Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
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1949 [1922]

Q. Mary. The Persecution agaynst Iohn Rough, Minister and Martyr.

MarginaliaAanno. 1557. December.among certaine other seditious and hereticall persons. And forasmuche as by the sayd Roughes examination, contayning the storie and progresse of his former life, it well appeareth of what sort he is: the Queenes highnes hath willed vs to remit him vnto your Lordship, to the end that beyng called before you out of prison, as oft as your Lordship shall thinke good, ye maie proceede, both to his further examination, and otherwise orderyng of him, accordyng to the lawes, as the case shall require.

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And thus we bid your Lordship hartely wel to fare. From S. Iames the xv. of December. 1557. MarginaliaPersecutors.

Your Lordships louyng frendes.
Nicholas Ebor. F. Shrewsbery, Edward Ha-
stinges, Antony Mountague, Iohn Bourne,
Henry Iernegam.

Boner now minding to make quicke dispatch, did within three dayes after the receite of the letter (the xviij. day of December) send for thys Rough out of Newgate, and in his palace at Londō ministred vnto him xij. 

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Note that a typographical error appeared here in the 1570 edition. The 1563 edition reads 'xxii' articles; all subsequent editions read 'xii' articles.

articles: Many whereof because they containe onely questions of the profession and religion of that age, wherein both he and his parentes were christened (which in sundry places are already mencioned) I do here for breuitie omit: minding to touch such onely, as pertayne to matters of faith now in controuersie, and then chiefely obiected agaynst the Martyrs & Saintes of God, which in effect are these.

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Marginalia1. MarginaliaArticles against Iohn Rough.FIrst, that thou Iohn Rowgh diddest directly speake agaynst the vij. sacramentes, vsed commonly and reuerently,as thinges of estimation and great worthynes in the catholicke church: & also dyddest reproue and cōdemne the substance of the sayd sacramentes, MarginaliaSacrament of the altar.but especially the sacrament of the altar, affirming that in that same is not really and truely the very body and bloud of Christ: MarginaliaConfession.and that confession to the priest, and absolution geuen by him (as the minister of Christ) for sinnes, is not necessary or auaileable in any wise.

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Marginalia2. MarginaliaLatine seruice.Item, thou hast misliked and reproued the religion & ecclesiasticall seruice, as it is now vsed in this realme, and hast allowed the religiō and seruice vsed in the latter yeares of king Edward the vj. and so much as in thee hath leyne, hast by woord, writing, and deede, set forwardes, taught, and preached the same openly, and in sundry places, affirmed, that the sayd English seruice and doctrine therein contained, is agreable in all pointes to Gods word and vnto the truth, condemning vtterly the Latine seruice now vsed in the Quenes reigne, and inducing other by thyne example to doe the like.

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Marginalia3.Item, thou haste in sundry places within this realme commended and approued the opinion and doctrine of Thomas Crāmer, late Archbishop of Cāterbury, Nicholas Ridley, and Hugh Latimer, concerning the sacrament of the altar, affirming that in the Sacrament there remayneth after the words of consecratiō, materiall bread and materiall wine, without any transubstantiation.

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Marginalia4.Item, thou hast in sundry places of thys Realme, since the Queenes reygne, ministred and receaued the Communion as it was vsed in the late daies of Kyng Edward the sixt, and thou knowest, or credibly hast heard of diuers, that yet do keepe bookes of the sayd Communion, MarginaliaBookes of Communion. and vse the same in priuate houses out of the church, & are of opinion agaynst the Sacrament of the altar.

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Marginalia5. MarginaliaAgaynst the supremacie of the Pope.Item, that thou in sundry places of this Realme hast spoken agaynst the Pope of Rome and his Apostolicke sea, and hast playnly cōtemned and despised the authoritie of the same, misliking and not allowing the fayth and doctrine therof, but directly speaking agaynst it, and by thine example hast induced other the subiectes of this realme, to speake and doe the like.

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Marginalia6.Item, thou doest know, and hast beene conuersant with all, or a great part of such English men as haue fled out of thys Realme for religion, and hast consented and agreed with them in their opinions, and hast succoured, maintayned, and holpen them, and hast bene a conueyer of their sedicious letters and bookes into this realme.

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Marginalia7.Item, that thou hast sayd, that thou hast beene at Rome, and taryed there about xxx. dayes or more, and that thou hast seene litle good or none there, but very much euill. MarginaliaAbominable sightes at Rome.Amongest the which thou sawest one great abomination, that is to say, a man (or the Pope) that should go on the ground, to be caried vpō the shoulders of foure men, as though he had bene God and no man: Also, a Cardinall to haue his harlot riding openly behinde him: And thirdly a Popes Bull that gaue exprese

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licence to haue and vse the stewes, and to keepe open bawdry by the Popes approbation and authority.

Marginalia8.Item, that thou sithens thy last comming into England out of the parties beyond the Sea, hast perniciously allured and comforted diuers of the subiectes of this Realme, both young, old, men and women, to haue and vse the booke of Communion, set forth in thys Realme in the latter dayes of King Edward the sixt, and hast also thy self red and set forth the same, causing others to doe the like, and to leaue their comming to their parish churches to heare the Latine seruice now vsed.

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Marginalia9.Item, that thou the third sonday of Aduent the xij. daie of this December 1557. was apprehended at the Sarracens head at Islington, in the countie of Middelsexe and dioces of London, by the Queenes vicechamberleine, with one MarginaliaCutbert Simson.Cutbert a taylour, MarginaliaHugh Foxe.Hugh a hosier, and diuers other there assembled, vnder the colour of hearing a play, to haue read the communion booke, and to haue vsed the accustomed fashion, as was in the latter dayes of king Edward the sixt.

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¶ The aunsweres of Iohn Rough to the foresayd Articles.

Marginalia1. MarginaliaHis answeres to the articles.TO the first he sayd and cōfessed that he had spoken against the number of the sayd sacramentes, being fully perswaded that there bee but onely twoo sacraments: to wit, Baptisme, and the Supper of the Lord: and as for the other fiue, he denyed them to be sacramentes, and therefore hath spoken agaynst them. And as cōcerning the sacramēt of the altar (which he then called the Supper of the Lord) he confessed that he had spoken & taught that in the sayd sacrament there is not really and substantially the very body and bloud of Christ, but that the substaunce of bread and wine doth remayne in the sayd sacrament, without any transubstantiation at al. Farther, as touching confessiō of sinnes to the priest, he aunswered that he thought it necessarie, if the offence were done vnto the priest: but if the offence were done to an other, then confession made to the priest is not necessarie, but reconciliation onely to be made to the partie so offended.

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Marginalia2.To the seconde, he answered that he then did and had before misliked the order of latine seruice then vsed: and also did allow the seruice vsed in the latter time of King Edwards reigne, for that the holy scripture doth the same, & therfore he graunted that he did teach & set forth the sayd English seruice, as in the same article is obiected.

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Marginalia3.To the third, he graunted that he had approued the doctrine of the parties articulate as agreable to Gods word, and that they were godly learned men, and such as had perfect vnderstandyng in the contentes of the same article.

Marginalia4.To the fourth, he aunswered that he did well like the Communion vsed in King Edwardes dayes, but said that he had not ministred or receaued the same here in England since the Queenes reygne, neither yet knew any that had the bookes thereof. But on the other side, he knewe many that had those bookes, and that there also he had receiued the Communion in sundry places.

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Marginalia5.The contentes of the fift he graunted to bee true.

Marginalia6.To the sixt, he cōfessed that he had bene familiar with diuers english men and women being in Friseland, and agreed with them in opinion, as Maister Scory, Thomas Young, George Roo, and others, to the number of one hundreth persons, which fled thither for religion, vsing there the order set foorth in the reygne of Kyng Edward, and otherwise he denieth the contentes of this Article.

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Marginalia7.The contentes of the seuenth hee graunted in euery point to be true.

Marginalia8.To the eight, he answered and confessed that sithens his last comming into England (which was aboue the x. day of Nouember) hee had in sundry places in the suburbes of London prayed and red suche prayers and seruice, as is appoynted in the booke of the communion, and had willed others to do the like, both men and women, whiche hee did know by sight, but not by name. Howbeit he did neither cause any to withdraw themselues from the Latine seruice, but he saied that it were better to pray in a toung that they did vnderstand, then in an vnknowen tounge.

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Marginalia9.To the ninth he confessed that at the tyme and place articulate hee was present to heare and see a play, and there was apprehended by the Queenes maiesties Vicechamberlayne, with one Cutbert a taylor, and one Hugh a hosyer, and diuers other both men and wemen, whose

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