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1166 [1165]

K. Henry. 8. Olde Euidences declaring the auncientnes of Priestes Mariage.

feodi seruitia inde de iure debitæ et cōsueta. Et ego prædict. Ricar. & hered. mei præd. peciā terræ præd. Hennnr.et Aliciæ et hered. dict. Henr. et suis assignat. contra omnes gētes warrantizabimus in perpetuum. In cuius rei testimonium huic præsenti cartæ sigillum meum apposui: His testibus, Ricar. de Hanuyle, Ioanne Godfrey, Ioanne de Stonham, Willel. Attegrene, Roberto Petipas, Willel. Aleyne, & alijs. Datum apud paruam Bradley die dominica proxima post festum Paschalis. Anno Regni Regis Edwardi filij Regis Edwardi x. MarginaliaThis deede [illegible text] by the date to be [illegible text]about 200 yeares after Anselme.

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7. An other Euidence touchyng the lyke matter.

MarginaliaScriptorum [illegible text] Clerico [illegible text] in Com. Suff. S Ciant præsentes & futuri quòd Ego Clemens de Cloptone, concessi, dedi, & hac præsenti carta mea confirmaui Ioanni de Rosco de Coulynge Clerico & Basiliæ vxori eius & hæredibus præd. Ioannis, tres acras terræ cū omnibus suis pertinentijs in Coulynge, siue sit ibi maius siue minus prout simul iacent inter terram domini Roberti de Aspal ex parte vna, & terram quondam Ioannis le Pogeys ex alia, vno capite abuttante super viam communem, & alio super terrā quondam prædict. Ioānis Pogeys: Habend. & tenend. prædict. tres acras terræ cum omnibus suis pertinent. prædict. Ioanni & Basiliæ & hered. prædict. Ioannis de capitalibus Domini feodi illius per seruitia inde debita & de iure consueta. Et ego prædictus Clemens & heredes mei, prædictis Ioāni & Basiliæ & hered. prædict. Ioannis totam prædictam terræ cum omnibus suis pertinentijs contra omnes gentes in perpetuū warrantizabimus. In cuius rei testimonium, huic præsenti chartæ sigillum meum apposui: His testibus, Thoma de Caldebeke, Ricar. Farewell, Ioāne de Schelford, Roberto Godfrey, Rogero le Porter, & Williel. le Paumer. Datum apud Coulynge die dominica proxima post festum Sancti Lucæ Euangelistæ. Anno Regni Regis Edwardi filij Regi Edwardi, tertiodecimo. MarginaliaDated [illegible text]. which was An. D. An. 1320.

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MarginaliaM. Iohn Hunte hath [illegible text] peeces of Euidence for Priestes mariages in his custodye. ☞ All the Originals of these seuen seuerall peeces of Euidences, the true copies wherof are here before inserted and last recited, at this present (videlicet) this 23. of Nouēber in the yeare of our Lord. 1576. are in the custody and do remaine among the Euidences, and writynges of Iohn Hunte of Esse aliâs Ashen, in the Countie of Essex Esquier and are perteinyng, and belongyng to his Manor of Ouerhall, alias Parua Bradley aforesayd, in the County of Suffolke. At whose handes they are easely at this present and long tyme (I trust) after the writyng of this history, shall remaine to be sene, of good recorde, if any man either be desirous of the sight thereof, or doubtfull of the truth of the same.

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Although these Instrumentes & Euidences aboue here specified be of themselues euidente & playne enough, so that no man can reasonably obiect any thyng to the contrary: MarginaliaObiection concerning the worde [illegible text] resolued. yet to stoppe the mouthes of all such wranglers and cauillers, who beyng satisfied with no truth, will here peraduenture take some occasion vpon this word Clericus, so oftentymes named in these Euidences aforesayd, to obiect that this word may as well be taken for other, as for Priestes: therfore, to preuent the cauillyng obiections of such, this shalbe briefly to reply thereunto, that in the common lawes of this Realme, in all giftes or feoffementes made to any spirituall person (vnles he be some graduate of Diuinitie in the scholes) the sayd spirituall person is named by no other terme, but by the worde of Clericus as by diuers places, as well in the Printed bookes, as in old Registers and writynges of the Lawyers, as well in the common law, as Statute law, remaineth in Recorde very euident to be sene. Some speciall notes wherof as well for the ease of the Reader in the searche of the same as also for the further satisfiyng of some, who peraduenture shall want the bookes, I thought good here to exhibite in forme and tenour as foloweth.

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¶ Certeine notes how this word Clericus is taken in the Law bookes.

Marginalia[illegible text] S I Clericus aliquis pro reatu vel crimine aliquo, quod ad Coronā pertineat, arestatus fuerit, & postmodum per præceptum Domini Regis in Ballium traditus, vel replegiatus ex titerit, ita quod hi quibus traditus fuerit in Ballium eū habeant coram Iusticiarijs, non amercientur de cætero illi quibus traditus fuerit in Ballium, nec alij plegij sui, si corpus suum habeat coram Iendere noluerit, vel non potuerit propter Ordinarios suos.

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¶ An other Note.

MarginaliaArticuli Cleri, An. Rex & antecessores sui a tempore cuius contrarij memoria non existit, vsi sunt quōd Clerici suis immorantes obsequijs, dum obse Marginalia9. Edw. 2. in fine cap. 8. quijs dum obsequijs illis intenderint, ad residentiam in suis beneficijs faciendam minime compellantur, nec debet dici tēdere in præiudicium Ecclesiasticæ libertatis quòd pro Rege & republica necessarium inuenitur.

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¶ An other Note.

MarginaliaIn eisdem articulis in fine ca. 15. Clericus ad Ecclesiam confugiens pro felonia, pro immunitate Ecclesiastica obtinenda, si asserit se esse Clericum, regnum non compellatur abiurare, sed legi regni se reddēs, gaudebit Ecclesiastica libertate, iuxta laudabilem consuetudinē regni hactenus vsitatam.

¶ An other Note.

MarginaliaIn Cap. 16. Appellatori in forma debita tan Clerico per Ordinariū petito libertatis Ecclesiasticæ beneficium, non negabitur.

In the Statute intituled Articuli Cleri, mad eonely for the benefite of the Clergy, An. R. Edwardi. R. 2. nono are diuers notes to like effect.

But what needeth many of these argumēts for this proufe hereof? The Statutes and law bookes of this Realme are very full of them in diuers and many places, besides the Presidentes for the forme of giuyng of benefices, wherof none are capable but such as are spiritual men and of the Clergy, MarginaliaClericus in the lawe euer taken for a Priest. wherein they are not called or termed by any other title or terme in the Latin toung, then Clerici, for the most part, not in the kynges owne graunt or his Lord Chauncellours, or any other subiectes of his, as very wel appeareth both by diuers old written Presidentes which haue bene shewed vnto me, and also by the formes of presentations collected & set forth for the instruction of such as are ignoraunt, or not very perfite in the order of them, in a Printed booke called The booke of sundry Instrumentes 

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This a reference to one of the numerous editions of the 'Book of Precedents'.

. In which forme in the sayd booke þe wordes in þe kynges graunt be these: Rex Reuerendissimo in Christo. &c. ad Ecclesiam Parochialem de N. vestræ diocæsis modo per mortem vltimi incumbentis ibidem vacantem, & ad nostram donationem pleno iure spectātem, dilectum Capellanum nostrum A. B. Clericum, intuitu charitatis vobis præsentamus, & mandamus vti dictum A. Capellanum nostrum ad præfatam ecclesiam admittere, eumq; Rectorem eiusdem instituere, cum suis iuribus. &c.

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But if the presentation be from a Knight, or an Esquier or a Gentleman, then these wordes Cappellanum nostrum are alwayes left out, as in the said booke appeareth in this sort. Reuerendo in Christo patri. &tc. A. B. de N. ad Ecclesiam de N. predictam vestræ dioc. modo per mortem T. D. vltimi incumbentis ibidem vacantem, & ad meam præsentationem pleno iure spectantem, dilectum mihi in Christo Iacobum P. Clericum vestræ paternitati præsento, humiliter rogans quatenus præfatum I. ad dictā Ecclesiam admittere, ipsumq; in Rectorem eiusdem Ecclesiæ institui & induci facere velitis cum suis Iuribus & pertinentijs vniuersis. &c. As in the sayd boke is more at large to be sene or perused.

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Thus I doubt not, louing reader, but by these so playne euidences aboue prefixed, thou hast sufficiently to vnderstand, that this violent restraynte of Priestes lawfull Mariage within this realme of England, is of no such long reach and antiquitie, as hath bene thought of many, and all by reason of ignoraūce of hystories, and course of tymes. So that briefly as in a Summary Table to comprehend that whole effect hereof:

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Marginalia¶ 946.
Priestes mariage, how and when it begane first to be excluded out of Churches.
First about the yeare of our Lord. 946. the profession of single lyfe, and displacyng of Mariage began to come into example here in Englād, by reason of S. Benetes monkes, which then began to encrease here about the tyme of Kyng Ædgar, and especially by the meanes of Oswald Byshop of Yorke, Odo and Dunstane, Archbyshops of Canterbury, and Æthelwold Byshop of Wint. so that in diuers Cathedrall Churches, and Byshops seas, Mōkes with their professed singlenes of lyfe, crept in, & maried Ministers (which were then called secular Priestes) with their wiues out of sondry Churches were dispossessed not frō wiues, but onely from their places: and yet not in all Churches, but onely in certaine. 

Commentary  *  Close

See 1570, p. 202, 1576, p. 154 and 1583, p. 195.

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Marginalia¶ 1067. ¶ Not long after that, about the tyme of Pope Nicolas 2. an. 1060. of Alexander, and Hildebrand, came into the sea of Canterbury an other Monke called Lanfranck, who also beyng a promoter of this professed chastitie, made the Decree more generall, that all Prebendaryes beyng maryed in any Churches, should be displaced: yet the Priestes in Townes & Villages should not be compelled to leaue their maryed wiues, vnlesse they would.

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Marginalia¶ 1106. ¶ Last of all folowed Monkishe Anselme, an. 1106. by whom was made this law of Winchester aforesayd, that Priestes, Archdeacons, Deacons, and Subdeacons, which had wiues & spirituall lyuyng, should be put from them both and also that none after should be admitted to their orders but should first professe single lyfe, that is, to lyue without

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wiues
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