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1092 [1091]

K. Hen. 8. The kinges Articles and Iniunctions for reformation of the Church.

dayes do vpon the same, commonly vse and practise more excesse, riot, and superfluitie, then vppon any other dayes. And sith the Sabboth day was vsed and ordeined, but for mans vse, and therfore ought to geue place to the necessitie and behoufe of the same whensoeuer that shall occurre, much rather any other holyday institute by man: It is therefore by the kynges highnes authoritie as supreme head in earth of the Churche of England, with the common assent and consent of the Prelates and clergye of this hys Realme, in conuocation lawfully assembled and congregate, amongest other thynges decreed, ordeyned and established:

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MarginaliaFeastes of dedication to be kept all vpon one day. First, that the feast of dedication of Churches shall in al places through out this Realme, bee celebrate and kept on the first Sonday of the moneth of October, for euer, and vpon none other day.

MarginaliaChurch holy dayes forbidden. Item, that the feast of the patron of euery Churche within this Realme, called commonly the Churche holyday shall not from hence forth be kept or obserued as a holyday, as heretofore hath bene vsed, but that it shalbe lawfull to all and singular persons resident or dwellyng within this Realme, to go to their worke, occupation or mistery and the same truely to exercise and occupy vppon the sayd feast, as vpon any other worke daye: except the sayd feast of Church holy day bee such as must bee elles vniuersally obserued and kept as a holyday by this ordinaunce folowyng.

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MarginaliaHolydayes in haruest time put downe. Also that all those feastes or holydayes, whiche shall happen to fall or occurre either in the haruest tyme, which is to be counted from the first daye of Iuly, vnto the xxix, day of September, or els in the terme tyme at Westminster, shal not be kept, or obserued from hence forth as holidayes, but that it may be lawfull for euery man to go to his work or occupation vpon the same, as vppon any other worke day: excepte alwayes the feastes of the Apostles, of þe blessed Virgin, and of Saint George: and also such feastes as wherein the kynges highnes Iudges at Westminster doe not vse to sit in Iudgement. All which shall be kept holy and solemne of euery man, as in tyme past, haue bene accustomed: Prouided alwayes that it may bee lawfull vnto all Priestes and Clerkes aswell secular as regular, in the foresayd holydayes now abrogate, to singe or say their accustomed seruice for those holydayes, in their Churches: so as they doe not the same solemnly nor doe ryng to the same after the maner vsed in hygh holydayes, ne do commaunde, or indicte the same to be kept or obserued as holydayes.

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MarginaliaFoure offering dayes. Finally that the feastes of the Natiuitie of our Lord, of Easter day, of the Natiuitie of S. Iohn the Baptist, and of S. Michaell the Archaungell shalbe from hence forth counted, accepted, and taken for the foure generall offering dayes.

MarginaliaEaster Terme. And for further declaration of the premisses, be it knowō that Easter terme begynneth alwayes the xviij. daye after Easter day, reckenyng Easter day for one, and endeth the Monday next folowyng the Ascension day.

MarginaliaTrinitie Terme. Trinitieterme begynneth alwayes the Wedensdaye next after the Octaues of Trinitie Sondaye, and endeth the xi. or xij, day of Iuly.

MarginaliaMichaelmas Terme. Michaelmas terme begynneth the ix or x. day of October and endeth the xxviij. or xxix. day of Nouember.

MarginaliaHilary Terme. Hilary terme begynneth the xxiij. or xxiiij. day of Ianuary and endeth the xij. or xiij. day of February.

In Easter terme, vpon the Ascension day: in Trinitie terme, vppon the Natiuitie of S. Iohn Baptiste: in Michaelmas terme vppon Alhalow day: in Hilarye Terme, vppon Candlemas day, the kynges Iudges at Westminster do not vse to sit in iudgement nor vppon any Sonday.

After these Articles and Iniunctions thus giuen out by the kyng and his Counsaile, thē folowed moreouer (as time serued) other Iniunctions moe, concernyng Images, reliques, and blynd miracles, and for abrogatyng of Pilgremages deuised, by superstition, and maynteyned for luker sake, also for the Pater noster, Crede, and Gods Commaūdementes, and the Bible to bee had in Englishe, with diuers other pointes moe necessarye for Religiō. The words of whiche Iniunctions here also ensue. 

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These Injunctions were not issued by the King or Convocation, but by Thomas Cromwell, in his capacity as Vicegerent. It went beyond any previous orders in its programme of Christian education, involving the co-operation between laity and clergy, and its idealistic that the Lord's Prayer, Apostle's Creed and Ten Commandents be provided in English and memorized by everyone. Particularly ambitious was the provision that every parish priest provide a copy of the Bible in Latin and English (This provision, mandating that every parish priest should provide a copy of the Bible in Latin and English by 1 August 1537, does not appear in certain manuscript copies of the Injunctions or in STC 10084.7. As a result it has often been denied that Cromwell's 1536 Injunctions contained this order, but this belief has been refuted; see Richard Rex, Henry VIII and the English Reformation (Basingstoke, 1993), pp. 185-6 and Margaret Bowker, 'The Henrician Reformation and the Parish Clergy' in The English Reformation Revised, ed. Christopher Haigh (Cambridge, 1987), p. 76 n. 8. The idea was somewhat impractical; at the time the only complete printed English language Bible was that produced by Matthew Coverdale and it did not have official approval). Foxe notably prints the full text of this document without emendations.

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¶ Other Iniunctions geuen by the authoritie of the kynges hyghnes to the clergye of this his Realme.

MarginaliaOther Iniunctions. IN the name of God, Amen. In the yeare of our Lord god 1536. and of the most noble reigne of our soueraigne Lord Henry the eyght, kyng of England and of France, defendour of the fayth, Lord of Ireland, and in earth supreme head of the Church of England, the. xxviij. &c. I Thomas Cromwell knyght, Lorde Cromwell, keper of the priuie Seale of our sayd soueraigne Lorde the kyng, and vicegerent to the same, for and concernyng al his iurisdiction Ecclesiasticall within this Realme, to the glory of almightie God, to the kynges highnes honour, the publike weale of thys Realme, and increase of vertue in the same: hane appointed and assigned these Iniunctions ensuyng to be kept and obserued of the Deane, Persons, Vicares, Curates, and Stipendaries, resident or hauyng cure of soules, or any other spirituall administration within thys Deanrye, vnder the paynes here after limited and appoynted.

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The first is, that the Deane, Persons, Vicares, and other hauyng cure of soule any where within this Deanrye shall faythfully keepe and obserue, and as farre as in them may lye, shall cause to be kept and obserued of all other, all and singular lawes and statutes of this Realme, made for the abolishyng and extirpation of the byshop of Romes pretensed and vsurped power, and iurisdiction within thys Realme, MarginaliaCōfirmatiō of the kings spuremacie. and for the stablishment and confirmation of the kynges authoritie and iurisdiction within the same, as of the supreame head of the Church of England, shall to the vttermost of theyr wytte, knowledge and learnyng, purely, sincerely, and without any colour or dissimulation, declare, manyfest, and open, by the space of one quarter of a yeare now next ensuyng, once euery Sondaye, and after at the leastwise, twise euery quarter of a yeare, in their Sermōes and other collations, MarginaliaAgaynst the Popes primacie. that the Byshop of Romes vsurped power and iurisdiction, hauyng no establishment, nor groūd by the law of God, was of most iust causes taken away and abolished, and that therfore they owe vnto him no maner of obedience or subiection, and that the kynges power is with in his dominion, the hyghest potentate & power vnder God to whom all men within the same dominion, by Gods commaundement, owe most loyaltie and obedience afore and aboue all other potentates in earth.

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Item, whereas certeine Articles 

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I.e., the Ten Articles: in the Convocation of 1536 there was a sharply abridged version of the Ten Articles and the first attempt at defining the doctrines of the newly established Church of England. This is published by Foxe earlier in this chapter. The total document is rather more traditional in its orientation that Foxe's version: notably it defended the real presence of Christ's body and blood in the Sacrament and it gave (an admittedly qualified) approval of prayers for the souls of the dead.

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were lately deuised and put forth by the kynges hyghnesse authoritie, and condiscended vpō by the Prelates and clergye of this his Realme in conuocation (wherof parte were necessarye to be holden and beleued for our saluation, and the other parte do concern and touch certeine laudable ceremonies, rites, and vsages of the Churche, meete and conuenient to be kepte, and vsed for a decent and politike order in the same) MarginaliaThe kinges Articles to be read to the people. the sayde Deane, Persons Vicares, and other Curates, shall so open and declare in their sermons and other collations, the sayd Articles vnto them that be vnder theyr cure, that they may playnly knowe and discerne which of thē be necessarye to be beleued and obserued for their saluation and whiche be not necessarye, but onely do concerne the decent and politike order of the sayd Church, accordyng to suche cōmaundement & admonition, as hath bene giuen vnto them heretofore by the authoritie of the kyngs hyghnes in that behalfe.

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Moreouer, that they shall declare vnto al such as be vnder their cure, the Articles likewise deuised, put forthe & authorised of late, for and concernyng the abrogation of certayne superstitious holydayes, accordyng to the effect & purport of the same Articles and persuade their parishoners to kepe and obserue the same inuiolably, as thinges wholsom prouided, decreed, and established by common consent and publike authoritie for the weale commoditie, and profite of all this realme.

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MarginaliaImages abolished. Besides this, to the entent that all superstition and hypocrisie crept into diuers mens hartes, may vanish away, they shall not set forth nor extol any images, reliques, or miracles, for any superstition or lucre, nor allure the people by any intreatments, to the pilgrimages of any saintes, otherwyse then is permitted in the Articles lately put forth by the authority of the kings maiesty, and condescended vpō by the Prelates and Clergy of this hys realme in conuocation as though it were proper or peculiar to that Saint, to geue this commodity or that, seyng all goodnes, health, and grace ought to be both loked and asked for, only of God, as of the very author of the same, and of none other, for without hym it cannot be geuen: MarginaliaPilgrimages forbiddē. but they shall exhorte as well their parishoners, as other pilgrimes, that they do rather apply thē selues to the kepyng of Gods commaundements, and fulfillyng of his works of charitie, perswading thē that they shall please God more by the true exercising of their bodily labor, trauayle or occupation, and prouidyng for theyr families, thē if they went about to the sayd pilgrimages: and it shal profit more theyr soule helth if they do bestow that on the poore and nedy, which they would haue bestowed vpon the sayd images or reliques.

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MarginaliaPrayers in the mother tounge. Also in the same their Sermons and other collations, the Persons, Vicares, and other Curates aforesayd, shall diligently admonishe the fathers and mothers, maisters and gouernours of youth, beyng within their cure, to teache or cause to be taught, theyr children and seruaunts euen from theyr infancy, the Pater noster, 

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I.e., the Lord's Prayer.

the Articles of our fayth, and the ten commaundements in theyr mother tongue, and the same so taught, shall cause the sayd youth oft to repeate & vnderstand. And to the intent this may be the more easily

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