Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2132 [2093]

Queene Mary. Persecutiō in Suffolke. iij. Martyrs burnt at Beckles. Persecutiō in Mendleshā.

Marginalia1556. May.cession nor be confessed to a Priest.

7. Item, that they affirmed no mortall man to haue in him selfe free will to do good or euill.

For this doctrine and Articles aboue prefixed, these three (as is aforesayd) were condemned by Doct. Dunnyng, and committed to the power secular, Syr Iohn Silliard beyng the same tyme highe Sheriffe of Northfolke and Suffolke. MarginaliaExecution of burning in Northfolke, done without a writte.And the next day folowyng vppon the same, they were all burnt together in the sayd towne of Beckles. Wherupō it is to be thought, that þe writte De comburendo, was not yet come down, nor could not be, 

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It was illegal to execute prisoners convicted of heresy without a writ from the lord chancellor; if this accusation was true, Silliard and the other authorities were technically guilty of murder. Writs, if they were issued for these three martyrs, do not survive.

the Lord Chauncelour B. Heath, beyng the same tyme at London. Which if it bee true, then it is playne, that both they went beyond their Commission, that were the executioners, & also þe Clergy which were the instigatours therof, can not make good that they now pretend: saying, that they did nothyng but by a law. But this let the Lord find out, when he seeth hys tyme.

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In þe meane tyme, while these good men were at the stake, & had prayed, they sayd their beliefe: & when they came to the recityng of þe Catholicke church, Syr Iohn Silliard spake to them. MarginaliaSyr Iohn Silliards wordes.That is well sayd Syrs, quoth he. I am glad to heare you say, you do beleue þe Catholicke Church. That is the best word I heard of you yet.

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To which his sayinges, Edmond Pole aunswered, MarginaliaEdmund Pole refuseth the Popes church.that though they beleue the Catholicke Church, yet do they not beleue in their Popishe Church, which is no part of CHRISTES Catholicke Church, and therfore no part of their belefe.

When they rose from prayer, they all went ioyfully to the stake, and beyng bound thereto, and the fire burnyng about them, they praysed God in such an audible voyce, that it was wonderfull to all those which stoode by and heard them.

Then one Robert Bacon, MarginaliaRobert Bacon an enemy. dwellyng in the sayd Beckles, a very enemy to Gods truth, and a persecutour of his people, beyng there present within hearyng therof, willed the tormentours to throw on Fagots to stop the knaues breathes, as he termed them: so hotte was his burnyng charity. But those good men not regardyng their malice, confessed the truth, and yelded their lyues to the death for the testimony of the same, very gloriously and ioyfully. The which their cōstancy in the like cause, the Lord graunt we may imitate & folow vnto the end, whether it be death or lyfe to glorifie the name of CHRIST, Amen.

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And for asmuch as we haue here entred into þe persecution of Northfolke & Suffolke, it cōmeth therfore to mynd by occasiō hereof, briefly to touch by the way, some part (for the whole matter can not be so exprest as it was done) touchyng the troubles of the Townes of Wynson and Mendlesam in Suffolke, rasied and stirred vp by the sayd Syr Iohn Tyrrell and other Iustices there of the like affinitie. 

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Persecution in Winston and Mendlesham

Note that in the 1563 edition Sir John Silliard was blamed along with Sir John Tyrrel for this persecution, but that Silliard's name was removed in the 1570 edition. Undoubtedly Foxe was pressured to make this deletion by Silliard or by friends or family of the former sheriff.

The sūme and effect of which briefly is thus signified to me by writing.

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¶ The persecution in the townes of VVynson and Mendlesam in Suffolke. 
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This account was complete in the 1563 edition and - except for the deletion of Silliard's name - was unchanged. It was certainly based on information relayed to Foxe by informants, although the list of causes for the persecution may be based on an official document; if so, Foxe obviously reworded it.

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BY the procurement of Syr Iohn Tyrrell Knight & other of his Colleagues, MarginaliaPersecutiō at Winson and Mendlesam in Suffolke.there were persecuted out of the Towne of Wynson MarginaliaWynson or Wynston. in Suffolke these persons hereafter folowyng. an. 1556.


Mistres Alyce Twaites Gentlewoman, of the age of
lx. yeares and more, and two of her seruantes.
Humfrey Smith and his wife.
William Katchpoole and his wife.
Iohn Maulyng and his wife.
Nicholas Burlingham and his wife.
And one Rought and his wife.

MarginaliaThe names of good men persecuted in Suffolke Mendlesam.Such as were persecuted & driuen out of the towne of Mendlesam, in the County of Suffolke.

MarginaliaGods people persecuted.
Symon Harlston 

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Simon Harleston was the brother-in-law of Matthew Parker, who would become the first Elizabethan archbishop of Canterbury. An informer would denounce him to Bishop Bonner as one the leading teachers of heretical doctrine in the Colchester area (1563, p. 1603).

and Katherine hys wife, with his
fiue children.
William Whityng 
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On 8 May 1556, William Whiting recanted, before the chancellor of the diocese of Norwich, his declaration that the sacrament of the altar was an idol (BL, Harley 421, fos. 175r-176v).

and Katherine his wife.
Thomas Dobson 
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Thomas Dobson, the vicar of Orwell, Cambridgeshire, had already been in trouble with the authorities in 1554 for ridiculing the mass (Felicity Heal, 'The Bishops of Ely and their Diocese during the Reformation Period 1515-1600' {Cambridge: 1972], p. 89). Dobson must have fled to Mendlesham after this incident.

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and his wife.
Thomas Hubbard and his wife.
Iohn Doncon and his wife and his mayde.
William Doncon.
Thomas Wodward the elder.
One Konnoldes wife.
A poore wydowe.
One mother Semons mayde. 
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Mother Seaman is Joan Seaman, the mother of William Seaman, a Mendlesham husbandman who was burned on 19 May 1558. Joan Seaman was driven from Mendlesham and forced to sleep in the open countryside.

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Besides those that were constrayned to do agaynst their conscience, by the helpe of the Parishe Priest, whose name was Syr Iohn Brodish.

¶ These be the chiefest causes why those aboue named were persecuted.

MarginaliaThe faith and doctrine of these confessours.1. FIrst, they did hold and beleue the holy worde of God to be the sufficient doctrine vnto their saluation.

2. Secondly, they denyed the Popes vsurped authoritie, and did hold all that Church of Antichrist to bee CHRISTES aduersaries: & further, refused the abused Sacramētes, defied the Masse and all Popishe seruice and ceremonies, saying they robbed God of his honor, and CHRIST of his death and glory, and would not come at the Church, without it were to the defacing of that they did there.

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3. Thyrdly, they did hold, that the Ministers of the Church, by Gods word might lawfully marry.

4. Fourthly, they held the Queene to be as chief head: and wicked rulers to be a great plague sent of God for sinne. &c.

5. Fiftly, they denyed mans free will, and that the Popes Church did erre, and many other in that point with them, rebukyng their false confidence in workes, and their false trust in mans righteousnes. Also when any rebuked those persecuted for goyng so openly, and talking so freely, their answere was: they knowledged, cōfessed, & beleued, and therfore they must speake: and that their tribulation was Gods good will and prouiuidence, and that his iudgementes were right, to punish them, with other, for their sinnes: and that of very faithfulnes and mercy God had caused them to be troubled: So that one heare of their heades should not perish before the tyme: but all thinges should worke vnto the best, to them that loue God: and that CHRIST IESVS was their lyfe and onely righteousnes: and that onely by faith in him, and for his sake, all good thynges were freely geuen them: also forgiuenes of sinnes, and lyfe euerlastyng. MarginaliaWitnessed by the faithfull report of Suffolke men.

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Many of these persecuted, were of great substance, and had possessions of their owne.

Geue God the prayse.

¶ For so much 

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Gregory Crow

These stories of providential rescues on the seas first appear in the 1570 edition and were, as Foxe states, sent to the martyrologist by a merchant named Thomas Morse. These stories are wonderful examples of the continuing belief among protestants, as well as catholics, of belief in providence and of direct divine intervention in human affairs. (For a magisterial discussion of this point, see Alexandra Walsham, Divine Providence in Early Modern England [Oxford: 1999]).

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we are now in the moneth of May, before we ouerpasse the same, and because the story is not long, & not vnworthy peraduenture of noting, it shall not greue the studious reader, a litle to geue the hearing thereof, wherby to learne to maruayle and muse at the great workes of the Lord. They that go downe (sayth the Psalme MarginaliaPsal. 106.) into the sea, labouring vppon the water, haue seene the workes of the Lorde, and his mighty wonders vpon the deepe. Psal. 106. &c. The truth whereof may well appeare in this story followyng: which story as it is signified and written to me by relation of the party him selfe, which was doer thereof, called Thomas Morse, so I thought to purport the same as followeth.

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¶ A story of one Gregory Crow maruailously preserued wyth hys new testament vpon the seas. May. 26.

MarginaliaA story of Gregory Crow marueilously preserued vpon the sea, with his new Testament.VPon Thursday after Whitsonday, which was þe 26. day of May, in this present yere. 1556. (or els, as he rather thinketh, in the yeare next before, which was 1555.) a certain poore man, whose name was Gregory Crow, dwelling in Malden, went to the Sea, mynding

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