Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2113 [2074]

Quene Mary. Tyms, Drakes, Tho. Spurge, Rich. Spurge, Cauell, Ambrose, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAn. 1556. Aprill.hast, the sayd Alyce went with spede to bryng the key, and so takyng vp the key in hast did pitiously burne her hād. Wherupon she crying out at the sodein burnyng of her hand: Ah thou drabbe, quoth the other, thou that canst not abyde the burnyng of the key, how wilt thou be able to burne the whole body, and so she afterward reuoked. And thus much concernyng these three Salisbury Martyrs.

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A discourse of the death and Martyrdome of. vj. other martyrs suffering at London, whose names here follow. 
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William Tyms et al.

The arrest of these six martyrs, the petition four of them made to the lord chancellor and their answers to the articles charged against them all first appeared in the 1563 edition. The condemnation of Tyms and the other martyrs also first appeared in this edition. This material came entirely from Bishop Bonner's official records; probably from a now lost court book.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the narrative of Tyms's life and arrest, which came from a personal informant and an expanded account of the examination of Tyms on 23 March 1556. This last came from William Aylesbury an eyewitness to the examination. Foxe also added Tyms' articles and answers to this edition. There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaAprill. 24. MarginaliaSixe Martyrs burnt in Smythfild at one stake.ABout the. xxiiij. day of Aprill. Anno Do. 1556. were burned in Smithfielde at one fyre, these sixe constant Martyrs of Christ, suffering for þe profession of þe Gospel, viz.


Robert Drakes Minister.
William Tyms Curate.
Rychard Spurge Shereman.
Thomas Spurge Fuller.
Iohn Cauell VVeauer.
George Ambrose Fuller.

MarginaliaThese Martyrs were sent vp by the L. Rich, by M. Tyrrell, and others.They were all of Essex, and so of the dioces of London, & were sent vp, some by the Lord Rich, & some by others at sundry tymes, vnto Steuen Gardiner B. of Winchester, then L. Chauncellour of England, about the. xxij. day of March. An. 1555. Who vpon small examination, sent them, some vnto the kynges Bench, 

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More accurately, Gardiner sent Tyms back to the King's Bench as Tyms must have been in the King's Bench before 12 March 1555.

and others vnto the Marshalsey, where they remayned almost all the whole yeare, (vntill the death of the sayd Bishop of Winchester) and had during that tyme nothing sayd vnto them. Whereupon, after that Doct. Heath Archbyshop of Yorke was chosen to the offyce of Lord Chauncellorship, foure of these persecuted brethren, being now weery of thys their long imprysonment, made their supplication vnto the sayd D. Heath, requyring his fauour and ayde for their deliueraunce: the copy whereof ensueth.

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¶ To the right reuerend father Thomas Archbishop of Yorke, Lord Chauncellour of England. 
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In a passage excised from the 1570 edition, Foxe states that this petition was taken from Bishop Bonner's official records.

MarginaliaA supplication vnto the Lord Chauncelor.MAy it please your honorable good Lordship, for the loue of God, to tēder the humble sute of your lordships poore Orators, whose names are subscribed, which haue lyen in great misery in the Marshalsey, by the space of. x. monethes and more, at the commaundement of the late Lord Chauncellour, to their vtter vndoing, wyth their wiues and children. In consideration wherof, your Lordships sayd Oratours do most humbly pray and besech your good Lordship to suffer them to be brought before your honour, and there, if any man of good conscience can lay any thing vnto our charge, we trust eyther to declare our innocency against their accusations, or if otherwyse theyr accusations can bee proued true and we faulty, we are ready (God helping vs) wyth our condigne punishmentes to satisfy the law according to your wyse iudgement, as we hope full of fatherly mercy towardes vs and all men, according to your godly office, in the which we pray for your Godly successe to the good pleasure of God, Amen.

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This Supplication was sent (as is sayd) and subscribed with the names of these. iiij. vnder following.

MarginaliaNames subscribed to the supplication.
Richard Spurge.
Thomas Spurge.
George Ambrose.
Iohn Cauell.

¶ Richard Spurge.

Vpon the receat and sight hereof, it was not longe after, but Sir Richard Read Knight, then one of the Officers of the Court of the Chauncery. 16. day of Ianuary, was sent vnto the Marshalsey, to examine the sayd foure prisoners: MarginaliaRich. Spurge examined.and therefore beginning first wyth Richard Spurge vpon certayne demaundes, receyued his aunswers thereunto: the effecte whereof was, that he with others were complayned vpon by the Parson of Bocking, MarginaliaThe Parson of Bocking accuser. vnto the Lord Rich,  

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One thing that this account reveals in a clear, albeit desultory way, is that Lord Rich was, in Edward VI's reign, a patron of evangelical clergy in southern Essex. For a discussion of this, see Brett Usher's article in the forthcoming John Foxe at Home and Abroad, ed. David Loades.

for that

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they came not vnto their Parish Church of Bocking, where they inhabited: and thereupon was by the said Lord Rich, sent vnto the late Lord Chauncellour, about the. xxij. day of March last past, viz. Anno. 1555. And farther he said, MarginaliaFor not comming to the Popish church.that he came not to Church sithens the first alteration of the English seruice into Latine, (Christmas day was thē a tweleuemoneth only except) and that, because he mislyked both the same and the Masse also, as not consonant and agreeing with Gods holy word. Moreouer, he requyred that he might not be any more examined vpon the matter, vnlesse it pleased the Lord Chauncellour that then was, to know his fayth therein, which to hym he would willingly vtter.

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¶ Thomas Spurge.

MarginaliaThomas Spurge examined.Thomas Spurge being then next examined, made the same aunswere in effect that the other had done: MarginaliaNot comming to the church, and why.confessing that he absented him selfe from the Church, because the word of God was not there truely taught, nor the Sacramentes of CHRIST duely ministred in such sort as was prescribed by the same word. MarginaliaSacrament of the altar.And being farther examined of his beliefe concerning the Sacrament of þe aultar, he sayd: that if any could accuse hym thereof, he would then make aunswere as God had geuen hym knowledge therein.

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George Ambrose.

MarginaliaGeorge Ambrose examined.The like aunswere made George Ambrose, adding moreouer, that after hee had red the late Byshop of Winchesters booke, intituled De vera obedientia, with Boners Preface thereunto annexed, inueying (both) against the authority of the Bishop of Rome, he did much lesse set by their doinges then before.

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Iohn Cauell.

MarginaliaIohn Cauell examined.Iohn Cauell agreeing in other matters wyth them, MarginaliaThe cause why Ioh. Cauell came not to church.aunswered that the cause why he did forbeare the comming to the Church, was, that the Parson there had preached two contrary doctrines. For first in a Sermon that hee made at the Queenes first entry to the crowne, he did exhort the people to beleue the Gospell: for it was the truth, and if they did not beleue it, they should be damned. But in a second Sermon, he preached that the Testament was false in fourty places. which contrarietie in hym was a cause amongst other, of his absenting from the Church. MarginaliaThe Parson of Bocking false and contrary to hys owne doctrine.

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Robert Drakes.

MarginaliaRobert Drakes Parson of Thundersley examined.About the fourth day of March next after, Robert Drakes was also examined, who was Parson of Thūdersley in Essex, & had there remayned þe space of three yeares. He was first made Deacon by Doct. Taylor of Hadley, at the commaundement of Doct. Cranmer, 

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It is striking that someone at such a humble level of the church would have come to the archbishop's attention; Tyms must have been recommended to Cranmer, possibly by Rowland Taylor, possibly by Lord Rich.

late Archbishop of Caūterbury. And within one yeare after (which was the third of the reigne of Kyng Edward) hee was by the sayd Archbishop and Doctour Ridley Bishop of London, admitted minister of Gods holy word and Sacramentes, not after the order then in force, but after such order as was after stablished, MarginaliaDrakes placed in the benefice of Thundersley by the L. Rich.and was presented vnto the sayd benefice of Thundersley by the Lord Rich, at the sute of M. Causton and M. Treheron: 
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Bartholomew Traheron's sponsorship of Tyms is noteworthy. Traheron was a leading evangelical but he was based in Oxford. Someone must have recommended Tyms to him. The sponsorship of Thomas Causton, a gentleman from Essex, executed for heresy in 1555 is also striking.

and now notwithstanding was sent vp by the sayd Lord Rich, with the others before mentioned: and at his comming to the bishop of Winchester, was by hym demaunded whether hee would conforme hym selfe lyke a subiect to the lawes of this realme then in force. To the which he sayd, he would abide all lawes that stoode with the lawes of God: and thereupon was committed to pryson, where hee and the rest aboue named did remayne euer sythens.

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William Tyms.

Now remayneth likewyse to declare the examination of W. Tyms, Deacon and Curate of Hocley in Essex. But before I come to hys examination, first here is to be opened and set forth the order and maner of

his
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