states that Thomas Hayward and Thomas [sic] Goreway were burned at Lichfield in September 1555. Apart from correcting Goreway's name, this note was repeated in the 1563 edition. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a statement that while the persecution was concentrated in London, East Anglia, Essex and Kent, other parts of the realm were affected as well.

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MarginaliaThomas Hayward. Iohn Goreway, Martyrs.ALthough the rage and vehemēcie of this terrible persecutiõ in Queene Maryes dayes did chiefly light in London, Essex, Northfolke, Suffolke, and Kent, as hath ben partly already declared: yet notwithstandyng besides the same, we finde but few partes of this Realme free from this

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