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1109 [1108]

K. Hen. 8. The aunsweres of Iohn Lambert to the Byshops Articles.

artifeces qui talia fabricantur, quos tamen colere non debemus.

MarginaliaLactantius. Lactantius also maketh strongly with the same. I can not without þe booke recite his saying, for he teacheth largely of the same matter. Origene also cōtra Celsum (I trowe) wyl likewise testifie, MarginaliaOrigines contra Celsum. where (as I remēber) he concludeth, saying, that he would haue no MarginaliaGoldesmithes and Caruers, needles in a common wealth. Goldsmithes ne Grauers in a Comminaltie, for they do but litle profite or none thereto.

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MarginaliaGregorius ad Seruum. And S. Gregory that was chiefe, either inuentor that Images should be set in churches, or els maynteyner therof, would not, as I haue read (I trowe it is in an Epistle which he writeth ad Seruum) haue them worshipped.

And as concernyng the excityng of mens memorie, I would suppose, that if Christes doctrine were so shewed and opened, that people might clearely vnderstande it (and that is the principal office of prelates and curates to doo, by diligent teachyng therof) I thinke veryly we should haue litle neede of any other Images, then that should by wholsome doctrine be shewed vnto vs by word of mouth & writyng: Quoniam nihil tam efficax ad comonefaciendum discipulos, quam viua vox: Nothing is so effectual to excite the remembrance of disciples, as the liuely voyce of good teachers: as it is testified both by common report, and also by the sentence of learned men.

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So that I suppose, if this liuely doctrine of God had afore tyme bene apertly and diligently opened vnto the people, as curates ought to haue done, we should haue such profite therby, that we should not neede to contende for settyng vp or takyng downe of other dumme stockes & lifeles stones carued or made by men. MarginaliaThe worde and doctrine serueth to put vs in remembrance, and not Images. And if prelates woulde begin to set vp Christes word, which, alas for pitie, is not loked vpon, but rather troden down and despised, so that many are not ashamed to say, I wyll haue no more learnyng in Christes lawe, then my predecessors, for they that magnifie it, must be sore punished, and taken for heretikes with such other greeuous wordes) if this doctrine were yet set vp in Churches, (I saye) and truely opened, that all men might haue their iudgement thereby reformed and made cleare, I thinke we shoulde not greatly neede the profit that commeth by Images made of men, to excite our remembraunce to liue Christenly.

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MarginaliaThe true Image of God is his worde and his workes. For that worde which came from the brest of Christe hym selfe, and was written of other, that wrote and spake by the suggestion of his spirite the holy ghost, sheweth full perfectly his blessed wyll, whiche is the true and certayne Image of his mynd and deuise. If this therfore were diligently inculcate, I thinke we shoulde be transformed anewe, accordyng to the mynde of Paul, whiche writyng to the Colossians, saith thus: See that you lye not one to an other, after that now you haue put of the old man with his woorkes, and haue put vpon you the newe man, whiche is transformed and renouate after the knowledge and Image of him that made vs. MarginaliaColloss. 3. Yea, thus should we al be docti à deo: taught of God, MarginaliaIohn. 6. as is sayd in Ioh. and al should know God both small and great, according to the promise recited in the Hebrues: yea thus should we be so restored to goodnes, that we should haue the Image of God carued in our harts full expressely. MarginaliaHeb. 8.
As a man readeth, so is he fashioned.
For euery man is transformed into the fashion of vertuous thinges that he is accustomed to reade & heare. And therfore it were a great grace, if we might haue the word of God diligently & often spoken and song vnto vs in suche wise, that the people myght vnderstande it. Yea, then should it come to passe, that craftes mē should sing spiritual psalmes sittyng at their worke, and the husbandman at his plough, as wisheth S. Hierome.

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MarginaliaThe best Image of god is his word. Yea thys holy Image of Christe, I meane his blessed doctrine, doth appoynt vs also to consider the workes made by the hand of God, such as no man can make like, wherby as saith S. Paul writyng to the Romanes: The inuisible power and diuinitie of God is knowen and sene by the creation of the worlde, of such as wyl consider his workes, that are therein by hym made. MarginaliaRom. 1. Looke in the Psalmes: Laudate Dominum de Cœlis: Cœli enarrant. &c. MarginaliaPsal. 149.
Psal 19.
Prayse ye the Lord, frō the heauen. The heauens declare the glorye of God
, with other. MarginaliaGods workes and his word be the right Images of God. And these two Images, Gods woorkes, and his doctrine hath, ere any Images made by men were set vp in Churches wel and sufficiently instructed the primitiue church, and should yet instruct vs wel, if they were well considered: so that we shoulde not neede so sore to contend for settyng vp of other made by men. Wherby I haue perceyued much harme to arise, & no great profite: nor the scripture maketh not for them, but rather contrary. As concernyng which matter, I would your Lordship would please to reade the Epistle of Baruch once agayne, writing of the same matter.

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MarginaliaAnswere to the 19. ar- Vnto the. xix. where you aske, whether I beeleue that prayers of men liuyng doo profite soules departed, & beyng in Purgatorie? I made answeare in the. xiij. article.

MarginaliaAunswer to the 20. article. Vnto the. xx. where you do aske, whether men merite and deserue both by their fasting and also by other dedes of deuotion? I haue shewed what I do thinke therof, in the fift demaund.

MarginaliaAunswer to the 21. article. In the. xxi. where you do aske, whether I do beleue that men prohibited of bishops to preache, as suspect of heresie, ought to cease from preaching & teachyng, vntyll they haue purged them selues of suspition, afore an higher Iudge? MarginaliaTruth taken many tymes for heresie, and heresye for truth. I say, that men may be wrōgfully suspected of heresie, eyther because they neuer thought to beleue such errours, as men by false suspition doo deeme them to fauour: or els when men as wel of high estate, as of low, by sinister iudgment may thinke that to be errour, which is the very truth. And of this speaketh Esay: Woe be to them (quoth he) that calleth the light darkenes, and the darknes light: the truth falsehoode, and falsehoode truth: MarginaliaEsay. 5.
Whether men probibited, ought to cease from preaching.
as the Bishops and the priestes, with their Oratour Tertullus, called Paul, saying thus before a iudge called Felix, vnto whose Courte they brought hym to be condēned to death: We haue (quoth they) gotten here a prestilent felowe, a sower of sedition or discorde among al the Iewes of the worlde, and bringer vp of the Secte of the Nazarens, whiche was also mynded to haue polluted our temple. &c. MarginaliaActes 24.
Truth taken for falshode.
This is to call by peruerse iudgement, truth falshoode. And thus dyd their predecessours speake of the Prophetes, yea and of Christe hym selfe, MarginaliaChrist taken for a seducer. callyng hym a seducer and preacher of heresie: whiche is written for our instruction. MarginaliaIn what causes, men forbidden, ought not to cease from preaching. And men thus beyng suspected (as I would none were) ought in no wise therefore to cease neyther from preaching, ne teaching.

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MarginaliaAct. 4. 5. 6. Ensample of this we haue in the Actes of the apostles, where is shewed, that whē Peter & Iohn had done a myracle vpon a man that had ben lame frō his natiuitie (whō by the power of Christ they healed, & caused to go where he pleased) the people hearyng of this, came runnyng about Peter & Iohn. Peter seeyng this, dyd exhort the people in a sermon, that they should not thinke hym & his felowe S. Iohn, to haue done this wonderful thyng by their owne power or holynes, but by the vertue of Christe, whom they & their head rulers had slayne.

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While they were thus speaking with the people, there came vpō them, the priestes & officers of the temple, accompanied with the Saduces, being sore displeased that they should enterprise to teach þe people, & preach that mē should arise frō death by the name of Christ, whō they had caused to be crucified, & therwith they layd handes vpon them, and put them in warde vntyl the next day. The next day they sent for the apostles before them, demaundyng by what power, & in whose name they dyd this myracle? Peter made answeare, MarginaliaAct. 4. If you (quoth he) that are head rulers ouer the people, lust by examination to knowe by what meanes we dyd it, we would you shoulde al knowe, that we dyd it thorowe the name of Christ Iesu of Nazareth, whom you dyd crucifie: but God dyd cause him to arise againe. In the vertue of his name doth this man that afore was lame, nowe stande before you here both whole and sounde. For Christ is that high corner stone, whō you cast away, which should haue builded the peoples fayth vpon hym, neither is there any saluation without him.

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These great men, seyng that Peter spake so freely, and that he with his felowe Iohn, were simple men, without any pompous apparel, or great garde of seruauntes, beyng like ideots and men vnlearned, wondred thereat. At the last they dyd commaunde them to depart out of their Councell house, whiles they should cōmon more largely of þe matter. MarginaliaPeter and the Apostles prohibited by the Phariseis to preach Christ. Afterward they called þe Apostles afore them agayne, commaundyng them that they should no more preach ne teache in the name of Iesus. But the Apostles answeared, saying: I beseeche you iudge better: ought we to obeye you more then God, or no? For certainely we must needes testifie of those thinges which we haue both hearde and seene. MarginaliaAct. 4. Then the head priestes threatnyng thē sore, dyd geue them strayt charge, not to breake their precept, and so dyd let thē goe, not knowyng any cause why they might punish them: for they feared least the people would haue taken part with the apostles, for the people gaue glory to God for the myracle shewed by them.

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MarginaliaPeter disobeyed the precept of the Phariseis. Notwithstāding al these great threats Peter wrought myracles styl amongest the people, doyng thē to knowe that glory therfore ought to be geuen to Iesus, by whose power and name they were done. Wherwith the hartes of the people melted for ioye: so that they folowed after the Apostles, whyther soeuer lightly they went.

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The primate of the priestes hearyng of this, and al that were about hym, repleate with indignation, layde handes vpon the Apostles, puttyng them in the common Prison. MarginaliaPeter deliuered out of prison. But the Aungel of God in the nyght opened the Prison doores, and brought them out, saying: Goe you into the Temple, and stande there preachyng vnto the people al the

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