Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
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1918 [1891]

Q. Mary. The V. Examination of Richard Woodman, Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Iune.ther breade nor wyne, but onely the very body of Christ, both flesh and bloud as he was borne of the virgin Mary? these were the wordes of the Commissioners.

And then thou saydest: thou durst not say otherwise thē the Scripture sayth. I can not finde (sayd you) that it is the body of Christ before it is receaued by fayth, bringyng in the xxij. of Luke, saying: MarginaliaLuke. 22.Christ sayd, take, eate, this is my body: so I can not proue that it is his body before it is eaten. MarginaliaWoodman charged with his aunsweres before the Commissioners at his last examination.Then sayd the Commissioners: did not Iudas eate Christes body? And if you can proue that Iudas is saued (sayd you) I must graunt that he eate his body. For Christ sayth in the vj. of Iohn. Who so eateth my fleshe, and drinketh my bloud, hath eternall lyfe, and I will rayse him vp at the last day: which wordes proue (sayd you) that if Iudas eate the body of Christ, he must needes be saued. How say you now? did Iudas eate the body of Christ or no?

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Wood. MarginaliaD. White B. of Winchester bent to haue the bloud of Woodman.Then I perceiued they went about nothyng but to catch wordes of me in his Dioces, to condemne me with. Though I should confounde him neuer so much, I perceiued that hee was fully bent thereto. To whom I aunswered and sayd:

I will aunswere you to no such thyng, for I am none of your Dioces: Wherfore I will not aunswere to you.

Winchester. Thou art within my Dioces, and thou hast offended within my Dioces: and therfore I will haue to do with thee.

Wood. Haue to do with me and you will: but I will haue nothyng to do with you. I tell you playnly: MarginaliaRichard Woodman appealeth from the B. of Winchester, to his owne Ordinary.For though I be now in your Dioces, I haue not offended in your Dioces: if I haue, shew me wherein.

Winch. Mary here is thine owne hand writyng the which thou affirmedst in my Dioces.

Wood. I do not deny, but it is myne owne hand writyng: but that proueth neuer the more that I haue offended in your Dioces: for þt doth but declare what talke there was betwixt the Commissioners and me, the which you haue nothyng to do withall.

Winchester. No? hold him a booke, and thou shalt sweare, whether thou holdest it now or not, &whether thou wrotest it not in my Diocesse, as I thinke thou diddest. Lay thy hand on the booke.

Wood. MarginaliaWoodman refuseth to swere or aunswere before Winchester being not his Ordinary.I will not be sworne for you: for I am not of your Dioces, and therefore you haue nothyng to do with me. And as for the writyng of that same, I neuer wrote word of it in your Dioces.

Lang. No? did you not? my Lord let me see: I will finde where you wrote it.

Wood. Then he tooke it, and looked on it and anone he foūde that I was sent for out of the Kynges bench, to come before the Commissioners.

Lang. My Lord, here you may see, it was in the Kynges Bench, the which is in your Dioces. 

Commentary  *  Close

The King's Bench prison was in Southwark which was part of the diocese of Winchester. Langdale is trying to argue that if Woodman wrote a heretical document in the diocese of Winchester, that he could be tried by the bishop of Winchester.

Wood. Although I were fet out of the Kynges Bench, that proueth not that I wrot it there, nor I did not, I promise you truely.

The fat Priest. Where wrote you it then?

Woodmā. Nay, I owe you not so much seruice to tell you: finde it out as well as you can: For I perceaue you goe about to shedde my bloud.

Winchester. It is no great matter where it was written: it is here, and he denieth not but he wrote it. You shall heare more of it. Here the Commissioners asked you whether Iudas did eate any more then bare bread, and you aunswered, that he eate more then bare bread.

Whereupon they sent you away backe to the Kynges Bench agayne, and asked you not what more, for the which cause (as you haue written here) you had a hell burnyng in your conscience. MarginaliaWoodman in a great burning of conscience, for feare lest he had graūted to much to the Commissioners before, saying that Iudas did eate more then bare bread.For you had thought they would haue sent a discharge to the Kynges Benche, and so let me go (sayd you) and Register my name in their bookes, that I had graunted that Iudas did eate the body of Christ, and so the Gospell should haue bene slaundered by me. For the which cause I was in such case, I could scantly eate, drinke, or sleepe for that space, as all my prison fellowes can testifie. If all you (I say) that go to the Church of Sathan, and there heare the detestable doctrine, that they spit, and spue out in their Churches, and Pulpites, to the great dishonour of GOD, if all you (I say) that come there, had such a hell burnyng in your conscience for the tyme, as I had till I came before them agayne &had vttered my conscience, more playnly, I dare say you would come there no more. All this is your writyng, is it not? how say you?

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Wood. I do not deny, but it was myne owne deede.

Winc. And I pray you, where is there such spittyng and spuing out of false doctrine, as you speake of?

Wood. In the sinagoge of Sathan, where God is dishonoured with false doctrine.

Winc. And I pray you, where is one of them?

Wood. Nay, that iudge your selfe: I came not hether to bee a iudge.

Winc. Well, here you haue affirmed that Iudas (your M.) eate more then bread: but yet he eate not the body of Christ as you haue declared by your wordes. For you had a hell burnyng in your conscience, because you were in doubt, that the commissioners vnderstode by your wordes that Iudas had eaten the body of Christ, because you sayd, he eate more then bread. Therfore thou haddest a great sort of Deuils in thee, for in hell be many Deuils: and therfore the Deuill, and Iudas is thy maister, by thyne own wordes.

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Wood. Nay, I defie Iudas, and the Deuill, and hys seruauntes: for they be your maisters and you serue them, for any thyng that I can see, I tell you truth.

Winchest. Nay, they be thy masters Marginalia The Bishops Argument.
The deuill is maister in hell.
Woodman felt a burning hell in his conscience. Ergo, the deuill was Woodmans Maister.
Marginalia☞ Aunswere.
Hell is takē in scripture two wayes, eyther for the place where damned spirites and soules bee tormented for euer out of this lyfe or els for Gods correction and anguish of the soule in this life which sometime is felt so sharpe, that it is resēbled to hell it selfe. As where we read: The Lord bringeth to hel, &bringeth out agayne. &c. Tob. 13. The paines of hell haue found me. &c. Psal. 114.
For the deuill is maister where hell is, and thou saydest thou hadst a hell burnyng in thee. I pray the tell me howe thou canst auoyde it but that the deull was in the by thyne owne saying.

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Wood. The hell that I had, was the louing correction of God toward me, to call me to repentaunce, that I shoulde not offende God and his people in leauyng thynges so darke, as I left that. For the which cause, my conscience bare me recorde I had not done well, as at al times I haue felt the sting of it when I haue broken the commaundements of God by any meanes, as all Gods people do, I dare say, and it is the louyng kindnes of God towardes them, to driue them to repentance. But it is to be thought that your conscience is neuer troubled, howe wickedly so euer you doe. For if it were, it shoulde not so bee straunge to you as you make it, whiche declareth playnely whose seruant you be.

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Winchest. What a naughty fellow is this? This is such a peruerse villayne as I neuer talked with all in all my life. Hold him a booke. I will make him sweare, to aunswere directly to such thynges, as I will demaunde of him: and if he wil not aunswere, I will condemne him.

Wood. Call you me a fellow? I am such a fellow, I tell you, that will driue you all to hell if you cōsent to þe sheedyng of my bloud, and you shall haue bloud to drynke, as sayd S. Iohn in his Reuelation the ix. chap. and beyng in hell, you shall be compelled to say for payne of conscience: MarginaliaSap. 5.this is the man that we had in derision, and though his life madnes, &his ende to be without honour: but now we may see how he is counted among þe Saints of God, &we are punished. This shall you say in hell, if you repent it not, if you doe condemne me. This you shal finde in þe fift chapter of þe booke of wisdome, and therfore take heede what you do, I geue you counsell.

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Winchest. Wisdome? what speakest thou of wisdome? thou neuer haddest it: for thou art as very a foole as euer I heard speake.

Wood. Do you not knowe, that the foolish thynges of thys world must confound the wise thinges? Marginalia1. Cor. 1. Wherfore it greueth me not to be called a foole at your hand.

Win. Nay thou art none of those fooles: thou art an obstinate foole, and an hereticke. Lay hand on the booke, and aunswere to such thinges as I will lay agaynst thee.

Wood. I will not lay hand on the booke for none of you all. MarginaliaRichard Woodman agayne refuseth to sweare or aunswere before the Byshop, being not his Ordinary.You be not my Byshop, and therfore I will haue nothyng. to do with you.

Winchest. I will haue to do with you. This man is with out law: he careth not for the king nor Queene, I dare say, for he will not obey their lawes. Let me see the Kynges Commission. I will see whether he will obey that or not.

Wood. I woulde you loued the King and Queenes Maiesty, no worse then I do, if it pleased God: You would not do as you do then.

Winchest. Hold him a booke, he is a ranke hereticke. Thou shalte aunswere to suche thynges as I will demaunde of thee.

Wood. I take heauen and earth to recorde I am no hereticke, neyther can I tell wherfore I am brought to prison, no more then any man here can tell, and therwith I looked rounde aboute on the people, and sayd to the Byshop: If you haue any iust cause against me, worthy of death, lay it agaynst me, &let me haue it: for I refuse not to dye (I prayse god) for þe truth sake, if I had x. liues. If you haue no cause let me go home (I pray you) to my wife and children to see them kept, and other poore folke that I woulde set a worke by the helpe of god. I haue set aworke a hundreth persons,

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