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233 [218]

Schismes and cōtentions of Popes. Schismes and cōtentions of Popes. Actes and Monum. of the Church.

and at last through the operation of Sathan, was exalted to the papacy of Rome, vpon this condition, that after his death, he shoulde geue himselfe to the deuil, by whose procurement, he came to that promotion. Vpon a certayne tyme he demaunded an aunswer of the deuil, how long he should enioy his popedome? to whom he answered agayne: vntill thou say masse in Ierusalem thou shalt liue. At length the fourth yeare of hys popedome, saying masse at Lent time, in the temple of the holy cros beyng called then Ierusalem, there he knew þe time was come, when he should dye. Wherupon being stroke with repentaunce, confessed his fault openly before the people: desyring all men to cut his body all in pices (beyng so seduced by deceites of the deuil) and so beyng hewen in pieces, they would lay it vpon a cart, & bury it there, wheresoeuer the horses would cary it of their own accord. MarginaliaEx Ioan Stella.And so the saying is to be, þt by the prouidēce of God (wherby the wicked may learne yet hope of remission with God, so þt they wil repent them in their life) the horses of their owne accord staid at the church of Laterane, and there he was buried: where as cōmonly by the ratlyng of hys bones within the tombe, is portended the death of popes as the common report goeth. Thus muche of Ioannes Stella, concernyng Syluester. MarginaliaAn admonitiō for sorcerers, & wicked coniurers.By whom our sorcerers and inchaunters, or Magicians may learne to beware the deceitful operation of Satan: who, at the ende deceiueth and feustrateth all them, that haue to do with hym: as the end of all such doth declare commonly, which vse the like art or trade. The Lord and God of all mercye, through þe spirite of Iesus our redemer, dissolue þe works of Sathan, and preserue the hartes of our nobles, & of al other english men from such infection. Amen.

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MarginaliaThe feast of all soules brought into the church.After Syluester succeded Ioannes. xix. by whō was brought in (as Volaterane saith) the feast of all soules, an. 1004. through the meanes and instigatiō of one Odilo abbot of Cluniake, to be celebrate next after þe feast of all Sainctes. This monke Odilo, thinktyng that purgatory (as he heard) should be in the mounte Aetna: dreamed vppon a tyme in the countrey of Sicilie, that he by his masses had deliuered diuers soules from thence: saying moreouer, that he dyd heare the voyces and lamentations of deuils crying out, for that the soules were taken from them by masses and dirges funerall. Ex Bakenthorpo. in prolo. 4. lib. Sentēt. And not long after hym came Iohn the xx. and Sergius the fourth. After whom succeded Benedictus the viij. then Iohn the xxi. who being promoted by art magike of Theophilact his nephew, Gratianus, Brazutus, and other Sorcerers brought in fyrst the fast of the euen of Iohn Baptist and S. Laurence. MarginaliaBenedictus the ix.After him followed pope Benedictus þe ix. likewise aspiring to his papacy, by like magike: practising inchauntments and coniuration in woddes, after horrible maner. Who resistyng the Emperour Henricus. iij. sonne to Conradus, and placyng in his roome, Petrus the kyng of Hūgary with this verse. Petra dedit Romam Petro, tibi papa coronā: Afterward for feare of Henricus preuaylyng in battayle, he was faine to sel his seat to his successor Gratianus, MarginaliaGregorius the. vi.called Gregorius vi. for 1500. poundes. At which tyme were three popes together in Rome raignyng and ragyng one against an other, Benedictus. ix Siluester iij. and Gregorius. vi. For the which cause Henricus surnamed Niger, the emperour, commyng to Rome: displaced these iij. monsters at one tyme, placing for thē, Clemens ij: and thereupon inacting, MarginaliaA constitution no pope to be chosen but by the confirmation of the Emperour.that there should no byshop of Rome henceforth be chosen, but by the consente and confirmation of the Emperour. Which constitution though it was both agreable and also necessary for publike tranquillity of that citie, yet the Cardinalles would not suffer it long to stād, but dyd impugne it afterward by subtile practice and open violence, as in processe (the Lord permitting) shall appeare, in þe tyme of Henricus þe 4. and 5. In the tyme of this Clement, þe Romains made an othe to the Emperour, concerning the election of the MarginaliaPope Clemens the ii.bishops themselues to intermeddle no farther therein, but as the assent of the Emperour should go wyth all. Howbeit themperour departyng thence into Germany againe, by and by they forgot their othe, and within ix. monthes after poysoned the bishop. MarginaliaPope Damasus the ii.Which fact some impute to Stephan his successor called Damasus ij. Some impute it to Brazutus, who (as histories recorde) wythin xiii. yeares poysoned sixe popes, that is, Clemens ij. Damasus ij. Leo ix. Victor, ij. Stephan. ix. Nicolaus ij.

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Thus Clement beyng poysoned, after hym succeded Damasus, ij. neyther by consent of the people, nor of the emperour elected: but by force & inuasion, who also within xxiij. dayes beyng poysoned. an. M. xlix. much contention and striuyng began in Rome about the Papal seat. Wherupon the Romans, through the coūsel of the Cardinals, sent to the foresayd Emperour, desiring to geue them a bishop and so he did, MarginaliaPope Leo the. ix.whose name was Bruno an Almaine, and bishop of Collen, afterward called Leo ix. This Bruno being a simple man and easy to be led with euill counsel, commyng from the emperour towardes Rome in hys pōtifical apparel lyke a pope: meeteth him by the waye the abbot of Elimsake, and Hildebrande a Monke. Who seyng hym so in his pontificalibus, began to rate hym, laying to his charge, that he would so take his autoritie of the emperour, and not rather of the clergy of Rome and the people therof, as other his predecessors were wont to do: and so coūselled him, to lay down that apparel, and to enter in with his owne habite, til he had his election by them. Bruno followyng their counsel and confessing his fault before the clergie of Rome, obtayned their fauour, and so was nominate Leo. ix. wherby Hildebrand was made a cardinal, & put in high roome. Vnder this pope Leo were two coūcels, one kept at Vercellis, MarginaliaBerengarius recāted.where the doctrine of Berengarius against þe real substance in þe sacramēt was first condemned, although Berengariu yet recāted not, which neuertheles was done after in the councel of Laterane, vnder Nicolaus. ij. an. M. lx. MarginaliaConciliū Mogūtinū
Nauclerus Crantz.
The other was kept at Mogūtia, wher amōgst many other decrees was enacted, priestes to be excluded & debarred vtterly frō mariage. Item, that no lay men might geue benefice, or bishoprick, or any spiritual promotion. &c.

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This Leo beyng at Wormes wyth the emperour vpon Christenmas day, did excommunicate the subdeacō because in reading the epistle, he did it not in the Roman tune, he being there present. The achbishop moued therwith, departed from the altar (being then at masse) saying, he would not proceede no farther in his seruice, vnlesse his subdeacon were restored. Wherupon þe pope cōmaunded hym to be released, and so they went forwarde in their seruice.

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After the death of Leo, whom Brazutus poysoned the fyrst yere of his popedome. MarginaliaAlb. Crāz Saxo. li. 4. Cap. 45Theophilactus did stryue to be Pope: but Hildebrand to defeate him, wente to the emperour (partly also beyng sent by the Romaynes for feare of the emperours displeasure) MarginaliaPope Victor the ii.who assigned an other bishop, a Germaine, called Victor. ij. This Victor hauing a councel at Florence, deposed dyuers bishops and priestes, for simony and fornication. MarginaliaConcilium Florētinū.For simony, in that they tooke of secular men their dignities for money: for fornication, in that contrary to their canon, they were maried. &c. The second yeare of his papacye & litle more, this pope also followed his predecessors beyng poysoned by the foresayd Brazutus, through the procurement of Hildebrand his maister.

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MarginaliaPope Stephan the. 9.
The church of Millan fyrste brought vnder the church of Rome.
Here now began the church and cleargy of Rome to wring out of the emperours hand the electiō of the pope: electing Stephan þe ix. for pope, cōtrary to their othe & to the emperours assignmēt, Here was þe church of Millan fyrst brought to obedience of þe Romish church, by thys Stephanus þe ix. bishop of Rome. Who also shamed not to accuse themperour Henry (of whom mentiō is made

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