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1257 [1256]

K. Henry. 8. Persecution in Scotland. George Wysehart, Martyr.

MarginaliaAunswere.My Lordes, I beleue there be none so vnwise here, that wyl make marchaundise with a Frēch man, or any other vnknowen straunger, except he know and vnderstand first the condition or promise made by the Frenche man or straunger. MarginaliaBaptisme, how necessary it is to be knowen of all men. So likewise I woulde that we vnderstoode what thing we promise in the name of the Infant vnto God in Baptisme. MarginaliaConfirmation wherfore it serueth. For this cause I beleue ye haue confirmation. Then sayd master Bleiter Chaplen, that he had the deuyll within hym, and the spirite of error. Then answeared hym a child, saying: MarginaliaEx ore infantium The deuyl can not speake such wordes as yonder man doth speake.

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Marginalia6. Article. 6 Thou heretique, traytour, and thiefe, thou saidest that the Sacrament of the altar was but a peece of bread baken vpon the ashes, and no other thing els, and all that is there done, is but a superstitious rite against the commaundemēt of God.

MarginaliaAunswere.
The Papistes reproued of lyers and misreporters.
Oh Lord God, so manifest lyes & blasphemies the scripture doth not teach you. As concernyng the sacrament of þe aultar (my Lordes) I neuer taught any thing against the scripture, the which I shal (by Gods grace) make manifest this day, I being ready therfore to suffer death.

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The lawfull vse of this sacrament is most acceptable MarginaliaThe lawfull vse of the Sacrament of the alter vnto God: but the great abuse of it is very detestable vnto hym. But what occasion they haue to say such wordes of me, I shal shortly shew your Lordships. MarginaliaThe storie of a Iewe. I once chanced to meete with a Iewe, when I was sayling vpon the water of Rhene. I did enquire of hym what was the cause of his pertinacie, that he dyd not beleue that þe true Messias was come, considering that they had seene all the Prophecies which were spoken of him, to be fulfilled. Moreouer , the Prophecies taken away, and the scepter of Iuda, by many other testimonies of the scripture, I vanquished hym that Messias was come, that which they called Iesus of Nazareth. This Iewe answeared againe vnto me, MarginaliaThe principall causes, which stop the Iewes from Christianitie. when Messias commeth, he shal restore al thinges, and he shal not abrogate the law, which was geuen to our forefathers, as ye do. For why? we see the pore almost perish though hunger amongest you: yet you are not moued with pity towards them: but amonge vs Iewes (though we be poore) there are no beggers found.

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MarginaliaImages. Secondarily, it is forbidden by the Lawe, to faine anye kind of imagery of thinges in heauen aboue, or in the earth beneath, or in the sea vnder the earth: but one God onely to honour: but your Sanctuaries and Churches are ful of Idolles.

MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the altar. Thirdly, a peece of bread baken vpon the ashes, ye adore and worship, and say, that it is your God. I haue rehearsed here but the sayings of the Iewe, which I neuer affirmed to be true. Then the bishops shooke their heades, and spitted on the earth, and what he meant in this matter further, they would not heare.

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Marginalia7. Article. 7 Thou false heretike diddest say, that extreme vnction was not a sacrament.

MarginaliaAunswere. My Lordes, forsooth I neuer taught any thing of extreme vnction in my doctrine, whether it were a sacrament or no.

Marginalia8. Article. 8 Thou false heretike saidest, that holy water is not so good as washe, and such like. Thou condemnest coniuring, and saiest that holy Churches cursinges auayle not.

MarginaliaAunswere. My Lordes, as for holy water, what strength it is of, I taught neuer in my doctrine. Coniurynges and Exorcismes, if they were conformable to the woorde of God, I would commend them: but in so much as they are not conformable to the commaundement and woorde of God, I reproue them.

Marginalia9. Article. 9 Thou false heretike & runnagate hast said, that euery lay man is a priest, and such like. Thou saiest that the Pope hath no more power, then any other man.

MarginaliaAunswere. My Lordes, I taught nothing but the worde of God, I remēber that I haue read in some places in S. Iohn & saint Peter, of the which one saith 

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Revelation 1:6; 5:10.

: He hath made vs kings and priestes. MarginaliaApoc. 1. & 5. The other sayth 
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I Peter 2:9.

: He hath made vs a kingly priesthode. Marginalia1. Pet. 2. Wherfore I haue affirmed that any man being cunnyng in the woorde of God, and the true fayth of Iesu Christ, hath his power geuen him from God, and not by the power or violence of men, but by the vertue of the worde of God, the which woorde is called the power of God, as wytnesseth saint Paull 
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Romans 1:16.

euidently enough. MarginaliaRom. 1. And agayne, I say that any vnlearned man not exercised in the word of God, nor yet constant in his faith, what soeuer estate or order he be of, MarginaliaTo instrumēt to binde and lose I say, he hath no power to bind or loose, seing he wanteth the instrumēt, by the which he byndeth or looseth, that is to say, the worde of God.

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After that he had sayd these wordes, all the Bishoppes laughed, & mocked hym. When that he beheld their laughing. Laugh ye (saith he) my Lordes? Though that these sayings appeare scornful & worthy of derision to your lordships, neuertheles they are verye weightie to me, and of a great value, because that they stand not onely vppon my life, but also the honor and glory of God. In the meane tyme many godly men beholding the woodnes and great crudelitie of the bishops, & the inuincible pacience of M. George, did greatly mourne and lament.

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Marginalia10. Article. 10 Thou false heretike saidest, that a mā hath no free wil. But is like to the Stoikes, whiche say, that it is not in mans wyll to doo any thing, but that all concupiscence and desire commeth of God, what soeuer kinde it be of.

MarginaliaAunswere. My Lordes, I said not so truely, I say, that as many as beleue in Christ firmely, vnto thē is geuē liberty conformable to the saying of s. Iohn 

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John 8:34, 36.

: If the sonne make you free, thē shal ye verily be free. MarginaliaIohn. 8. Of the contrary, as many as beleue not in Christ Iesu, they are bond seruantes of sinne: He that sinneth, is bond to sinne.

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Marginalia11. Article. 11 Thou false heretike sayest, it is as lawful to eate flesh vpon the fryday, as on sonday.

MarginaliaAunswere. Pleaseth it your Lordships, I haue read in the Epistles of saint Paul 

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Titus 1:15.

, that who is cleane, vnto hym al things are cleane. MarginaliaTim. 1. Of the contrary, to the filthy men al thinges are vncleane. MarginaliaEating of meates. A faithful man cleane and holy, sanctifieth by the worde, the creature of God. MarginaliaThe creature doth not sanctifie without the worde. But the creature maketh no man acceptable vnto God. So that a creature may not sanctifie any impure and vnfaithfull man. But to the faythfull man, all thinges are sanctified by the prayer of the word of God. After these sayinges of master George, then sayde al the Bishops with their complices: what 
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A deliberate echo of Matthew 27:65 and parallels.

needeth vs anye witnesse against him? hath he not openly here spoken Blasphemye?

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Marginalia12. Article. 12 Thou false heretike doest say, that we should not pray to Saintes, but to God onely. Say whether thou haste saide this, or no: say shortly.

MarginaliaAunswere. For the weakenes and the infirmitie of the hearers, he said without doubt plainly, that Saintes should not be honoured. My Lordes (said he) there are two thinges worthy of note. The one is certaine, the other vncertaine. MarginaliaTo honour one God is certaine. It is found plainely and certaine in Scripture, that we should worship and honor one God, accordyng to the saying of the first Commaundement: Thou shalt only woorship and honour thy Lord God, with all thy hart. MarginaliaMath. 4. But as for praying to, and honouring of saintes, there is great doubt amōg many, whether they heare or no, inuocation made vnto thē. Therefore I exhorted all men equally in my doctrine, that they shoulde leaue the vnsure waye, and folowe that waye, which was taught vs by our master Christ. He is our only mediatour, and maketh intercession for vs to God his father. MarginaliaThe sured way is to be folowed. He is the doore 

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John 10:7-10.

by þe which we must enter in. He that entreth not in by this doore, but clymeth an other waye, is a theefe and murtherer. He is the veritie and lyfe. He that goeth out of this way, there is no doubte but he shall fall into the myre: yea veryly, is fallen into it alreadye. This is the fashion of my doctrine, the whiche I haue euer folowed. Verely that whiche I haue heard and readde in the woorde of God, I taught openly, and in no corners. And now ye shal witnes the same, if your Lordships wyll heare me. Except it stand by the worde of God, I dare not be so bolde to affirme any thing. These sayinges he rehearsed diuers tymes.

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Marginalia13. Article. 13 Thou false heretike hast preached plainly, saying that there is no Purgatory, and that it is a fayned thing, any mā after this lyfe to be punished in Purgatory.

MarginaliaAunswere. My Lordes, as I haue oftentymes sayde heretofore, without expresse witnes and testimonie of the Scripture, I dare affirme nothyng. MarginaliaPurgatory not once named in scripture. I haue oft and dyuers tymes read ouer the Bible, and yet suche a terme found I neuer, nor yet any place of Scripture applicable thereunto. Therfore I was ashamed euer to teache of that thyng, whiche I coulde not finde in the Scripture. Then sayde he to master Iohn Lauder his accuser: If you haue any testimonie of the scripture, by the which ye may proue any suche place, shew it nowe before this auditorie. But this dolt had not a word to say for hym selfe, but was as dumbe as a beetle in that matter.

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Marginalia14. Article. 14 Thou false heretike hast taught plainly agaynste the vowes of monkes, fryers, Nunnes, and priestes, saying: that who soeuer was bound to such like vowes, they vowed thē selues to the estate of damnation: MarginaliaPriestes mariage. Moreouer, that it was lawful for priestes to mary wyues, and not to lyue sole.

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MarginaliaAunswere. Of sooth (my Lordes) I haue read in the Euangell 

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Matthew 19:12.

, MarginaliaMath. 19
Three kindes of chast men.
that there are three kindes of chaste mē. Some are gelded from their mothers wombe: some are gelded by men: and some haue gelded them selues, for the kyngdome of heauens sake. Veryly I say, these men are blessed by the scripture of God. But as many as haue not the gift of chastitie, nor yet for the Euangell, haue not ouercome the concupiscence of the fleshe, and haue vowed chastitie: MarginaliaThe daunger of vnchastitie. ye haue experience, although I should holde my peace to what inconuenience they haue vowed them selues.

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