Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1527 [1501]

Q. Mary. Processe agaynst Iohn Tooly after his death.

Marginalia1555. Maye.citing and further inquiring out of the case of Iohn Tooly. 

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This writ was the necessary first step in excomunicating Tooley. Foxe probably copied it from a register, now lost, containing all the documents in the Tooley case.

MarginaliaA Citation set vp by Boner and that in latin, commaunding his kinne and kinsfolkes to lay for hym what they could, before the sentence geuen, or els to hold their peace for euer.EDmond by the sufferaunce of God, Bishop of London, to all and singular Persons, Vicares, Curates, and others, Clerkes and learned men, being within our Dioces of London, and specially vnto Richard Clony our sworne Sumner, greeting, salutation, & benediction. For so much as it is come to our hearing by common fame, and the declaration of sundry credible persons, that one Iohn Tooly, late Citizen and Pulter of London, the sonne of perdition and iniquitie, commyng to the profunditie of malice, in the selfe same tyme in þe which he should goe to hanging, accordyng to the Lawes of the Realme, for the great thefte by hym lately committed, at whiche tyme chiefely he shoulde haue cared for the wealth of his soule, and to haue dyed in the vnitie of the Catholique Church, did vtter diuers and sundry damnable, blasphemous, and heretical opinons, and errours, vtterly contrary and repugnāt to the veritie of the Catholike faith and vnitie of the same, and did exhort, styrre vp, and encourage the people there standing in great multitude, to hold and defend the same errors and opinions: And moreouer, certaine of the people there standing, as it did appeare, infected with errours and heresies, as fautours and defenders of the said Iohn, dyd confirme and geue expresse consent to the foresaid woordes, propositions, and affirmations: which thing we doo vtter with sorowe and bytternesse of hart.

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MarginaliaNote how Boner here pretendeth conscience in prosecuting this matter, when onely he was commaunded vnto it by the Counsels letters.We therfore the foresaid Edmond, & Bishop abouesaid, not being able, nor daring passe ouer in silence, or winke at the foresaid hainous act, least by our negligence and slacknes, the bloud of thē might be required at our handes, at the most terrible day of iudgement, desiring to be certified & enformed, whether þe premisses declared vnto vs be of truth, & least that any scabbed sheepe, lurking amongest the simple flocke of our Lord, do infect them with pestiferous heresie, to you therfore, we straitly charge and commaund, that you cite, or cause to be cited, al and singular, hauing or knowing the truth of the premisses, by settyng vp this Citation vpon the the Church doore of Saint Martins in the field, beyng within our Dioces of London, and also vpon the Cathedral Church doore of S. Paules in London, leauing there the copie hereof, or by other meanes or wayes, the best you can, that this Citation and Monicion may come to their knowledge.

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All which and singular by the tenour of these presents, we cite and admonishe that they appeare, and euery one of them do appeare before vs or our Vicar generall, or Commissary, what soeuer he be in that behalfe, in our Cathedrall Churche of saint Paul in London, in the Consistory place vpon Thursday the second day of May, now next ensuing, betwixt the houres ix. and x. of the clocke in the foorenoone the same day, to beare witnes to the truth in this behalfe, and to depose and declare faithfully the truth that they knowe or haue heard of the premisses: and moreouer, to doo and receiue, that law and reason doth require.

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Further, we commit vnto you as before, and straytly enioynyng you do commaund, that ye wyl MarginaliaThe wyfe, children, and kindred of Iohn Tooly cited.generally cite the wyfe of the said Tooly that is dead, & his chyldren, his kinred by father and mother, his frendes, and his familiars in especial, and all other and euery of them, if there be any perhaps that desire to defende and purge the remembraunce of the person in the premisses, and that ye admonishe them after the maner and forme aforesaid, whō we likewise by the tenour of these presents, do in such sort cite and monish that they appeare all, & that euery one of thē doo appeare (vnder paine to be cōpelled to kepe silence for euer hereafter in this behalfe) before vs, or our Vicar generall in spiritual matters, or such our Commissary at the day, houre, and place aforesaide, to defende the good name and remembraunce of him that is dead, and to say, allege, and propose in due forme of lawe, a cause reasonable, if they haue any, or can tel of any why the said Iohn Tooly that is dead, ought not to be determined and declared for suche an heretike and excommunicate person, and his remembraunce condemned, in the detesting and cōdemning of so heynous a deede and crime, and his body or carkas to lacke Church buriall, as a rotten mēber cut of from the church, MarginaliaThe carcas of Tooly cut of from christian buryall. and the same to be committed to the arme & power secular, and they compelled hereafter for euer to holde their peace.

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And furthermore, to do, to receiue, & to suffer, as lawe and reason wyll, and as the qualitie of such matter, and the nature of them selues do constrayne and require: and moreouer, that you cite and monishe after the maner aforesaid, all and euery of the receyuers, fautours, and creditours of the said Iohn Tooly that is dead, especially if any of them doo accline and geue consent to those wicked and detestable affirmations, propositions, and rehearsals aforesaid, that on

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this side the said Thursday, they returne and submit them selues vnto vs, and to the lap of the mother holy Churche: MarginaliaThe Byshop layeth his bayt to catch whom he may trouble. which thing if they doo, we trusting vpon the mercy of almighty God, doo promise that we wyll receiue them beyng penitent for suche their errors & faultes, with thankes, benignitie, mercy and fauor, to the comfort and health of their owne soules, and in that behalfe saue their honesties to the vttermost of our power: otherwise if they wyll not prouide thus to come of their owne accorde, but to abide þe ordinary processe of the law, let those mē know that we wyll punish more seuerely this offence, according to the vttermost of the law, and as farre as the law will beare it: and what you shal do in the premisses, let hym among you which shall execute this our present Mandate, certifie vs or our vicar general in spirituall matters, eyther by his owne person, or by his letters patents, together with these autētically sealed. Dated at London vnder our seale, the last day saue one of Aprill. 1555. and of our Translation, the. 16.

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When the tyme of this Citation was expired, and this Tooly being cited, dyd not appeare: nexte in order of lawe came MarginaliaTooly suspended and excommunicated.the suspension (where as one suspension had bene enough for hym) and after that commeth the Excommunication, that is, that no man should eate or drinke with him, or if any mette hym by the way, he shoulde not bydde hym good morowe, and besides that, he shoulde be excluded from the Communion of the Churche. These thynges beyng prepared in such maner, as in such cases ful wisely they vse to doo, at length one stoode out for the nonce, that made aunsweare to certayne articles, rehearsed in iudgement openly, and that in the behalfe of the dead man. But when the poore dead man could neyther speake for hym selfe, nor did (as they saide) sufficiently answeare them by the other, to auoyde the name of an heretike: first witnesses 

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe published these depositions; in all subsequent editions he simply listed the witnesses. This was another case where documents were elimated from the 1570 edition due to a shortage of paper.

were producted against hym, whose names were MarginaliaWitnes against Ioh. Tooly.Hēry Clarke Esquier, Thom. Way keeper of the Marshalsey, Phillip Andrew Vndermarshal, William Holingworth Fishmonger, William Gellard, William Walton, Chaundelour, Richard Longman Marchaunt Taylour, Philip Britten, Iohn Burton Brewer, Thomas Smyth Sergeant. Then he was for an heretike condemned, and so MarginaliaTooly geuen to the secular power.committed to the secular power, namely to the Sheriffes of London, whiche with like diligence went aboute to execute their charge. Therfore receiuyng the man being suspended, excommunicated, condemned as an heretike, and besides that beyng dead, they laid him on the fire to be burned, namely, ad perpetuam rei memoriam, for a continual remembrance therof. This was done the fourth day of Iune. 
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This is Foxe's mistake; Tooley was (posthumously) condemned for heresy on 4 May 1555 (PRO, C/85/127, fol. 7r).

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¶ Here foloweth the historie and martyrdome of the woorthy seruaunt of Christ Thomas Haukes Gentleman, wyth his examinations and aunswers had with B. Boner, recorded and penned with his owne hande. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes

The Rerum contains an acccount of Haukes's background and life (p. 445), which is reprinted in all editions of the Acts and Monuments. The Rerum continues with a relatively brief account of Haukes's final examination by Bonner, his condemnation and his journey back to Essex to be burned (Rerum, pp. 445-46). This material was reprinted in the 1563 edition (on p. 1162) but dropped thereafter to be replaced by a more detailed account. The Rerum also contains an account of Haukes's execution, which was reprinted in all versions of the Acts and Monuments and his two 'private' examinations by Bonner (Rerum, pp. 446-62). All of this was fairly typical of the material Grindal assembled for the Rerum: a collection of documents, usually written by the martyr, supplemented with biographical material from oral sources. Two copies of Haukes's account of his 'private' examinations remain in Foxe's papers: BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 13r-27r and 171r-182v.

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The account of Haukes in the 1563 edition was essentially a reprinting of the material in the Rerum, although the arrangement of this material was different and rather unusual: Haukes's examinations were printed before the details of Haukes's life and martyrdom were given. In the 1570 edition, Foxe rearranged the order of material, placing it in chronological order, with Haukes's life now followed by his examination and then by the details of his martyrdom. Foxe also replaced the public examinations of Haukes by Bonner, and the martyr's condemnation, with material drawn from Bonner's official record. (This material, probably kept in a court book, is now lost).

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Foxe reprinted the 1570 account of Haukes without any significant alteration in the third and fourth editions of the Acts and Monuments.

 

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Thomas Hawkes

Many of the glosses draw attention to stages in the narrative and also matters under discussion; indeed Hawkes' is one of the more disputational lives, and the margins reflect this fact. Some of the glosses take specific points made by Hawkes in arguments with his interrogators and draw out the general principles inherent in them ('Fecknam maketh euery act spoken of in the new Testament to be a ceremony'; 'The wordes of Christ are to be vnderstand, not as he spake , but as he ment thē'). The gloss 'Other doctrine taught in the Church of Rome then euer Paule taught' makes Hawkes' point clearer for the reader, and there are also glosses highlighting poor attempts at exegesis by Bonner and Fecknam ('See how Boner proueth holy water by the scripture'; 'Elizeus put salt in the water, not to washe away sinne, but onely to make the water sweete'; 'Boner proueth holy bread by the 5. loaues and 3. fishes'; 'Fecknams reason lyeth in Paules Breches'). In short, Foxe's margins are in some respects similar to those we find in the Oxford disputations sections; he also includes a comment of his own about the sacrament that is not indicated by the text ('It is his sacramentall body, or the Sacramēt of his body, but not his true body'). Bonner gets his usual criticism, his pride and anger both drawing marginal comments ('Boner looked to be curtised'; 'Boner in a fume with Thomas Haukes'), while another gloss uses the disparaging term 'coniure' in relation to his persuasion of Baget ('Boner taketh Baget with him aside to coniure him'). A gloss emphasises his assertion that he is no preacher ('B. Boner iudgeth other men by his own sore'). The limitations of papist debating skills are highlighted ('Boner whē he can not ouercome by doctrine, goeth about to oppresse by authoritie'; 'Fecknam falleth out of his matter to rayling'). The solidity of Hawkes' profession is emphasised in the use twice of the gloss 'Thomas Haukes builded his fayth vpon no man'. The gloss 'Thomas Haukes standing at the stake reasoneth with the Lord Rich' uses the surprising term 'reasoneth' to describe Hawkes' mode of speaking at the stake: a more biblical term might have been expected. There are various errors of placing, with 1570 (as is usual) more accurate in comparison to later editions.

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MarginaliaThe story of M. Thomas Haukes, Martyr.IMmediatly after the story of D. Taylor. pag. 1456. mention before was made of sixe men brought & conuented before bishop Boner vpon the eight day of February. The names of whiche martyrs were Steuen Knight, William Pigot, Tho. Tomkins, Ioh. Laurence, Wil. Hunter. In which number was also Thomas Haukes, & condemned likewise with thē the. 9. day of the foresaid moneth of February But because his execution did not so shortly folowe with theirs, but was prolonged to this present. x. day of the moneth of Iune, wherewith we are now in hand, it foloweth therfore now cōsequently to enter tractation therof, first beginnyng briefly with his godly cōuersation & institution of life, then shewing of his troubles, also of his examinations and conflicts with the bishop and other aduersaries, according as the order of story doth require.

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As touching therefore his education and order of lyfe, MarginaliaThe lyfe and conuersation of Tho. Haukes.first he was of the countrey of Essex, borne of an honest stocke, in callyng and profession a Courtier, brought vp daintily from hys childhoode, and like a Gentleman. Besides that, he was of such comelynes and stature, so well endued with excellēt qualities, that he might seeme on euery side a man (as it were) made for the purpose. But his gentle behaueour toward other, and especially hys feruent studye and singular loue vnto true Religion and godlynes dyd surmount all the rest. Wherein as God dyd singularly adorne hym: euen so he being such a valiaunt martyr of God, may seeme to nobilitate the whole company of other holy martyrs, and as a bright starre, to make the Churche of God and his truth, of them selues bright and cleare, more gloriously to shine by his example.

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MarginaliaThe victory of Martyrs is the triumph of Christ. Ambrose.For if the conquests of martyrs are the triumphes of Christe (as saint Ambrose doth notably and truely write)

vndoubtedly
XXXx.iij.
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