Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1633 [1607]

Q. Mary. Persecutiō in London dioces. Letters of Robert Smith Martyr.
Marginalia1555. August.¶ Another letter sent to his wife. 
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The reference to the condemnations of Dirick Carver, Thomas Iveson and John Lander dates this letter to shortly after 10 June 1555.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Rob. Smith to his wyfe.GRace, mercy, and peace from God the father, and from the Lord Iesus Christ be with you, deare wyfe, nowe and euer Amen: and preuent your wayes through his holy spirite, that ye may in al your woordes and woorkes please God, and eschew euyl, to his honor and your saluation, that they which see your conuersation, may in all thinges learne to do the like, euen to the vtter shame and confusion of the wicked and vngodly. Amen.

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I sent you by M. Alexander a purse with money. I haue certaine tokens for you, sent by my prison felowes to you: MarginaliaBehold here the Communion of saintes.that is, from M. Haukes. xij. d. frō M. Simson. xij. d. from his wife. iiij. d. from M. Wattes fiue new grotes, frō M. Ardeley. xij. d. from M. Bradford. xij. d. which men be all gone to death, except M. Bradford, he abideth styl. Ther is also gone to death Nicholas Chamberlaine, Thom. Osmund, William Bamford. There is also condemned this monday 

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Dirick Carver, Thomas Iveson and John Launder were all condemned on 10 June 1555 (PRO C/85/127, fo. 10r).

Diricke Caruer, Thomas Iuison, Iohn Launder, and William Vassy  
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William Vassay was arrested along with Dirick Carver and is mentioned in Carver's confession of faith (1563, p. 1240; 1570, p. 1861; 1576, pp. 1592-93 and 1583, p. 1680).

is repriued. Pray to God to haue mercy vpon his people, and byd my brother, if he can conueniently, come downe on monday next: if he can not well doo it, let hym abide at home. Haue me hartily commended to your parentes. I haue sent eche of them a token, a bowed grote, and desire them for Gods sake to helpe vs with their prayers. Haue little Katherin in mynd. Commend me vnto al good frends. Continue in prayer. Beware of vanitie. Let not God be dishonoured in your cōuersation, but like a good Matron keepe your vessell in holynes. The peace of God rest with you for euer. Amen.

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My brother Iuison 

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Thomas Iveson, the martyr.

sendeth to you a token, to your mother a token, and to Katherine a token. iij. pence. Iohn Launder sendeth you a peece of Spanish money, Father Heralt  
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Herault may be the 'Heralt' mentioned in Smith's examinations and he may also be the Thomas Harold who was a protestant prisoner in the Marshalsea.

a peece of. vi. d. William Androwes sendeth you a rase of Ginger, and I send your mother one, and a Nutmege. I send Katherine Comfits  
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Sweetmeats.

for a token to eate. I haue sent you a keyclog  
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A piece of wood tied to a key to prevent it from being lost [OED].

for a token.

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Your husband, Robert Smith.

A letter sent to his frende. 
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This letter was written to a woman to urge her not to attend mass. In addition to appearing in all editions of the Acts and Monuments, it was printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 552-53.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Robert Smith to a friend of his.THe eternal God keepe you in his feare. I haue harty cōmendations vnto you and your husbande, beseeching almighty God to preserue you in well dooing, and in perfecte knowedge of his Christe, that ye may be found faultles in the day of the Lord. I haue heard say, that my frend is geuen ouer to vanitie: it breaketh my hart, not onely to heare that he so doth, but also teacheth other, that it is vnhurtfull to goe to all abominations, whiche nowe stand in the Idols temples: neuerthelesse deare frende, be ye not moued to folowe sinners: for they haue no inheritaunce with God and Christe. But looke that by going into the Idoll temple, ye defile not the temple of God: for light hath no felowship with darkenesse. But looke what the Lorde hath commaunded, that do. For if not going to Church were without persecution, they would not learne you that lesson. But al thing that is sweet to the flesh, is allowed of the fleshly. The Lord shal reward euery man according to his workes, and he that leadeth into captiuitie, shall goe into captiuity, and he that by the fleshly man is led in the flesh, shal of the flesh reape corruption. The Lorde Iesu geue thee his holy spirite. Amen.

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I haue sent thee an Epistle in metre 

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This is very probably the set of verses exhorting Christians to be strong under persecution printed in 1563, p. 1270 and 1583, p. 1702.

which is not to be layd vp in thy cofer, but in thy hart.

Seeke peace, and ensue it. Feare God, loue God with al thy hart, with al thy soule, and with al thy strength.


Thy frend and all mens in Christ Iesus, Rob. Smith.
Scribled in much hast from N. the. 12. of May.

An other letter of Rob. Smith to his wife.

MarginaliaTo his wyfe an other letter.THe God and father eternall, which brought againe from death our Lorde Iesus Christe, keepe thee deare wife & al thy parents and frendes, now and euer. Amen.

I prayse God for his mercy, I am in the same state that ye leaft me in, rather better then woorse, looking dayly for the liuyng God, before whom I hunger full sore to appere, and receyue the glory, of whiche I trust thou art willyng to be a partaker (I geue God most harty thankes therefore) desiring thee of all loues, to stande faste in that fayth whiche thou haste receyued, and let no man take awaye the seede that almighty God hath sowen in thee, but lay hands of euerlasting lyfe, whiche shall euer abide, when both the earth and all earthly frendes shall perish: desiring them also to receiue thankfully our trouble which is momentane & light, and as saint Paul saith, not worthy of the thinges which shalbe shewed on vs, that we paciently carying our

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crosse, maye attaine to the place whither our Saueour is gone before, to the whiche I beseeche God of this mercy bring vs spedily. I haue bene much troubled about your deliueraunce, fearing much the perswasions of worldlinges, and haue found a frend which wyl (I trust) finde a meane for you, if you be not already prouided, desiring you in any case to abide suche order, as those my frendes shall appoynt in God. And beare well in mynde the woordes whiche I spake at our departing, that as God hath founde vs, and also elected vs worthy to suffer with hym, we may endeuour our selues to folowe vprightly in this our vocation, desiring you to present my hartye commendations to all our frendes, and especially to your parentes, keeping your matter close in any wise. Geue most harty thanks to my frend, which only for our cause is come to Windsore. Continue in prayer. Doo well. Be fautles in all thinges. Beware abominations. Keepe you cleane from sinne. Pray for me, as I doo for you. I haue sent you a peece of gold for a token, and moste entirely desire you to sende me woorde, if ye lacke any thyng. The Lord Iesu preserue you and yours. Amen. From Newgate the. 15. of April.

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By your husbande here and in heauen,
Robert Smith.

¶ Robert Smith to all faythfull seruauntes of Christe, exhorting them to be strong vnder persecution.


Content thy selfe with pacience,
With Christ to beare the crosse of paine:
Which can and wyll thee recompence,
A thousande folde with ioyes againe.
Let nothing cause thy hart to quaile,
Lanch out thy boate, hale vp thy saile.
Put from the shore:
And be thou sure thou shalt attaine,
Vnto the port that shall remaine.
For euermore.

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¶ The burnyng of Steuen Harwood, and Thomas Fust, martyred for the testimony of the Gospell. 
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Martyrdoms of Harwood and Fust

There was a note in the Rerum stating that Harwood was burned at Stratford on 30 August 1555 while Thomas Fust was burned at Ware (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's complete account of these martyrs was first printed in the 1563 edition and was drawn entirely from official records, now lost, of the diocese of London. This account was unchanged in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaSteuen Harwod Thomas Fust. Martyrs.ABout this tyme dyed also (by cruel fire) these two martyrs of God, that is to say, Steuen Harwood, at Stratford, and Thomas Fust, at Ware. Which both two, as they were about one tyme burned with the fore mentioned Robert Smith and George Tankerfield, although in sundrye places: so were they also examined and openly condemned togethers with them. Their processe because it was ioyned all in one with the processe of Robert Smith and other of the saide company aboue mentioned, I thought it superfluous againe to repeate the same: saue that of Thomas Fust this is to be added, þt where as he in his last appearyng the twelfth of Iuly, was moued by the Bishop to reuoke his opinion, thus he answered: MarginaliaThe aunswere of Thomas Fust to Byshop Boner.No (said he) my lord, for there is no truth commeth out of your mouth, but all lyes. Ye condemne men, and wyll not heare þe truth. Where can ye finde any annoyntyng or greasing in Gods booke? I speake nothing but the truth, and I am certaine that it is the truth that I speake. This answere of hym onely I find noted by the Register: although how slenderly these Registers haue dealt in vttering such matters, þt is, in omitting those things which most worthy were to be knowē, by their doynges it is easie to be seene. 

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Foxe is articulating here one of the two reasons why he preferred to use a martyr's own account, or the testimony of sympathetic witnesses, to official records: official records were often terse, formulaic and those who wrote them often uninterested in recording details of considerable interest to Foxe. (The other reason was that they often contained statements by the martyrs that were embarrassing to Foxe). While historians such as A. G. Dickens or G. R. Elton praise Foxe for his pioneering research in archival sources, it should be remembered that for Foxe they were a poor second choice, to be used only, as in the case of Harwood and Fust, when there was nothing better available.

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MarginaliaThe condemnation and Martyrdome of Steuen Harwoode and Tho. Fust. Anno. 1555. August.But to be short, after their answeres made, both he and Thomas Fust were for their faithfull perseuerance condemned together by the Bishop in his accustomed pitie, as heretikes to be burned, and so (as before ye haue heard) finished they their martyrdome, the one at Stratford, & the other at Ware, 
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Note that during the summer of 1555, after the burning of John Bradford and John Leaf, the authorities had those who had been condemned in London burned in isolated villages instead of in the capital. This was undoubtedly from fear of the mobs drawn to the executions of heretics in London.

in the moneth of August and yeare abouesayde.

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¶ The constaunt martyrdome of William Haile, burned at Barnet. 
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The Martyrdom of William Hale

The Rerum contains a note that William Hale was burned at Barnet in late August 1555 (Rerum, p. 523). Foxe's entire account of William Hale was printed in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. Foxe's information on Hale was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese.

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MarginaliaWilliam Haile, Martyr.OF the same company of these ten aboue recorded, which were sent vp to Bishop Boner, by sir Nicholas Hare and other Commissioners, in the company of George Tankerfielde and Robert Smith, was also William Hayle of Thorpe in the Countie of Essex, who likewise beyng examined with the rest, the 12. day of Iuly, receyued with them also the sentence of condemnation. Geuyng this exhortation withal to the lookers on: Ah good people, said he,

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beware
HHHH.ij.
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