Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1837 [1811]

Q. Mary. Rog. Bernard, Adam Foster, Rob. Lawson, Iohn Fortune, Martyrs.

Marginalia1556. Iune.but when therein they might not preuaile, for that the Lord assisted the good poore man, then began they to threaten hym with whippyng, stockyng, burnyng, & such like, that it was wonderfull the do they made with him. Vnto whom Bernard sayd: frēdes, I am not better thē my Maister Christ, and the Prophetes, whiche your fathers serued after such sorte, and I for his names sake am content to suffer the like at your handes if God shall so permit, trustyng that he will strengthen me in the same accordyng to his promise, in spite of the deuill and all his ministers. So when they could not make him to relent or yeld, they sayd: behold a right Scholer of Iohn Fortune: whom they had then in prison. MarginaliaRoger Bernard condēned by the Byshop of Norwich.Then caried they him to the Byshop who immediately condēned him as an hereticke, and deliuered him to the secular power.

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This Roger Bernard was a single man, and by his vocation a labourer, dwellyng in Fransden in Suffolke, MarginaliaBernard taken by Tamages men.Who was taken in the night by Maister Tamages men because he would not go to Church to heare their vnsauery seruice, and so by them caryed to prison.

¶ Adam Foster. 
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This little narrative, significantly, has far less to do with the martyrdom of Foster than with the providential punishment of George Revet for his sins. Like the story of Gregory Crow, this reflects Foxe's deep concern to depict divine justice rewarding the good and punishing the evil.

Foxe got the year of Foster's and Lawson's executions wrong; because they were condemned in 1556, he assumed that they were executed that year. But the writs authorizing their executions were dated 3 December 1556 which means that they were executed on 30 June 1557.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaAdam Foster, Martyr.ADam Foster of the age of xxvi. yeares, husbandman, beyng maryed, dwellyng in Mendlesam in the County of Suffolke, was taken at home in his house a little before the Sunne goyng downe, by the Constables of the sayd towne, MarginaliaGeorge Reuet, Thomas Mouse, Syr Iohn Tirrell, persecutours.George Reuet & Thomas Mowse, at þe commaundement of Syr Iohn Tyrrell of Gipping hall in Suffolke Knight, because he would not go to Church and heare Masse, and receaue at Easter, except he might haue it after Christes holy ordinaunce. When they came for him, they told him he must go with them vnto the Iustice. Vnto whom Adam Foster sayd: for Christes cause, and to saue his conscience he was well cōtented: and so they led him to Syr Iohn Tyrrell, and hee sent him to Aye dungeon in Suffolke, from whence at length he was sent to Norwich, and there condemned by Byshop Hopton.

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MarginaliaGods stroke vpon wilfull persecutors.Now after this takyng, the sayd Thomas Mowse and George Reuet were stricken with a great feare & sicknes, whereby Mowse pined & consumed away euen vnto death, although he was a man of a young & lusty age. But George Reuet, who was the sayd Mowses fellow, and a great reader of the Scripture, or (as a man may terme it) a talkatiue gospeller, would not be premonished by the workes of God, but set his sonne to helpeþe Priest say Masse, & to be clarke of the same towne of Mendlesham for lukers sake: yet was there a fayre warnyng geuen him of God, although he had not the grace so to consider it: the which thyng was this.

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MarginaliaA younge man parish Clarke agaynst his conscience.A young man of the same Parish newly maryed, called Robert Edgore, beyng of a rype wytte and sounde, was Clarke in the sayd Churche before the sayd Reuet set his sonne in that rowme, and executed the office a little, yea, alas to long, agaynst his owne conscience: whereby at length the Lord so tooke away his wittes, that many yeares after, his poore and wofull wife, good woman, was compelled to keepe him cheyned and bounde continually, lest he should vnwares do himselfe or some other, some mischief, as many tymes (the more pitie) he was ready enough to do.

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This (as I sayd) would not admonishe Reuet, but needes he must persist in his wicked purpose. Notwithstandyng at the length, as many men were offended with him in the Parishe, so honest women especially (beyng mightely grieued at his vngodly doynges) came to him & sayd: neighbour Reuet, are ye not afrayde to let your sonne helpe the naughty Priest to say Masse, and to serue that abhominable Idoll? and he sayd no.

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Then sayd they, we feare not to go to Church and heare Masse, seyng you beyng a man, that so much professe Christianitie, will let your sonne helpe the Priest say Masse &c.

At which wordes Reuet waxed angry, and in his rage immediately made his prayer vnto God after this maner or with such like wordes, saying: MarginaliaReuet prayed for a straunge token.O Lord, if it be not thy will that my sonne should so do, then I beseeche thee send some straunge token to let me vnderstand what thy good pleasure is therein &c. So, accordyng to his petition, within short space after his neighbours Bull came into his pasture, and there he hauyng a very proper geldyng which was his felicitie aboue any thyng he had, the Bull runnyng vpon hym, did so wounde & gore him, that immediately thereof his geldyng dyed, and he thereby nothyng amended. MarginaliaReuet confessed the Lords hand agaynst hym, and yet continued in his sinne.For although he knew and confessed, that it was the Lordes hand vppon him, for the sufferaunce of his sonne in that wicked vocatiō: yet would he not take him from it, but permitted him still to vse and frequent the same agaynst his owne conscience.

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At the last the Lord iustly sent vpon him a great swellyng in his legges, whiche did so greuously vexe and trouble him by reason it swelled vpward, that at length hauyng thereby brought vpon him a very straunge sickenes, he dyed

most miserably, in so impatient maner, þt it terrified all good hartes to heare therof. MarginaliaReuet died of a straunge sicknes. MarginaliaThe Lordes hand vpon Reuet.The Lord graunt, for Christes sake, that we may obserue his iudgementes better, to his glory and our comfort, Amen. Ex testimonio quorundam Suffolcensium. 

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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

Ex testimonio quorundam Suffolcensium.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

From the evidence of certain people from Suffolk.

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¶ Robert Lawson. 
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Lawson was executed on 30 June 1557, not 1556.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaRobert Lawson, Martyr.RObert Lawson was a single man, of þe age of xxx. yeares and by vocation a linnen Weauer, who was apprehended in the night by one MarginaliaRob. Kereth a persecuter.Robert Kereth, at the commaundement of Syr Iohn Tyrrel of Gypping hall in Suffolke Knight & so was immediatly caryed to Aye Dugeon in Suffolke, where he remayned a certayne tyme, and after was led to Bery. The cause of his takyng was, for that hee woulde not go to Church to heare Masse, & receiue theyr popish Idoll.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Bernard, Adam Foster, Robert Lawson, at Bury. Anno. 1556. Iune. 30.When these three foresayd Martyrs were caryed to their deathes, videl. Roger Bernard, Adam Foster, and Robert Lawson at Bery, after they had made their prayer, beyng at the stake and the tormentors attendyng the fire, they most triumphantly ended their liues, in such happy and blessed condition, as dyd notably set forth their constancye, and ioyfull end, to the great prayse of God, and their commendation in hym, and also to the encouragement of others in the same quarell to do the like. The Lorde of strength fortifie vs to stand as his true soldiours in what standyng soeuer he shall thinke it good to place vs, Amen.

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The Examinations of John Fortune

Foxe printed the examinations of Fortune in the 1563 edition but considerably out of chronological order, in amongst the events of the autumn of 1557 (1563, pp. 1636-38), demonstrating that he received a manuscript copy of these examinations while the 1563 edition was being printed. (Several copies of these examinations survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 210v-212r and BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 161r-162r and 164r-165v). As Foxe states, he never received any additional information about Fortune, and he never learned what happened to him. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a brief introduction and conclusion to the examinations; after this the account of Fortune remained unchanged.

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¶ In the examination of Roger Bernard, ye heard a litle before, how he was compared by the priestes there, to Iohn Fortune, & called his scholer. This Iohn Fortune, otherwise called Cutler, of Hintlesham in Suffolke, was by his occupation a Blacke Smith, whom they had before them in examination a little before the 20. day of Aprill. In spirite he was zelous and ardent, in the Scriptures ready, in Christes cause stoute and valiant, in his aunsweres marueilous, and no lesse patient in his wrongfull sufferyng, thē constant in his doctrine. Whether he was burned, or dyed in prison, I can not certeinly finde: but rather I suppose þt he was burned. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe would assume that Fortune was burned, but this is by no means certain. He could have recanted and saved his life or he might have died in prison or he might even have been pardoned or escaped.

Certeine it is, how soeuer hee was made away he neuer yelded. What his aunsweres and examinations were before D. Parker and the Byshop, ye shall heare hym, although not with his owne mouth speakyng, yet with his owne hand you shall see written, what he dyd say, as foloweth.

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¶ The examination of Iohn Fortune before Doctour Parker and Maister Foster.

MarginaliaThe examination of Iohn Fortune before Doct. Parker and M. Foster.FIrst Doct. Parker asked me how I beleued in the Catholicke fayth.

And I asked him which fayth he ment: whether þe fayth that Steuen had, or the fayth of thē þt put Steuē to death.

D. Parker being moued, said: what a naughty felow is this? you shall see anon hee will deny the blessed Sacrament of the aulter,

M. Foster. Then sayd M. Foster: I knowe you well enough. You are a busie marchaunt. How sayest thou by the blessed Masse?

Fort. And I stode still and made no aunswere.

Fost. Then sayd M. Foster: why speakest thou not, and make the gentleman an aunswere?

Fort. And I sayd: silence is a good aunswere to a foolishe question.

Park. Then sayd the Doctour: MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the altar.I am sure hee will deny the blessed Sacrament of the alter also.

Fort. And I sayd: I knowe none such, but onely the Sacrament of the body and bloud of our Lord Iesus Christ.

Park. Then sayd he: you deny the order of the seuē Sacramentes. And why doest not thou beleue in the Sacrament of the aulter?

Fort. And I sayd: because it is not written in Gods booke.

Park. Then sayd hee: you will not beleue vnwritten verities.

Fort. And I sayd: I will beleue that those vnwritten verities that agree with the written verities, be true: but those vnwritten verities that be of your own makyng, and inuented of your owne brayne, I do not beleue.

Fost. Wel, sayd M. Foster: MarginaliaM. Foster threatneth Iohn Fortune to be whipped.you shall be whipped and burned for this geare, I trow.

Fort. Then sayd I: if you knew howe these wordes do reioyce my hart, you would not haue spoken them.

Fost. Why thou foole, doest thou reioyce in whyppyng.

Fort. Yea, sayd I, for it is written in the Scriptures, and Christ sayth: thou shalt be whipped for my names sake: and since the tyme þt the sword of tyranny came into your hands, I heard of none that was whipped. Happy were I, if I had the maydenhead of this persecution.

Away with him then (sayd he): for he is ten tymes worse then Samuell: and so was he caried to prison agayn.

¶ The
CCCCc.ij.
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