Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
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1891 [1864]

Q. Mary. XXij. Prisoners. The maner of their bringing vp to London.

MarginaliaAn. 1557. March.that this thyng was not well suffered in the Citie. These naughty heretickes, al the way they came through Cheapsyde both exhorted the people to their part, and had much comfort à promiscua plebe, 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Bonner in a letter to Poole
Foxe text Latin

a promiscua plebe

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

from the common people

and beyng entred into my house and talked withall, they shewed them selues desperate and very obstinate, yet I vsed al the honest meanes I could, both by my selfe and other to haue wonne them, causing diuers learned men to talke with them: and findyng nothing in them but pride and wilfulnes, I thought to haue had them all hether to Fulham, and here to geue sentence agaynst

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them. Neuertheles perceiuyng that your grace was offended, I thought it my duety before I anye thyng further proceded herein, to aduertise first your grace hereof, and know your good pleasure, which I besech your grace I may do by this trusty bearer. And thus most humbly I take my leaue of your good grace, besechyng almightye God alwayes to preserue the same. At Fullam, postridie Natiu. 1556.

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Your graces most bounden Bedesmā
and seruant, Edmund London.

¶ The Picture of xxij. Godly and faythfull Christians, apprehended about Colchester, prisoned together in one bande, and so with three leaders at the most, brought vp to London.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The scene of 22 prisoners being driven, so like so many sheep or cattle, to walk the 60 miles from Colchester to London, was one of the martyrologist's plentiful illustrations of Bishop Bonner's cruelty. In this case it is given a quite specific biblical context. Chapter 10 of Matthew, verse 18 of which is inscribed in the print, speaks of persecution in just such terms; verse 16 warns 'Behold I send you as sheep in the midst of wolves' (which in the Geneva version is annotated 'You shall be in great danger'). The fifteen prisoners, old and young, seen here roped together and hemmed in by two mounted guards and two pikemen, trudge obediently between their warders, bearing their few possessions, in one case what looks like a book. Above, a sinister face looks out from the dark opening of the window. And one young woman, turning sideways, seems to look directly at the viewer.

By this letter of Byshop Boner to the Cardinall, is to be vnderstand, what good will was in this Byshop to haue the bloud of these men, and to haue past with sentence of cōdemnation agaynst them, MarginaliaB. Boners crueltye somewhat stayed by the Cardinall.had not the Cardinall somewhat (as it seemed) haue stayde his feruent headynes. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe had his own copies of these letters: BL, Harley MS 417, fos. 49r-68v and 69r-78v.

Concernyng the which Cardinall, although it cannot be denyed by hys Actes and writynges, but that he was a professed enemy, and no otherwise to be reputed but for a papiste: MarginaliaCardinall Poole a Papist, but no bloudy Papist.yet agayne it is to be supposed, that he was none of the bloudy and crucll sort of papists, as may appeare not onely by stayyng the rage of this Byshop: but also by his solicitous writyng, and long letters written to Cranmer, 
Commentary  *  Close

Petyt MS 538/46, fos. 391r-426v.

also by the complaynts of certayne papistes, accusing him to the pope to be a bearer with the heretickes, and by the popes letters sent to hym vpon the same, callyng hym vp to Rome, and settyng Frier Peto in his place, had not Queene Mary by speciall entreaty haue kept hym out of the popes daunger. Al which letters I haue (if neede be) to shewe:  
Commentary  *  Close

A copy of this confession is among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 3r.

besides also that it is thought of him that toward his latter ende, a little before his commyng from Rome to England, MarginaliaCardinall Poole halfe suspected for a Lutheran at Rome.he began somewhat to sauour the doctrine of Luther, and was no lesse suspected at Rome: Yea and furthermore dyd there at Rome conuert a certeyne learned Spanyard from papisme to Luthers side: notwithstandyng the pompe and glory of the worlde afterward caryed hym away to play the papist thus as he dyd. But of this Cardinall enough.

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To returne nowe to this godly company agayne, first howe they were brought vp in bandes to London, ye haue heard: Also howe Boner was about to haue red the Sen-

tence of death vpon them, and how he was stayed by þe Cardinall ye vnderstand. As touchyng their confession, whiche they articled vp in writyng, it were to tedious to recite the whole at length. Briefly touchyng the article of the Lordes Supper (for the which they were chiefly troubled) thus they wrot, as here foloweth.

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The supper of the Lord.

MarginaliaTheir opinion and iudgment of the Lordes Supper.WHeras Christ at his last Supper tooke bread, and when he had geuen thankes he brake it and gaue it to his disciples and sayd: take, eate, this is my body: and likewise tooke the cuppe and thanked, &c. MarginaliaChristes language to speake in parrables.We do vnderstand it to be a figuratiue speach, as the most maner of hys language was in parrables and darcke sentences, that they which are carnally mynded, shoulde see with theyr eyes, and not perceaue, and heare with theyr eares, and not vnderstand, signifiyng this, that as he dyd breake the bread among them, beyng but one loafe, and they all were partakers therof, so we through his body, in that it was broken, and offered vpon the crosse for vs, are all partakers thereof, and his bloude clenseth vs from our sinnes, and hath pacified Gods wrath towards vs and made the atonement betwene God and vs, if we walke henceforth in the light euen as he is the true light.

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MarginaliaThe cause why the bread and cup was geuen in the Supper.And in that he sayd further, do this in the remembrance of me, it is a memoriall and token of the suffryng and death of Iesu Christ: and he commaūded it for this cause, þt the congregation of Christ should come together to shew his death, and to thanke and laude him for all his benefites, and

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