Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1829 [1803]

Q. Mary. Vj. Martyrs burnt at Colchester. Hugh Lauerocke, Iohn Apprice, Martyrs.

Marginalia1556. Aprill.they were baptised in the fayth and belief of the Catholicke church, & that their Godfathers & Godmothers had professed & promised for them as is conteyned in the same article.

4. To the fourth they aunswered, that they alwayes were and yet then did continue in the fayth and profession, MarginaliaProfession of Baptisme.wherin they were baptised: Richard Nicols addyng also: that he had more playnely learned the truth of his profession by the doctrine set forth in king Edward the sixt his dayes, and thereupon he had builded his fayth, and would continue in the same to his liues end, God assistyng him.

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5. To the fift they aūswered, that they neither swarued nor went away from the Catholicke fayth of Christ. MarginaliaTo deny the beggerly vsages of the popes church is not to deny the Catholicke faith of Christ.Howbeit they confessed, that within the tyme articulate (and before) they had misliked, and earnestly spoken agaynst the sacrifice of the Masse, and agaynst the Sacrament of the aultar, affirmyng that they would not come to heare or be partakers therof because they had and then did beleue, that they were set forth and vsed contrary to Gods worde and glory. And moreouer they did graunt that they had spoken agaynst the vsurped authoritie of the Bishop of Rome, as an oppressour of Christes Church, and Gospell, MarginaliaThe Pope ought to haue no authoritie in England.and that he ought not to haue any authoritie in Englād. For all which sayings they were no whit sory, but rather reioyced and were glad.

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6. To the sixt they aunswered, that they neuer refused, nor yet then presently did refuse to be reconciled to the vnitie of Christes Catholicke Churche, but they sayd they had, and then did, and so euer would hereafter vtterly refuse to come to the Church of Rome, or to acknowledge the authoritie of the seat hereof, MarginaliaThe Church of Rome to be abhorred.but did vtterly abhorre the same, for puttyng downe the booke of God the Bible, & settyng vp the Babylonicall Masse, with all other of Antichristes marchaūdise.

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7. To the seuenth article, the effect therof they all graunted. And Symond Ioyne declared further, MarginaliaAgaynst the Popes trūpery.that the cause of his refusing to be partaker of their trumpery, was for that the commaundementes of God were there brokē, and Christes ordinaūces chaūged and put out, and the Byshop of Romes ordinaunces in steede therof put in. Moreouer, as touchyng the Sacrament of Christes body, Christopher Lister affirmed MarginaliaAgainst transubstantiation.that in the sayd Sacrament there is the substaunce of bread and wyne, as well after the wordes of consecration as before, and that there is not in the same the very body and bloud of Christ really, substauntially, and truely, but onely Sacramentally and spiritually by fayth in the faythfull receiuers, MarginaliaAgaynst the Masse.& that the Masse is not propitiatory, for the quicke or for the deade, but mere Idolatry and abhomination.

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8. To the eight they said, that they were sent to Colchester prison by the Kyng & Queenes Cōmissioners, because they would not come to their Parish Churches, and by thē sent vnto the Byshop of London, to be therof further examined.

9. To the ninth they all generally agreed, that that which they had sayd in the premisses was true, and that they were of the Dioces of London.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Christopher Lister, Iohn Mace, Ioh. Spēcer. Simon Ioyne, Richard Nicols, Iohn Hamond, at Colchester. Anno. 1556. Aprill. 28.¶ The burnyng of these foresayd vj. men at Colchester.

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Reuse of the illustration that had served the six of Canterbury in 1555.

These aunsweres thus made, the Byshop did dismisse them for that present, vntill the afternoone. At whiche time hauyng first their articles and aunsweres red vnto them agayne, and they standyng most firmely vnto their christian profession, they were by diuers wayes and meanes assayed and tryed if they would reuoke the same their professed fayth, and returne to the vnity of Antichristes church.

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Which thing when they refused, MarginaliaSentence geuen agaynst them by B. Boner.the byshop stoutly pronounced the sentence of condemnation agaynst them, committyng them vnto the temporall power. Who vpon the receite of the kyng and Queenes wryt, 

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I.e., the writ authorizing the execution of the heretics. It was illegal for an execution for heresy to proceed without such a writ.

sent them vnto Colchester, where þe. xxviij. day of Aprill, most chearefully they ended theyr liues to the glory of Gods holy name, & the great incouragement of others.

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¶ Hugh Lauerocke an olde lame man, Iohn Apprice a blynde man, Martyrs, burned at Stratford the Bow. 
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Hugh Laverock and John Apprice

With the exception of a brief description of the burning of Laverock and Apprice which was added in the 1570 edition, the account of these martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition and it remained unchanged. It was based entirely on official records, probably a court book of Bishop Bonner's which is now lost - except for the description of the burning of Laverock and Apprice, which probably came from an eyewitness.

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MarginaliaMay. 15.
Two burned together at one stake, Hugh Lauerocke an olde lame man and Iohn Apprice, a blynd man.
IN the discourse of this parcel or part of history, I know not, whether more to maruayle at the great & vnsearchable mercyes of God (with whome there is no respect in decrees of persons, but he chooseth as well the poore, lame, and blynde, as the rich, mighty, and healthfull, to set forth his glory) or els to note the vnreasonable or rather vnnaturall doynges of these vnmercifull catholickes 

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Note that in the 1570 edition, this passage was toned down considerably; in the 1563 edition, Foxe denounced Bonner and his clerics as 'most cruel papists' and 'horseleeches'.

(I meane B. Boner, and his complices) in whome was so little fauour or mercy to all sortes and kyndes of men, that also they spared neyther impotent age, neyther lame, nor blynde as may well appeare by these poore creatures, whose names and stories here vnder follow.

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Hugh Lauerocke, of the parish of Barkyng
Paynter, of the age of. 68. a lame creple.
Iohn Apprice, a blynd man.

These two poore and simple creatures beyng, belyke, accused by some promoting neighbour of theirs, vnto the Byshop and other of the kyng and Queenes Commissioners, were sent for by theyr officer: and so beyng brought and deliuered into the handes of the sayd Byshop, were the first day of may examined before him in his Pallace at Lōdon: Where hee first propounded and obiected agaynst them those. ix. articles, wherof often mention is made before ministred as well vnto Bartlet Grene, as also vnto many others. To the whiche they aunswered in effect, as Christopher Lister, Iohn Mace, and other before mencioned had done.

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Wherupon they were agayne sent to prison, and beside other tymes, the. ix. day of the same moneth, in the Consistory at Paules were agayne openly producted and there after the old order, trauayled withall to recant theyr opinions agaynst the Sacrament of the aulter.

Whereunto Hugh Lauerocke first sayd: MarginaliaThe wordes of Iohn Lauerocke to Boner.I will stand to myne aunsweres, & to that that I haue confessed: and I can not finde in the scriptures, that the Priestes shoulde lift vp ouer their head a cake of bread.

The Byshop then turned him vnto Iohn Apprice & asked what he would say.

To whom he aunswered: MarginaliaThe wordes of Iohn Apprice to the Byshop.Your doctrine (sayd he) that ye set forth and teach, is so agreable with the world & embraced of the same, that it can not be agreable with þe scripture of God. And ye are not of the Catholicke Churche: for yee make lawes to kill men, And make the Queene your hangman.

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At whiche wordes the Byshop, belike, somewhat tickled, & therfore very loth to delay theyr condēnation any longer (such was now his hot burnyng charity) commaunded that they shoulde be brought after him vnto Fulham, whether he before dinner dyd go, and therein the after noone after his solemne maner, MarginaliaSentence of condemnation geuen agaynst Hugh Lauerocke, and Iohn Apprice.in the open Church he pronounced the definitiue sentence of condemnation agaynst them, and so deliueryng thē into the hands of þe tēporall officer, thought to dispatch his handes of them, but could not so dispatch his conscience before the iudgement of God, from the giltines of innocent bloud.

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The poore men beyng now in the temporall officers hāds, might not there bee suffered long to remayne, & therfore the xv. day of May, very early in the mornyng they were caried from Newgate in a cart to Stratford the Bowe, 

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This was the first, but not the last, time that Stratford-le-Bow would be used as a site for the execution of the Marian martyrs. The fact that the authorities went to the trouble of transporting the condemned protestants so far out of the city is an indication of the unrest the executions were causing in London.

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and most quietly in the fire praysing God, yelded vp their soules into his handes, through a lyuely fayth in Iesus Christ, whom vnto the ende they dyd most constantly confesse

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At theyr death, Hugh Lauerocke, after he was cheined castyng away his crooch, 

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The catholic polemicist Miles Hogarde presented a different account of the execution, in which Laverock clutched his crutch as he was burning (Miles Hogarde, The Displaying of the Protestantes [London: 1556], STC 13557, p. 125).

and comfortyng Iohn Apprice his fellow Martyr, sayd vnto him: be of good comfort my brother: for my Lorde of London is our good Phisition. Hee will heale vs both shortly, the of thy blindnes, and mee

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