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K. Edward the. 3. the Confessor. K. Edward the. 3. the Confessor.

and pleasures. And there (as some write) made promise to hym, that if he dyed without issue, the sayd William should succede hym in the kyngdome of England.

MarginaliaMarianus Scotus.When he liued.In this kynges reygne lyued Marianus Scotus the story writer. As concernyng the end of earle Godwyn, the cruell murderer of Alphred, and of the Normandes: although diuers histories diuersly do vary: Yet in this the most part do agree: that as he sat at the table wt kyng Edward at Wyndsore, it happened one of the cup bearers one of earle Godwyns sonnes to stumble, and recouer again, so that he dyd shead none of the drinke: wherat Godwyn laughed, and sayd: how the one brother had susteyned the other. With whiche wordes the kyng callyng to mind his brothers deth, þt was slain by Godwin: beheld þe Erle (saying) so should my brother Alfred haue holpē me, had not Godwyn bene. MarginaliaThe end & death of vngodlye Godwyn.Ex Iornalensi.Malmesberiensi.Polydoro.Fabiano. & alijs.Godwyn thē fearyng þe kynges displeasure to be newly kyndled, after many wordes in excusing hym selfe, sayd: So mought I safely swalow this morsell of bread, as I am giltles of þt deede. But as soone as he had receiued the bread, forthwith he was choked. MarginaliaGods iuste punishmēt vpon Godwyn, for the murthering of Alphred.Then the kyng commaunded hym to be drawn from the table, and so was conueyed by Harold hys sonne to Winchester, and there buryed.

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About þe xiij. yere of this kings reigne, þe said king Edward sent Aldred bishop of Worceter to the Emperour Henricus þe fourth: praying him, þt he would send to the kyng of Hungary, that his cosin Edward sonne of Edmund Yronside, might come to Englād: MarginaliaPeriurye plaged. Edward the outlaw, sonne of Edmond Yronsyde sent for to England.for so much as he intended to make hym kyng after hym, whiche was called Edward Outlaw. The which request was fulfilled, so that he came into Englād with his wife Agatha, and with hys children, to witte, Edgar Adelyng, Margarete, & Christina. But the yeare after his returne into the realme, MarginaliaThe death of Edward, sonne of Edmond Ironside.this Edward deceased at London, and was buryed at Westminster: or as Iornalensis sayth, at Paules church in Lōdon. After whose deceasse, the king thē receaued Edgar Adeling his sōne, as hys own child: thinking to make him his heyre. But fearyng partly the vnconstāt mutabilitie of the Englishmen, partly þe pride and malice of Harold the sonne of Godwine, & of other, (perceauing therby, that he could not bring that his purpose so well to passe) directed solēne Ambassadours vnto William duke of Normandy, his kynsman: MarginaliaWilliam Duke of Normandy admitted heire to the crowne.admittyng & assigning him to be hys lawfull heyre, next to succede after hym vnto the crowne.

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After þe death of Godwin, Harold his sonne waxed so in þe kyngs fauour: that he ruled þe most & greatest causes of the realme, & was lyfetenaunt of the kynges armey: Who with his brother Toston, or Tostius (sent by the kyng agaynst the Welchemen) subdued their rebellion. MarginaliaThe enuye and discord of brethrenBut afterward, such enuye grew betwen these two brethren, for that Tostius saw his brother Harold so greatly aduaunced in the kinges fauour, that at Herford, the said Tostius slew all his brothers men. Whom when he had cut in peeces, he poudered their quarters and mangled partes, in barrels of salt, vinaiger, wyne, and other liquores. That done, he made a power agaynst his brother Harold (beyng kyng) with the ayde of certayne Danes and Norgaynes, and fought a battaile with him in the North as after shall folowe (God willyng) to be sene. MarginaliaVngracious childrē of a wicked father.So vngratious were these wicked children of earle Godwyn: that if they had sene any fayre mātion or maner place: they would sley the owner therof with all hys kynred, and enter the possession therof themselues.

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At lēgth it came in the minde of this Harold to sayle ouer the sea (as Polydore sayth) into Normandy to see his brother Wilnotus, as also his cosine Hacus, whom the kyng had sent thether to be kept for pledges, as ye hard before. MarginaliaA place of Polydorus Virg. examined.Polydore sath these pledges were Tosto, & Byornon, but that can not be, for Tostius was then in Englād. But as Henricus archdeacon of Huntyngton sayth, his iorney was into Flaunders, as semeth more lyke. For it is not to be thought, that Harold who was adoer in the cruell murther of Alphred, and of the Normandes: would venter into Normandy, & therfore more lyke it is that his saylyng was into Flaunders. But, as the story procedeth: he being in the course of hys saylyng was wether dryuen by tempest into the prouince of Pountith, MarginaliaHarold taken of the Normandes.where he was taken as a prisoner, and sent to duke Williā of Normandy. To whom he was made to sweare, MarginaliaHarold promiseth Duke William to marrye hys daughter & to kepe the realm for his behofe.that he in tyme folowyng should mary hys daughter: and that after the death of kyng Edward, he should kepe the land of Englād to his behoue, according to the will and mynde of Edward (after some wryters) & so to lyue in great honour and dignitie next vnto hym in the realme. This promise faithfully made to þe duke, Harold returneth into England (wt his cousine Hacus the sone of his brother Suan9 beīg deliuered vnto him) But Wilnotus brother of Harold, þe duke kepeth still for performance of þe couenauntes. Thus Harold, I say, returnyng home, sheweth þe king al þt he had done in þe foresaid matters. Wherwith þe kyng was wel cōtented. Wherby it may be gathered, that kyng Edward was right well willyng that duke William should reygne after hym: & also semeth not vnlyke, but that he had geuen hym hys promise therunto before.

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MarginaliaErle Leofricus euer true and faythfull to hys prince.Among all that were true and trustye to kyng Edward of þe English nobilitie, none had like cōmendatiō as had Leofricus earle of Mercia and of Chester. MarginaliaHow Couentree was made free
Godina wife to Leofricus.
This Leofricus purchased many great liberties for the town of Couentry, and made it free of all maner thynges, except only of horse. Which freedome there was obtained by meanes of his wife Godina (by riding as þe fame goeth) after a straūge maner through þe towne. MarginaliaThe abbey of Couentre builded by Leofricus.Thys Leofric9 wt his wife Godina, builded also þe abbey of Couētrye, and indued the same with great landes & riches.

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MarginaliaEdward the outlaw.You heard a litle before, of the comming ouer of Edward called the outlawe, sonne of king Edmund Ironside: whom king Edwarde had purposed to haue made king after him. But soone after his comming ouer, he deceased at London. MarginaliaEdgar Adeling.
Margeret quene of Scots
Matilde quene of England.
Dauid king of Scottes.
This Edwarde had by hys wife Agatha, a sonne and a daughter called Edgar Adelyng, & Margaret. Which Margaret being maryed afterward to the king of Scots, was þe mother of Matild or Maude quene of England, and of Dauid king of Scots. &c.

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MarginaliaThe death of king Edward.This vertuous and blessed king Edward, after he had raygned. xxiij. yeares, and. vij. monethes, dyed and was buryed in the monasterye of Westminster: MarginaliaWestminster. repayred.which he had greatly augmented and repayred: but afterward was more inlarged after this forme which it hath now, by Henry the third sonne of king Iohn.

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MarginaliaGuliel. Malmesbir.
Ex Iornalen.
Ex historia Richardi. 2. iussu cōposita.
They that write the history of this king, here make mention of a dreame or reuelation that should be shewed to hym in tyme of his sicknes: how, that because the peeres and bishops of the realme were seruantes not of God, but of the deuyl: God woulde geue this realme to the hande of others. And whē the king desired vtterance to be geuen him, that he might declare the same to the people, whereby they might repent: It was answered agayne, that neyther would they so do, or yet if they dyd, it should be geuen to an other people. But because it is a dreame, I let it passe.

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MarginaliaThe lawes of king Edward.Diuers lawes were before in diuers countries of this realme vsed, as the law first of Dunuallo Molinucius, with the lawes of Marcia called Mercenelaga: thē the lawes of Westsaxon kinges, as of Iue, Offa, Alfred &c. which was called Westsaxenlaga. The thyrd were the lawes of Canutus and of Danes, called Danelaga. Of all these lawes which before were diuerslye in certayne particular countries vsed and receaued: thys Edward compiled one vniuersall and common lawe for all people through þe whole realme, which were called king Edwardes lawes: which lawes being gathered out of the best and chiefest of the other lawes, were so iust, so equall, and so seruing the publike profit & weale of all e-

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