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1260 [1259]

K. Hen. 8. Persecution in Scotland. Adam Wallace Martyr.

the word, which is the triall and touchstone sayth, whiche ought to be Iudge to me, and to all the world.

Why (quoth the Earle of Hūtly) hast thou not a Iudge good inough? and trowest thou that we know not God and his worde? Aunswere to that is spoken to thee: and then they made the accuser speake the same thyng ouer agayne. Thou saydest (quoth the accuser) and hast taught, that the bread and wyne in the Sacrament of the aultar, after the wordes of þe consecration, are not þe body and bloud of our Sauiour Iesus Christ.

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He aunswered: I sayd neuer more then the writt sayth, nor yet more then I haue sayd before. For I know well by S. Paule 

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I Corinthians 11:27, 29.

when he sayth: Whosoeuer eateth this bread, and drinketh of this cup vnworthely, receaueth to himselfe damnation. Marginalia1. Cor. 11. And therfore when I taught (which was but seldome, and to them onely which required and desired me) I sayd, that if the Sacrament of the aultar were truly ministred, and vsed as the sonne of the liuyng God did institute it, where that was done, there was God hymselfe by his diuine power, by the whiche he is ouer all.

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The Byshop of Orkney asked him: Beleuest thou not (sayd he) that the bread and wyne in the Sacrament of the aultar, after the wordes of the consecration, is the very body of God, flesh, bloud, and bone?

He aunswered: I wot not what that word consecratiō meaneth. MarginaliaAdam Wallace aunswereth by hys Creede. I haue not muche Latin, but I beleue that the sonne of God was conceaued of the holy Ghost, and borne of the virgine Mary, and hath a naturall body with handes, feete, and other members, and in the same body hee walked vp and downe in the world, preached, and taught, he suffered death vnder Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried, and that by his godly power hee raysed that same body agayne the thyrd day: and the same body ascended into heauen, and sitteth on the ryght hand of the Father, whiche shall come agayne to iudge both the quicke and dead. MarginaliaChristes naturall body can not be in two places at once. And that this body is a naturall body with handes and feete, and can not be in two places at once, he sheweth well him selfe: For the whiche euerlastyng thankes be to hym that maketh this matter cleare. When the woman brake the oyntment on hym, aunsweryng to some of his Disciples whiche grudged thereat, hee sayd 

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Matthew 26:11.

: The poore shall you haue alwayes with you, but me shall you not haue alwayes, MarginaliaMath. 26. meanyng of his naturall body. And likewise at his Ascension sayd he to the same Disciples that were fleshly, and would euer haue had him remainyng with them corporally 
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John 16:7.

: It is needefull for you that I passe away, for if I passe not away, the comforter the holy Ghost shall not come to you MarginaliaIohn. 16. (meanyng that his naturall body behoued to be taken away from them) 
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Apparently an amalgam of John 16:33 and Matthew 28:20.

: But be stoute and of good cheare, for I am with you vnto the worldes end. MarginaliaMath. 28.
Iohn. 16.

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MarginaliaThe eating of the very flesh of Christ profiteth nothing. And that the eatyng of his very flesh profiteth not, may well be knowen by his wordes whiche he spake in the vj. of Iohn, where after that he had sayd 

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John 6:53, 60-63.

: Except ye eate my flesh and drinke my bloud, ye shal not haue life in you: MarginaliaIohn. 6. they murmuryng thereat, he reproued them for their grosse & fleshly takyng of his wordes, and sayd:What will ye thinke when ye see the sonne of mā ascend to the place that it came fro? It, is the spirite that quickneth, the flesh profiteth nothyng, to be eaten as they tooke it, and euen so take ye it.

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It is an horrible heresie, sayd the Byshop of Orknay. MarginaliaThe B. of Orknay speaketh. When he began to speake agayne, and bad the Lord Gouernour iudge if hee had right by the write, the accuser cryed: Ad secundam. Nunc ad secundam, aunswered the Archbyshop of S. Andrewes.

MarginaliaThe second article agaynst Adam Wallace. Then was he biddē to heare the accuser, who propounded the second Article, and sayd: Thou saydedst lykewise, and openly dyddest teach, that the Masse is verye Idolatry, and abhominable in the sight of God.

MarginaliaAunswere. Hee aunswered and sayd: I haue read the Bible and word of God in three tounges, and haue vnderstand them so farre as God gaue me grace, MarginaliaThe Masse not found in Scripture. and yet read I neuer that word Masse in it all: but I found (sayd he) that the thyng that was hyghest and most in estimation amongest men, and not in the word of God, was Idolatry, and abhominable in the sight of God. MarginaliaArgument. And I say the Masse is holden greatly in estimation, and hygh amongest men, and is not founded in the word, therfore I sayd it was Idolatry and abhominable in the sight of God. But if any man will finde it in the Scripture, and proue it by Gods word, I will graunt myne errour, and that I haue fayled: otherwise not, and in that case I will submit me to all lawfull correction and punishement. Ad tertiam, sayd the Archbyshop.

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MarginaliaThe third Article Then sayd the accuser: Thou hast sayd and openly taught that the GOD which we worshyp, is but bread, sowen of corne, growyng of the earth, baked of mēs handes, and nothyng els.

MarginaliaAunswere. He aunswered, I worshyp the father, the sonne, and the holy ghost, three persons in one Godhead, whiche made and fashioned the heauen and earth, and all that is therein of naught, MarginaliaThe Popes God. but I know not which God you worship: and if you will shewe me whom you worship, I shall shewe you, what he is, as I can by my iudgemene.

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Beleuest thou not (sayd the accuser) that the sacramēt of the alter, after the wordes of the consecration betwixt þe Priestes handes, is the very body and bloud of the sonne of God, & God hymselfe? What the body of God is, sayd he, & what kynde of body he hath, I haue shewed you, so farre as I haue found in scripture.

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Then sayd the accuser, thou hast preached, sayd, and openly taught diuers and u other great errours and abhominable heresies agaynst all the vij. sacramentes, which for shortnes of tyme I pretermit and ouer passe. Whether doest thou graunt thy foresayd Articles that thou art accused of, or no, and thou shalt heare them shortly? and thē repeted the accuser the iij. Articles aforesayde shortly ouer, and asked him whether he graunted or denied them.

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He aunswered that before he had said of his aunsweres, and that he sayd nothyng, but agreeing to the holy word as he vnderstooe, so God iudge him, and his owne conscience accuse hym, and thereby woulde he abide vnto the tyme he were better instructed by scripture, and the contrary proued, euen to the death: and said to the Lord Gouernour & other Lordes: MarginaliaThe wordes of Adā Wallace to the L. Gouernour and the Lordes. if you condemne me for holding by Gods word, my innocent bloud shalbe required at your handes, when ye shalbe brought before the iudgemēt seat of Christ, who is mightie to defend my innocent cause, before whome ye shall not denye it, nor yet be able to resiste hys wrath: to whom I referre the vengeaunce as it is written 

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Hebrews 10:30, quoting Deuteronomy 32:35.

: Vengeaunce is myne, and I will rewarde. MarginaliaHeb. 10.

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MarginaliaSentence of condemnation geuen agaynst Adam Wallace. Then gaue they forth sentence, and condemned him by the lawes, and so left him to the secular power, in the handes of syr Iohn Campbell Iustice deputie, who deliuered hym to the Prouost of Edenbrough to be burnt on the Castle hill, who incontinent made hym to be put in the vppermost house in the towne wyth Irons about his legges and necke, and gaue charge to MarginaliaSyr Hew Terrye an impe of Sathan. syr Hew Terrye to keepe the key of the sayde house, an ignoraunt minister and impe of sathan, and of the Byshops, who by direction, MarginaliaFryers sent to instruct Adam Wallace. sent to the poore man two Gray Friers to instructe hym, wyth whom he would enter into no communing. Soone after that was sent in two blacke Friers, an Englishe Frier & an other subtile sophister called Arbirtromy, with þe which Englishe Frier he would haue reasoned and declared hys fayth by the scriptures. Who aunswered, he had no commission to enter in disputation with hym, and so departed and left him.

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MarginaliaThe Deane of Roscalrige sent to Adam Wallace. Then was sent to hym a worldly wise man, and not vngodly in the vnderstanding of the truth, the Deane of Rosealrige, who gaue hym Christian consolatiō, amongest the which he exhorted him to beleue the realtie of the sacrament after the cōsecration. But he would cōsent to nothing that had not euidēce in the holy scripture, and so passed ouer that night in singing, and lauding god to the eares of diuers hearers, hauing learned the Psalter of Dauid wtout booke, to his consolation: For before they had spoyled hym of hys Bible, which alwaies til after he was cōdēned, was wt him where euer he wēt. MarginaliaThe bookes of the good man taken from hym. After that, syr Hew knew þt he had certaine bookes to read & comfort his spirit, who came in a rage & tooke þe same frō him, leauing him desolate (to his power) of all consolatiō, and gaue diuers vngodly & iniurious prouocations by his deuilishe venome, to haue peruerted him a poore innocent, frō the patience & hope he had in Christ hys Sauiour: but God suffered him not to be moued therwith, as plainely appeared to the hearers and seers for the tyme.

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So all the next morning abode this poore man in yrōs, and prouision was cōmaunded to be made for his burnyng agaynst the next day. Which day the Lord Gouernour, and all the principall both spirituall and temporall Lords departed from Edenbrough to their other busines.

MarginaliaThe Deane commeth agayne to Adam Wallace. After they were departed, came þe Deane of Roscalrige to him againe & reasoned with him after his wit. Who aūswered as before, he would say nothing cōcerning his faith, but as the scripture testifieth, yea though an Aungell 

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Galatians 1:8.

came from heauen to perswade him to the same: sauing that he confessed himselfe to haue receaued good consolation of the said Deane in in other behalfes, as becommeth a Christian.

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MarginaliaSyr Hew Terrye commeth agayne to Adam Wallace. Then after came in the said Terry again & examined him after his old maner, and said, he would garre deuils to come forth of him ere euen. To whom he aunswered: you should be a godly man to geue me rather consolation in my case. When I knewe you were come, I prayed God I myght resiste your temptations, which I thanke him, he hath made me able to doe: therfore I pray you let me alone in peace. Then he asked of one of the Officers that stoode by, is your fire makyng ready? Who tolde hym it was. He aūswered, as it pleaseth God: I am ready soone or late

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