Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
532 [532]

K. Edw. 3. Armachanus A sermon of N. Orem before the pope.

MarginaliaWhether the Friers make vp the body of Antichrist or not.All these thynges well considered, now remayneth in the church to be marked: that for somuch as these Friers (with their new found testament of Frier Frauncis) not beyng contented with the testament of God in his sonne Christ, began to spryng the same tyme, when as Satan was prophesied to be let loose, by the order of the Scripture: whether therfore it is to be doubted, that these Friers make vp the body of Antichrist, which is prophecied to come in the churche, or not: so much more to be doubted, because who so lyst to try, shal finde, that of all other enemyes of Christ, of whō some be manifest, some be priuie, all be together cruel: yet is there no such sorte of enemyes, whiche more sleightly deceaueth the simple Christian, or more deepely drowneth hym in damnation, then doth this doctrine of the Friers.

[Back to Top]

But of this Oration of Armachanus enough 

Commentary  *  Close

The remaining biographical material on Fitzralph and the descriptions of those who oppossed him all come from Bale, Catalogus, p. 445.

. Which Oration what successe it had with the pope, by story it is not certein. By his own lyfe declared, it appeareth, that the Lord so wrought, that his enemies did not triumphe ouer hym. MarginaliaThe death of godly Armachanus.Notwithstāding, this by story appeareth, that he was vij. or viij. yeares in banishmēt for the same matter 
Commentary  *  Close

Fitzralph died in Avignon (three, not seven or eight years) after he made his final voyage there, but he was not in exile. Rather he was prosecuting his case in the papal court against the mendicant orders.

, & there dyed in the same at Auinion. MarginaliaThe testimonie of a Cardinall vpon Armachanus.Of whom a certeine Cardinall hearyng of hys death openly protested, that the same day, a myghty pyller of Christes churche was fallen.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaEx chron. reg. Richard. 2.After the death of Armachanus, the Friers had contētion lykewise wt the monks of Benedictes order, about þe same yere. 1360. & so remoued their cause both agaynst the monkes and against the vniuersitie of Oxford, vnto the court of Rome, wherein sayth the autor, they lacked an other Richard. Ex Botonero. MarginaliaFryers against the Vniuersitie of Oxford.By thys appeareth to be true, whiche is testified in the fyrste tome of VVald. that long debate continued betwene the Friers and the vniuersity of Oxford: MarginaliaEnglish writers against the Friers.Agaynst whom fyrst stoode Robert Grostede Bishop of Lincolne, aboue mencioned: Thē Seuallus of Yorke. Afterward Ioannes Bachothorp, and now thys Armachanus, of whom here presently we do entreate. And after him agayne Iohn Wyckleffe, of whom (Christ wyllyng) we wil speak hereafter. Ex vvaldeno MarginaliaFriers that wryte against Armachanus.Agaynst thys foresayd Armachanus wrot diuers friars, Roger Conewey a Franciscan, Iohn Heyldesham Carmelite, Galfridus Hardeby frier Augustine. Also Frier Engelbert a Dominican, in his booke intituled, Defensorum priuilegiorum, and diuers other. MarginaliaTestified by certayne Englishmē which are alyue haue it.I credibly heare of certayne old Irish Bibles translated long synce into the Irysh tong, which if it be true, it is not other lyke, but to be the doing of this Armachanus 

Commentary  *  Close

This information about the Irish Bibles is Foxe's own addition to the account, as is his completely unfounded surmise that Fitzralph had something to do with them.

. And thus much of thys learned prelate and Archbishop of Ireland, a man worthy for hys Christian zeale, of immortall commendation.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaPope Vrbane. 5
1360.
Vrbane cōplayneth that no promotion would fall vpon hym.
After the death 

Commentary  *  Close
Nicholas Oresme

Foxe’s version of the sermon of Nicole Oresme is taken entirely from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Strasbourg, 1562), pp. 512-519. Nicole Oresme (c. 1320-1382) was a cleric and scholar, most famous today for his writings on mathematics, astronomy and economics. He was also a protégé of Charles V and John the Good. In preaching this sermon to Urban V, Oresme was preaching to the choir; Urban vigorously tried to reform the abuses Oresme described. Ironically, the more reform-minded medieval clerics denounced ecclesiastical abuses, the more they supplied Foxe and Flacius with material to characterize the papacy and the medieval church as inherently evil.

[Back to Top]

Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

of this Innocent, next was poped in the see of Rome pope Vrbane the fyft: who by the fathers syde was an English 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is taking his account of Urban V from Bale, Catalogus, pp. 437-8. Guillaume de Gimoard, who became Urban V, was a Frenchman with a distinguished career as a scholar and a diplomat. Because England, at this time controlled much of what is now south-western France, Guillaume’s father was an English subject, but he was not English.

[Back to Top]
man. This Vrbane had ben a long waiter in the court of Rome 
Commentary  *  Close

At this time, the papal court was in Avignon, not Rome.

: and when he sawe no promotion would light vpon hym, complayning to a certaine friend of his, made to him his mone, saying: That he thought verely, if all the churches of the world should fall, yet none would fall vpō his head. The which frende after seing him to be pope, and inthronised in his threefold crowne, commeth to him, and putting hym in remembraunce of his wordes to him before sayth: MarginaliaAn answer agayne to Vrbane being made pope.that where his holynes had moned his fortune to him, that if al the churches in the world would fall, none would fall vpon his head: Nowe (sayth he) God hath otherwyse so disposed, that all the churches in the world are fallen vpon your heade. &c.

[Back to Top]

This pope mayntained 

Commentary  *  Close

This description of the wars of Urban V comes from Sabellicus, in his Enneads (see Sabellicus, Opera omnia [Basel, 1560], cols. 817-21). Bale had referred to this account (Catalogus, p. 438), but he had not provided the details. Foxe felt that the issue of papal territorial aggression was sufficiently important for him to look up Bale’s source for himself.

[Back to Top]
and kindled great warres in Italy, sending Egidius his Cardinall and Legate 
Commentary  *  Close

This is Cardinal Gil Álvarez Caurillo de Albornoz, whom Pope Urban V placed in charge of restoring papal control over the papal territories in Italy. While the papacy was in Avignon, its control over central Italy had been lost..

, and after him Arduinus a Burgundian his legate & Abbot with a great puisance and muche money agaynst sundry cities in Italy: MarginaliaEx Sabel. Enead. 9. lib. 8.By whose means, the townes and cities which before had broken from the bishop of Rome, were oppressed: also Bernabes and Galeaceus princes of Millane, vanquished. By whose example other beyng MarginaliaHow the church of Rome came by their royall possessions.sore feared, submitted thē selues to the church of Rome. And thus came vp that wicked church to her great possessions, which her patrones would needes father vpon Constantine the godly emperour 
Commentary  *  Close

This description of the wars of Urban V comes from Sabellicus, in his Enneads (see Sabellicus, Opera omnia [Basel, 1560], cols. 817-21). Bale had referred to this account (Catalogus, p. 438), but he had not provided the details. Foxe felt that the issue of papal territorial aggression was sufficiently important for him to look up Bale’s source for himself.

[Back to Top]
.

[Back to Top]

In the time 

Commentary  *  Close

Everything that follows to the end of Oresme’s sermon is a direct translation of Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Strasbourg, 1562), pp. 512-519.

of this pope Vrbane the fift, and in the second yeare of his raygne, about the beginning of the yeare of our Lord. 1364 
Commentary  *  Close

Actually 1363.

. MarginaliaNicholaus Orem.I fynde a certaine sermon of one Nicolaus Orem, made before the pope and his Cardinals on Christenmas euen. In the which sermon, the learned man doth worthely rebuke the prelats & priests of his time, declaring their destruction not to be far of, by certayne signes taken of their wycked and corrupt lyfe. All the sayinges of the prophets spoken agaynst the wicked priests of the Iewes, he doth aptly apply against the Clergy of his time, comparing the church then present to the spirituall strumpet spoken of in. xvi. of the prophet Ezechiel. And proueth in conclusion the clergye of the church then, to be so much worsse then the old Synagoge of the Iewes, by how much it is worse to see the church and sacraments, then to suffer Doues to be sold in the church. With no lesse iudgemēt also and learning he answereth to the old and false obiectiō of the papysts: who albeit they be neuer so wicked, yet thinke thēselues to be the churche, which the Lorde cannot forsake. All which thinges to thentent they may the better appeare in his own words, I haue thought here to translate and exhibite the Sermon as it was spoken before the pope.

[Back to Top]
¶ A copy of a sermon made before pope Vrbane. v. the fourthe sonday in Aduent. 1364. by Nicol. Orem.

MarginaliaA Sermō made before the popeIVxta est salus mea, vt veniat, et iustitia. &c. that is: My sauing health is neare at hand to come, and my righteousnes to be reuealed. &c. Esay. 56. MarginaliaEsay. 56.
The world deuided into two sortes of men before the incarnation of Christ.
After the sentence of S. Paule Rom. 2. and in diuers other places, before the natiuitie of Christ: þe whole world was diuided into two sortes of men, the Iewes and Gentils. The Iewes who wayted for the opening of the doore of Paradise, by the bloud of the sauiour to come. The Gentiles, who yet sitting in darkenes, were to be called to light, and to be iustified by faith, as is written. Rom. 5.

[Back to Top]

This saluation pertaynyng both to the Iewe and Gentile, God promised before time to the fathers by the prophets, to styr vp the desyre thereof in their hartes the more, and to increase their firme hope and fayth in the same. As fyrst in Mich. 6. the voyce of the Lord crieth: Health and saluation shall be to all mē which feare my name. And Esay. xlvi. I wil geue in Sion saluation, and in Ierusalem my glory. &c. with diuers suche other places lyke. MarginaliaRom. 12.And forsomuch as hope manye times whych is deferred, doth afflict the soule, and conceiueth wearines of long deferring: He therefore prophesieng of the nerenes of the comming therof, sayth moreouer. Esay. xliij. his time is neare at hand to come. Also Abac. ij. He wyll come, and will not tary, with manye suche other places mo. So then the holy fathers being in Limbo, loked and hoped that he should bring out them that sat boūde, and which in the house of prison sat in darkenes, as is redde Esay. xli. Then the time drew on, in which came the fulnes of the Gentiles, and in which the lord would declare the riches of this mistery being hidden from the worlde, and from generations, Colos. 1. Wherfore the Lorde in this text doth both certifie our fathers of the commyng of our sauiour, & doth comfort them touching the nearenes thereof, and also teacheth the iustification of the Gentiles by fayth aproching now neare at hand, according to the woordes of my text, Iuxta est, salus mea. &c. Which wordes were fulfilled then, what tyme the lord did make manifest hys saluation, and dyd reueale hys righteousnes in the sight of all the Gentiles. MarginaliaDiuision.And is deuided in three partes. Of which the fyrst speaketh of the nearenes of hys comming, where is sayd, Iuxta est salus. &c. MarginaliaIuxta est.The second concerneth the mistery of the aduēt

[Back to Top]
of Christ
X.iiij.
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield