Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2137 [2098]

Quene Mary. Persecutiō in Lichfield. Flyer, Ball, Pyot. Pesecutiō in Suffolke. Rog. Bernard.
MarginaliaAn. 1556. Iune. Trouble and busines in the Dioces of Lichfield. 
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Persecution in Lichfield

The 1563 account of persecution at Lichfield was based entirely on recordsof the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield. In 1570, one story was dropped and replaced with a story of the death of Thomas Flier, which came from individual informants.

MarginaliaIune. 14.IN þe dioces of Lichfield, about þe 14. of Iune, in þe same yere, Ioh. Colstoke, 

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One John Colstock signed the confession issued by Richard Woodman in the King's Bench in 1555 (Gonville and Caius MS 218, p. 30). If it is the same man, he was in prison in London in 1555.

who was lately come frō London before, & now dwellyng at Welyngtō, though he suffered no Martyrdome, yet susteined some trouble, being attached & examined by the Byshop, named MarginaliaRafe Bane B. of Couentry and Lichfield, a cruell persecutor.Rafe Bane, for his Religion, especially for ij. pointes, in holdyng agaynst þe realtie of CHRIST in the Sacrament, and agaynst Auricular confession to be made to þe Priest. For þe which cause beyng cōpelled to recant, he was enioyned in þe Church of S. Cedde to beare a Fagot before þe Crosse, bareheaded, hauyng in þe one hand a Taper, & in þe other a payre of beades. &c.

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Amongest diuers other which in the same Dioces and the same tyme were suspected and troubled for the lyke, was Tho. Flyer Vttoxater Shomaker, Nicholas Ball of Vttoxater Capper, Thomas Pyot of Chedull. MarginaliaMarying in Lent punished.Item Henry Crimes, for marying hys wife on Palmesonday euen. &c. Some other also there were which had the like penance enioyned thē, MarginaliaIune. 26. Thomas Iohnson for swearing by the holy Masse, dyd penance.as Thomas Iohnson, about þe xxvj. day of this moneth of Iune, because he sware by the holy Masse before the Byshop sittyng in iudgement: who for the same was driuen to go before the crosse with his Taper and beades &c.

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Concernyng 

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This account of Thomas Flier's death replaced an account in the 1563 edition in which Thomas Barnes and Alice Birch were forced to do penance for denouncing the mass.

the which Thomas Flyer aboue named, beyng a godly and a zelous mā, this furthermore is to be noted, and not vnworthy of gratefull memory, that where as in þe towne of Vttoxater, cōmaundemēt was directed vnto hym amōgest others, from the Ordinary, for pullyng down Monumentes of superstitiō, and namely the roode loft: he beyng one of the Church Wardens, or side men, on a tyme had talke vpon the same with certaine of his neighbours: where one wished thē ill to chieue, þt should go about such an acte. What wordes passed els amōgest thē, ministring matter of further prouocatiō, it is not perfectly knowē. In fine the sayd Flyer beyng offended, and afterward metyng with him that had vsed such wordes before, began to common with him of the matter: but in the end the man so litle repented him of those sayinges, that he added yet more fierce wordes, and at length strokes also, in such wise, that at that conflict, the sayd MarginaliaTho. Flyer slaine in Gods quarrell.Thomas Flyer was slayne: and yet so was the matter handled, and such amendes was made with money by the murtherer, and his frendes, to the sayd Flyers wife, that he suffered litle or nothyng for the same, saue onely that he was banished that towne, & sworne & bound, neuer to come in it so long as þe said Flyers wife should liue.

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¶ Three men dead in the prison of the Kynges Bench. 
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Hunt, Norice, Parret

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition; no changes were made to it in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaIune. 27. Thomas Parret.AFter the burnyng of these in Stratford, the same moneth dyed in the prison of the Kynges Bench in Southwarke one Tho. Parret, 

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Thomas Parret signed a confession of faith drawn up Richard Woodman in the King's Bench in 1555 (Gonville and Caius MS 128, p. 30). Obviously Parret had been detained in prison for some time.

and was buryed in the backside, the xxvij. day of the moneth aboue said. MarginaliaIune. 29. Martyn Hunt. Ioh. Norice, Confessors.Also Martin Hunt (as is reported) in the same prisō was famished the xxix. day. At which time likewise dyed in þe same prison, as I find recorded, one Iohn Norice, and after the same sort as þe other, was buried on the backside of the sayd prison, the day aboue mentioned.

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¶ The story of three Martyrs sufferyng at S. Edmundes Bury. 
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Bernard, Foster and Lawson

The entire account of these three martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition and it was unchanged in subsequent editions. Despite the fact that Foxe clearly had access to the official records of their trials (the condemnations of Bernard, Foster and Lawson survive among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 164r-165v and 179r-180r), he relied on individual informants for these accounts.

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MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaRoger Bernard, Martyr.AFter the death of the aforesayd Tho. Parret, Martin Hunt, and Ioh. Norice, were three Martyred at S. Edmondes Bury in Suffolke in one fire, whose names are here vnder specified:


Roger Bernard.
Adam Foster.
Robert Lawson.

¶ The first examination of Roger Bernard, before Doct. Hopton Byshop of Norwich.

VVHen Roger Bernard came before the Byshop, first he was asked whether he had bene with the Priest at Easter to be shriuen, and whether he had receiued the blessed Sacrament of the aultar or no. Vn-

to whom Roger Bernard aunswered no: MarginaliaRoger Bernard refuseth auricular confession.I haue not bene with the Priest, nor confessed my selfe vnto hym, but I haue cōfessed my sinnes vnto almighty God, and I trust he hath forgeuen me: wherfore I shall not neede to go to the Priest for such matters, who can not helpe him selfe.

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Byshop. Surely Bernard thou must nedes go and confesse thy selfe vnto hym.

Roger. That shall I not do (by Gods grace) while I lyue.

Bysh. What a stoute boyly hereticke is this? how malipertly he aunswereth.

Ro. My Lord, it greeueth me not one whit (I thāke God) to be called hereticke at your handes: for so your forefathers called the Prophetes and Confessors of CHRIST, long before this time.

At these wordes the Bishop rose vp in a great heate, and bad Bernard folow him. Then þe Byshop wēt and kneeled before that they call the Sacrament of the aultar, and as he was in his prayers kneelyng, he looked backe, and asked Bernard why he came not, and did as he did. Vnto whom Bernard aunswered: I cā not tell why I should so do. Why (quoth the Byshop) thou lewde felow, whom seest thou yonder, poyntyng to the pyx ouer the aultar?

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Roger. I see no body there: do you my Lord?

Bish. Why naughty man, doest þu not see thy maker?

Roger. My maker? No, I see nothyng but a fewe cloutes hangyng together on a heape. With that the Byshop rose vp sore displeased, MarginaliaNote the catholicke charitie of this prelate.and commaunded the Gailor to take him away, and to lay yrons enough on him: For (quoth he) I wil tame him or he go from me, I trow so: and so he was caried away.

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¶ The second examination of Roger Bernard before the sayd Bishop.

MarginaliaAn other examination of Roger Bernard.THe next day Bernard was brought agayne before the bishop, who asked him if he dyd not remember hym selfe since the day before that he was before hym.

Roger. Yes my Lord, I haue remembred my selfe very well, for the same man I was yesterdaye, I am this day, and I hope I shall bee all the dayes of my lyfe, concerning the matter you talked with me of.

MarginaliaOne of the Garde taketh Bernard to schole.Then one of the Garde standing by, said: my Lord I pray you trouble not your selfe any more with hym, but let me haue the examining of hym: I shall handle him after another sort, I trow, and make him a fayre childe or he go, you shall see. So was he committed to hym, and brought by him to an Inne, MarginaliaA wholesome company of Caterpillers.where were a great many of Priestes assembled together, and there they fell all in flattering him, and perswading him with gay intising wordes what they could: but when therein they might not preuayle, for that the Lord assisted the good poore man, then began they to threaten him with whipping, stocking,burning, and such lyke, that it was wonderfull the do they made with hym. Vnto whom Bernard sayd: frendes, I am not better then my Master CHRIST, and the Prophetes, which your fathers serued after such sort, and I for his names sake am content to suffer the lyke at your hands if God shall so permit, trusting that he will strengthen me in the same according to his promise, in spite of þe deuill & all his ministers. So when they could not make him to relent or yeld, they sayd: behold a right scholer of Ioh. Fortune: whom they had then in prison. MarginaliaRoger Bernard condemned by þe B. of Norwich.Then caryed they him to the B. who immediately condemned him as an hereticke, and deliuered him to the secular power.

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This Roger Bernard was a single man, and by hys vocatiō a labourer, dwelling in Fransden in Suffolke, MarginaliaBernard taken by Master Tamages men.Who was taken in the night by master Tamages men because he would not go to church to heare their vnsauery seruice, and so by them caryed to pryson.

¶ Adam Foster. 
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This little narrative, significantly, has far less to do with the martyrdom of Foster than with the providential punishment of George Revet for his sins. Like the story of Gregory Crow, this reflects Foxe's deep concern to depict divine justice rewarding the good and punishing the evil.

Foxe got the year of Foster's and Lawson's executions wrong; because they were condemned in 1556, he assumed that they were executed that year. But the writs authorizing their executions were dated 3 December 1556 which means that they were executed on 30 June 1557.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaAdam Foster, Martyr.ADam Foster of the age of. xxvj. yeares, husbandman, being maried, dwelling in Mendlesam in the county of Suffolke, was taken at home in his house a

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