Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2227 [2187]

Queene Mary. The iij. Examination of Richard VVoodman, Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Iune.For as he went about to proue that man hath free wil, he sayd we were set as free by the death of Christ, as Adam was before hys fall: which wordes proue plainely that we haue no originall sinne: And I tooke hym with all, and sayd: had Adam originall sinne before hys fall? MarginaliaDoctor Langdale denyeth originall sinne, yet accuseth Woodmā: in the which he is culpable him selfe.and then he could not tell what to say but cauilled with wordes, and sayd he ment not so: and therefore I maruaile he is not ashamed to make such lies to my face. These wordes made them both astonied.

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Gage. M. Doctour, he sayd euen now you could finde no fault in all his talke. I wil bidde you aske him a question, that I will warrant you shall finde fault inough. I pray you aske hym how he beleueth in the Sacrament of the aultar. I thinke he wyll make but a bad account thereof.

VVood. Yes, I wyll make account good inough of that, by Gods helpe.

Lang. Well, how say you to the Sacrament of the aultar?

VVood. I say I know no such Sacrament, vnlesse Christ be the aultar that you meane.

Gage. Lo, I tolde you, you should soone finde fault in him, if you came to that point wyth hym. You shoulde haue begon with that first, and neuer haue talked with hym about other thinges. What? know you not the Sacrament of the aultar?

VVood. MarginaliaWoodmā knoweth no Sacrament of the altar, vnlesse they take Christ to bee the altar.No sure, I know none such, vnlesse Christ be the aultar that you meane: for Christ is the aultar of al goodnes. And if you meane Christ to be the aultar of the Sacrament you speake of, you shall soone heare my mynde and beliefe therein.

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Lang. Well, we meane Christ to be the aultar. Say your mynde, and goe briefly to worke: for I thinke it is almost dinner.

Gage. I pray you goe roundly to worke, that you may make an end before dinner.

VVood. Yes, you shall soone heare my mynde therein by Gods helpe. MarginaliaWoodmās iudgement of the Sacrament.I do beleue that whensoeuer I come to receaue the Sacrament of the body and bloud of Iesus Christ, beyng truely ministred according to Christes institution, I beleuing that Christ was borne of the virgin Mary, and that he was crucified on þe crosse, and shed his bloud for the remission of my sinnes, and so take and eate the Sacrament of bread and wine in that remembraunce, that then I do receiue wholly Christ, God and man, mistically by fayth. This is my beliefe of the Sacrament, the which no man is able to disproue.

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Gage. By S. Mary I can finde no fault in this. How say you maister Doctor?

MarginaliaDoctor Langdale seeketh a knot in a rushe.Lang. Sir, you see not so much in it as I doe. For he goeth craftily to worke: I tel you, as I haue heard. For though he haue graunted that the faithful receauer receaueth the body of Christ, God and man, yet he hath not graunted that it is the body of Christ before it be receiued, as you shall see by and by I warrant you, by his owne words. How say you? is it the body of Christ as soone as the wordes be spoken by the priest or not? For these wordes will trie hym more then all the rest.

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VVood. MarginaliaWhether the Sacrament be the body of Christ before it be receaued.Doth the word say that it is his body before it is receiued? if it do, I wyll say so to.

Gage. Why? then you shall agree well inough, if you wyll be tryed by the word.

VVood. Yes forsooth, that I wyll: God forbid els.

Gage. Why? the worde sayth it is his body before it is eaten.

VVood. Those words would I faine heare: but I am sure they be not in the Bible.

Lang. No? that you shal see by & by (M. Gage quoth he) and turned to þe 22. of Luke, & there he red: MarginaliaLuk. xxij.when supper was done, Christ toke bread, gaue thākes, & brake it, & gaue to his disciples, & said: take, eate, this is my body. Thē they spake both at once: Here he saith it is his body.

Wood. Master Gage, I doo not deny but he called it his body, but not before eating, as I said before. Wher-

fore I pray you marke the wordes. Christ sayd, take, eate. I pray you sir marke these wordes that he sayd: Take and eate, and then he sayd, it was his body. MarginaliaEating goeth before the wordes of consecrating.So you see, eating goeth before. For he sayd: eate, this is my body. So according to the very word, I do beleue it is his body. Which wordes made them both astonied.

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Lang. Why, then by your saying Iudas eate not the body of Christ. How say you? did he not? MarginaliaD. Langdale driuen to hys shiftes.

Wood. Nay, I aske you. Did he?

Lang. I aske you.

Wood. And I aske you.

Lang. And I aske you.

Wood. Mary and I aske you. And I bidde you aunswere if you dare for your life. For whatsoeuer you answere, vnlesse you say as I haue sayde, you will damne your owne soule. For Master Gage, I protest before God, I would you should doo as well as mine owne soule and body: and it lamenteth my hart to see how you be deceaued with thē: they be deceauers all þe sort of them. He cannot answere to this, but either he must proue Iudas to be saued, or els he must proue that it is no body before it be receaued in fayth: as you shall well perceaue by Gods heple, if he dare to aunswere the question.

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Gage. Yes, I dare say he dareth. What? you neede not to threaten him so.

Wood. Then let him aunswere if he can.

Then he sayd he knew what I would say to him: MarginaliaD. Langdale afrayde to answere to Rich. Woodman.therfore he was much in doubt to answere the questiō.

Lang. Master Gage, I will tell you in your eare what wordes he will aunswere me, or euer I speake to him.

Wood. Thē he told M. Gage a tale in his eare, & said:

Lang. I haue told Master Gage what you will say.

Gage. Yea, and I will tell the truth for both parties.

Wood. Well, how say you? did Iudas eate the body of Christ or not?

Lang. Yea, I say Iudas did eate the body of Christ. MarginaliaThe Catholickes holde that Iudas dyd eate the body of Christ.

Wood. Then it must needes follow, that Iudas hath euerlasting life. For Christ sayth in the 6. of Iohn: who so eateth my flesh, and drinketh my bloud, hath eternal life, and I will rayse him vp at the last day. MarginaliaArgument.
Who so euer eateth the fleshe of Christ hath euerlasting life. Iohn. 6.
Iudas dys eate the fleshe of Christ:
Ergo, Iudas hath euerlasting life.
If Iudas did eate Christes body, I am sure you cannot deny but that he did both eate his flesh, and drinke his bloud, and then is Iudas saued by Christes owne wordes. Therefore now you are compelled to say that it was not Christes body, or els that Iudas is saued.

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Gage. Surely these be the very wordes that M. D. tolde me in mine eare, that you would say to him.

Wood. Well, let vs see, how well he can auoyde this argument.

Lang. Iudas is damned, and yet he eate the body of Christ: but he eate it vnworthely, and therefore he is damned.

Wood. Where finde you that Iudas did eate the body of Christ vnworthely?

Lang. They be S. Paules MarginaliaS. Paules wordes misalleaged by D. Langdale.words. j. Corinth. xj. chap.

Wood. M. Gage, I desire you for Gods sake marke my wordes well what I say. If S. Paul speake any such wordes there, or in any other place, or if there be any such wordes written in all the whole Bible, that euer any mā eate the body of Christ vnworthely, then say that I am the falsest mā that euer you heard speake with tong. But in deede these be the words of S. Paul: Marginaliaj. Cor. xj.who so eateth of this bread, and drinketh of this cup vnworthely, eateth and drinketh his owne damnation, because he maketh no differēce of the Lordes body: MarginaliaMakyng no differēce of the Lordes body, expounded.that is, because he presumeth to eate the sacrament of the Lordes body with out fayth, making no difference betwixt the sacramēt and other bread and drinke: And that is S. Paules meaning, and not that any man doth or can eate the body of Christ * Marginalia* Christ speaketh of eatyng hys fleshe simply, without any determination of vnworthines: that is, simply who soeuer beleueth in Christ hee shall bee saued: neyther is any vnworthines in beleuing in Christ. vnworthely. For who so euer eateth the body of Christ, hath euerlasting life, as is aforesayd in

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