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1104 [1103]

K. Hen. 8. The aunsweres of Iohn Lambert to the Byshops Articles.

peccata mundi. Behold the lamb of God which taketh away the sins of the worlde. In þt sayd the preacher, testimony is geuē of Christ to be a Lābe, it is shewed þt he was an innocent man. But in that it is sayd, that he taketh away the sinne of the world, is shewed that he was God, alleaaging there for the confirmation of thys part of his purpose, the vulgare saying aboue sayde by me: Solus Deus remittit peccata. And the same proposition, or an other equall with the same, vseth Chrisostome in an Homely that is made vpon this text of Math. Vocabitur nomen eius Iesus. &c. MarginaliaMath. 1. His name shalbe called Iesus: for he shall saue his people from theyr sinnes. Also Saint Chrisostome in opere imperfecto, vppon this texte, Væ vobis Scribæ et Pharisæi, qui clauditis regnum cœlorum. &c. MarginaliaMath. 23. Wo be vnto you Scribes & Phariseis, because ye shut vp the kingdome of heauen before men, &c. As nere as my remembraunce doth serue me: or els in some other place, but in the same booke (as I suppose) MarginaliaThe keyes of bynding and loosing are the word of God. he affirmeth that the keyes of heauen are the worde & doctrine of God. This witnesseth moreouer S. Gregory (I trow) MarginaliaGrego. in Pastoral. in hys booke called Pastoralia, or els it is in an Epistle that he writeth, ad Episcopū Constantinopolitanum, in these wordes: Clauis appertionis est sermo correctoris, qui increpando, culpam detegit, quam sæpe nescit qui perpetrauit The key of loosing is the word of the corrector who in rebukyng doth disclose the fault, whiche many times he knoweth not that committeth the same.

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MarginaliaAmbrose. Saint Ambrose agreeing to the same, sayeth: Verbum Dei dimittit peccata: The worde of God forgeueth sinne, But shall we then say, that Gods ministers doe not bind & lose? MarginaliaHow ministers binde and loose. I say no, not as the authors of so doing but they doe lose and binde in like maner, as it is sayd of Paul in þe Act. of þe Apostles, where our Sauyour spake vnto him in this maner: I shall (sayd our Sauiour) delyuer thee from the people & nations, vnto whom I send thee, that thou shouldest open their eyes, that they may be conuerted frō darknes to light. MarginaliaAct. 26. Here Paule is sayd to open the eyes of mens hartes. Albeit to speake properly, it is God that so doth: And therfore Dauid prayeth vnto him: Reuela oculos meos: MarginaliaPsal. 119. Open mine eyes O Lorde. And in lyke maner it is spoken of Iohn Baptist in the i. of Luke: that he should goe before Christ in the spirite and power of Helias, and turne the hartes of the fathers to their children, and the vnbeleuers to the wisedome of the rightwise. MarginaliaLuke. 1. Albeit to turne mēs hartes, and to worke in them belongeth vnto God. But so vse we to speake Metonymice: MarginaliaMetonymia is a figure, when the name that properly belongeth to one, is inproperly transferred to an other thing As if your lordship had defined me to be excommunicate, and therupon should sende a commaundement to the person of Knol to declare the same, the people would say that the person of Knoll proclayming your commaundement had accursed me: but yet doth he not properly curse me, but you rather, when he in pronouncing the same, doth your acte and commaundement, rather then hys owne.

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MarginaliaPower in bynding & loosing, limited no more to one minister, then an other. Touchyng cases limited to Priestes and Ministers, for losing frō sinne, or binding in the same, I do know no such thynges shewed in Scripture, whiche is the perfect way of our lyfe. Neither can any man (I suppose) shew by authoritie therof, that one should haue more or lesse limited hym, thē an other. And if you can or will thereby teache it me, I shall thanke you for your doing, & pray god to acquit you.

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Concerning enioyning of pennaunce, I know of MarginaliaInioyning of penaunce. none þt men neede to admitte, nor you to put or enioyne the same, except it be renouation of lyuyng, in casting apart olde vyce, and taking them vnto new vertue: which euery true penytent entendeth, or ought to entend verely by the grace & assistance of our sauiour Christ, to shew and performe.

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MarginaliaAunswere to the 11. Article.
Sacramentes whether they geue greace or no.
¶ Vnto the. xi. I saye, that grace is geuen vnto them, that duely receyue the Sacramentes of Christ and hys church but whether by them or no, that I can not define: for God sendeth his grace where he pleaseth, either with them, or without them, and when he pleaseth: so that it is at his arbitrement, how, and when. Moreouer, many a leud person receiueth the sacramētes, that are destitute of grace, to their confusion. So that I cannot affirme, that the Sacramēts geueth grace: Yet in due receit of the Sacramentes, I suppose and thinke that God geueth vnto them grace that so taketh thē, as he doth vnto all good, euen without thē also.

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MarginaliaAnswere to the 12. Article.¶ Wheras in your xij. article you do aske, whether all thinges necessary vnto saluatiō, are put in holy Scripture, & whether things only there put, be sufficiēt, & whether some things vpō necessitie of saluatiō, are to be beleued & obserued, which are not expressed in scripture: this is þe questiō, as great learned mē haue shewed me, whome I do coūt my frēds, sith þe time I appeared at your lordships assignemēt before MarginaliaDoctor Lesse. M. Melling. maister Doctor Lesse, & maister Melling, wt other in your chappell of Lambeth, when these questions were fyrst propounded: this (I say) is the question, whiche (as they told me) is the head and whole content of all other obiected agaynst me. Yea this is both the helme and sterne of al together, and that which they contended right sore to impugne: but loue of the truth (wherwith in this poynt I reckoned me well fenced) would not suffer me to apply and yeld to their will, thinking quòd sanctum est veritatem præferre amicitiæ, MarginaliaTruth to be preferred before frendship. that the truth oughe to be preferred before all friendship and amitie: And also, Si dextra manus scandalizet, deberet præscindi & abijci: If the right hand offend, it ought to be cut of and caste away. MarginaliaMath. 5.

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But touching an aunswer vnto this question, I suppose verily, that if I had Saint Cyrils workes by me, MarginaliaCyrillus in Ioannem. I should not nede to shew any other answer in this, then he hath shewed afore tyme, writing vpon this saying of S. Iohn: Sunt & alia multa quæ fecit Iesus, there are many thynges moe which Iesus did. MarginaliaIohn. 25. Notwithstandyng, for so much as euery man at all seasons, cannot haue what he would, and therfore must make other shift: such as he may I say (as I suppose) the first part of your question to be very true, and therfore to be affirmed: that is to wit, MarginaliaAll thinges necessary to saluation, conteined in scripture. that all thinges nedefull for mans saluation, be mencioned and shewed in holy scripture, and that the thinges onely there put, be sufficient for the regiment of spirituall liuing and mans soule health. And in thys shall you finde both þe auncient Doctors standing with me: and moreouer, the suffrage of holy writte, whose authoritie is of most soueraign and vnfallible stedfastnes.

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MarginaliaHierome. Looke what S. Hierome sayeth vpon this verse: Dominus narrabit in scripturis populorum: The Lord shall rehearse it, when he wryteth vp the people. MarginaliaPsal. 87. S. Ambrose also in a treatise, De paradiso, doth shew likewyse, MarginaliaAmbros. lib. de paradiso. where he bringeth this text of Paul written in the 2. to the Corinth. I am afrayed least it may by some meane be brought to passe, that as the Serpent deceiued Eue thorow wilines, so your mindes may be corrupt from the simple veritie that is in Christ. And also in his Commentaries vpon the epistle to the Colloss. vpon this text. In Christ Iesus is all treasure of wisdō, and in other diuers places of the same worke.

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S. Chrysostome also in his Commentaries vppon Paule declaring this saying: Omnis scriptura diuinitus inspirata. &c. Marginalia2. Tim. 3. The whole Scripture geuen by inspiratiō of god &c. MarginaliaChrysostomus in Epist. Paulii. & in opere imperfecto. And in hys booke called Opus imperfectum, I wote not precisely vpon what text, but there you shall find, MarginaliaThe preacher must not swerue neither on the right hand, or left, from the expresse worde of God. that he would haue a true preacher of gods law, not swaruing therefro, neyther vpon the right hand, neither vpon þe left, but kepyng therafter, according to the teachyng of Salomō: for he that should therunto adde or withdraw, should enterprise, as sayeth Chrisostome, to be wiser then God. These or els such lyke wordes doth he say. I will be deemed by the booke brought forth, because my remembrance can not retayne perfectly all such thinges.

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MarginaliaCyprianus ad Cecilium fratrem. S. Cyprian mainteineth well the same in an Epistle that he writeth ad Cecilium fratrem. Which I would to God were in English, that all mē might learne the deuout goodnes in it conteyned. In the same he teacheth clerely, how we ought to heare Christ onely and his learning, not regarding ne attending to the traditions of men: lyke as he doth also in many other places. And thys agreeth well with Scripture, MarginaliaScripture how many names it hath. which is called the worde of saluation: the administration of righteousnes: the word of truth, yea and the truth it selfe: MarginaliaThe word sufficient for all our direction. the rod of direction: our spirituall food: the spirituall sword that we ought to fight with agaynst all temptations and assaultes of onr ghostly enemies the seede of God, the kingdome of heauen and keyes of the same: the power of God: the light of the worlde, which who so followeth, shal not be ouercome with darknes: the law of God: his wisedom, and Testament. MarginaliaScripture sufficient to saluation without any other addition. Of which wordes and such lyke, euery one will geue matter of substantial argument, that we followyng the same doctrine onely, shall haue sufficient safeconduict to come vnto the inheritaunce promised, albeit none other wayes or meanes were annexed with the same. And certaine I am that in this blessed doctrine of Christ is taught, how we ought to do truth and mercy, which is all that we nede to do, as testifieth the Psalme, in these wordes: Vniuersæ viæ domini misericordia and veritas. &c. MarginaliaPsal. 25. All the wayes of the lord are mercy and truth. And agayne, the Prophet willyng vs to do as he did, sayth in this maner: Adhæsi testimonijs tuis domine, noli me confundere. MarginaliaPsal. 118. I haue cleaued to thy testimonies, O Lord, confound me not. In lyke maner the sayd whole Psalme warneth vs. Yea all the Scripture biddeth vs stick fast to the stedy and true word of god: saying, that he is verax, & viæ eius veritas: omnis autem homo vanitas & mendax: For he is true and all his wayes are truth: but all men are vayne & liers. For that is the sure foundation which cannot faile them that ground therupō as reporteth Christ: Euery one (sayth he) that heareth my words, & doth them, is lyke to a wyse mā that buildeth vpō a sure foundation. And there ought to be none other foun-

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