Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2251 [2211]

Queene Mary. Examinations of Rafe Allerton, Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Septemb.no beefe, because it hath not the fashion of beefe?

Rafe. Let me vnderstand a litle further my Lord: shall þe cooke adde nothing thereunto, nor taking nothing therefrom?

Boner. What is that to the matter, whether he do or no, so long as the shape is chaunged into an other likenes?

Rafe. Ah, will you so my Lord? your sophistry wyll not serue: the truth wyll haue the victory, neuertheles as Esay sayth: MarginaliaEsay. lix.He that restrayneth him selfe from euyll, must be spoyled. And Amos hath such like wordes also. MarginaliaAmos. v.For the wyse must be fayne to holde their peace: so wicked a tyme it is, sayth he. Neuertheles he that can speake the truth and wyll not, shall geue a strait accountes for the same.

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A Doctor. By my Lordes leaue, here me thinkes thou speakest like a foole. Wilt thou be a iudge of the scripture? Nay thou must stand to learne, and not to teach: for the whole congregation hath determined the matter long a go.

A Priest. No by your leaue, we haue a church and not a congregation. You mistake that worde, Maister Doctor.

Rafe. Then sayd I to my fellow prisoners standing by: My brethren, do ye not heare how these men helpe one an other? let vs do so also. But we neuer came all in together after that tyme, but seuerally one after an other. Then was I caried away for that time. The xix. day of May I was brought before the Byshop of Rochester, and Chichester with others.

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B. Rochest. Were you a companion of George Eagles, otherwise called Trudgeouer? My Lord of London telleth me that you were his fellow companion.

Rafe. I know him very well, my Lord.

Rochester. By my fayth I had him once, and then he was as dronke as an Ape, for he stonke so of drinke, that I could not abyde him, and so sent him away.

Rafe. My Lord, I dare say you tooke your markes amisse. It was either your selfe or some of your owne company: for he did neither drinke wine, ale, nor beere in a quarter of a yeare before that tyme, and therfore it was not he forsooth.

The rest of myne examinations you shall haue whē I am cōdemned, if I can haue any tyme after my commyng into Newgate, the which I trust shall touch the matter a great deale more plainly: for the pithy matters are yet vnwritten. Thus fare you wel good frēdes all. Yea I say, fare well for euer in this present world. Greete ye one an other, and be ioyfull in the Lord. Salute the good widowes among you, with all the rest of the congregatiō in Barfold, & Dedham, & Colchester.

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This promise of his, beyng either not performed, for that he might not thereto be permitted, or els if he did write the same not commyng to my handes, I am fayne in the rest of his examinations to follow the onely reporte of the Register: who witnesseth that the xv. day of May. an. 1557. in the Byshops Palace at London, he was examined vpon certeine interrogatories, the contentes wherof be these.

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MarginaliaArticles ministred agaynst Rafe Allerton. Marginalia1.FIrst, that he was of the parishe of Muchbentley, and so of the dioces of London.

Marginalia2.Secondly, that the x. day of Ianuary, then last past, Maister Iohn Morant preaching at Paules, the sayd Rafe Allerton did there opēly submit hymselfe vnto the church of Rome, with the rites and Ceremonies thereof.

Marginalia3.Thirdly, that he did consent and subscribe aswell vnto the same submissiō, as also to one other byll, in the which he graunted, that if he should at any tyme turne agayne vnto his former opinions, it should be then lawfull for the Bishop immediatly to denounce and adiudge hym as an hereticke.

Marginalia4.Fourthly, that he had subscribed to a byll, wherein he affirmed, that in the sacramēt, after the wordes of consecration be spoken by the priest, there remayneth still materiall bread and materiall wine: and that he beleued that the bread is the bread of thankes geuing, and the

memoryall of Christes death: and that when he receaueth it, he receaueth the body of Christ spiritually in hys soule, but materyall bread in substance.

Marginalia5.Fiftly, that he had openly affirmed, and also aduisedly spoken that which is cōtayned in the sayd former fourth article last before specified.

Marginalia6.Sixtly, that he had spoken against the Bish. of Rome, with the sea and church of the same, and also agaynst the seuen sacramentes and other ceremonies and ordinaunces of the same church, vsed then within this Realme.

Marginalia7.Seuenthly, that he had allowed and commended the opinions and fayth of M. Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, and others of late burned within this Realme, and beleued that their opinions were good and godly.

Marginalia8.Eightly, that he had diuers times affirmed that the religion vsed within this Realme at the time of his apprehension, was neither good nor agreable to gods word, and that he could not conforme himselfe therunto.

Marginalia9.Ninthly, that he had affirmed, that the booke of common prayer set forth in the reigne of King Edward the vj. was in all partes good and godly: and that the sayd Rafe and his company prisoners, did dayly vse amongst them selues in prison some part of the same booke.

Marginalia10.Tenthly, that hee had affirmed, that if he were out of prison, he would not come to Masse, Mattins, nor Euēsong, nor beare Taper, Candle, or Palme, nor go in procession, nor would receaue holy water, holy bread, ashes, or pax, nor any other ceremonie of the church then vsed within this Realme.

Marginalia11.Eleuenthly, that he had affirmed, that if he were at liberty he would not confesse his sinnes to any priest, nor receaue absolution of him: nor yet would receaue the sacrament of the altar, as it was then vsed.

Marginalia12.Twelfly, that he had affirmed, that praying to saintes and prayers for the dead, were neither good nor profitable, and that a man is not bound to fast and pray, but at his owne will and pleasure, neither that it is lawfull to reserue the sacrament or to worship it.

Marginalia13.Thirtenthly, that the sayd Allerton hath, according to these his affirmations, abstained and refused to come vnto his parish church euer sithens the tenth day of Ianuary last, or to vse, receaue or alow any ceremonies, sacramentes, or other rites then vsed in the church.

To all these articles he answered affirmatiuely, denying precisely none of them: sauing to this clause conteined in the xij. article, that a man is not bound to fast and pray but at his owne will and pleasure, he sayd that he had affirmed no such thing, but he confessed that he had not fasted nor prayed so ofte as he was bound to do. And vnto this answere he also subscribed in this sorte.

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Marginalia2.Except it be proued otherwise by the holy scrip-
ture, I do affirme these articles to be true. By me
Rafe Allerton.

The next examination was the fourth day of Iuly. The actes whereof, because they doe appeare more amply in his other examination, had the x. day of September, I doo here omitte, geuing you farther to vnderstand, that vpon the vij. day of the same moneth of Iuly, he was brought before Doctor Darbishere in the Bishops Palace, who examined him agayne vppon the former articles, and after perswaded him to recāt, threatning him that otherwise he should be burned. To whom he boldly answered: I would I might be condemned euen to morrow: for I perceaue my Lord (meaning Boner) doth nothing but seeke mens bloud. Vpon which saying Darbishere committed him againe to prison, and the x. day of September the bishop caused him (with þe other three aboue named) to be brought vnto Fulham, and there in his priuate chappell within his house, he iudicially propounded vnto him certayne other new articles: of the which, the tenours of the first, fifte, sixte, and seuenth are already mencioned in the second, third, and fourth former obiections: as for the rest, the contentes thereof here followeth.

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Thou Rafe Allerton canst not deny, but that the information geuen agaynst thee, and remayning now in the actes of this court of thine Ordinary Edmund Bishop of London, was and is a true information.

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