Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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442 [421]

K. Henry. 3. Peace betwene the king and the lorde.s.

to the Kyng, which stoutly had defended the same and resisted the Kyng: hauing pardon graunted both for hym and his, of his lyfe, landes, goodes, and cattels. MarginaliaAn other assemblie of the Barons at Axioline and discomforture of them.In whiche time also the barons agayn assembled, with Ihon Dayuile in the Ile of Axioline, and so proceded till they came to Lincolne: MarginaliaThe Iewes spoyled and slayne at Lyncolne.Which also they tooke, & spoiled the Iewes, and slue many of thē: And entring their Sinagoge teare and rent the booke of their law, and burnt the same, and all other writinges and obligations, whiche they could come by. Which thyng when the Kyng hard, he sent thether his sonne prince Edward: but as soone as they herd that, they fled into the Ile of Ely, and fortified the same with bulwarkes as strongly as they might, at euery entrance into the same. This was in the moneth of Aprill when Edward the kinges sonne came thether: Who for the great aboūdance of waters in the same, could by no meanes enter the Iland, till at the length by the counsel of the inhabitauntes of that prouince, MarginaliaThe Ile of Elye assaulted and entred by prince Edwarde.he caused with a nōber of workemen great trenches & diches to be made, somewhat to conuey away the water: And so long vsed he þe counsel of them, in makyng bridges with plankes & hurdles, till at the last they entred the Ilande. Who as soone as they were entred, þe barons fled to Lōdon, where they were of the Londiners well intertained. The rest whiche were in the Iland, yelded them selues (amongest whom was Roger Wake, Simon the yonger, and Peches) sauing their lyuers and members. MarginaliaThe King kepte out of london 40. dayes by the Barons and citecens.After this, both the King and Edward his sonne, came to London with a great power, but yet were kept oute of the citie, by the barons and citizens, for the space of 40. dayes. And Octobonus þe legate (who for feare was fled into the tower) they narrowly layd for that he should not escape. At the lēgth by the intreatie of the earle of Glocester, and other earles that were his friendes: both the barons and the citizens were pardoned, and admitted to the Kynges fauour. MarginaliaA peace concluded betwen the barons and the Kyng.And 4. bishops and 8. other noble men were chosē, such as were at Couentrey first nominated: that they should order and dispose all matters, betwene the Kyng and such as had lost their inheritaunce, as also the forme of their peace and raunsome. And a proclamation was made vpon the feast of all saintes, of perfect peace & concorde through all the realme.

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The. 52. yeare of this king Henries raygne. 8. dayes after the feast of saint Martin, he helde a parliament at Marlberge in the yere of our lord aboue recited: MarginaliaThe statuts of Merlberge made at that parlament
A conuocation holden at London by Octobonus the popes legat
where, by the aduise of wyse and discrite men, and with all the consentes of the nobles, he ordayned and enacted diuers good and profitable statutes for the reformation & bettering of the state of the realme and execution of common iustice, which are called the statutes of Merleberg. The same yere vpō saint Gregories day, Octobonus the Legat called a councel at London, wher were fiue archbishops, and a great number of bishops, Abbots, and other Prelates: which councell also, wythin three dayes brake vp agayne.

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The same yeare vpon saint Iohns day the Baptist, Edward the kinges sonne and diuers other noble men of England tooke vpon them the crosse by the Legates handes at Northampton, to the reliefe of the holy land, and the subuersion of the enemies of the crosse of Christ. 

Commentary  *  Close
Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaThe legates departyng out of England.Whyche done, the Legate the same yeare went out of England, not purposing after that to returne agayne. This holy Legate (sayth myne autor) which might well be resembled to Lynx the monstrous beast, whose quick sight penetrateth euery thing: MarginaliaValuation taken of all churches by Octobonus the popes legatenrolled to perpetual memory the valuation of all the churches in the realme of England so narrowlye, as by anye meanes possible hee might inquire the certaynty therof. MarginaliaPensions out of cathedral and couentual churches payd to the popes clearkes.The same was hee, that made all the Cathedrall & Couentuall churches to pay pēcions: so þt those churches which gaue not the vacancie of their benefices to their clarkes and strangers, should pay vnto them a certain yearely pencion duringthe vacancie of the benefices whych they shoulde haue.

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MarginaliaPope Clement 4. dyeth.
Pope Gregorye the 10.
The same yeare dyed Pope Clement. 4. after whose death the church of Rome was. ij. yeares vacant: & then was chosen an archdeacon Cardinal, whose name was Theardus, as he was taking his iourney into the holy land, and called hym Gregory the. 10.

MarginaliaThe mariage of prince Edward.Then also did prince Edward take to wyfe the earle of Albemarke his daughter, and þe Neece of the earle of Glocester: at which mariage was the king and queene, and all the nobility of England. MarginaliaEdward the kyng and confessour shriuedThe same yeare was the body of saint Edward the king and Confessour, by Walter Gifford archbishop of Yorke and other bishops intombed in a newe and rich Schrine of gold and siluer, beset with precious stones, in the presence of Henrye the king of England: In which yeare also fell great rayne and inundacion of waters, such as hath not lightly bene sene, whych increased and continued the space of fortye dayes and more.

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The same yeare dyed Walter de Lawile bishop of Sarum the third day before the nones of Ianuarye. After whom succeeded Maister Robert of Northampton the Deane of the same church. And because the see of Cāterbury was thē vacant, he was confirmed by the chapter of Canterbury: which chapter had alwayes the iurisdiction in spiritual causes, during the vacancy of that see, in as ample maner as the bishop himselfe had beyng alyue. MarginaliaThe bishop of Cant. put from his consecratiōAfter thys, the bishop elect comming thether, thinking to haue had hys consecration, was notwythstanding put backe for twoo causes: one was, for that there was present thē, no more but one bishop: the other was, for that al the other bishops had appealed, that he might not be consecrated to their preiudice, that is, by the autoritie of the chapter of Canterburye, saying that they would not be vnder the obedience of the Monkes.

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After thys, when solemne messengers wer for thys cause sent to the Cardinals of Rome, for that then the see of Rome was vacant: receaued answer, that duryng the vacation of that see, that the confirmation and consecration of the bishop elect, pertayned to the foresaid chapter of Canterbury.

MarginaliaThe death and slaughter of Lord Richard the kinges son of Almain at Viterbium.The same yeare also was the lord Henrye the sonne and heire of the lord Richard king of Almayne, and brother to king Henry the third: slayne at Viterbium, in a certayne chappel hearing Masse, by the lord Simon and Guido, the sonnes of the lord Simon Mountfort Earle of Leciter.

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During this kings raygne, there was made a great & generall expedition of sundry & diuers Christian princes to Ierusalē, taking vpon thē the lordes character, þt is the cros: amōg whom also was Edward the kings son one, to the which expedition was graunted him a subsidie throughout all the realm. MarginaliaAn 1270And in the moneth of May the yeare of our Lord. 1270. or as sayth Florilogus, an. 1269. he set forward on this iourny.

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MarginaliaThe death of Boniface arch. of Cant.About the tyme whan prince Edward was preparing his iourney toward Asia, Boniface the Archbish. of Cant. ended hys lyfe, in the countrey of Sebandia, going belike to Rome or comming thence. After whose death, MarginaliaAdam Chelladene elected archb. of Cant.the monkes of Cant. proceding to a newe election graunted by the king, agreed vpon the Prior of their house named Adam Chelendene. But the king and his sonne prince Edward consenting and speaking in the behalfe of Robert Burnell their chaūceller: did sollicite the matter with the monkes, partly entreating, partlye threatning them, to chuse þe sayd Rob. to be archbishop. MarginaliaAppellation from the kyng to the pope by the monkes of Cant.Notwithstanding the monkes being stoute, would neyther relente to their courteous request, nor yet bowe to their boysterous threates, but constantlye persisting in their former election, appealed from the king and prince to the pope. Prince Edward being now on his iorney, & seing himselfe thus frustrated of the monkes, writeth backe to the king his father: deuoutlye praying and be-

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sechyng
O.i.
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