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1060 [1059]

K. Henry. 8. Notes of Tonstals Sermon against the popes supremacie.

shyp, the Aungell sayd vnto hym: See thou doe not so, for I am the seruaunt of God as thou art. Giue adoration and godly worshyp to God, and not to me. Here it appeareth, that the Byshops of Rome sufferyng all men prostate before them to kysse their feete (yea the same Princes, to whom they owe subiection) MarginaliaThe pope exalted aboue Angels. do clyme vp aboue the starres and Aungelles too, offeryng their feete to be kyssed, with shoes and all. For so I saw my selfe 

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This claim appears at p. 51 of the 1823 edition. Tunstal studied law at the university of Padua (earning his doctorate there) so the claim is not unlikely.

beyng present. xxxiiij. yeare ago, when Iulius then Byshop of Rome stode on his feete, and one of his chamberlaynes held vp hys skyrt because it stode not (as he thought) with hys dignitie, that hee should doe it hymselfe, that his shoe might appeare, whyles a noble man of great age dyd prostrate hym selfe vpon the grounde, and kyssed hys shoe: whiche hee stately suffered to be done, as of duety. Where me thinke I saw 
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Acts 10.25-6. Tunstal is making a juxtaposition between the Cornelius-Peter interaction from the bible story and the real life scenario of Peter (as embodied by pope Julius II) receiving visitors.

Cornelius the Centurion, Captaine of the Italians bande, spoken of in the tenth Chapiter of the Actes, submittyng hym selfe to Peter, and much honouryng hym: but I saw not Peter there to take hym vp, and to byd hym ryse, saying: I am a man as thou art, as S. Peter dyd say to Cornelius: so that the Byshops of Rome, admittyng such adoration due vnto God MarginaliaThe Pope climeth aboue the Apostles. do clime aboue the heauēly cloudes, that is to say, aboue the Apostles sent into the worlde by Christ, to water the earthly and carnall hartes of men, by their heauenly doctrine of the word of God.

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Thus Byshop Tonstall hauyng described the passing pride of the Pope, surmountyng lyke Lucifer, aboue Byshops, Apostles, Aungels, and starres of heauen, procedyng then further to the latter end of his Sermon, commeth to speake of his rage and malice most furious and pestilent, in that he beyng iustly put from his kyngdome here: MarginaliaThe Pope stirreth vp warre agaynst Englād. to wreke his spitefull malice, styrreth vp warre against vs, and bloweth the horne of mischief in giuyng our land for a spoyle and praye to all, who soeuer at his settyng on, will come and inuade vs. But let vs heare his owne wordes preachyng to the kyng and all Englishmen, touching both the popes malice, MarginaliaThe treason of Cardinall Poole. and the treason of Cardinall Poole.

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Now (sayth he) because he can no longer in this realme wrōgfully vse his vsurped power in all thinges, (as he was wont to do) and sucke out of this realme by auarice insatiable, innumerable summes of money yearely, to the great exhaustyng of the same: he therfore moued & replete with furious ire & pestilent malice, goeth about to styrre all Christē natiōs, that will geue eares to his deuilish enchauntements, to moue warre agaynst this realme of England, geuing it in pray to all those, that by his instigation will inuade it.

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And here expoundyng these foresayd wordes (to giue in pray) hee declareth what great mischief they conteyne, and willeth euery true Englishman well to marke the same. MarginaliaThe Pope geueth England away for a pray. First to make this realme (sayth he) a pray to all venturers, all spoylers, all snappehaunses, all forlornehopes, all cormorantes, all rauenoures of the world, that will inuade this Realme, is to say: thou possessioner of any landes of this Realme, of what degree soeuer thou be, from the highest to the lowest, shalt be slayne and destroyed, and thy landes taken from thee by those that will haue all for them selues: and thou mayest be sure to be slayne, for they will not suffer thee, nor none of thy progeny to lyue, to make any clayme afterward or to be reuenged, for that were their vnsurety. Thy wife shalbe abused before thy face: thy daughter likewise defloured before thee: thy children slayne before thyne eyes: thy house spoyled: thy cattell driuen away and sold before thy visage: thy plate, thy money by force taken from thee, all thy goodes, wherein thou hast any delight, or hast gathered for thy children, rauened, broken and distributed, in thy presence, that euery rauenour may haue his share. Thou Marchaunt art sure to be slayne, for thou hast either money or ware, or both, which they search for. Thou Byshop or Priest, whatsoeuer thou be, shalt neuer escape, because thou wouldest not take the Byshop of Romes part, and rebell agaynst God and thy Prince, as he doth. If thou shalt flee, and scape for a season, what soeuer thou be: thou shalt see and heare of so much miserie and abomination, that thou shalt iudge them happy, that be dead before: for sure it is, thou shalt not finally escape: For, to take the whole realme in pray, is to kill the whole people, and to take the place for themselues, as they will do if they can.

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MarginaliaCardinall Poole traytor to England. And the Byshop of Rome now of late, to set forth hys pestilent malice the more, hath allured to his purpose a subiect of this realme, Reginald Poole, comen of a noble bloud 

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Pole was a son of Sir Richard Pole and Margaret, countess of Salisbury (whose parents were the duke and duchess of Clarence - George Plantagenet and Isabella Neville). In the 1530s Henry came to consider the Poles a family of dangerous rival claimants to the throne.

, and thereby the more errant traytor, to go about frō Prince to Prince, and from countrey to countrey, to styrre them to warre agaynst this Realme, and to destroy the same beyng his natiue countrey: whose pestilent purpose, the Princes that he breaketh it vnto, haue in much abomination, both for that the Byshop of Rome (who beyng a Byshop should procure peace) is a styrrer of warre: and because this most errant and vnkynde traytour is his minister to so deuilish a purpose, to destroy the coūtrey that he was borne in, which any heathen man would abhorre to do.

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MarginaliaThe popes name & memory abolyshed. And so continuyng in his discourse agaynst Cardinall Poole and the Byshop of Rome for styrryng the people to warre and mischief, he further sayth, and sayth truly, that for these many yeares past, little warre hath bene in these partes of Christendome, but the Byshop of Rome either hath bene a styrrer of it, or a nourisher of it, and seldome any compounder of it, vnlesse it were for his ambition or profite. Wherfore, since, as S. Paule sayth, that God is not the God of dissension but of peace, Marginalia1.Cor. 14. who commaundeth by hys word, peace alway to be kept: we are sure that all those, that go about to breake peace betwene Realmes, and to bryng them to warre, are the children of the deuill, what holy names soeuer they pretend to cloke their pestilent malice with all: which clokyng vnder hypocrisie is double deuilishnes, and of Christ most detested, because vnder his blessed name, they do play the deuils part.

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MarginaliaEzech. 39. And in the latter ende of his Sermon concludyng with the 39. Chapter 

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Ezekiel 39.

of Ezechiell, where the Prophet speaketh agaynst Gog and Magog, goyng about to destroy the people of God, and prophesieth agaynst them, that the people of God shall vanquishe and ouerthrowe them on the mountaines of Israell that none of them shall escape, but their carkases shall there be deuoured of kytes, and crowes, and byrdes of the ayre: so likewise sayth he of these our enemyes, wishyng, that if they shall persiste in their pestilent malice, to make inuasion into this Realme, MarginaliaThe Pope compared to Gog then their great Captaine Gog (the byshop of Rome he meaneth) may come with them, to drinke with them of the same cup, which he maliciously goeth about to prepare for vs, that the people of God might after quietly lyue in peace.

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We haue heard hetherto the othes, censures, and iudgements of certaine particular Byshoppes, as of Yorke, of Winchester, of London, of Duresme, and also of Edmund Boner, Archdeacon then of Leycester, agaynst the Popes vnlawful vsurpation. Now for the more fortification of the matter, and satisfying of the Reader, it shall not be much out of purpose, besides the consent and approbation of these aforesayd, to inferre also the publicke and generall agreement of the whole Clergy of England, as in a totall summe together, confirmed and ratified in their own publicke boke, made and set forth by them about the same tyme, called then the Byshops booke. In the which booke, although many things were very slēder & vnperfect, yet as touchyng this cause of the Byshop of Romes regalitie, we will heare (God willyng) what their whole opinion & prouinciall determinatiō did conclude, accordyng as by their own wordes in the same booke, is to be sene word for word, as foloweth, subscribed also with their owne names: the Catologue of whom vnder their owne confession, shall appeare.

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MarginaliaTestimonies out of the byshops boke, agaynst the Popes supremacie. WE thinke it 

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Foxe takes this directly from the Bishops' Book, otherwise known as The Institution of a Christian Man, from the bishops exposition on the sacrament of orders. [See 'The Institutions of a Christian Man', in Formularies of Faith Put Forth By Authority During the Reign of Henry VIII, ed. by C Lloyd (Oxford, 1825), pp.23-211 (at pp.116-7)].

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conuenient, that all Byshops and Preachers that instruct and teach the people committed vnto their spirituall charge, that where as certaine men do imagine and affirme, that Christ shoulde gyue vnto the Byshop of Rome power and autoritie, not onely to be head & gouernour of all Priestes and Byshops in Christes Church, but also to haue and occupy the whole Monarchie of the world in his handes, and that he may thereby lawfully depose Kynges and Princes from their realmes, dominions, and seignories, and so transferre and gyue the same to such persones as hym lyketh: that is vtterly false and vntrue: For Christ neuer gaue vnto S.Peter, or vnto any of the Apostles, or their successours, any such authoritie. And the Apostles, S. Peter, and S. Paule, do teach and commaunde, that all Christen people, as well Priestes and Byshops as others, should be obedient and subiect vnto the Princes and Potentates of the world, although they were infideles.

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And as for the byshop of Rome, it was many hundreth yeares after Christ, before he could acquire or get any primacie or gouernaunce aboue any other Byshoppes, out of his prouince in Italy: sith the which tyme he hath euer vsurped more and more. And though some part of hys power was gyuen vnto hym by the consent of the Emperours, Kynges, and Princes, and by the consent also of the Clergy in generall Councels assembled: yet surely he atteyned the most part therof by meruaylous subtilitie and craft, and specially by colludyng with great kynges and princes, sometyme trayning them into his deuotion by pretence and colour of holynes and sanctimonie, and sometyme constraynyng them by force and tyranny. MarginaliaHow the Byshop of Rome rose by Ambitiō. Whereby the sayd Byshops of Rome aspired and arose at length vnto such greatnes in strength and authoritie, that they presumed and tooke vpō them to be heades, & to put lawes by their own authoritie, not onely vnto all other Byshops within Christēdome, but also vnto the Emperours, Kyngs, & other the Princes

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