Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1830 [1804]

Q. Mary. Kather. Hut, Ioane Hornes, Elizab. Thackuell, Margar. Ellys, Martyrs.
Marginalia1556. Maye. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Hugh Lauerocke and Iohn Apprice, at Stratford the Bow. Anno. 1556. May. 15.¶ The Martyrdome of a blynd man, and a lame man, at Stratford the Bow.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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One of the small group of individualized small woodcuts, this image (Type 1) adapts the conventional form adopted for two men in the flames to illustrate the exceptional circumstances of burning a cripple and a blind man. The image conveys John ap Price's blindness with half-closed eyes, while Hugh Laverock is in shown in the act of throwing away his crutches.

of my lamenes. And so paciently these two good Saintes of God together suffered.

¶ Three women the same tyme burned in Smithfield, Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackuell, and Ioane Hornes. 
Commentary  *  Close
Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackwell et al

This entire account first appears in the 1563 edition. In fact, the 1563 account contains information which was never reprinted. (This seems to have happened accidentally; the account of Margaret Ellis was separate from the accounts of Thackvel and Horns in the first edition. When these accounts were integrated in the 1570 edition, some of the information about Margaret Ellis was deleted, apparently inadvertently). This account is based entirely on Bishop Bonner's official records.

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MarginaliaMay. 16.THe next day after the Martyrdome of this lame and blynd man aboue specified, in the sayd moneth of May were brought to the fire three women, with whom also was adioyned an other, who beyng in the same constauncie with them, was likewise partaker of the sayd condemnatiō. The names of these were. MarginaliaKatherin Hutte, Elizabeth Thackuell, Ioane Hornes, Martyrs.

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Katherine Hut of Bockyng, Widow.
Ioane Hornes of Billerica, Mayde.
Elizabeth Thackuell of great Bursted, Mayde.
Margaret Ellys of Billerica, Mayde.

How these with diuers other moe were perscuted and sent vp, especially by Syr Iohn Mordant, and Edmund Tyrrell Esquier, Iustices of peace, this their Letter followyng will declare.

¶ A Letter sent vnto Boner Byshoppe of London, from Sir Iohn Mordant Knight, and Edmund Tyrrell Esquire, Iustices of peace for the County of Essex.

MarginaliaA letter of certayne persecuting Iustices to Boner.OVr humble commendations to your Lordshyp: these shall be to aduertise you, that we haue sent your good Lordshyp, Ioane Potter, the wife of Hugh Potter, Iames Harrys 

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James Harris, who was seventeen at the time of his arrest, escaped with simply being scourged (see 1563, p. 1694; 1570, p. 2264; 1576, p. 1955 and 1583, p. 2061).

seruaunt of William Harrys of Bromhill, and Margaret Ellys, for that they be not conformable to the orders of the Churche, nor to the reall presence of Christes body and bloud in the Sacrament of the aultar, to vse your Lordshyps pleasure with them, as you thinke good, not doubtyng with the punishement of these and the other before sent to your Lordship, but that the Parish of great Burstede and Billerica shall be brought to good conformitie. Thus committyng your good Lordshyp to the tuition of almighty God, we take our leaue. From great Burstede this present second day of March. 1556.

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Your Lordshyps to commaund,
Iohn Mordant. Edmund Tyrrell.

After the receite of these Letters, Byshop Boner entryng to examination of these iiij. women aboue named, laid and obiected the lyke Articles to them, MarginaliaSeeke these Articles before pag. 1585. as after his vsuall forme he vsed to minister,  

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By now, the articles put to suspected heretics in the diocese of London followed a set formula. These articles put to Thackvel and Horns are identical to those put to Christopher Lister and his fellow martyrs.

and are before expressed, pag. 1585.

Whereunto the sayd women likewise agreeyng in the same vnitie of spirite and doctrine, accorded in their aunsweres, much agreeyng vnto the other before them.

As first, to the Article in the first place obiected, they cōsented and graunted, beleuing the sayd Article to bee true in euery part therof.

2. To the second, partly they aunswered, MarginaliaThe simple ignoraunce of these women had more neede to be instructed then they to be burned.they coulde not tell what a Sacrament is: Elizabeth Thackuell, and Katheryn Hut addyng moreouer, that Matrimony and Baptisme and the Lordes supper were Sacraments ordeyned in the church: but whether the other specified in this article be sacraments (as they hearde them called) ordeyned by God or not, they could not tell. Margeret Ellys beyng examined seuerally, as the other were, vpon the same, howe many Sacramentes there were aunswered (as a young Mayde vnskilled, in her simple ignoraunce) that she shoulde not tell. Howbeit she had heard (she sayd) that there was one sacrament but what it was she could not tell. &c.

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3. To the Third likewise they graunted, that they were baptised by theyr Godfathers and Godmothers, which godfathers & godmothers (sayd Margeret Ellys) dyd not thē know so much, as she now doth know: Katherin Hut addyng withall, and saying, that she was baptised: but what her godfather and godmothers dyd then promise for her in her name, she could not tell.

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4 To the fourth article, Margaret Ellys, and Elizabeth Thackuell dyd graunt therunto: Katherin Hut sayd moreouer that she beyng of the age of. xiiij. yeares, was of the fayth wherein she was Christened, and yet neuertheles the sayd fayth in that age (she sayd) was but a dead fayth, because she dyd not thē vnderstād what she dyd beleue. Ioane Hornes added that she beyng. xj. yeares of age, begā to learne the fayth set forth in kynge Edwardes dayes, in the which fayth and Religion (she sayd) she hath hetherto, and yet doth and so will hereafter continue, God so assisting her.

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5. To the fift article, they aunswered and confessed, accordyng all in this effect, MarginaliaAgaynst the Masse and Sacrament of the Altar.that as touching the Masse, they knew no goodnes in it, and as touchyng the Sacrament of the aulter, they beleued that Christes naturall body is in heauen, and not in the Sacrament of the aulter: And as cōcernyng the Sea of Rome, they acknowledged no such supremacy in that sea, neyther haue they any thing to do therwith.

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6. In aunsweryng the sixt article, they dyd all generally refuse to bee reconciled or vnited to the church of Rome, or any other Church contrary to that wherein they now stoode and dyd professe.

7. To the seuenth article, they aūswered likewise that they had so done and sayd in all thinges, as is in this article contayned: Katheryn Hut addyng moreouer the reason why: for that (sayd she) neyther the seruice in Latin, Masse, Mattins, and Euensong, nor the Sacramentes were vsed and ministred accordyng to Gods word: And furthermore, that the Masse is an idoll, neyther is the true body and bloude of Christ in the Sacrament of the aulter, as they make men beleue.

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8. Their aunswere to the eyght article declared that they were al and euery one sent vp to Boner by MarginaliaSyr Iohn Mordant Promoter.Syr Ioh. Mordaunt knight, and iustice of peace in Essex (the Lord of hys mercy send vs better Iustices I besech him) for that they could not affirme þe presence of Christes body & bloud to bee truely and really in the Sacrament, and for that they came not to theyr parish popish Church.

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9. To the nynth article, they aunswered and confessed the premisses therof to be true, and denyed not the same: saue that MarginaliaKatherin Hutte.Katherin Hut sayd, that she was of Bocking in Essex of the peculiar iurisdiction of Caunterbury, and not of the Dioces and iurisdiction of London.

After these their aunsweres receiued, they were produced agayne about the. xiij. of Aprill to further examination, and so at length to their finall iudgement, where Katherin Hut widow standyng before the Byshop boldly and cōstantly stode to that which she had sayd before, neyther yeldyng to hys fayre promises, nor ouerthrowne with his terrour. Who beyng required of the Sacrament to say her mynde, & to reuoke her selfe vnto the fellowship of þe Catholicke fayth, openly protested, saying: MarginaliaThe wordes of Katherin Hutte, of the Sacrament.I deny it to be God, because it is a dumme God and made wt mans handes. Wherein þe good & faythfull Martyr of Christ firmely persistyng, so receaued her sentence beyng condemned of Boner to the fire: whiche shee with great constancye susteyned by the Grace and strength of the Lord, and dyd abyde for the cause and loue of Christ.

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MarginaliaIoane Hornes mayde.Ioane Hornes mayd, producted likewise to her iudgemēt & cōdēnatiō, with like firmnes & Christiā fortitude declared her selfe a true martyr folower of Christes testamēt, geuing no place to the aduersary: but beyng charged that she did not beleue the Sacramēt of Christes body & bloud to be Christ

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