Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2134 [2095]

Queene Mary. Persecutiō in Lewes. Vj. Martyrs. At Stratford the Bowe xiij. Martyrs.

Marginalia1556. Iune.ry curteously and frendly, and not at that tyme onely, but alwayes when soeuer that shyp commeth thether (as she hath bene there twise since) he alwayes doth for them, so that they can lacke nothyng. I should haue noted that after our shyp had taken vp those iij. men out of the Sea, they had the wynd fayre presently, and came and ouertooke the other two shyps againe, and so they proceded in their viage together.

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¶ For the more credite of this story aboue recited, to satisfie eyther the doubtfull, or to preuent the quareller, I haue not only alleaged þe name of the partie which was þe doer therof, but also expressed þe matter in his own wordes, as I of him receaued it: the partie & reporter himself being yet aliue & dwelling at Lee, a mā so well knowen amongest the most Marchantes of London, that who so heareth þe name of Tho. Morse, will neither doubt therof. And againe, þe matter it self being so notoriously knowen to marchantes aswell here as at Antwarpe, þt though his name were not expressed, the story cā lacke no witnesses.

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The death of William Slech in the Kinges Bench. 
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William Slech

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was never changed in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaMay. 31. MarginaliaW. Slech dead in the Kinges Bench, a buryed in the fieldes.THe last day of the sayd moneth of May, in the yeare aforesayd, Iohn Slech beyng in prison for the sayd doctrine of the Lordes Gospell, and the confession of his truth, dyed in the Kyngs Bench, and was buryed on the backeside of the said prison, for that the Romish catholicke spiritualtie thought him not worthy to come with in their Popeholy Churchyardes, either in any other Christian buriall, as they call it.

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The story of foure men condemned at Lewes the vj. day of Iune. 
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Harland, Oswald, Avington and Read

In the 1563 edition, Foxe gave a brief account of these four martyrs, simply stating their names and the date and place of their deaths. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the replies of Harland and Oswald to their articles; he derived this from Bishop Bonner's official records.

It is interesting that Foxe did not mention the answers of Avington and Read to their articles. Avington and Read were prominent freewillers and opponents of John Philpot and John Careless (see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers' in The Beginings of English Protestantism, eds. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 136, 141, 146 and 153-54). Harland, on the other hand, signed a confessionby Richard Woodman, which explicitly denounced the freewillers and other radical protestants (see Gonville and Caius MS 218, p. 30). Foxe was anxious to play down and minimize the martyrdom of freewillers (see Freeman, 'Dissenters,' pp. 153-54 for a discussion of this point).

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MarginaliaJune 6. MarginaliaFour Martyrs burnt at Lewes.IN Iune next folowyng, about the vj. day of the same moneth, iiij. Martyrs suffered together at Lewes, whose names were these.


Thomas Harland, of VVoodmancote, Carpenter.
Iohn Oswald, of VVoodmancote, husbandman.
Thomas Auyngton, of Ardyngly, Turner.
Thomas Read.

MarginaliaEx Regist. Answere of Thomas Harland.To Thomas Harland I finde in the Byshop of Lōdons Registers, to bee obiected for not commyng to Church. Whereunto he aunswered: that after the Masse was restored, he neuer had will to heare þe same, because (sayd he) it was in Latin, which he did not vnderstand: and therefore as good (quoth he) neuer a whitte, as neuer the better.

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MarginaliaAnswere of Iohn Oswald.Iohn Oswald, denied to aunswere any thyng, vntill his accusers should be brought face to face before him: and neuertheles sayd, that fire and Fagots could not make him afrayde: but as the good preachers which were in kyng Edwardes tyme haue suffred, and gone before: so was he ready to suffer and come after, and would be glad therof.

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These iiij. after long imprisonment in the Kynges Bench, were burned together at Lewes in Sussex in one fire, the day of the moneth aforesayd.

The Martyrdome of Thomas Whoode, and Thomas Mylles. 
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Whood and Milles

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaIune 20. 2 Martyrs burnt at Lewes.IN the same towne of Lewes, and in þe same moneth likewyse, were burned Thomas Whoode Minister, and Thomas Mylles, about the. xx. day of the same moneth, for resisting the erroneous and hereticall doctrine of the pretensed Catholicke Church of Rome.

¶ Two dead in the Kings Bench. 
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Adherall and Clement

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaIune 23. MarginaliaWilliam Adherall.JN the which moneth lykewyse William Adherall 

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William Adherall had signed the confession of faith written by Richard Woodman in 1555, which means that Adherall was in prison since that date (Gonville and Caius MS 218, p. 30).

Minister, imprisoned in the Kinges Bench, there dyed the. xxiij. day of the same month, and was buryed on the backesyde: MarginaliaIune. 25. MarginaliaIohn Clement.Also Iohn Clement 
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John Clement wrote a confession of faith to a clandestine congregation which he led in the area of Redhill, Surrey (John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials, III, 2, pp. 434-67).

whelewright, who dying in the sayd prison, in lyke sorte

vpon the dunghil was buried in the backside two daies after, videlicet, the. xxv. day of Iune.

¶ A Marchauntes seruaunt burnt at Leicester. 
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A Servant Burned at Leicester

This account was first printed in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. This servant is actually Thomas Moore, whose martyrdom is described later on 1563, p. 1611; 1570, p. 2134; 1576, p. ; 1583, p. 1949. Foxe never realized that Moore and this servant were one and the same person.

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MarginaliaIune. 26. A marchantes seruaunt.THe next day following of the sayd month of Iune, we read of a certayn yong man a Marchaunts seruaunt, who for the lyke godlynes suffered cruell persecution of the Papistes, and was burnt at Leicester, the. xxvj. of the month of Iune aboue named.

Xiij. Martyrs burnt at Stratford the Bowe. 
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Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow

All of this account first appeared in the 1563 edition, although one section, on Elizabeth Pepper, was first printed in the appendix and therefore reached Foxe as the edition was being printed. This information was integrated into the account in the 1570 edition; beyond that no changes were made. (Although, confusingly, the note on Pepper in the appendix was also reprinted in the appendix to the 1583 edition (on p. 2145). Much of this account is drawn from official documents, although there is some information from personal sources, notably on Elizabeth Pepper and on the execution of these martyrs. And the apology of these martyrs was a manuscript which had been circulating among the Marian protestants.

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MarginaliaIune. 27. Xiij. Martyrs suffering at Stratford the Bowe.NOt lōg after the death of the marchants seruaunt, before mencioned, there followed in this happy and blessed order of Martyrs burnt in one fyre at Stratford the Bow by London, a. xj. men and. ij. wemen, whose dwellinges were in sondry places in Essex, and whose names hereafter followeth.

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Henry Adlington.
Laurence Pernam.
Henry Wye.
William Hallywell.
Thomas Bowyer.
George Searles.
Edmund Hurste.

Lyon Cawch. 
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Lion à Coise, a Flemish broker living in London.


Raphe Iackson.
Iohn Deryfall.
Iohn Routh.
Elyzabeth Peper, 
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This Thomas Higbed, the martyr, who was burned in Essex on 26 March 1555.

and
Agnes George.

Vnto whom the. vj. of Iune, anno. 1556. D. Darbeshere Boners Chauncellour, in forme of law, ministred the same articles that were propounded vnto Tho. Whitle and hys company, mentioned before, pag. 2015. MarginaliaRead before pag. 2015. to the which they made their seuerall answers, in simplicity, and in a good conscience. The summe and effect whereof ensueth.

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MarginaliaAunswere to their articles.1 To the first they all aunswered affirmatiuely: but Lion Cawch added further, that he beleued that the true fayth and religion of CHRIST is, where soeuer the word of God is truely preached

MarginaliaAunswere to the 2. article.2 To the second article, they all aunswered in effect, denying that there be. vij. Sacramentes: Some affirming that in the church of CHRST, there be but two Sacramentes, that is to say, Baptisme, and the Lords supper. Others referring them selues to beleue as the scripture teacheth them. And other some refused to make aunswere because of their simplicity.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 3. article.3 To the third article, they all aunswered affirmatyuely.

MarginaliaAunswere to the 4. article.4 To the fourth article, they all aunswered affirmatiuely: sauing Iohn Routh, who sayd he would make no aunswere therunto. But Lion Cawch added, that he beleued þe article to be true: but it was because he had no better knowledge. And Agnes George added, that in king Edward the sixt his tyme, she went from her old fayth and religion, and beleued in the fayth and religion that was then taught and set forth.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 5. article.5 To the fift they all aunswered in effect affirmatiuely: sauing Iohn Routh, whose aunswere was, that the Masse is such a thing, which cannot nor will not enter into his conscience: And Henry Adlington aunswered, that for. ix. or. x. yeares before, hee mislyked the Masse, and also the Sacrament of the aultar, because they cannot be proued by the scriptures. And as touching the autority of the Sea of Rome, hee being but xiiij. yeares of age, toke an othe against the same, which oth (he sayd) he intended to kepe, by the grace of God.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 6. article.6 To the sixt they all answered affirmatiuely: sauing Iohn Routh, & Will. Hallywell, who both refused to aunswere, because they knew not what they mente by thys article. But the two wemen added, that they refused to be reconciled to the fayth and religion that was then vsed in the realme of England. And Laurēce Pernam added, that he neuer refused to bee reconciled and brought to the vnity of the catholicke Church of CHRIST.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 7. article.7 To the seuenth article, they all aunswered affirma-

tiuely:
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