Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2180 [2141]

Queene Mary. Persecution in Lichfield. The story of M. Cheeke.
Marginalia1556. Decemb.The trouble and vexation of good people in the Dioces of Lichfield. 
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Persecution in Lichfield

This account first appeared in the 1573 edition and remained unchanged in subsequent editions. It is based on official records sent to Foxe, some of which survive among Foxe's papers.

THese foresayd monethes of September, Nouember, and Decemb. as they were troublesome to diuers other places, and especially to the dioces of Caunterbury by reason of the Archdeacon aboue named: MarginaliaR. Bane, Docter Draycot his Chaūcellor in Lichfield, cruel persecutors.so likewise they brought no litle busines in the countrey of Lichfield and Couentrey by a cruell Bishop there called Rafe Bane, and a more cruell Chaūcellor named Doct. Draycot, through þe fierce inquisition of whom great stirre was there among the people, being called to examination for their fayth, & many caused to beare fagots. Who although they were not put to þe torment of death, yet because it may appeare what a number there is in the countreyes of Englād abroad, which in theyr hartes haue a misliking of þe popes romish lawes and religion, if for feare they durst vtter theyr mynds, I thought to make a rehearsall of theyr names which in the aforesayd dioces of Couētry and Lichfield were taken in suspicion and examined for theyr religion.

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MarginaliaThe names of thē þt bare fagots in þe diocese of Lichfield and Couentry.And first amongest them that were detected and inioyned to the popish penance, that is, to beare a fagot, candell, and beades about in procession, were Agnes Forman, 

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Was she a relative of the martyr John Foreman?.

detected, examined, and by witnes conuicted and bare a fagot the xij. of Septēb. Likewyse Margery Kyrry, Thomas Norreis, Thomas Styffe, William Kayme, Robert Katrenes, Thomas Smith, Iohn Borsleye the yonger. Item Iohn Waterhouse: against whom came in witnes and accusers Richard Caterbanke, I. Edge, William Smith, Robert Cooke, laying agaynst hym for seldome comming to the Church, for geuing no reuerence at the leuation of the Sacrament, but looking vpon his booke, for not kissing the paxe. &c. Robert Byssel,  
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The abjuration of Robert Byssel, M. A., of Birmingham, of his heretical opinions, especially his denial of the Real Presence survives in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 83r.

Leonard West,  
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The abjuration of Leonard West, parson of Little Packington, for his heresies, especially describing the mass as abominable, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 84r.

Richard Bayly  
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Articles objected against Richard Bayly of Whitacre, including his denial of the Real Presence and his denial of the power of the priest to absolve sin, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 87r-v.

of the Parish of Whiteacre.

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Nicholas Cartwright, 
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The abjuration of Nicholas Cartwright, D. D., vicar of Nuncton, of his heretical opinions, including denial of the Real Presence, survives in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 88r.

Doct.
Richard Iurdian, 
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A denunciation of Richard Jurdane, priest, for various heretical opinions, including his statements that the mass was an abomination and a denial of the Real Presence, survives among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 90r. Jurdane's abjuration of these opinions is BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 91r.

Priest.
Edmund Crokel, 
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Articles against Crokel as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest.
Thomas Whithed, Priest.
William Taylour, Priest.
Anselme Sele, Priest.
Richard Slauy, 
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Articles against Henry (not Richard) Slavy as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest maried.
Edward Hawes, 
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Articles against Edward Hawkes as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest maried.
Robert Aston, 
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Articles against Robert Aston as a married priest survive among Foxe'spapers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r.

Priest depriued.
Henry Tecka, 
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Articles against Henry Checke as a married priest survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 59r-61r. Tecka looks like a mistake due to someone's faulty paleography when the Acts and Monuments was being printed.

Priest depriued.
Robert Mossey, Priest, maried
and depriued.

These were
depriued.

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MarginaliaThe names of thē which were troubled there, and bare no fagots.Beside these were diuers other which in like sorte were detected, accused, & examined, although they bare no fagot, but were dimissed, as Richard Kemp, Iohn Frankling, William Marler, Ielius Dudley, Eustache Bysacre, William Shene, Antony Afterwittel, Thomas Steylbe, Henry Birdlim, William Mosley, Iohn Leech, Iohn Richardson, Antony Iones, alias Pulton, Thomas Wylson, Thomas Lynacres, and Hugh Lynacres hys son, Isabel Parker, Martine Newman, William Enderby, Cicely Preston, Thomas Saulter, Iohn Stamford Shomaker, Richard Wodburne, Thomas Arnal Shomaker, Iohn Robynson, Hugh Moore Shomaker, Iohn Adale, Thomas Arch, Fraūces Warde, Iohn Auines, Richard Foxal, Thomas Vnderdoune, Richard Weuer.

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MarginaliaIoyce Martyred hereafter.The next moneth following, being October, came vnder examination Ioyce Lewes gentlewoman, of whom we differ to speake vntil the next yeare, at what tyme she was burned?

These fornamed persons with many mo following in the next yeare after, although they did subscribe and relent through feare of death: yet for this cause I do here recite them that by them it might appeare, what a nūber there were not only in þe countrey of Lichfield, but also in other parties in hart set agaynst the Popes

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procedinges, if that feare rather then conscience had not compelled them to the contrary.

The conclusion of this xj. booke, with a brief story of Syr Iohn Cheeke. &c. 
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Sir John Cheke

This account first appears in the 1570 edition and was reprinted without change in subsequent editions. It was a difficult account for Foxe to write. On the one hand, Cheke had played a crucial role in the Edwardian reformation at Cambridge and he was a close friend and associate of Foxe's patron William Cecil. (See Stephen Alford, Kingship and Politics in the Reign of Edward VI [Cambridge: 2002}, pp. 126-28, 142-43 and 145). On the other hand, Cheke's recantation wasa major embarrassment for English protestants and encouraged other protestants to recant (Cal. State Papers Venetian, VI, p. 690). The incident was too well-known forFoxe to ignore but he treated it tactfully and relatively briefly. Furthermore, although copies of Cheke's recantation and of Feckenham's oration at the recantation survive among Foxe's papers (Inner Temple Library, Petyt MS 538/47, fos. 390r-391v); Foxe never printed them.

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MarginaliaThe conclusion of the xj. Booke.ANd thus haue ye the whole persecution of this yeare declared, which was the yeare of our Lord. 1556. and the fourth of Queene Maryes reigne, with the names and causes of all them which suffered Martyrdome within the cōpasse of þe said yeare: the number of all which slayne and martyred in diuers places of England at sundry tymes this yeare came to aboue. 84. persons, Marginalia84. Martyrs and aboue in thys yeare 1556. put to death in thys realme. wherof many were womē, wiues, widowes and maydens: besides them which otherwise by secret practise were made away, or driuen out of goodes and houses, or out of the realme, or els within the realme, were put to penaunce, and coacted by forceable violence to recant, saue onely that I haue omitted the story of Syr Iohn Cheeke, Knight, and scholemaster sometymes to kyng Edward. The worthynes of whiche man deserueth much to be sayd: but his fall would rather be couered in silence and obliuion. Onely to note a word or two of a few thinges to the present story most principally appertayning, it shall suffice.

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MarginaliaA briefe declaration of M. Cheekes recantation.First, M. Cheeke beyng in þe countrey of Germany out of all daūger of persecution, with many moe of his owne countreymen and acquaintance, was not only in safetie, but also with reputation accordingly estemed among the Germanes, and also well placed in the Citie of Strausbourgh. Where if he had contented him selfe to haue remained, rather giuyng place to tyme, then to presume vpō aduentures, peraduenture it had ben better wt him. But what fatall instigation wrought in his mind, I know not. In the end so it fell, that he would nedes take his iourney with Syr Peter Carew frō hye Germany vnto Bruxels, and that (as I haue credibly heard of them which knew somewhat) MarginaliaAstrologie.not without the forecastyng of his aduentured iourney by the constellation of starres and disposition of the heauēs aboue. For as he was a man famously expert and trauayled in the knowledge of sundry artes & sciences: so was he a litle to much addicted to the curious practising of this stardiuinitie, which we call Astrologie. But how soeuer it was, or whatsoeuer it was that the starres did promise him, truth was, that mē here in earth kept litle promise with him. For hauyng (as it is sayd) kyng Philippes safeconduct to passe and repasse, & that by the meanes (as I finde) of the lord Paget and Sir Iohn Mas. pledging for hys safegarde K. Philips fidelitie, he came to Bruxels to see the Queenes Ambassadours, and hauing brought the lord Paget on his way towarde England, MarginaliaM. Cheeke, and Syr Peter Carew apprehended in their iourney to Antwerpe.in the returne betwene Bruxels and Antwarpe was taken with Sir Peter Carew by the Prouost Marshal, spoyled of their horses, and clapped into a carte, their legges, armes, and bodies tyed with halters to the body of the carte, and so shipped, beyng blyndfield vnder the hatches, and so brought to the Tower of London. 

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For a discussion of Cheke's arrest and the legal issues involved see D. M. Loades, 'The Press under the Early Tudors,' Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 4 (1964), 40-41.

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Thus the good man being intrapped, & in the hands now of his enemies, had but one of these two waies to take, either to change his religiō, or to change his life. Other remedy with those holy Catholickes there was none. Neyther could his conscience excuse hym, nor truth defend him, nor learnyng helpe him.

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MarginaliaM. Fecknam speaketh for M. Cheeke.Albeit M. Fecknam, whether by the Queene suborned, or vpon his owne deuotion and frendship toward his old acquayntance, tooke vpon him the defence and commendation of M. Cheeke, speaking in hys behalfe: yet no mercy could be had with þe Queene, but he must nedes recant, & so dyd he. The copy of whose recantation prescribed vnto hym, because it is knowne and in the handes of diuers, it nedeth not here to be expressed. 

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It is rather surprising that Cheke's recantation was never printed as Northumberland's had been; this comment suggests that manuscript copies were circulated.

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Then
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