Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
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2298 [2258]

Quene Mary. The Martyrdome of Nic. Burton in Spaine. Trouble of Ioh. Fronton in Spaine.

MarginaliaAn. 1558. Nouember.mentes were read and pronounced agaynst them. And immediatly after the sayd Sentences geuen, they were all caryed from thence to the place of execution without

the Citie, where they most cruelly burned hym, for whose constant fayth. God be praysed.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Nicholas Burton, with the maner of hys disguising, in Spaine. An. 1560. Decēb. 22. The maner of the Popish Spaniardes, in carying Nicolas Burton a blessed Martyr of Christ, after most spitefull sort, to the burnyng.
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The case of the English merchant Nicholas Burton, arrested and condemned by the inquisition in Spain, gave Foxe and his illustrators an opportunity to portray the evils of the papal inquisition. The bipartite woodcut shows the condemned riding ignominiously backwards on a donkey or mule, in a heretic's coat and hat adorned with devils, of the kind that medieval heretics such as Jan Hus (portrayed earlier in the Acts and Monuments) had had to wear. Also conspicuous is the inevitable malign friar, scrip at side, becowled, ugly visaged and holding forth, accompanied by a large posse of armed men (one with a ball and chain). In the distance is depicted the culmination of the proceedings, after the vast procession has reached the place of execution, where the martyr is collapsing into the fire, repeating in small the image so familiar in the pages of Foxe's book.

This Nicolas Burton by the way, and in the flames of fire made so chearefull a countenaunce, embracyng death with all pacience and gladnes, that the tormentours and enemyes which stode by, sayd that the Deuill had hys soule before he came to the fire, and therfore they sayd his senses of feelyng were past him.

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It happened 

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The entire account of Fronton is taken from Reginaldus Gonsalvus Montanus, A discovery and playne declaration of of sundry subtill practices of the holy Inquisition of Spayne, trans. Victor Skinner (London: 1568), STC 11996, fos. 59r-60v. A copy of this account appears in Foxe's papers as BL, Lansdowne MS 389, fos. 327r-332v.

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that after the Arrest of this Nicholas Burton aforesayd, immediatly all the goodes and Marchaundise which he brought with hym into Spayne by way of trafficke, were accordyng to their common vsage, seised and taken into the Sequester: among the which they also rolled vp much that appertayned to an other English Marchaunt, wherewith he was credited as Factour. Wherof so soone as newes was brought to the Marchaunt, aswell of the imprisonment of hys Factour, as of the Arrest made vpon his goods, he sent hys Atturney into Spayne with authoritie from hym, to make clayme to hys goodes, and to demaund them: whose name was MarginaliaThe trouble of Ioh. Fronton Citizen of Bristow, in Spaine.Iohn Fronton Citizen of Bristow.

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When his Atturney was landed at Siuill, and had shewed all his letters and writynges to the holy house, requiryng them that such goodes might be redeliuered into hys possession, aunswere was made hym that he must sue by Bill, and retaine an Aduocate (but al was doubtles to delay hym) and they, forsoth, of curtesie assigned him one to frame his Supplication for him, and other such Billes of petition, as he had to exhibite into theyr holy Court, demaundyng for ech Bill. 8. Rials, albeit they stode hym in mo more stead them if he had put vp none at all. And for the space of three or foure monethes this fellow missed not twise a day, attendyng euery mornyng and afternoone at the Inquisitours Palace, suing vnto them vpon hys knees for hys dispatch, but specially to the Byshop of Tarracon, who was at that very tyme chiefe in the Inquisition at Siuill, that he of hys absolute authoritie would com-

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maund restitution to be made therof: but the bootie was so good and so great, that it was very hard to come by it agayne.

MarginaliaNote the rauening extortion of these Inquisitors.At the length, after he had spent whole iiij. monethes in sutes and requestes, and all to no purpose, he receaued this answere from them, that he must shew better euidence and bryng more sufficient certificates out of England for proofe of his matter, then those which hee had already presented to the Court. Whereupon the partie forthwith posted to London, and withall speede returned to Siuill agayne with more ample and large letters testimonials and certificates, accordyng to their request, & exhibited them to the Court. Notwithstandyng, the Inquisitours still shifted hym of, excusing thē selues by lacke of leasure, and for that they were occupied in greater & more weighty affaires, and with such aunsweres delayed hym other iiij. monethes after.

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MarginaliaThe vile procedinges of the Inquisitors of Spaine.At the last, when the partie had welnigh spent all his money, and therfore sued the more earnestly for his dispatch, they referred the matter wholy to the Bishop. Of whom, when he repayred vnto hym, he had this aunswere: that for hym selfe he knew what he had to do: howbeit he was but one man, and the determination of the matter appertained vnto the other Commissioners as well as vnto hym: and thus by postyng and passing it from one to an other, the partie could obtaine no end of his sute. Yet for hys importunitie sake, they were resolued to dispatch hym, but it was on this sort: One of the Inquisitours called Gasco, a man very well experienced in these practises, willed the partie to resort vnto hym after dinner. The fellow beyng glad to heare these newes. and supposing that hys goodes should be restored vnto hym, and that he was called in for that purpose to talke with the other that was in prison, to confer with hym about theyr accomptes, the rather through a litle misunderstandyng,

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