Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1618 [1592]

Q. Mary. Margery Polley, Diricke Caruer, Iohn Launder, Martyrs.

Marginalia1555. Iuly.WE Maurice by the sufferaunce of GOD Byshop of Rochester proceedyng of our mere office in a cause of heresie, agaynst thee Margery Polley of the Parish of Pepingbery of our Diocesse and Iurisdiction of Rochester, do lay and obiecte agaynst thee all and singular these Articles insuyng. To the whiche, and to euery parcell of them, we require of thee a true, full, and playne aunswere, by vertue of thine othe thereupon to be giuen. &c.

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MarginaliaThe condemnation of Margery Polley.Thus the oth first beyng ministred, and the Articles cōmēced against her, which Articles were the same ministred to Nicolas Halle and Wayde before, she so framed her aunsweres agayn especially aūsweryng to the thyrd and fourth Article, that she neither allowed the deitie of their Sacrament, nor the absurditie of their Masse. For the which, sentence was read agaynst her about the begynnyng of Iune, 

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She was condemned on 7 June 1555 (PRO C/85/144, fo. 33r).

and she burnt at Tonbridge about the midle of Iuly.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Margery Polley, at Tunbridge. Anno. 1555. Iuly.¶ The Martyrdome of Margery Polley.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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The small woodcut of Margery Polley (Type 2), placed in the text where Foxe promises a fuller account to come, is the first to show a single women in the flames. It was not reused on two subsequent occasions when such a martyr was illustrated (Cicelie Ormes and the woman of Exeter).

¶ The apprehension, examination, condemnation, and burnyng of Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder, who suffered Martyrdome for the testimony of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdoms of Carver and Launder

The only information on this pair in the Rerum is a note stating that John Launder was burned at Steyning, Sussex, and 'Dirickius Harmonus' was burned at Lewes, both in July 1555 (p. 510). [Foxe's source apparently confused Dirick Carver with Richard Harmon, another Sussex protestant, who was committed to the King's Bench in May 1554; see APC V, p. 128]. In the 1563 edition, Foxe had written his complete account of Carver and Launder. It was largely based on official records of the London diocese, now lost, but also, for its account of the despoiling of Carver's family, his learning to read English and of Carver's execution, on personal testimony or testimonies. The account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaIuly. 22. and 23. MarginaliaDiricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder, Martyrs.THe xxij. day of this moneth of Iuly was burned at Lewes, within the County of Sussex, one Diricke Caruer, late of the Parishe of Brighthamsted in the same Countie. And þe next day (being þe. xxiij. day of þe same moneth) was also burned at Stenyng an other named Iohn Launder, late of Godstone, in the County of Surrey. Whiche two men were (with others) about the ende of the moneth of October. an. 1554. apprehended by MarginaliaEdward Gage gentleman, persecutor.Edward Gage Gentleman, as they were at prayer within the dwellyng house of the sayd Diricke: and by hym were sent vp vnto the Queenes Counsaile. Who, after examination, sent them as prisoners to Newgate, there to attend the leasure of Boner Byshop of London. 

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Carver and Launder were the first protestants from the diocese of Chichester to be tried for heresy. Technically they should have been tried by the bishop of Chichester, but at that moment the office was vacant. As a substitute, they were sent to Bonner, who really had no jurisdiction in the matter.

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From whence (vppon the Byshops receipt of a Letter from the Lord Marques of Winchester now Lorde Treasurer) MarginaliaCaruer and Launder appearing before Byshop Boner.they were brought by the Keeper of the prison, the. viij. day of Iune next after, into the Byshoppes chamber at his house in London: and there (beyng examined vppon diuers poyntes of Religion) they made their seuerall confessions, subscribyng and signyng them with their owne handes Whiche beyng read, the Byshoppe obiected vnto them certaine other Articles, causing them to sweare truely and directly to aūswere therunto: whiche Articles they confessed to bee true, referryng them selues chiefly to their former confessions.

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This done, after long perswasions and fayre exhortations, they were demaunded whether they would stand to their aunsweres. To whom Launder sayd: I will neuer

go from these aunsweres, so long as I liue. The other also confirmed the same, and therfore they were commaunded to appeare agayne before the Byshop in the Consistorye at Pauls, the. x. daye of the same moneth next followyng. Whiche articles and confessions, with the afore mentioned letter do here ensue.

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¶ A letter sent frō the Marques of Winchester Lord Treasurer, vnto Boner B. of Londō, touching the examination of the sayd prisoners. 
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This letter must have been copied at Bonner's orders into his diocesan records, probably into a court book which is now lost.

AFter my right harty commendations to your good Lordship, I shall not forget MarginaliaThese funerals were for the Kinges grandmother, the olde Queene of Spayne.your liuery of blacke agaynst thys time: 

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As Foxe explains in a marginal gloss, the court was wearing black due to the recent death of King Philip's grandmother Juana.

no more I shall maister Deane, to whome I wrote to make the sermon, who must now assuredly do it: for my L. of Chichester cannot attend it. To whom I haue geuen like knowledge by my letter now sent, and your Lordship must commaunde the Sextens of your church to be in readines for ryngyng in the time of seruice. And if ye bee not furnished with blacke apparell for the aulter, and for the priest. Deacon, and Subdeacon, I must haue knowledge therof, that it be taken of the Queenes stuffe, wherof I pray you let me be aduertised.

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And ye haue sent Bradford to newgate, as a man determined of heresy before you: but as I perceiue ye haue not sent me a Significauit, 

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I.e., a significavit of excommunication. This was the writ which a bishop was required to send to Chancery, notifying them that an individual had been sentenced to death for heresy and turned over to the secular authorities.

MarginaliaA significauit to be sent to the Lord treasurer for burning of Bradford. and therefore you must send me one, that I may procede with hym, and that shall I do, assone as I am aunswered of you.

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There be diuers like prisoners that came frō Sussex, that bee not yet examined before you, lying nowe in Newgate, MarginaliaHe meaneth Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder. which must be examined by you, since they be come to London, and so I praye you they may be, MarginaliaLord Treasurer calleth vpon Boner for examination of these 2. persons. and I certified of your procedynges, that I may follow, which I shall do, thanking your lordship hartely for my Conies, trusting to recompēce your Lordshyp agayn shortly with twise as many. From my house this. vij. of Iune. 1555.

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Your louing friend, Winchester 

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William Paulet, the marquis of Winchester, not Stephen Gardiner, the bishop of Winchester.

¶ The Confession of Diricke Caruer before Boner Bishop of London. 
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This confession was copied by Foxe from an official record which is now lost. But by a stroke of luck, we know that Foxe did not reprint this document with complete fidelity. The catholic polemicist Miles Hogarde recorded that Carver stated that a person might be a Christian without baptism and that it was only an external sign (Miles Hogarde, The Displaying of the Protestants [London, 1556], STC 13557, fos. 10r-11r). Note that Foxe does not print an article on baptism by Carver or Launder, but he does print one by Thomas Iveson; this is further evidence that Foxe censored Carver's and Lander's radical opinions on baptism.

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MarginaliaDiricke Caruer his confession.DIricke Caruer Berebrewer of Brighthāstē, in þe coūty of Sussex, where he hath dwelled by þe space of eight or nyne yeares, borne in the village of Dilson by Stockome in the land of Luke, 

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Dilsom, near Stockem, in the region of Liége, Flanders.

fourty yeares of age, or thereabout, & now prisoner in Newgate, where he hath remayned & continued at the Counsayles commaundement, since Allhollowne day last past, beyng examined concernyng hys Fayth and beliefe in the sacrament of the alter, sayeth that hee hath and doth beleue, MarginaliaThe materiall substance of the Sacrament denyed to be the body of Christ really.that the very substaunce of the bodye and bloud of Christ is not in the sayd Sacrament, & that there is no other substaunce remaynyng in the said sacrament after the woordes spoken by the Priest, but onely the substaunce of bread and wyne.

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MarginaliaThe vse and sacrifice of the Latin Masse denyed.Item beyng examined concernyng the Masse in Latin now vsed in the Church of England, he beleueth that there is no sacrifice in the sayd Masse, and that there is in it no saluation for a Christian man, except it should be sayd in the mother toung, that he might vnderstand it: and concernyng the ceremonies of the Churche, he sayth and beleueth, that they be not profitable to a Christian man.

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MarginaliaAuricular confession and absolution of the priest reiected.Item, being examined concerning Auricular confession, he aunswereth: that he hath and doth beleue, that it is necessary to go to a good Priest for good counsayle, but the absolution of the Priest, laying his hand vppon anye mans head as is nowe vsed, is nothing profitable to a Christian mans saluation. And further he sayth, þt he hath not bene confessed, nor receiued the Sacrament of the aulter, since the coronation of the Queene that now is.

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Item, concerning the faith and religion, now taught setforth and beleued in the church of England, he answereth, and beleueth, that the fayth and doctrine now taught, set foorth, and vsed in the sayd Church of England, is not agreable to Gods word. MarginaliaThe fayth of the church of England in Queene Maryes tyme reproued. And furthermore he sayth, that Byshop Hooper, Cardmaker, Rogers, and other of their opiniō, which were of late burned, were good Christian men, and dyd preach the true doctrine of Christ, as he beleueth: and sayth that they did shed their bloud in the same doctrine, which was by the power of God, as he sayth and beleueth.

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And further being examined sayth, that since þe Quenes Coronation, he hath had the Bible and Psalter in English red in his house at Bryghthāsted dyuers tymes, and lykewyse since his commyng into Newgate, but the keeper hearyng thereof, did take them away: and sayth also that about a tweluemoneth now past, he had the English procession said in his house, with other Englishe prayers. And further sayth, that Thomas Iueson, Iohn Launder, and

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William
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