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540 [540]

K. Edward. 3. Confessors and Martirs. Variance for crosse bearing.

siencis inserted in hys booke De erroribus Christianorum. MarginaliaHenricus de Haßia.In the same epistle, the autor doth greatlye accuse the spirituall men of euery order, yea and the most holyest of all other the pope himselfe, of many and great vices. He sayd, that the ecclesiasticall gouernors in the primatiue church, were compared to the sunne shining in the day tyme, and the politicall gouernours, to the Moone, shining in the night. But the spirituall men he said, that now are, do neyther shine in the day tyme, nor yet in the night time, but rather with their darkenes doo obscure both the day and night, that is: with theyr filthy liuing, ignoraunce, and impietye. He citeth also out of the prophesie of Hildegardis these wordes: Therefore doth the deuill in him self speake of you priestes: Dainty bankets and feastes, wherein is all voluptuousnes do I fynde amongest these men: In somuche that myne eyes, myne eares, my belly, and my vaynes, be euen filled wyth the froth of them, and my brestes stand astrut with the ryches of them. &c. Lastly sayth he, they euerye daye more and more as Lucifer did, seeke to clymbe hygher and hygher: tyll that euerye daye with hym more and more, they fall deeper and deeper.

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MarginaliaThe citizēs of Moguntia.About the yeare of our Lord. 1390 

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The following examples of the persecution of members of the True Church (as Foxe saw it) came from Bale, Catalogus, pp. 207, 259, 359 and 500.

. there were burned at Bringa 36. Citizens of Moguntina, for the doctrine of Waldenses, as Brushius affirmeth: which opinion was nothyng contrary to that they helde before, wherein they affirmed the Pope to be that great Antichrist, which should come: Vnles peraduenture, the pope semed then to be more euidently conuicted of Antichristianitie thē at any other time before, he was reueled to be.

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MarginaliaA briefe rehersall of such as were put to death for holding against the bishop of Rome before the tyme of Wikliffe.For the lyke cause, many other beside these, are to be found in stories, which susteyned þe lyke persecutiō by the pope, if laysure would serue to peruse all that might be searched. As where Masseus recordeth of diuers to the nūber of 140, whiche in the prouince of Narbone chose rather to suffer what so euer greuous punyshement by fire, then to receaue the decretals of the Romish church, contrary to the vpright truth of the Scripture.

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What should I here speake of the 24. whiche suffered at Paris. an. 1210? Also in the same autor is testified that an. 1211. there were 400. vnder the name of heretiques burned, 80. beheaded: Prince Armericus hanged, and the Lady of the Castle stoned to death.

Moueouer, in the Chronicles of Houedon, and of other writers bee recited, a meruelous noumber, whiche in the countreis of Fraunce, were burned for heretiques. Of whome., some were called Publicanes, some Catharites, some Paterines, and other by others names. What their assertions were, I finde no certeine reporte worthy of credite.

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MarginaliaEchardus a friar burned.In Tritenius is signified of one Eckhardus 

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In 1329, Pope John XXII condemned seventeen of Eckhart's teachings as heretical and eleven as suspicious. But Eckhart was never condemned as a heretic.

a Dominican Friar, who not long before Wicleffes tyme, was condēned and suffred for heresie at Hedelberge. an, 1330. who as he differeth not much in name, so may he be supposed to be the same, whom other do name Beghardus, and is sayd to be burned at Erphord.

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Of Albingenses because sufficient mention is made before of whom a great number were burned about the tyme of kyng Ihon, I passe them ouer.

MarginaliaAn Heremite disputing agaīst the popes sacramentsLykewyse I let passe the heremite, of whom Ihon Bacon maketh relation in his 2. Dist. Quest. 1. Who disputyng in Paules churche, affirmed that those Sacramentes, whiche were then vsed in the churche: were not instituted by Christ. an. 1306. MarginaliaRanulfus.Peraduenture it was the same Ranulfus, mentioned in the floure of histories, and is sayd to dye in prison: for the tyme of them doth not much differ.

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In Boetius, why the pope should so much commend a certaine kyng, because for one mā, he had slayne 400. cuttyng away the genitals frō the rest, I can not iudge, except the cause were þt, whiche the pope calleth heresie.

But to let these thynges ouerpasse that be vncer-certaine, because neither is it possible to comprehend all them which haue withstand the corruption of the popes see: neither haue we any such firme testimonie left of their doyngs, credibly to stay vpon: We will now (Christ willing) conuert our story, to thynges more certayn and vndoubted, groundyng vpon no lyght reportes of feble credite, nor vpon any fabulous legendes without autoritie: But vpon the true and substancial copies of the publique recordes of the realme, remainyng yet to be seen vnder the kynges most sure and faythfull custody. Out of the which recordes 

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Parliament Rolls

This section of the Acts and Monuments consists almost entirely of extracts taken from the Parliament Rolls in the Tower Records, of legislation enacted in the reign of Edward III curtailing papal jurisdiction over the English Church. (SeeRotuli Parliamentorum, ed. J. Strakey et al., 6 vols [London, 1783], II, pp. 143-5, 153-4, 162-3, 225, 228, 283-5, 289-90, 337-9 and 363-70). Foxe's purpose in presenting these documents was to demonstrate that papacy had placed an intolerablefinancial burden on the English and also to present Edward III as an examplar of the good monarch who fought papal attempts to 'usurp' royal power.

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Thomas S. Freeman
University of Sheffield

, MarginaliaEx Archiuis Regiæ Maiestatis.such matter appeareth agaynst the popish church of Rome, and against his vsurped autoritie, such open standing and crying agaynst the sayde see, and that not priuely, but also in open parleament, in the dayes of thys king Edward the third: that neyther will the Romish people of this our age easelye thinke it to be true whē they see it, neyther yet shall they bee able to deny þe same, so cleare stādeth þe force of those records

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Ye heard a litle before, pag. 476. howe Iohn Stratford archbishop of Canterburye, beyng sent for and required by the king to come vnto him, refused so to doo. MarginaliaParcial dissimulacion in our histories of the church of England.What the cause was why he denyed to come at þe kings sending, is neither touched of Polidore Virgil, nor of any other monkish chronicler, writing of those actes and times. Whose part had bene, faythfully to haue dispensed the simple truth of thinges done to their posteritie. But that which they dissemblingly and coulorably haue concealed, contrary to true law of storye, the true cause therof we haue found out by the true parlament roles, declaring the story thus.

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MarginaliaEx anno 6. Reg. Edouardi 3. titulo. 1.King Edward the third, in the. vj. yeare of his raign, hearing that Edward Bailol had proclaymed hymselfe kyng of Scotland: Required counsel of the whole estate to wyt, whether were better for him to assayle Scotlād, and to clayme the demesing or demeynes of the same: or els by making him partye to take his aduauntage. And thereby to enioy the seruice, as other his Auncesters before him had done. For this cause he sommoned a parlament of all estates to meete at Yorke, about the begynning of December. Where the king was alredy come, wayting for the cōming of such as were warned therūto. For the want of whose cōming, the parlamēt was reiourned tyl Monday, and from thence to Tuesday next ensuing. But forsomuch as most of the states were absent, the assembly required the continuance of the parlament, vntil the vtas 

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Utas or Utaves are a form of the word octaves; that is, the eighth dayfrom a religious feast day.

of S. Hillary 
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I.e., 20 January 1332.

then ensuing at York, which was graūted. And so a new sommons was especially awarded to euery person with especial charge to attend, so that the affayres of the kyng & the realme might not be hindered, because of the debate betwene the archbishop of Cant. and Archbishop of Yorke, for the superiour bearing of theyr crosse.

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MarginaliaThe Archbyshop of Cant. came not to the parlament at Yorke, and all for bearing the crosse.In conclusion, for all the kinges sommoning, none other of all the clergy came, but onely the archbishop of Yorke, the bishop of Lincolne, and of Carliel, and Abbots of Yorke and Seleby. So that hereunto came not the archbishop of Canterbury, nor any other of his prouince, and all for bearing the crosse. Whereby the same was not onelye a losse to the oportunitie to Scotlande: but also an importable charge to the whole estate by a new reassemblye. And thus muche out of the recordes. Whereby thou mayest easelye iudge (prudent Reader) what is to bee thought of these pope holye catholique churchmen (being of the Popes broude and setting vp) whom such friuolous causes of contention styrre vp to such disquietnes, both among them selues, and also to such disobedience agaynst their prince: excuse them who can. Ex an. 6. Regis Edwardi. 3.

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MarginaliaEx Anno. 17. Reg. Edouardi 3. tit. 39.It foloweth moreouer in the same recordes, concerning the abandoning of the popes prouisions: how that the commons finde great default at prouisions cōming from Rome, whereby straungers were enabled wythin

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