Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1639 [1613]

Q. Mary. Persecutiō in the dioces of Northfolke. Samuell, W. Allen, & Coo, Martyrs.

Marginalia1555. September.(I say) this heauenly harmony of Gods vnfallible promises and truth: I looke not vppon, neither do I behold bread and wyne, for I take and beleue the wordes simply and playnly euen as Christ spake them. MarginaliaHow the body of Christ is spiritually to be eaten.For hearyng these wordes, my senses be rapt and vtterly excluded: 

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I.e., the senses are not able to perceive the purely spiritual transformation taking place in the bread and wine. Note that while denying transubstantiation, this passage also denies a sacramentarian interpretation of the eucharist as simply a memorial in which no change at all takes place in the bread and wine.

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for fayth wholy taketh place, and not fleshe nor MarginaliaRom. 8. Heb. 9.the carnall imaginations of our grosse, fleshly, and vnreuerent eatyng after the maner of our bodily foode which profiteth nothyng at all, as Christ witnesseth. Iohn. 6. but with a sorrowfull and wounded conscience, an hungry and thirsty soule, a pure and faythfull mynde do fully embrace, beholde, and feede and looke vppon that most glorious body of Christ in heauen at the right hand of God the father, very God and very man, which was crucified and slayne, and his bloud shed for our sinnes, there now makyng intercession, MarginaliaRom. 5.offeryng and geuyng his holy body for me, for my body, for my raunsome, for my full price and satisfaction, who is my Christ and all that euer he hath: and by this spirituall and faythfull eatyng of this liuely and heauenly bread, MarginaliaPhil. 3.I feele the most swete sappe and tast of the fruites, benefites, and vnspeakeable ioyes of Christes death and Passion fully disgested into the bowelles of my soule. For my minde is quieted from all worldly aduersities, tormoylynges, and troubles: my conscience is pacified from sinne, death, hell and damnation: my soule is full and hath euen enough, and will no more: for all thynges are but losse, vyle dunge and drosse, vayne vanitie, for the excellēt knowledge sake of Christ Iesu my Lord and Sauiour.

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MarginaliaIohn 6. Ephe. 5. Gala. 2. How Christes flesh is our meate, and his bloud our drinke.Thus now is Christes flesh my very meate in deede, and his bloud my very drinke in deede, and I am become fleshe of his flesh, and bone of his bones. Now I liue, yet not I, but Christ liueth in me: yea I dwell in hym and hee in me: for thorough fayth in Christ, and for Christes sake we are one, that is, of one consent, mynde, and fellowshyp with the Father, the Sonne and the holy Ghost. Iohn. 17. Thus am I assured and fully persuaded, & on this rocke haue I builded by Gods grace, my dwellyng and restyng place for body and soule, lyfe and death. And thus I committe my cause vnto Christ the righteous and iust iudge, who will an other day iudge these debates and controuersies: whom I humbly beseech to cast his tender and mercyfull eyes vpō the afflicted and ruinous Churches, and shortly to reduce thē into a godly and perpetuall concorde. Amen.

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Thus do I beleue, and this is my fayth and my vnderstandyng in Christ my Sauiour, and his true and holy Religion. MarginaliaMarke. 8.And this who soeuer is ashamed to do among this adulterous and sinnefull generation, of him shall the sonne of man be ashamed when hee commeth in the glory of his father with the holy Aungels.

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Robert Samuell.

¶ William Allen, Martyr. 
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William Allen

The Rerum simply has a note stating that William Allen was burned at Walsingham in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). In the 1563 edition, Foxe wrote a very brief account of Allen's martyrdom, stating that at his execution he was allowed to go to the stake untied. This almost certainly was the personal testimony of an eyewitness. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added details of Allen's examinations and condemnation drawn from Norwich diocesan records. Happily Foxe's copies of these documents - the accusations made of Allen, questions put to Allen along with his answers and his condemnation - survive (BL, Harley 421, fos. 187v, 188v, 201r-202r and 214r). This account was unchanged in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaW. Allen, Martyr.NExt after the sufferyng of Robert Samuell, about the begynnyng of September was burned william Allen in Walsingam, labouryng man, seruant somtyme to Iohn Houghton of Somerton. He beyng brought before the Byshop, and asked the cause why he was imprisoned: aunswered, that hee was put in prison because hee would not follow the Crosse, saying that he would neuer go on Procession.

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Then beyng wylled by the Byshoppe to returne againe to the Catholicke Churche, hee aunswered, that hee would turne to the Catholicke Churche, but not to the Romishe Church, & sayd, that if he saw the Kyng and Queene, & all other folow the crosse, or kneele down to the crosse, he would not. 

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Allen did indeed say these things, although he did not make quite the stark contrast between the catholic church and the Roman church that Foxe attributed to him. In reality, Allen promised to obey the laws of the church, but only according to the word of God and not the laws of the present church (BL, Harley 421, fo. 214r). Foxe's selectivity in printing these articles is interesting: Allen also refused to go to church because the sermons were not edifying, he objected to holy water and holy bread, and he declared that after the consecration bread remained bread. He also refused to go to confession (BL, Harley 421, fo. 214r). None of these statements was completely objectionable to Foxe, but some would have required some explanation to be completely acceptable and Foxe probably found it easier to omit them.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of W. Allen at Walsingham Anno. 1555. September.For þ which, sētence of condēnatiō was geuen agaynst hym, the. xij. of August, 
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Foxe got this date from his copy of Allen's condemnation (BL, Harley 421, fos. 201r-202r).

and he burned at Walsingham about the begynnyng of September, who declared such constancy at his Martyrdome, and had such credite with the Iustices, by reason of his vpright and well tryed conuersation among them, that he was suffered to go vntyed to hys sufferyng, and there beyng fastened wyth a chayne, stode quietly with out shrinckyng, vntill he dyed.  
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Foxe is anxious, as he commonly is, to emphasize the stoicism of his martyrs. On the polemical importance of this stoicism see Collinson [1983] and Freeman [1997].

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¶ The martyrdome of Roger Coo of Melford in Suffolke, Shereman, first examined before the Byshop of Norwich, and by him condemned, Anno. 1555. August. 12. 
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The Martyrdom of Roger Coo

In the Rerum, Foxe simply stated that 'Thomas' Coo was burned at Yoxford on 3 September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525; the month was correct, the date was not. His name was given as 'Thomas' in 1563 and Foxe seems to have confused him with Thomas Cobb. But in this edition Foxe did print what is either Coo's own account of his examination by Bishop Hopton of Norwich, or an account of it by a protestant sympathiser. In Foxe's papers are the sentence and accusations against Coo from Norwich official reords (BL, Harley 421, fos. 186v and 197r-198r. The sentence was the original document and not a copy). Foxe did not print these documents (once again we see Foxe's preference for personal narratives over archival sources for the trials of the martyrs) but they apparently gave him Roger Coo's true name which appears correctly in the 1570 edition. There were no further changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaRoger Coo, Martyr.ROger Coo brought before the Byshop, first was asked why he was imprisoned.

MarginaliaTalke betwen Roger Coo and Hopton Byshop of Norwich.Coo. At the Iustices commaundement

Byshop. There was some cause why.

Coo. Here is my accuser, let him declare.

And his accuser sayd that he would not receiue the Sacrament.

Bish. Then the Byshop sayd that he thought he had transgressed a law.

Coo. But Coo aunswered that there was no law to transgresse.

Bysh. The Byshop thē asked what he sayd to the law that then was?

Coo. He aunswered how he had bene in prison a long tyme, and knew it not.

No, sayd hys accuser, nor wilt not. My Lord, aske hym when he receaued the Sacrament.

Coo. When Coo heard hym say so, he sayd: MarginaliaRoger Coo to his accuser.I pray you my Lord, let him sit downe and examine me him self.

Bysh. But the Byshoppe would not heare that, but sayd: Coo, why? wyll ye not receiue?

Coo. He aunswered him that MarginaliaThe Bishop of Rome.the Byshoppe of Rome had chaunged Gods ordinaunces, & geuen the people bread and wine in the stede of the Gospell, and the belief of the same.

Bysh. How proue you that?

MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Lordes Supper.Coo. Our Sauiour sayd: My flesh is meate in deede, and my bloud is drinke in deede. He that eateth my fleshe, and drinketh my bloud, abideth in me, and I in him, & the bread and wyne doth not so.

Byshop. Well Coo, thou doest sclaunder our holy Fathers. Did not Christ take bread, geue thankes, and brake it, and sayd: This is my body?

Coo. Yes, sayd hee, and so hee went further with the text saying: Whiche shall be geuen for you: doe this in the remembraunce of me.

Bysh. You haue sayd the truth.

Coo. Then Coo replyed further and sayd: Christ wylled to doe this in the remembraunce of hym, and not to say this in the remembraunce of hym, neither did the holy Ghost so lead the Apostles, but taught them to geue thankes, and to breake bread from house to house, and not to say as the Byshop sayd.

Bysh. How proue you that?

Coo. It is written in the second of the Actes.

Then the Byshops Chaplayne sayd it was true.

Bysh. The Byshop asked him if he could his belief.

Coo. He aunswered yea, and so sayd part of the Creede, and then after he sayd, he beleued more: for he beleued the x. commaundementes, that it was meete for all such as looke to be saued, to be obedient vnto them.

Bysh. Is not the holy Church to be beleued also?

Coo. Yes, if it be builded vpon the word of God.

Byshop. The Byshop sayd to Coo, that hee had charge of his soule.

Coo. Haue ye so my Lord? Then if ye go to the deuill for your sinnes, where shall I become?

Bysh. Do you not beleue as your father dyd? Was not he an honest man?

Coo. It is written that after Christ hath suffered: MarginaliaDaniell. 9.There shall come a people with the Prince that shall destroy both City and Sanctuary. I pray you shew me whether this destruction was in my fathers tyme, or now?

Bysh. The Byshop not aūsweryng his question, asked him whether he would not obey the kynges lawes?

Coo. As farre as they agree with the word of God, I wyll obey them.

Bysh. * Marginalia* Well spoken and lyke the Popes clerke. Whether they agree with the word of God or not, we be bound to obey them, if the kyng were an infidell.

Coo. If Sydrach, Mysaach, and Abednago had so done, Nabuchadonosor had not confessed the liuyng God.

Bysh. Then the Bishop told him, that these xxij. yeares we haue bene gouerned with such kynges.

Coo. My Lord, why were ye then dumme and dyd not speake or barke?

Bysh. I durst not for feare of death. And thus they ended.

¶ But after this done, it was reported that I rayled: wherfore I called it to memory, & wrote this my railing þt light should not be taken for darkenes, nor sinne for holynes, and the deuill for God, who ought to be feared and honoured both now and euer, Amen.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Coo at Yexford. Anno. 1555. September.This Roger Coo, an aged father, after his sondry troubles and conflictes with his aduersaries, at length was committed to the fire at Yexford in the Coūtie of Suffolke, where he most blessedly ended his aged yeares. Anno. 1555. Mens. Septemb. 

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The last seven words were added in the 1570 edition. Foxe would have known that Coo's sentence was dated 30 August 1555 (BL, Harley 421, fos. 197r-198r); he would not have known that the writ for his execution was dated 7 September 1555 (PRO C/85/141, fo. 4r).

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Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill Bocher, Martyr. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb

In the Rerum there is merely a note that Thomas Cobb was burned at 'Chetford' [i.e., Thetford] in September 1555. This note is essentially repeated in the 1563 edition. Foxe printed his full account of Cobb in the 1570 edition and it was drawn from Norwich official documents: the sentence against Cobb and an interrogation of Cobb. (These documents remain in Foxe's papers: the sentence is BL, Harley 421, fos. 203r-204r and the interrogation is fo. 217r-v. The sentence is the original document, but the interrogation is a copy made in Foxe's handwriting). There were no changes to this account in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaTho. Cobbe of Hauerhill in Northfolke, Martyr.OVer & besides this foresayd Roger Coo, William Allen, Iames Abbes of Stokennayland, Robert Samuell and other moe, in the same yeare vppon the xij. of August was also with them condēned Thomas Cobbe of Hauerhill, Bocher and executed in the moneth of September aforesayd. MarginaliaExaminations of Tho. Cobbe.Who beyng brought and examined by Michaell Dunnynges the bloudy Chauncellour of Norwich, first whether hee beleued that Christ is really

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