Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
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2282 [2242]

Quene Mary. The counterfeite of B. Boner, scourging Gods Sainctes.

MarginaliaAn. 1558. July. The right Picture and true counterfeite of Boner, and his crueltie, in scourgyng of Gods Sainctes in his Orchard at Fulham.
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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
Bishop Bonner (who perhaps scarcely needed the label attached to his garden wall in this woodcut) is particularly vivid in his characterisation here as the fat unlaced figure of ridicule acting as master of devilish ceremony. There was no mistaking his outrageousness, as he beat the prisoner John Willes so hard that he wore out his willow scourge and turned to a birch one, drawing so much blood that even his attendants recoiled. This was a device used elsewhere by the illustrators, and here all eyes are averted from Bonner's actions - the two clerks confer on their own, the servants coming in with a fresh birch whip turn away, and the man whose job it is to hold down the unfortunate prisoner covers his eyes. Bonner, who died in 1569, was still alive when the first edition of the Acts and Monuments appeared, and according to John Harington's later story, when shown his picture in the work laughed and said, 'a vengeance on the foole, how could he get my picture drawn so right?' In conflating the accounts of this episode in the text the illustrators took some liberties, for instance with the 'lad' bringing the new birch rod, and the victim, Thomas Hinshaw - reported as aged 19 or 20 - both of whom appear older. They were ready to rise above the specifics of textual fidelity in order to produce an image of Bonner's personal cruelty on a par with the corporate cruelties of the persecuting 'true Catholic Church of Christ' (represented in the first woodcut of 'The Proud Primacy of Popes' series, 1570, sig. nnir; 1576, p. 756; 1583, 780. Play on Bonner's name added to the visual exploitation of his character. What good qualities could be found in this bishop who combined the role of ruthless persecutor with the rauncy as well as the pauncy Vice of old comedy fame? The point was made in a simple pun. 'Boner' for Bonner ('Bono' inscribed on the wall behind him - very much the contrary of its Latin meaning (bonus, good).

¶ In effigiem Boneri, carmen.

QVæ noua forma viri, quid virga, quid ora, quid aluus,
Pondera quid ventris, crassitiesq̀ velit?
Corpus amaxæum, distento abdomine pigrum
Rides, anne stupes lector amice, magis?
Vasta quid ista velint, si nescis pondera, dicam.
Nam nihil hic mirum venter obesus habet.
Carnibus humanis & sanguine vescitur atro,
Ducentos annis hauserat ille tribus.
Ergo quid hoc monstri est, recto vis nomine dicam?
Nomen nec patris, nec gerit ille matris.
Qui patre Sauago natus, 

Commentary  *  Close

This is an allusion to the widespread story that Bonner was the illegitimate child of a priest named Savage.

falsoque Bonerus
Dicitur, hunc melius dixeris Orbilium.

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¶ The same in Englishe. 
Commentary  *  Close

Note that this translation does not translate the final three lines of the Latin version, which denounced Bonner's alleged illegitimate birth.

MVse not so much, that natures worke
is thus deformed now,
With belly blowen, and head so swolne,
for I shall tell you how:
This Canniball in three yeares space
three hundred Martyrs slew:
They were his foode, he loued so bloud,
he spared none he knew.

It should appeare that bloud feedes fat,
if men lye well and soft:
For Boners belly waxt with bloud,
though he semde to fast oft.
O bloudy beast, bewaile the death,
of those that thou hast slayne:
In tyme repent, since thou canst not
theyr lyues restore agayne.

G. G.>

¶ In Bonerum.

CArnificis nomen debetur iure Bonero,
Quo sine Christicolas crimine mactat oues.
Certe carnificis immitis nomine gaudet,
Siq̀ isto peius nomine nomen, amat,
Carnificem vocitas? ridet. crudelia facta
Narras? reni gratam non facis ipse magis.
Det Deus vt sapias meliora Bonere, vel istis
Te feriant meritis munera digna præcor.

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¶ The scourging of Thomas Hinshaw. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. The account came from an individual informant, possibly Hinshaw himself.

MarginaliaThe storye of Thomas Hinshaw.IN the Godly number aboue mentioned, which were apprehended at Islington, there congregated together for theyr exercise of prayer and reading, was thys Thomas Hinshaw aboue named, a young mā of the age of xix. or xx. yeares, Prentise in Paules churchyard with one master Pugson. 

Commentary  *  Close

Passages here describing the arrest of other apprentices along with Hinshaw were deleted from the 1570 edition.

Who with the rest, was caryed to the Constables of Islington, and there euery one of them searched, and led forthwith to the chiefe Iustice M. Cholmley, MarginaliaMaster Cholmley iustice. dwelling in the olde Baily in London, and by him then the said Tho. Hinshaw was sent to Newgate, and there remayning prisoner without conference with any about eyght weekes, MarginaliaBoner, Harpsfield, and Cole.at the last was sent for to Boner B. of London, and by hym, Harpsfield & Cole examined. After which examination, he was sent to Newgate againe, where he remayned a three weekes following. Which time being ouer passed, he was sent for agayne before the sayd byshop, the day being Saterday, & with him had much talke to litle purpose. The next day after also, which was Sonday, they perswaded with him very much in like maner, and perceauing they could not bend him vnto theyr bowe, in þe afternoone, þe byshop going vnto Fulhā, toke him with him: where immediatly after his comming, MarginaliaHinshaw caryed to Fulhā, and there set in þe stockes with bread and water.he was set in the stockes, remayning there all the first night with bread and water.

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The next morning the byshop came and examined him himselfe, and perceauing no yelding to his minde, he sent M. Harpsfield to talke with hym: who after long talke, in the end fell to raging wordes, calling the sayd Thomas Hinshaw peuishe boy, and asked him whether he thought he went about to damne his soule, or no. &c. Vnto which the sayd Thomas aunswered, that he was perswaded that they laboured to maintayne theyr darke and deuilish kingdome, and not for any loue to truth. Thē Harpsfield being in a mighty rage, told the bishop therof. Wherat þe bishop fumed & fretted, that scant for anger being able to speake, he sayd: Doest thou answere my Archdeacon so, thou

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