Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2177 [2138]

Quene Mary. The Martyrdome of Ioane VVaste a blind woman, at Darby.

MarginaliaAn. 1556. August. September.the altar, but immediatly to be receyued. &c.

Item, that she did hold, in the receyuing of the sacrament of the aultar, she did not receyue the same body that was borne of the virgin Mary, and suffred vpon the crosse for our redemption. &c.

Item, she did hold, that Christ at his last supper did not blesse the bread that he had then in his handes, but was blessed himselfe, and by the vertue of the words of consecration, the substance of the bread and wyne is not conuerted and turned into the substance of the body and bloud of Christ.

Item, she did graunt that she was of the parish of Alhallowes in Darby. &c.

Item, that all and singular the premisses are true and notorious by publike report and fame. &c.

MarginaliaThe aunswere of Ioane Waste to þe Articles.Wherunto she aunswered, that she beleued therin so much as the holy Scriptures taught her, and according to that she had heard preached vnto her by diuers learned men: Wherof some suffered imprisonment, and other some suffered death for the same doctrine. Amongest whom, she named, besides other, Doctor Taylor, whom she said tooke it of his conscience that that doctrine which he taught was true, and asked of them, if they would doo so in like case for their doctrine, which if they would not, she desired them for Gods sake not to trouble her being a blinde, poore, and vnlerned woman, with any further talke, saying (by Gods assistance) that she was readie to yeld vp her life in that faith, in such sort as they should appoint.

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And yet notwithstanding being prest by the said Bishop and Doctor Draycot, MarginaliaWell argued: Because Christ is omnipotent. Ergo, there is no bread in the Sacrament.with many argumentes of Christes omnipotēcie, as, why was not Christ able as well to make the bread his body, as to turne water into wine, raise Lazarus from death, and such other like argumentes: and many times being threatned with greuous imprisonmentes, tormentes, and death. The poore woman thus being, as it were, halfe astoyned through theyr terrors and threates, and desirous (as it semed) to prolong her life, MarginaliaThe offer of Ioane Waste to the Bishop, if he would take vpon hys conscience to aunswere before God for hys doctrine.offred vnto the Bishop then present, that if he would before that company, take it vpon his conscience, that that doctrine which he would haue her to beleue cōcerning the sacrament, was true, and that he would at the dreadfull day of iudgement answere for her therin (as the sayd Doctor Tayler, in diuers of his sermons did offer) she would then further aunswere them.

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MarginaliaNote here the difference betwene the conscience of the Protestant, and of the Papist.Wherunto the Bishop aunswered, he would: but Doct. Draycot his Chauncelor, hearing that, said: My Lord, you know not what you doe: you may in no case answere for an heretike. And immediatly he asked the poore woman whether she would recant or no, and said she should aunswere for her selfe. Vnto whose sayinges the Bishops also reformed himselfe.

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MarginaliaThe Byshop and his Chaūcellor durst not take vpō their conscience, to aunswere before God for their doctrine.The poore womā perceauing this, answered again, þt if they refused to take of their cōscience þt it was true they would haue her to beleue, she would answere no further, but desired them to doe their pleasure, and so after certein circumstances, MarginaliaSentence pronounced agaynst Ioane Waste.they pronounced sentence agaynst her, 

Commentary  *  Close

The original sentence, dated 19 June 1556, is in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 76r.

and deliuered her vnto the Baliffes of the sayd towne of Darby afore named. Who after they had kept her about a moneth or fiue wekes, MarginaliaThe writte brought down for the burning of Ioane Waste.at length there came vnto them a writ De heretico comburendo: 
Commentary  *  Close

Given that the sentence against Joan was pronounced on 19 June and that she was burned on 1 August, the time elapsed was closer to six weeks. Legally, no one convicted of heresy could be executed without a writ authorising the execution.

by vertue wherof, they were appoynted by the said Bishop to bring her to the parish church of all Saintes at a day appoynted where Doct. Draycot should make a Sermon.

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MarginaliaD. Draycot appoynted to preach at the burning of Ioane Waste.When the day and time was come that this innocent Martyr should suffer, first commeth to the church D. Draycot accompanied with diuers gentlemen, as M. Thomas Powthred, M. Henry Vernon, M. Dethicke of Newall, and diuers others. This done, and all thinges now in a readines, at last the poore blinde creature and seruaunt of God was brought and set before the Pulpit, MarginaliaD. Draycots rayling Sermon agaynst Ioane Waste.where the said Doctor being entred into his sermon, and there inueying agaynst diuers matters, which he called heresies, declared vnto the people that that woman was condemned for deny-

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ing the blessed sacrament of the altar to be the verie bodie and bloud of Christ really and substancially, and was therby cut of from the bodie of the catholicke church: and said, that she was not only blind of her bodily eies, but also blind in the eyes of her soule. MarginaliaBlessed are you when men shall reuile you and say euill against you for my names sake. Mat. 5. And he sayd, þt as her body should be presently consumed with materall fire: so her soule should be burned in hel with euerlasting fire, as soone as it should be separated from the bodie, and there to remayne world without end, and sayd it was not lawfull for the people to pray for her: & so with many terrible threates he made an end of his Sermon, and commaunded the Bayliffes and those gentlemen to see her executed. And þe sermon thus ended, eftsoones the blessed seruaunt of God was caried away from the sayd church, MarginaliaIoane Waste brought to the place of execution.to a place called þe windmil pit, neare vnto the said towne, and holding the said Roger Wast her brother by the hand, she prepared her selfe, and desired the people to pray with her, and sayd such prayers as she before had learned, and cried vpon Christ to haue mercy vpon her as long as life serued. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Ioane Waste. In this meane season, þe said D. Draycot went to his Inne, for great sorrow of her death, & there layed him downe, and slept during all the time of her execution. And thus much of Ioane Waste.

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Now, forsomuch as I am not ignorant (faithfull reader) that this, & other stories mo, set forth of þe Martyrs, shall not lacke carpers & markers enow, 

Commentary  *  Close

These 'carpers' are catholic critics such as Nicholas Harpsfield and Thomas Harding who subjected sections of Foxe's account to intense criticism.

ready to seeke all holes & corners, how to diffame þe memory of Gods good Saintes, and to condemne these histories, of lyes and vntruths: especially histories wherin they see their shamefull Actes and vnchristian cruelty detected and brought to light: therfore for better cōfirmation of this historie aboue written, and to stoppe the mouthes of such Momes, this shalbe to admonish all and singular readers hereof, that the discourse of this poore blind womans life and death, in such sort as is aboue prefixed, hath bene confessed to be very true, by diuers persons of worthy credit and yet liuing: and also hath bene specially perused and examined by W. Baynbridge, tofore mentioned, Bayliffe then of Darby: who aswell of his owne knowledge, as by speciall enquirie and conferēce, by him made, with diuers others, hath certified vs the same to be vndoubted: besides the testimoniall of Iohn Cadman Curate of the sayd towne,  
Commentary  *  Close

One suspects that there may have been elements of both self-exculpation and a desire to blame local catholics in the readiness of these officials to send Foxe more information on John Waste.

and of other also, vpon whose honestie well knowen, and their reporte herein nothing differing from such, as were best acquainted with that matter, I haue bene here the more bold to commit this story to posteritie, for all good men to consider and to iudge vpon.

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Edward Sharpe. 
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Edward Sharpe

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. There is some, not entirely reliable, corroboration of Foxe's brief account of Sharpe (see K. G. Powell, The Marian Martyrs and the Reformation in Bristol [Bristol: 1972], p. 12).

MarginaliaSeptēb. 8. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Edward Sharpe of Bristow.ABout the beginning of the nexte moneth following, which was September, a certayne godly, aged, deuout, and zelous person of the Lordes glory, borne in Wiltshire named Edward Sharpe, of the age of. lx. yeares, or thereaboute, was condemned at Bristow to the like Martyrdome, where he constantly and manfully persisting in the iust quarell of Christes Gospell, for misliking and renouncing the ordinaunces of the Romish church, was tried as pure golde, and made a liuely sacrifice in the fyre: in whose death, as in þe death of all his other Sainctes, the Lord be glorified and thanked for his great grace of constancy: to whom bee prayse for euer, Amen.

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Fowre suffered at Mayfield. 
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Four Burned at Mayfield, Sussex

The account of these four martyrs and of the Bristol carpenter appeared in the 1563 edition and remained unchanged in subsequent editions. The fact that the Bristol carpenter and two of the Sussex martyrs were unnamed indicates Foxe's difficulties in obtaining information on martyrs in the dioceses of Chichester and Bristol.

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MarginaliaSeptēb. 24. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of 4. at Mayfield in Sussex.NExt after the martyrdome of Edward Sharpe aboue sayd, followed iiij. which suffered at Mayfield in Sussex, the. xxiiij. day of September. an. 1556. Of whose names. ij. we finde recorded, and the other. ij. we yet know not, and therfore according to our register, here vnder they be specifyed, as we finde them.

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Iohn
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