Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1539 [1513]

Q. Mary. The Martyrdome of Thomas Wattes. Queene Maryes Childe.

Marginalia1555. Iune.or as some recorde, to the. xxij. of May: at what tyme he was caryed vnto Chelmesford, and there was brought to Scottes house keepyng then an Inne at Chelmesford, where, as they were eatyng meate with Haukes and the rest that came downe to their burnyng, they prayed together both afore and after their meate.

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Then Wats went and prayed priuately to himselfe, and afterward came to his wife and his. vj. children being there, and sayd these words in effect: MarginaliaThe farewel of Thomas Wattes to his wyfe and sixe children.Wife, and my good children, I must now depart from you. Therfore hence forth know I you no more, but as the Lord hath geuen you vnto me, so I geue you agayne vnto the Lord, whom I charge you, see you do obey, and feare him: and beware ye turne not to this abhominable Papistry, agaynst the which I shall anone (by Gods grace) geue my bloud. Let not the murtheryng of Gods Saintes cause you to relent, but take occasion thereby to bee the stronger in the Lordes quarell, and I doubt not but he will be a mercyfull father vnto you. All these and such lyke wordes spake hee vnto them, and they vnto hym, of whom two (as it is sayd) offered to bee burnt with him. In the ende he bad them farewell, and kissed them all, and was caried to the fire.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of T. Wattes, at Chelmisford. An. 1555. Iune. 10.¶ The burnyng of Thomas Wattes, Martyr.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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This is one of the small cuts introduced in 1570, which saw repeated use. It was reused four more times after this appearance in, 1583, at pages 1683, 1704, 2021, 2045, and is one of the two small woodcuts (see also small cut [i]) that, unlike the majority, show martyrs in an unlit pyre with pikemen in the background. The curious lack of the top framing line in this instance, indicating that the block was shortened, also suggests this was some kind of exception in the series.

At the stake, after he had kissed it, he spake to my Lord Rich, these or the like wordes: MarginaliaThe words of Thomas Wattes to the Lord Rich.My Lord sayth hee, beware, beware, for you do agaynst your own conscience herein, and without you repent, the Lord will reuenge it: For you are the cause of this my death. 

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As the researches of Brett Usher have revealed, Lord Rich had been the patron of a number of evangelical preachers in Essex during the reign of Edward VI, thus explaining Wats's words to Lord Rich. (See the article by Brett Usher in John Foxe at Home and Abroad, ed. by David Loades[forthcoming]).

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¶ Concerning the childebed of Queene Mary, as it was rumoured among the people. 
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Queen Mary's False Pregnancy

All of the material Foxe ever printed on Mary's false pregnancy first appeared in the 1563 edition. In the 1570 edition Foxe deleted some material, most notably William Forest's poems. The account was printed without alteration in the 1576 and 1583 editions. The chief source for this material was London gossip; interestingly, gossip centred on the Aldersgate neighbourhood of John Day's printshop, where all four of the first editions of the Acts and Monuments were printed.

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MarginaliaThe childbirth of Q. Mary.LOng perswasiō had bene in England with great expectatiō, for the space of halfe a yeare or more, that the Queene was conceiued with child. This report was made by the Queenes Phisicions, and other nye about the Court: so that diuers were punished for saying the contrary. And commaundement was geuen that in all Churches supplication and Prayers should be made for the Queenes good deliuery: the certificate wherof ye may read before in the letter of the Counsell sent to Boner. pag. 1409. And also the same moreouer may appeare by prouision made before in the Act of Parliament for the child. 

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The letter Foxe refers to was printed in Book X.

pag. 1410.

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And 

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The poems of William Forrest were dropped from the 1570 edition, probably due to the need to save paper. Foxe, however, never reprinted these poems in later editions.

now for somuch as in the begynning of this moneth of Iune  
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Note that Foxe corrected the month in the 1570 edition.

about Whitsontyde, the tyme was thought to bee nigh that this yong Maister should come into the world, and that midwiues, MarginaliaRockers, and Nurses prouided for Queene Maries child.rockers, nurses, with the cradle and all were prepared and in a readynes, sodenly vpon what cause or occasion it is vncertayne, a certaine vayne rumour was

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blowne in London of the prosperous deliuerance of þe queene, and the birthe of the childe: In so much that the Bels were rong, MarginaliaProcessions and bonfiers in London for ioy of the younge Prince.Bonfiers and Processions made, not onely in the Citie of London and in most other partes of the Realme, but also in the Towne of Antwarpe, gunnes were shot of vppon the Riuer by the Englishe Shyppes, and the Mariners thereof rewarded with an hundred pistolettes or Italian crownes by the Lady Regent, who was the Queene of Hungarie. MarginaliaTriumph at Antwarpe for the same.Such great reioysing and triumphe was for the Queenes deliuery, and that there was a prince borne. Yea, diuers Preachers, namely one, the Parson of S. Anne within Aldersgate,  

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St Anne's was the parish in which John Day's home and printshop were located.

after Processiō and Te Deum  
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This is a Latin hymn recited on occasions of thanksgiving.

song, tooke vppon him to describe the proportion of the child, how fayre, how beautifull, and great a Prince it was, as the like had not bene sene.

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In the middest of this great adoe, there was a simple man (this I speake but vppon information) dwellyng within foure myles of Barwicke, that neuer had bene before halfe waye to London, whiche sayd concernyng the Bonfiers made for Queene Maryes childe: Here is a ioylie triumphe, but at length all will not proue woorth a messe of Potage: 

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See Genesis 25: 29-34.

as in deede it came to passe: For in the end MarginaliaQ. Maryes childe would not come.all proued cleane contrary, and the ioye and expectations of men were much deceiued. For the people were certified, that the Queene neither was as then deliuered, nor after was in hope to haue any child.

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At this tyme many talked diuersly: some sayd this rumour of the Queenes conception was spread for a policie: some other affirmed that she was deceiued by a Tympany 

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A swelling or a tumor (OED).

or some other lyke disease, to thinke her selfe with child, and was not: some thought she was with childe, and that it did by some chaunce miscary, or els that she was bewitched: but what was the truth therof, the Lord knoweth, MarginaliaWhat became of Q. Maryes childe no man can tell.to whō nothyng is secret. One thyng of myne owne hearyng and seyng I can not passe ouer vnwitnessed.

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There came to me, whom I did both heare and see, one Isabell Malt, a woman dwellyng in Aldersgate streete in Horne alley, 

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In other words, Isabel Malt lived within a stone's throw of John Day's printshop.

not farre from the house where this present booke was Printed, who before witnes made thys declaration vnto vs, that she beyng deliuered of a manchild vpon Whitsonday in the mornyng, whiche was the xj. day of Iune, an. 1555. there came to her the Lord North, and an other Lord to her vnknowen, dwellyng then about old Fish streete, demaundyng of her if shee would part with her child, and would sweare that she neuer knewe nor had no such childe. Which if she would, her sonne (they sayd) should bee well prouided for, she should take no care for it, with many fayre offers if she would part with the child.

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After that came other womē also, of whom one she sayd should haue bene the Rocker, but she in no wise would let go her sonne, who at þe writing hereof being aliue and called Timothe Malt, was of the age of. xiij. yeares and vpward. 

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Rumours were circulating in the spring of 1555 that Mary was not truly pregnant and that she would try to substitute another woman's child and claim it as her own (see Brigden, p. 596).

MarginaliaEx testimonio cuiusdam puerperæ Londinensis.

Thus much (I say) I heard of the woman her selfe. What credite is to bee geuen to her relation, I deale not withall, but leaue it to the libertie of the Reader, to beleue it they that list: to thē that list not, I haue no further warrant to assure them.

MarginaliaThe young Princes Cradle.Among many other greate preparations made for the Queenes deliueraunce of childe, there was a cradle very sumptuously and gorgeously trimmed, vppon the whiche cradle for the childe appointed, these Verses were written, both in Latin and English.

MarginaliaVerses vpon the Cradle.Quam Mariæ sobolem Deus optime summe dedisti,
Anglis incolumen redde, tuere, rege.

The Child which thou to Mary, O Lord of might hast send
To Englands ioy in health preserue, keepe and defend.

About this tyme 

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Censorship Proclamation

All of the material on the 1555 efforts by the Marian regime to censor anti-catholic literature was first printed in the 1563 edition and unchanged in subsequent editions. However, as was so often the case, in the 1570 edition Foxe moved this material to place it in its proper chronological order. Foxe apparently printed the proclamation and the articles from records of Bishop Bonner, now lost.

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there came ouer into England a certaine Englishe booke, geuing warnyng to Englishe men of the Spanyardes, and disclosing certaine close practises for recouery of Abbay landes, which booke was called A warnyng for England.  
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Foxe himself had used A Warning for England to support his claims thatMary secretly planned to restore abbey lands.

Whereof ye shall vnderstand more (God willyng) when we come to the Spanishe Inquisition. So that by the occasion of this booke, vppon the xiij. day of this moneth came out a certaine Proclamation, set forth in the name of the Kyng and Queene, repealyng and disanullyng all maner of bookes written or Printed, what soeuer should touche any thyng the impayring of the Popes dignitie, whereby not onely much godly edification was hyndred: but also great perill grew among the people. The copy of which Proclamation here foloweth.

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¶ A Proclamation set out by the King and Queene for the restraynyng of all bookes and writinges tending against the doctrine of the Pope and his Churche. 
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Foxe probaly printed the proclamation from a copy transcribed in Bonner's records.

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