Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2263 [2223]

Queene Mary. Iohn Hallingdale, VVilliam Sparrow, Richard Gibson, Martyrs.

Marginalia1557. Nouemb.vnto thy sayd Ordinary voluntarily and of thine owne minde, that alwayes after the sayd submission, thou wouldest in all poyntes conforme thy selfe vnto the common order of the Catholicke church obserued and kept here in this Realme of England, and in no wise fall agayne to heresies, errours, or vnlawfull opinions.

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Marginalia5.Fiftly, that thou since thy sayd submission, hast willingly fallen into certayne heresyes and errours, and hast holden and set foorth diuers vnlawfull opinions, to the right great hurt of thine owne soule, and also to the great hinderaunce and losse of diuers others, especially agaynst the sacrament of the altar, agaynst confession auricular, with other the sacramentes of the Catholicke church.

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Marginalia6.Sixtly, that thou since the sayd submission, hast willingly gone about diuers places within the dioces of London, and sowen diuers hereticall, erroneous, and blasphemous ballets, and wast apprehended and taken with the sayd ballets about thee, & committed to prison.

Vnto all which articles the sayd William Sparrow aunswered in effect as hereafter followeth.

Marginalia1. 2. 3. 4. MarginaliaHis aunsweres to the articles.TO the first, second, third, and fourth articles he answered affirmatiuely, as thus: that he was presented and detected to Boner, vnto whom he made his submission. &c. as in the articles.

Marginalia5.To the fifth article, he aunswered, that if he had spoken agaynst them, he had spoken but the truth: for they be naught, meaning the contentes of the sayd article.

Marginalia6.To the sixt, he graunted to the article, adding that he did sell the sayd ballets then shewed and red before hym, and that the same did conteine Gods word.

After which aunswers the sayd William Sparrow was sent vnto prison. And the same day in the afternoone, being produced before the Bishop agayne, and there charged with hys sayd submission, made the yeare before vnto the Bishop, he aunswered thus: I am sory (sayd he) that euer I made it, and it was the worst deede that euer I did, adding further vnto them: Holde vp your abomination so long as ye can. Also being layd vnto him, and charged by the Bishop that he went to church, and there was confessed and heard Masse, the sayd William Sparrow made aunswere and confessed, that he did so, but with a troubled conscience he said, God knoweth. And speaking further to the Bishop, he sayd: that which you call truth, I do beleue (sayd he) to be heresy. And also the Bishop charging hym agayne with the contētes of the fifth article aboue named, he aunswered that he had so done, as is conteined in the same article, and so will do againe if he were at liberty. And being further demaunded of Boner, whether he would persist and continue in the same, or no: he made aunswere that he would not goe from his opinions: & adding therunto, he sayd: that which you call heresy (speaking to the Bishop) is good and godly, and if euery heare of my head were a man (sayd he) I would burne them all, rather then to goe frō the truth.

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Then being demaūded what ground of learning he had to cleaue to his opinions, he made aunswere and sayd, that all the lawes now vsed (meaning the ecclesiasticall lawes) are nought and abominable. And further, thereunto he sayd: that the Masse is nought and abominable &c. MarginaliaSentence red agaynst William Sparrow.Which wordes being spoken, the Byshop immediatly red the sentence of condemnation vpon hym, and so deliuered him to the secular power, by whom he was sent to prison agayne.

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¶ Richard Gibson, Martyr. 
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Richard Gibson had an unusual history, which Foxe only hints at. He was, at least by birth, a member of London's elite. His grandfather, Sir William Bayly, had been lord mayor of London in 1534-5, while his father was a royal sergeant at arms, bailiff of Southwark and a master of the Merchant Taylors. Gibson was, as Foxe relates, imprisoned for debt and while imprisoned he was denounced to Bonner as a heretic. What Foxe does not relate is that Gibson was a freewillerwho was converted to what Foxe regarded as 'orthodox' (i.e., predestinarian) convictions (On Gibson's background and religious convictions see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-58' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge, 2002], pp. 140-41 and 149).

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MarginaliaRichard Gibson, Martyr.WIth the other two aboue named, suffred also in the same fire, Richard Gibson, who first was cast into the counter in the Pultry (where he had bene prisoner by the space of two yeares for suretiship in a matter of debt, and then stoode vpon his deliueraunce) then vpon suspition and euill will was accused to Boner, for that in the prison he was neuer confessed nor

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receaued at the Popish aultar: by reason whereof he was called for, and susteined diuers & sundry conflictes and examinations in the cause of his faith and religiō. But first he seemed to make a certayne submission 

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Notice Foxe's disingenuous phrasing here; Gibson did not seem to recant; he recanted. The last page of another recantation by Gibson survives among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 425, fo. 122r). Its relation to the recantation mentioned by Foxe is unclear; but it is dated 27 October 1556, which means that it is not the same document which Foxe described.

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which also he exhibited with the other 28. mentioned aboue Pag. 2159.  
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A copy of this confession is among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 3r.

but because it semed somthing to differ in words from the other, it appeareth not to be receaued: or whether it was receaued or no, it is not fully certayne. This is certayne, that although his submission was in the Byshops Register recorded,  
Commentary  *  Close

It is not in Bonner's register; it must have been recorded in a court book, which is now lost.

yet he was not deliuered out from imprisonment till the day of his burning. The articles first obiected and ministred vnto hym by the Bishop, were these.

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¶ Articles obiected and ministred to Richard Gibson by Boner Byshop of London.

Marginalia1. MarginaliaArticles agaynst Richard Gibson.FIrst, that the said Richard Gibson prisoner in þe Coūter in the Pultry in the Dioces of London, hath otherwise then became a faithfull Christian man and a good subiect of this Realme of England, behaued him selfe in wordes and deedes, in diuers conditions and pointes, contrary to the order, Religion, and fayth of Christes Catholicke Church, and contrary to the order of this Realme, to the pernitious and euil example of the inhabitauntes of the Citie of London, and the prisoners of the prison of the sayd Counter in the Pultry, and greatly to the hurt and dammage of his owne soule, offendyng especially in the Articles followyng. By reason wherof the said Richard Gibson was, and is of the iurisdiction of the sayd Byshop of London, and subiect to the sayd iurisdiction, to make aunswere to his offences and transgression vnder written, accordyng to the order of the law.

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Marginalia2.Secondly, that the sayd Richard Gibson hath vnreuerently spoken against the Pope, and Sea and Church of Rome, and likewise agaynst the whole Church of this Realme of England, and agaynst the vij. Sacramentes of the Catholicke and whole Church of Christendome, and agaynst þe Articles of the Christian fayth here obserued in this Realme of England, and agaynst the commendable and laudable ceremonies of the Catholicke Church.

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Marginalia3.Thirdly, that the sayd Richard Gibson hath commended, allowed, defended, and liked, both Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, and also all other heretickes here in this Realme of England, accordyng to the Ecclesiasticall lawes condemned for heretickes, and also liked all their hereticall and erroneous, damnable, and wicked opinions, especially agaynst the Sacrament of the altar, and the authoritie of the Pope and Sea of Rome, with the whole Religion therof.

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Marginalia4.Fourthly, that the sayd Richard Gibson hath comforted, ayded, assisted & mainteyned both by wordes and otherwise, heretickes and erroneous persons, or at the least suspected and infamed of heresies and errours condēned by the Catholicke Church, to continue in their hereticall and erroneous opinions aforesayd, fauouring and counsellyng the same vnto his power.

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Marginalia5. MarginaliaQ. Maries religion disproued.Fifthly, that the sayd Gibson hath affirmed and sayd that the Religion and fayth commonly obserued, kept, and vsed now here in this Realme of England, is not good nor laudable nor in any wise agreable vnto Gods word and commaundement.

Marginalia6. MarginaliaThe booke of Englishe seruice.Sixtly, that the sayd Gibson hath affirmed that the English seruice, and the bookes commonly called the bookes of Communion, or Common prayer, here set forth in this realme of England in the time of K. Edward the sixt, were in all partes and poyntes good and godly, and that the same onely and no other ought to be obserued and kept in this realme of England.

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Marginalia7. MarginaliaMattens, Masse, Euensong, refused.Seuenthly, that the sayd Gibson hath affirmed, that if he may once be out of prison and at liberty, he will not come to any parish church, or ecclesiasticall place to heare Mattins, Masse, Euensong, or any diuine seruice now vsed in this realme of England, nor come to procession vpon times and dayes accustomed, nor beare at any time any Taper, or Cādle, nor receiue at any time Ashes, nor beare at any time Palme, nor receiue Pax at Masse time, nor receaue holy water, nor holy bread, nor obserue the Ceremonies or vsages of the Catholicke church, here obserued or kept commonly in this realme of England.

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Marginalia8.Eightly, that the sayd 

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Foxe eliminated non-essential verbiage from this article in the 1570 edition.

Gibson hath affyrmed that he is not bound at any time, though he haue libertye, and the

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