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1378 [1353]

Q. Mary. Letters of Boner, & of Q. Mary for alteratiō of religiō. Q Maries articles.

Marginalia1554. March.and neglecting vtterly the helth of their soules, do forbeare to come to confession MarginaliaComming to confessiō. according to the said vsage, and to receiue the Sacrament of the aulter accordingly, geuyng therby pernicious and euill example to the younger sort to neglect and contemne the same: we mynding the reformation hereof for our owne discharge, and desirous of good order to be kept, and good example to be geuen: do will and commaund you by vertue hereof, that immediately vpon the receipt of this our commaundement, ye and euery ech of you within your cure and charge, do vse all your diligence and dexteritie to declare the same, straightly charging and commaunding all your parishioners, beyng of lawfull age and discretion, to come before Easter next commyng, to confession, according to the sayd ordinaunce and vsage, and wyth due preparation and deuotion MarginaliaReceiuing the sacramēt of the aultar.to receyue the sayd sacramēt of the aulter, and that ye do note the names of all such as be not confessed vnto you, and do not receiue of you the sayd Sacrament, certifiyng vs or our Chauncellour or Commissary, thereof before the sixt day of Aprill nexte ensuyng the date hereof: so that we knowyng therby who did not come to confession, and receiuyng the sacrament accordingly, may procede against them, as beyng persons culpable, and transgressours of the sayd ecclesiasticall law and vsage: Further also certifiyng vs or our sayd Chauncellour or Commissary, before the day aforesayd, whether ye haue your aultars set vp, chalice, booke, vestimentes, and all thinges necessary for Masse, and the administration of sacramentes and sacramentals, with procession and all other diuine seruice prepared & in readines, according to the order of the catholike church, and the vertuous and godly example of the Quenes Maiestie: and if you so haue not, ye then with the Churchwardēs cause the same to be prouided for, signifiyng by whose fault and negligence the same want or fault hath proceded, and generally of the not commyng of your parishners to church vndue walking, talking, or vsing of themselues there vnreuerently in the tyme of diuine seruice, and of all other open faultes and misdemeanours, not omittyng thus to doe and certifie as before, as you will answer vpon your peril for the contrary. Geuen at London the 23. of February, in the yeare of our Lord. 1554.

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The next month followyng, which was the moneth of March, and the 4. day of the said month, there was a letter sent from the Queene to Boner Bishop of London, with certaine Articles also annexed, to be put in spedy execution, conteinyng as here followeth. 

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Blocks 11 and 12: Mary's Articles

Queen Mary's articles to her bishops, instructing them how to deal with heresy, married clergy and re-establishing the ceremonies and practices of the Catholic church, and her accompanying letter to Bonner, are printed by Foxe from Bonner's register (cf. Guildhall MS 9531/12, fol. 342r-v with 1563, pp. 924-25; 1570, pp. 1585-86; 1576, pp. 1353-54; 1583, pp. 1423-24). Once again, Foxe misdated this document; the letter is dated 4 March but Foxe dates it 3 March.

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¶ Articles sent from the Queene to the B. of London, by him and his officers at her commaundement to be put in spedy execution, with her letter to the sayd B. before prefixed.

MarginaliaA letter of Q. Mary to B. Boner.RIght reuerend Father in God, right trusty and welbeloued we greet you well. And wheras heretofore in the tyme of the late raign of our most dearest brother King Edward þe sixt, whose soule God pardon, diuers notable crimes excesses and faultes, with sundry kindes of MarginaliaCauses declared.heresies, simony, adultery, and other enormities haue been committed within this our Realme and other our dominions, the same continuing yet hetherto in lyke disorder since þe beginning of our Raigne, without any correction or reformation at al, and the people both of the laytie and also of the clergy, and chiefly of the clergy haue been geuen to much insolencye and vngodlye rule, greatly to the displeasure of almighty god, & very much to our regret and euill contentation, and to no little slaunder of other Christen Realmes, and in maner to the subuersion and clean defacing of this our Realme: and remembring our duety to almighty God, to be to foresee (as muche as in vs may be) that all vertue and godly liuing should be embraced, florish and encrease, and therwith also, that all vice and vngodly behauyour should be banyshed and put away, or at þe least wayes (so nigh as might be) so bridled and kept vnder, that godlynes and honesty might haue the ouer hand, vnderstanding by very credyble report and publick fame, to our no smal heauynes and discomfort, that within your dioces, as well in not exempted as exempted places, the lyke disorder and euyll behuayour hath been done and vsed, like also to contynue and encrease vnlesse due prouision be had & made to reforme þe same, which earnestly in uery deed we do mind and intend to the vttermost all the wayes we can possible, trusting of Gods furtherance and helpe in that behalfe. For these causes, and other most iust considerations vs mouing, we send vnto you certaine articles of such specyall matter, as among other thinges be most necessary to be now put in execution by you and your officers, extending to the ende by vs desired, and the reformation aforesayd, wherin ye shal be charged with our specyal commaundement, by these our let-

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ters to the entent you and your officers may the more earnestly and boldly proceed therunto without feare of any presumption to be noted on your part, or daunger to be incurred of any such our Lawes, as by our doynges of that is in the said articles conteined, might any wise greeue you what soeuer be threatned in any such case. And therfore we straitly charge and commaund you, and your sayd officers to proceede to the execution of the sayd Articles, without al tracte and delay, as ye will answere to the contrary. Geuen vnder our signet, at our palace of Westminster MarginaliaMarch 3.the 3. day of march the first yeare of our raygne.

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Articles sent from the Queene vnto the Ordinary & by him and his Officers by her commaundement to be put in executiō, in the whole dioces.

 

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The Articles

Many of the references concern the changes in religious practice and to the priesthood enjoined by Mary; the language is neutral for the most part (see 'Prouision for priestes which renounce their wiues' and the eight glosses following), even to the point of using the term 'Catholicke' ('Prouision for Catholicke scholemaisters'), a term it is surprising to see Foxe relinquishing to the other side. A series of glosses in all editions ('Ecclesiasticall lawes of K. Henry renued', 'The kinges authoritie geueth place to the popes authoritie', and 'The supremacy of the king repealed') are more charged, marking the transition between the king's authority and the pope's (thus combining nostalgia for the dead king(s) and hostility to the papal incursion). A 1563 reference to 'sacramentaries' ('Sacramentaries excluded from ecclesiasticall promotions') is later dropped, perhaps because it concedes too much to the anti-protestant language of catholics.

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MarginaliaArticles of Q. Mary.FIrst, that euery Bishop and his Officers, with all other hauing Ecclesiasticall iurisdiction, shall with al speed and diligence, and all maner of wayes to them possible, put in execution all such Canons and MarginaliaEcclesiasticall lawes of K. Henrie reuiued.Ecclesiasticall Lawes, hertofore in the tyme of King Henry the eight vsed within thys realme of England, and the dominions of the same, not being directly and expresly contrary to the lawes and statutes of this Realme.

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MarginaliaThe kinges authoritie geueth place to the popes authoritie.Item, that no B. or any hys Officer, or other person aforesayd hereafter in any of their ecclesiasticall wrytings, in processe or other extraiuditiall actes, doe vse to put in thys clause or sentence, Regia authoritate fulcitus.

Item, that no B. or any his officers or other persō aforesayd, do hereafter exact or demaund in the admission of any person to any ecclesiasticall promotiō, order or office, MarginaliaThe supremacie of the kyng repealed.any oth touching the primacy or succession as of late in few yeares passed hath been accustomed and vsed,

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Item, that euery B. and hys officers, with all other persons aforesayd, haue a vigilant eye, and vse speciall diligence and foresight, that no person be admitted or receiued to any ecclesiastical function, benefice or office being a sacramētary infected or defamed wt any notable kinde of heresie or other great crime, and that the sayd B. do stay & cause to be stayed, as much as lyeth in him, that benefices & Ecclesiastical promotions do not notably decay or take hinderance by passing, or confirming of vnreasonable leases.

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Item, that euery Bishop and all other persōs aforesaid do diligently trauaile for MarginaliaFor punishing of heresies as they call them.the repressing of heresies & notable crymes, especyally in the Clergy, duely correcting and punishing the same.

Item, that euery B. and all the other persons aforsaid do likewise trauel for the condemning and repressing of corrupt and naughty opinions, vnlawfull bookes, ballades and other pernitious and hurtfull deuices, engendring hatred amongest the people, and discord amongest the same: And þt Scholemasters, Preachers & Teachers do exercise and vse their offices and duties without teaching, preaching, or setting forth any euill and corrupt doctrine, and that doing the contrary, they may be by the B. and his sayd officers punyshed and remoued.

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Item, that euery byshop & al the other persons aforesaid proceding summarely & with all celerity & speed, MarginaliaAgaynst priestes mariage.may & shal depryue or declare depriued and amoue, according to theyre learning and discretion, al such persons from their benefices & ecclesiasticall promotions, who cōtrary to state of their order, and the laudable custome of the church, haue marryed and vsed wemen as their wiues, or otherwise notablye, and slaunderously disordered or abused them selues: sequestring also, during the sayd proces, the fruites and Profites of the sayd Benefices and Ecclesiasticall promotions,

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Item, that the said B. and all other persons aforesayd, do vse more lenity and clemency with such as haue marryed whose wiues be dead, then with other whose wemē do yet remaine aliue. And likewise such Priestes, as with the consentes of their wiues or wemen MarginaliaProuision for Priestes which renounce their wiues.openly in the presence of the B. do professe to abstaine, to be vsed more fauourably. In which case after penaunce effectually done, the Byshop according to hys discretion and wisedome, may vpon iust consideration, receyue and admitte them agayne to their former administratiō, so it be not in þe same place, appoynting them such a portion to liue vpon, to be payd out of their benefice, wherof they be depryued, by discretion of the sayd Byshop, or hys Officer as hee shall thinke may bee spared of the said Benefice.

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MarginaliaMaried Priests diuorced both frō wyfe & benefice.Item, that euery B. and all other persons aforesaid, doe foresee that they suffer not any religious man, hauinge solemnly professed chastitye, to continue with hys woman, or wife, but that all such persons, after depriuation or their benefice or Ecclesiastical promitō, be also diuorced euery one from hys said woman, and due punishment otherwise takē for the offence therin.

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Item, that euery Bishop and all other persons aforesaid

do
IIIi.j.
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