Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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2183 [2143]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Oration of M. Stokes.

Marginalia1557. Ianuary.nient for their purpose, they all tooke vp their lodgings in the sayd Colledge with M. Christopherson.

MarginaliaAn Oration gratulatory at their comming thether.At their comming thether an Oration was made by a felow of the house, who in the name of all the rest, with long Protestation declared that they were most hartely welcome thither, and that he and his fellowes gaue them great thākes, that it had pleased their Lordships to haue so good opinion of them, as to choose their house especially to lodge in, whereby they had both encouraged them to stād in hope of some further beneuolence towardes them, and also done great worshyp to their Colledge by their beyng there: wherfore they should looke at their hand agayn for as much duety and reuerence, as lay in their power to performe.

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MarginaliaWatson answereth to the Oration.To this Oration Watson made aunswere, that this foreward and earnest good willes and minde of theirs, in doyng such curtesie, was right thankefully taken, both of him and his, exhortyng them to continue stedfastly in the same, and to procede also whē nede should require: for it was so farre from any of their thoughts, to stop them in this their race, that they would rather hast them forward to runne through more spedely, beyng not without good cause persuaded to conceiue good hope of their beneuolence towardes them, in asmuch as they would do for them, what soeuer might turne to their profite and commoditie.

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MarginaliaIanuary 9.This day, for asmuch as it was toward euening ere they came, and the sunne was goyng downe, was nothing els done. MarginaliaIanuary 10.The next day being the tenth of Ianuary, they bestowed in recreatyng them selues after their iourney, and in setting other thinges at a stay. Neuertheles to the entent the same should not escape altogether without doing of somewhat, MarginaliaS. Maries & S. Michaels interdicted because of Martin Bucer and Paulus Phagius buriall.they interdited the 2. Churches, namely, S. Maries, where Martin Bucer, and S. Michaels, where Paulus Phagius lay buried.

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These men were dead a good while before. Paulus Phagius had scarce yet shewed the proofe of his wit and learning, whē he departed to God. 1549. Bucer liued but a litle after. MarginaliaCommendation of Martin Bucer.During which time somwhat by writing, but chiefly by readyng & preachyng openly (wherin the old mā beyng painful in the word of God, neuer spared him selfe nor regarded his health) he brought al men into such admiratiō of him, that neither his frēdes could sufficiētly prayse him, neither his enemies in any point finde fault with his singular life and sincere doctrine. A most certaine token wherof may be his sumptuous buriall, solemnised with so great assistence and gladnes of al the degrees of the Vniuersitie, that it was not possible to deuise more to þe setting out and amplifying of the same. The whole maner and order of the doyng wherof, beyng written by M. Nicolas Carre, a learned man in a litle treatise to Syr Iohn Cheke Knight, with an Epistle full of consolation as concernyng his departure added thereunto, was sent afterward vnto Peter Martyr, then abiding at Oxford.

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From the buriall of Bucer and Phagius, vnto the commyng of these visitours were passed about three or iiij. yeares more or lesse. And frō the tyme that that blessed kyng Edward the vj. deceased, vnto that day, the Priestes neuer ceassed to celebrate their Masses, and al other kinde of Ceremonies in those places, and that without scruple of conscience, as farre as men could perceiue. But after the time that these Cōmissioners came thether, those thinges that before were accompted for sacred and holy, began to be denounced for prophane and vnholy. For they commaunded that all those assemblies that should hereafter be made for the executyng of holy Ceremonies, should be remoued to the kynges Chappell, which is a place farre more stately then all the other.

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MarginaliaIanuary 11.Now was come the. xj. day, in the which the Vicechauncellor of þe Vniuersity, with the maisters & Presidentes of þe Colledges, & all other þe Graduates of euery house, were commaunded to appeare before the sayd Commissioners in there habites. It was comaū-

ded that the scholers also should come in their surplises, 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe added this description of the scholars refusing to wear their surplices in the 1570 edition; it must have been drawn from official records of the visitation. It served to discredit the vestments, including the surplice, which Foxe and other Elizabethan ministers refused to wear.

but that was not done. They assembled in great number to Trinity Colledge: hauing the vniuersity crosse borne before them and in the gatehouse a forme was set and couered, with cusshings and carpet on the ground for the visitors. Where the Vicechauncellour hauing on a tyshew cope sprinkled holy water on thē, and purposed to sence them, but they refused it there, which notwithstanding afterwarde in the Queenes Colledge and elswhere they refused not.

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There M. Iohn Stokes cōmon Orator of þe vniuersity, made an oration in the name of all the rest. The copie wherof I thought good here to exemplificate, in Latin as it was pronounced.

¶ Master Stokes Oration to Queene Maryes Visitors at Cambridge, an. 1557. Ianu. 11. 
Commentary  *  Close

This oration is given in the Historia vera and Golding's translation of it (A briefe treatise, fos. 188r-122v). Interestingly, Foxe only paraphrased this oration in the 1563 edition. The version of the oration which Foxe printed in 1570 differs slightly from the earlier versions and was probably drawn from official records of the visitation.

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MarginaliaThe oration of M. Stokes publicke Oratour of the Vniuersitie.ACademia, Reuerendi Patres, in expectatione aduentus vestri sollicita aliquandiu fuit, nunc præsentia dominationum vestrarum valde recreata libentissime vultus vestros intuetur, & ad apertam voluntatis suæ testificationē, ecce vniuersa se suasque opes effudit. Conuenit in hūc locum toto cātabrigiæ frequentia, adsunt omnes ordines, de quorum certa mihi & explorata ad hanc rem voluntate, illud publica fide apud dominationes vestras affirmo, eos & separatim singulos, & coniunctim omnes optatissimum hūc aduentum mirificis studijs, & consentientibus animis gratulari. Illud enim omnium animis habemus persuasum, & negotium hoc quod hodierno die, fauente Deo, excellentia vestra auspicatur, ad academiæ rationes fore accommodum, neque in re, ad communem salutem tam necessaria, operam aliquando vestram nobis defuturam. Permulta sunt ad hanc opinionem confirmandam, sed cœtera non persequor: ea tantum oratione attingam, quæ ita intimè cum præsenti negotio cohærent, vt diuelli ab eo disiungique nulla ratione possint. Atque sunt illa quidem numero certa & finita: verum re & virtute, ita immensa, vt nulla dicendi facultate mea plene comprehendi possent: quoniam tamen & antea sum professus summam esse academiæ lætitiam, eamque iustis de causis in aduentu vestro susceptam, quæso a vobis, vt dum eas breuiter recenseo faciles mihi aures præbeatis.

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Reuerēdiss. in Christo Pater Cardinalis Polus, MarginaliaCardinal. Polus. Legatus, qui religionē oppressā restituit, patriæ ruinas suffulsit, leges & decreta quasi postliminio reduxit, iste inquàm, iste polus anglus, & verè noster Moyses, legationis vestræ autor est, a cui9 excellenti virtute in omnes suæ patriæ partes plurima cōmoda dimanarunt. Quo vinculo necessitudinis, & si omnibus tēporibus optima ab illo sperare liceret, quòd ex corpore simus ipsius reipublicæ, arctior est tamē & interior causa, quæ nobis cum dominatione illius separatim intercedit. Superiore anno academiæ procurationem in se humanissimè recepit, quam liberali custodia ita cœptam tenere se velle, literis significauit, vt non solum incommoda dimoueret, quibus studia nostra affligerentur, sed vt ornamenta adijceret ea, quorum splendore augeri dignitas academiæ aut maximè illustrari posset. Quæ res & spem antea nostram confirmauit, & nunc in eam cogitationem nos adducit, vt omnē illius humanitatem in hanc vnam visitationem esse collectam putemus, in qua quidem ea a vobis expectamus omnia, quæ summi cancellarij nostri insignis amor præter communem charitatem academiæ, quasi pupillæ suæ propriæ pollicetur. Atq; vtinam quidem ipse sine reipublicæ detrimento, hoc tempore adesse posset, & academiam suā è tenebris & profunda nocte emersam, ipse suis radijs veræ religionis splendore illustraret, verum optioni nostræ publica vtilitas repugnat, qua valde impeditus sanctissimæ sedis Apostolicæ legatus, vos Vicarios substituit: quorum naturas propter prouidentiam, personas propter dignitatem, voluntates propter educationem aptissimas ad hanc rem esse iudicauit. Itaq; illud verè & ex animis istorum omnium affirmare possum, vos eos esse viros quorum religionem amamus, virtutem colimus, voluntatem, fidem, & consilium ad publicam salutem impendimus. Postquàm enim singulari & prestantissima virtute Cardinalis Poli, legati è superiorum temporum caligine, & tenebris, lucem in republica respicere cœpimus, vnà certè grauissima etiam superioris ætatis mala sensimus, quibus profecto infinitis & miserrimis etsi antea premeremur, tamen ad calamitatis nostræ magnitudinem accessit eiusdem ignoratio, vt (mea quidem opinione) eo simus magis miserabiles iudicandi, quod tam turbulenta tempestate iactati ne moueri quidē nos, tā graui & periculoso hæresis morbo oppressi, aut ægrotare mentes nostras, non intelliximus. Valde enim periculosa est ægrotatio illa, quæcunq; sine doloris sensu naturam

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