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K. Henry. 8. The aunsweres of Iohn Lambert to the Byshops Articles.

ment, but I am not sure, that they haue power to forfende them from out of Churches, especially when Gods word is there preached, vnles that sinners be so sore desperate, that they scorne the same. MarginaliaEuery prelat and beneficed persō, ought himselfe to discharg his cure without deputie or vicar. And I would, that euery Prelate receauyng hys liuyng of benefices, should him selfe worke in the same, specially in true preachyng of Christes doctrine, without windyng his owne necke out of the yoke, & chargyng therewith, other called deputies or Vicares, Curates, and such lyke. For God would haue euery man to get his liuyng by sweate of his owne face, that is to say, by his labour, accordyng to his estate and callyng. And like as euery workeman is worthy his meate: so contrarywise they that labour not, vnlesse they be let by impotencie, are worthy to haue no meate, and much lesse to take of those, to whom they do no seruice. 50. or. 40. pounde a yeare, for waytyng after none other thyng, then the Moone shinyng in the water. The Canon law maketh clearely with the same. Marginalia21. quest. 2. cap præcipimus. Looke in the Decrees, Cap. 21, quest. 2. Capitulo præcipimus, and you shall find playnly, as I say.

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MarginaliaTo the 31. article.¶ In the xxxi. where you aske, whether fayth onely without good workes, may suffice vnto a man fallen into sinne after hys Baptisme, for his saluation and iustifying? MarginaliaFayth only to iustifye. I say, that it is the vsage of Scripture to say, that fayth onely doth iustifie and worke saluation, afore a man do any other good workes, and that is shewed by many authorities both of Scripture, & also of many holy Fathers, MarginaliaVnio dissidentium to be put in Englysh. in a treatise called Vnio dissidentium, which I would to Christ, as it is in French, and other languages, we had it truly translated in English. And truely I do thinke in this matter (like as is here shewed by many authorities of holy fathers) that a mā fallē into sinne after Baptisme, shalbe saued through faith, and haue forgiuenes by Christes passion, although he doth no more good deedes thereafter: as when a mē hauing short lyfe, lacketh leasure to exercise other deedes of mercy. Notwithstandyng, true fayth is of such vertue and nature, that when oportunity commeth, it can not but worke plenteously deedes of charitie, which are a testimony and witnes bearers of a mans true fayth. This declareth S. Augustine vpon Iohn. I trow it is where he expoundeth this text: Si diligitis me, præcepta mea seruate: If you loue me, keepe my commaundementes. Where as within a little after, he speaketh in this wise, Opera bona non faciunt iustum, sed iustificatus facit bona opera. MarginaliaWorkes make not a man iustified but a iustefyed man maketh good workes.
August. in Ioannem.
That is to say, good workes make not a iust or righteous man, but a man once iustified, doth good workes.

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MarginaliaTo the. 32. article. In the. xxxij. where you aske, whether a Priest marying a wife, & that without the dispensation of the Pope, & begettyng also children of her without sclaunder geuyng, do sinne deadly? I say, that he doth not so much offende, as those, which in Wales (as I haue heard say) and also in many partes beyōd the Sea, or rather in all places, do geue openly dispensations for money, to Priestes to take concubines: neither doth he offende so much, as the purchasers of such dispensations: for they on euery hand, do clearely cōmitte fornication and aduoutry, vtterly forfended by Gods law, and the Priest, of whom speaketh your demaunde, offendeth but mans lawe, if he do that. For in the Decrees it is written, I weene it be in a Glose, and certainly I wot not whether it be in the text or no, I can lightly turne to it hauyng a booke. The sentence is thus: Præsbyter fornicans est plus puniendus quam vxorem ducens. MarginaliaA priest fornicating is more to be punished thē a priest marying, by the Popes own lawes. That is to say, a Priest doyng fornication, ought to be punished more, thē one which hath maried a wife. Finally I thinke such a Priest as before is named in your demaunde, sinneth not deadly.

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MarginaliaTo the 33. article.¶ In the. xxiij. where you aske, whether a Latin Priest, after he hath taken the order of Priesthode, beyng sore and oft troubled and styrred with prickynges of lust or lechery, & therfore marying a wife for a remedy of the same, do sinne deadly? I say, that a Latin Priest, and a Greeke Priest is all one before God, if they folow both one rule of Christ, left to vs in holy Scripture: neither doth Christ put any such differēce: but the one hath by that rule the same liberty, that an other, and no more nor lesse, for there is the same God in Greece, that is here: and hath left one way for vs to liue after, both here and there. MarginaliaMariage of priestes as well Latin as Greke, permitted a lyke in the scripture. And therefore, I can not see by his law, but that a Latin Priest may mary, as well as they do. And if the Greekes should not folow Christes law in beleuyng the same, and liuyng thereafter, you would call them heretickes. But that will not the Pope haue done. MarginaliaThe Greke Churches sufer priests to mary. Wherfore seyng they do let Priestes mary, affirmyng it may so be done by the law of God, and yet are not reputed heretickes: why should other mē that say the same, be called heretickes, or be therfore burned? Therfore, folowyng the law of God, I make the same aūswere of a Latin Priest, that I made before of all Priestes, that a Priest not hauyng the gift of chastitie, is bound to mary, for auoyding fornication.

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MarginaliaTo the 34. article.¶ In the xxxiiij. where you do aske, whether euer I prayed for Iohn Wickleffe, Iohn Hus, and for Hierome of Prage, condemned of heresie in the Councell of Constance, or for any one of them, sith they dyed, and whether I haue openly or secretly done any deedes of charitie for them, affirmyng them to be in blisse and saued? I say, that I neuer prayde for any of them, so farre forth as I can remember. And though I had, it foloweth not, that in so doyng I shoulde be an hereticke. For you note well, that there is a mightie great countrey called Boheme, which yet do follow (as mē say) that same doctrine which Iohn Hus and Hierome of Prage taught their Auncetors, whom (as I trowe) neyther the Pope nor you do recount heretickes and infidels.

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MarginaliaTo the. 35. article.¶ In the. 35. where you aske, whether I haue recounted and sayd them or any of them to be Saintes, and worshipped them as Saintes? I say, that in such secrete and hidde thynges, which I doe not perfectly know, I followe the Coūcell of Paule, which biddeth that we should not iudge ouer soone, but to abide (vnlesse the thinges, whiche we should passe vpon, be the more euident) vntill the comming of the Lord, which shall illumine & shew forth clearely thinges, that now lye hid in darcknes. Therefore hetherto haue I neither iudged with them, ne agaynst them, but haue resigned such sentence to the knowledge and determination of God, whose iudgement I wotte is vnfallible.

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And where as you say, they were condēned of heresie in the Councell of Constance: if so the Coūcell did right, God shall alowe it (I doubt not) and that shall suffice to haue commendation of him: So that it is no neede to aske of me, whether the actes of the same are cōmendable or no? Neither can I giue any direct aunswere therto: for I do not verely knowe thē. And though I did, yet am not I verely perswaded, that I, because the Councell hath condemned them, must therefore beleue them to be damned: MarginaliaCouncels may somtyme slippe awrye. for a Coūcell (as I weene) may sometyme slippe beside the right truth: but what that Councell did in condemning them, I can not precisely say: God wotteth. Yea and that one singular person may iudge more ryghtly, then a great multitude assembled in a Councell, appeareth both by Gods law, and by the law of man. Experience hereof may you see by the Councell that is spoken of in the xj. of Iohn, where is shewed that after our Sauiour had restored Lazarus to lyfe, the Byshops and Phariseis then were gathered in a Councell saying: what shall we do? Truth it is, that this man Iesus doth many myracles, and if we suffer him thus, all the world wil beleue hym, whereupon the Romaynes will come, and put vs out of Hierusalē our dwelling place, and destroy our nation. At which tyme Cayphas did arise, shewing forth hys sentence, which the whole Councell did admitte. MarginaliaIohn. 11.

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MarginaliaActes. 5. In likewise is shewed Actes. v, where in a Coūcel the byshops and Priestes assembled to know what punishment should be done vnto Christes Apostles, for because they preached in the name of Christ, contrary to the precept of them (for they before had commaunded the Apostles no more to speake in Christes name) there among a shrewde multitude of them, gathered together, did arise a certayne wise man, called Gamaliel (a pitifull thing verely to see but one good man in such a great conuocation or Coūcel of Priests, that should be the lightes of vertue to all the people) MarginaliaGamaliell and Doct. Collet compared together. which Gamaliell was a Doctour of the lawe, and had in good reputation among the people: much like he was (as seemed to me) to Doct. Collet sometime Deane of Paules at Lōdon, while he lyued. I maye come no neare for to name some other of our tyme, least I should be thought offēsiue. This Gamaliell did byd þe Apostles to go aside, for a while, out of the Councell or conuocation house, and so he spake vnto þe other Priestes or Byshoppes in þe Councell thus: MarginaliaThe counsell of Gamaliell to the Phariseis. You men (quod he) of Israell, take heede to your selues what you shall do vppon these men the Apostles: For afore thys tyme haue rysen one called Teudas, and after him an other named Iudas of Galilee, which haue turned the people after them: and in conclusion they perished, and all they that followed after them vanished away. And now (quod he) I say vnto you, refraine from hurting these mē, the Apostles, and let them alone, or suffer them. For if this enterprise and worke that they haue made, be of men, vndoubtedly it shall perishe, and be fordone: but if (quod he) it be of God, you can not fordoe it. And thys I tell you (sayd Gamaliell) lest you should be founde to striue and fight agaynst God.

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Vnto this sentence of Gamaliell did all the other of the conuocation and Parlament agree, and so they called in the Apostles of Christ afore them, causing them to be scourged and charging them, no more after to preach of Christes name, and so did let them departe. MarginaliaCouncells goe not alwayes ryght. This was vndoubtedly done in the time of our Sauiour and of his Apostles, and caused to be written for our comfort and learning: For the holy Ghost knew afore, that like practise should come in the latter tyme of the worlde, which we are in. Whereby you

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may
EEE.iiij.
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