Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1620 [1594]

Persecution in London Dioces. Diricke Caruer, and Launder, Martyrs.

MarginaliaIf it were lawfull, why doe ye so at mans commaundement?heresie, but partly your owne demerites, and partly the sayd commaundemēt enforced me to call and send for you, to make aunswere herein, and hereof to shew you the sayd letters.

Their Aunsweres to the Articles.

MarginaliaQ. Mary. An. 1555. Iuly. MarginaliaTheir aunsweres.VPon Monday, beyng the sayd tenth day of Iune, 

Commentary  *  Close

The account of Carver's final examination is probably derived from personal testimony and not official records.

these two persons (with others) were brought by the Keeper vnto the Bishops Consistory (as it was before commaunded) at one of the clocke in the after noone, where the Byshop first begynnyng with the sayd Diricke Caruer, caused his confession with the Articles and Aunsweres, to be openly read vnto hym (which order he kept at the condemnation of euery prisoner) askyng him whether hee would stand to the same. To whom the sayd Diricke aunswered, that he would: for your doctrine (quoth hee) is poyson and Sorcery. If Christ were here, you would put him to a worse death, then he was put to before.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe words of Diricke Caruer to Boner.You say, that you can make a God: ye can make a puddyng as well. Your Ceremonies in the Churche be beggary and poyson. And farther I say, that auricular confession is contrary to Gods word, and very poyson: with diuers other such wordes.

The Byshop seyng this constancie, and that neither his accustomed flatteries, nor yet his cruell threatnynges could once moue this good man to encline to their Idolatry, pronounced his vsuall and generall blessyng, as well towardes this Diricke, as also vppon the sayd Iohn Launder (although seuerally). Who (after the lyke maner of processe vsed with him) remained in the same constancy, as did the other, and therfore were both deliuered vnto the Shiriffes, who were there present, MarginaliaDiricke Caruer and Iohn Launder, sent downe into the countrey to be burned.but afterwardes were conueyed to the places aboue named, and there most ioyfully gaue their bodyes to be burned in the fire, and their soules into the handes of Almighty God, by Iesus Christ, who hath assured them to a better hope of lyfe.

[Back to Top]
MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Diricke Caruer at Lewes An. 1555. Iuly. 22.¶ The Martyrdome of Diricke Caruer.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The image previously used for Farrar's burning.

This Diricke was a man, whom the Lorde had blessed as well with temporall riches, as with his spirituall treasures: whiche riches yet were no clogge or let vnto his true professyng of Christ, (the Lord by his grace so workyng in him:) MarginaliaThe cruell spoyle of Dirickes goodes.of the whiche, there was such hauocke made, by the gready raueners of that tyme, that his poore wife and children had little or none therof. 

Commentary  *  Close

This account of the ordeals Carver's family faced, his learning to read and his execution are certainly derived from personal testimony or testimonies.

Duryng his imprisonment, although hee was well stricken in yeares (and as it were, past the tyme of learnyng) yet hee so spent his tyme, MarginaliaDiricke learned to read in the prison.that beyng at his first apprehension vtterly ignoraunt of any Letter of the booke, hee could before his death read perfectly any Printed Englishe. 
Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's wording - he states that Carver did not know how to read English. Remember that he was Flemish, and he may well have been literate in that language.

Whose diligence and zeale is worthy no small commendation, and therfore I thought it

[Back to Top]

good not to let it passe ouer in silēce, for the good encouragement and example of others.

Moreouer, at his commyng into the Towne of Lewes to be burned, MarginaliaDiricke burned at Lewes. the people called vppon hym, beseechyng God to strengthen him in the fayth of Iesus Christ. He thanked them, and prayed vnto GOD, that of his mercy he would strengthen them in the lyke fayth. And when he came to the signe of the Starre, the people drew neare vnto him, where the Sheriffe sayd that hee had founde him a faythfull man in all his aūsweres. And as he came to the stake, he kneeled downe and made his prayers, and the Shiriffe made hast.

[Back to Top]

Then his booke was throwen into the barrell, and when hee had stript him selfe (as a ioyfull member of God) he went into the barrell hym selfe. And as soone as euer hee came in, he tooke vp the booke and threw it among the people, MarginaliaDirickes booke commaunded in the Queenes name to be throwne in agayne to the fier,and then the Shiriffe commaunded in the Kyng and Queenes name, in payne of death, to throw in the booke agayne. And immediately, that faythfull member spake with a ioyfull voyce, saying:

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe testimonie of Diricke at the stake.Deare brethren and sisterne, witnes to you all, that I am come to seale with my bloud Christes Gospell, for because I know that it is true: it is not vnknowen vnto all you, but that it hath bene truly preached here in Lewes, and in all places of England, and now it is not. And for because that I wyll not denye here Gods Gospell, and be obedient to mans lawes, I am condemned to dye. MarginaliaThe exhortation of Diricke to the people.Deare brethren and sistern, as many of you as do beleue vpon the father, the sonne, and the holye ghost, vnto euerlastyng lyfe, see you do the workes appertainyng to the same. And as many of you as do beleue vppon the Pope of Rome, or any of his lawes, which he sets forth in these dayes, you do beleue to your vtter cōdemnation, and except the great mercy of God, you shall burne in hell perpetually.

[Back to Top]

Immediatly the Sheriffe spake vnto him, and sayd: MarginaliaWhere finde you that in the Crede, to beleue on the Pope.if thou doest not beleue on the Pope thou art damned body and soule. And further the Shiriffe sayd vnto hym: speake to thy God, that he may deliuer thee now, or els to strike me downe to the example of this people: MarginaliaHorrible prouoking of Gods iudgement. but this faythfull mēber sayd, the Lorde forgeue you your sayinges.

[Back to Top]

And then spake hee agayne to all the people there present, with a loude voyce, saying: deare brethren, and all you whō I haue offended in wordes or in deede, I aske you for the Lordes sake to forgeue me, and I hartly forgeue al you, whiche haue offended me in thought, word, or deede. And he sayd further in his prayer, MarginaliaDirickes prayer at his death.Oh Lord my God, thou hast written: He that will not forsake wife, childrē, house, and all that euer he hath, and take vp thy crosse and folow thee, is not worthy of thee. But thou Lorde knowest that I haue forsaken all, to come vnto thee: Lord haue mercy vpon me, for vnto thee I commend my spirit: and my soule doth reioyce in thee. These were the last woordes of that faythfull member of Christ, before the fire was put to him. And afterward that the fire came to him, he cried: Oh Lord haue mercy vpon me, and sprong vp in the fire, callyng vpon the name of Iesus, and so ended.

[Back to Top]
¶ Thomas Iueson, Martyr. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson

The only thing that the Rerum related about Iveson was a note stating that 'Thomas Everson' was burned in July 1555 (p. 510). Foxe's entire account of Iveson, based entirely on official records which are now lost, was first printed in the 1563 edition. It was reprinted without change in subsequent editions.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaTho. Iueson or Euerson, apprehended with Diricke and other, and suffered at Chichester.AT Chichester, about the same moneth was burned one Thomas Iueson of Godstone in the Countie of Surrey, Carpenter, whose apprehension, examination, and condemnation, (for as much as it was at one tyme, and in one forme with Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder) I do here omit, referryng the reader to their hystory and processe before mentioned, sauyng onely this his seuerall confession, and priuate aunsweres made before Byshop Boner at his last examination in the Consistory, I thought not to pretermit: who beyng examined vppon the foresayd Articles, aunswered as followeth.

[Back to Top]
¶ The aunsweres of Thomas Iueson, to the obiections of Boner Byshop of London, in a chamber at his house, in the moneth of Iuly.

MarginaliaAunsweres of Thomas Iueson.1. FIrst, that he beleued, that there is but one Catholicke, vniuersall and whole Churche of Christ through the whole world, whiche hath and holdeth the true fayth, and all the necessary Articles of Christen belief, and all the Sacramentes of Christ, with the true vse and administration of the same.

[Back to Top]

2. Item, that he is necessarily bounden to beleue and geue credite, in all the sayd fayth, Articles of the belief, Religion, and the Sacramentes of Christ, and the administration of the same.

3. Item, that that fayth, Religion, and administration of Sacramentes, whiche is now beleued, vsed, taught, and set forth in this our Church of England, is not agreeyng with the truth and fayth of Christ, nor with the fayth of the sayd

Catho-
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Find:
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
in:  
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield