Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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347 [338]

K. Henry. 3. Straūgers expelled the realme. The doings of P. Jnnocent. Actes and Mon. of the church.

Marginalia1218.
Two shillings of euery plough land graunted to king Henry.
the commons was geuen and graūted agayne vnto the kyng ij. s. for euerye plowe land through England. And Hubert of Burgh was made chief iustice of Englād, of whose troubles more is to be sayd hereafter. And this was the iij. yeare of K. Hēry, & fiftie yeare after the death of Tho. Becket: MarginaliaTho. Becket shryned.wherfore, the sayd Becket, þe same yere or next folowing was taken vp & shrined for a new saint made of an old rebel. Thether came such resort of people of England & of Fraūce, þt the coūtrey of Kent was not sufficiēt to susteine thē. Ex histor. D. Scales. MarginaliaEx historia D. Scales.About þe same time Isabell the Kings mother was maried to the earle of March. MarginaliaW. Marshall dyeth and was buryed at the Temple.And William Mershall the good Earle dyed, whiche was the gouernour of the King and the realme, not without great lamentation of the people of Englād. Then was the Kyng committed to the gouernement of Peter bishop of Winchester. This noble Earle left behind him v. sonnes, and v. daughters.

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MarginaliaAn. 1219.
Aliens commaunded out of England.
The yeare next insuyng. an. 1219. Yt was ordeyned and proclaimed through all the land, that all aliens and foreners should departe þe realme: & not to returne to the same agayne: onely such excepted, as vsed traficke or traide of merchandise, vnder the Kynges sauf conduct. MarginaliaFaukes de Breute rebelleth agaynst K Henry.This proclamation was thought chiefly to be set forth for the cause to auoyde out of the land Faukes de Breute, Philippe de Markes, Engelardus de Ciconia, VVilliam earle Albemarke, Robert de veteri ponte, Brihene de insula, Hugo de Bailluel, Robert de gaugi, with diuers other straungers mo, whiche kept castels and holdes of the kinges agaynst his will. Of whom the foresayd Faukes was the principall, who had fortified and held the castell of Bedford, whiche he had by the gift of King Ihon, with might and strength agaynst the King and his power, nere the space of iij. monethes. Moreouer he went about to apprehēd þe Kynges iustices at Dunstable, but they beyng warned therof, escaped al saue Henry Braibrocke, whom he imprisoned in the said castle. The King hearing therof, and consultyng with his clergy and nobles, made his power agaynst the same. Which after long siege & som slaughter at length he obteyned, and hanged almost all þt were within, to the number of. 97. whiche was (as Parisiens. writeth) about the vij. or viij. yere of his reigne. Faukes þe same time was in Wales, who hearing of þe taking of þe castle, conueyed him self to the church of Couentry. At length submittyng him selfe to the Kynges mercy, vpon consideration of hys seruice done before to the kynges father, was dimitted to þe custody of Eustace byshop of London, and afterward being depriued of all his goods possessions & tenementes within the realme, was forced to perpetuall banishment, neuer to returne to England agayne. MarginaliaEx Parisiens.¶ Here (by the way) I fynd it noted in Parisiens. that after this foresaid Faukes, had spoyled & rased the church of S. Paule in Bedford, for the buildyng vp of his castle: the Abbase of Heluestue hearyng therof, caused the sword to be taken from the image of S. Paule standyng in the church, so long as he remayned vnpunished. Afterward, she hearing him to be committed to the custody of S. Paule in London, caused þe sword to be put in the handes of the image again. Mat. Parisiens. in vita. Henr. 3.

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Marginalia1220.
K. Henry crowned the second tyme at Westminster.
About this yeare the yong king þe second time was crowned again at Westminster, about which time begā þe new building of our lady church at Westminster. Shortly after Gualo þe legate was called home again to Rome. For þe holy father (as Mat. Paris. reporteth) beyng sicke of a spiritual dropsy, thought this Gualo (hauing so large occupying in englād) to be able sōewhat to cure his disease. And so that Legate returned wt all his bags wel stuffed, leauing Pandulphe behinde him to supplye that Bayllywike of his great graundfather the pope.

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MarginaliaPope Innocentus the third.The lyfe and Actes of Pope Innocentius the thyrde are partly described before, howe he intruded Stephan Langthō against the kings wil into the archbishoprike of Caunterbury, styrring vp also. lxiiij. Monkes of thesame church of Canterburye, priuily to woorke against the kyng. Moreouer howe he dyd excommunicate the said King as a publike ennemy of the church, so long as the said Kyng withstoode his tirannical doings: putting him and his whole kingdome vnder interdiction, for the space of sixe yeres and three monethes. And at length deposed and depriued him frō his scepter, keping it in his owne handes for fiue dayes. How he absolued all his subiectes from their due obedience and subiection vnto him. How he gaue away his kingdoms and possessions vnto Lewes the French kings sonne, commaunding the said Lewes to spoile him, both of landes and life. Wherupō, the king (being forsaken of his nobles, prelates, and commons) was inforced against his will to submit himselfe, and sware obedience vnto the pope: paying vnto him a yearely tribute of a thousand markes by yere, for receiuing his kingdom agayne, wherby both he and his successors after him were vassals afterward vnto the pope. MarginaliaThe councels of Laterene.
Almericus cōdemned.
And these were the apostolical actes of this holy Vicare in the realme of England. Moreouer he condemned Almericus a worthy learned man and a bishop, for an heretike, for teaching and holding against images. MarginaliaIoachim Abbas condemned.
Priuate tythes brought in.
Also he condemned the doctrine of Ioachim Abbas (whome we spake of before) for hereticall. This pope brought first into the church the paying of priuate tithes. He ordained the receyuing once a yere at Easter. Vnto the papall decretalles he added the decree, Omnis vtriusque sexus, &c. MarginaliaBel & cādle before the sacrament.Also the reseruation of the sacrament, and the going with the Bell, and light before the Sacrament was by him appointed. MarginaliaCanon of the masse authorised.
Transubstantiation
In the said councel of Laterane, he also ordayned that the Canon of the Masse should bee receyued with equall authoritie as though it had proceeded from the apostles themselues. He brought in trāsubstantiation, looke in the decretals. Titula i. De summa trinit. & fide Catholica, cap. firmiter credimus.

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MarginaliaMariage in the 3. degre receaued.Item, the said Innocentius the thirde, ordeyned that none should mary in the thirde degree, but onely in the fourth degree, and so vnder.

MarginaliaThe pope setteth kinges and Emperours together by the eares.The said pope stirred vp Otho against Philip the Emperour, because the said Philip was elected Emperour agaynst hys will. Vpon the occasion whereof followed much warre and slaughter in Germany. MarginaliaPhilip the Emperour deposedAnd afterward agaynst the sayd Otho, whom he had made Emperour, he set vp Frederick Kyng of Cicile, and caused the archbishop of Mayence to pronounce him excommunicate in all his titles, & be to deposed of his empire. For þe which cause þe princes of Germany did inuade his bishopricke, spoilyng and burning his possessiōs. MarginaliaOtho the Emperour deposed.The cause why the pope so did accurse and depose him, was for that the said Otho did take and occupy Cities, Townes, and castels, whiche the pope said pertained to him.

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MarginaliaThe counsell of Lateran.Item, the sayd Pope ordeined that if any prince offēded one another, the correction should appertaine vnto þe pope. In this councel of Lateran were Archbishops and primatres lxi. Byshops iiij. hundred, Abbotes xij. Priours and cōuentuals D. CCC. besides other Embassadours, Legates, Doctours, & Lawyers an innumerable sort. &c.

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MarginaliaMartyrs of Alsatia, to the number of an. 100. burned in one day.
Ex Herm. Mutio.
In the history of Hermānus Mutius, we read how in þe yeare of our Lord. 1212. in this popes tyme diuers noble men, and other in the countrey of Alsatia, cōtrary to the tradition of the Romishe popes did hold, that euery day was free for eating of fleshe, so it be done soberly. Also, þt they did wickedly whiche restreyned priestes and ministers frō their lawfull wyues, for þe which cause (as is in þe foresaid autor) by this pope Innocēt þe iij. & his bishops, an hundreth of thē in one day were burned, & Martired.

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MarginaliaCollectes sent frō the brethren of Millane, to them of. Alsatia.Some other histories (as Nauclerus) recordeth also, that at þe same time many were in þe city of Millane of þe sayd doctrine, whiche vsed to send collectes, vnto the foresayd sanctes of Alsatia. Ex Nauclero.

MarginaliaObseruant Friers began.In the Chronicle of Gualter Hemingford otherwise called Gisburnensis, it is recorded that in þe dayes of this

kyng
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